Chief Ministers in Malaysia

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The Menteri Besar (Jawi:منتري بسر; literally "Great Minister" in English) is the chief executive of the state government for states in Malaysia with hereditary rulers. For states without a monarch, the title Chief Minister (Ketua Menteri) is used. The title 'Menteri Besar' is usually untranslated in the English media in Malaysia,[1] but is typically translated as 'Chief Minister' by foreign media.[2]

According to protocol, all Menteris Besar and Chief Ministers are styled Yang Amat Berhormat (abbreviated Y.A.B.), which means "The Most Honourable".

History[edit]

In most states within Malaysia, the office was created by the British colonial government in 1948, in tandem with the creation of the Federation of Malaya. However, Johor was the first state to create the Menteri Besar position, subject to Undang-undang Tubuh Negeri Johor (Johor State Constitution) enforced by Sultan Abu Bakar. This had made Johor the first Malay state to adopt a system of constitutional monarchy. After Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, the office bearer is appointed among the state legislative assembly members by the Sultans. The Menteri Besar usually comes from the party which commands a majority in the state assembly.

List of current Chief ministers[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The following are examples of the use of Menteri Besar in Distinction between Menteri Besar and Chief Minister in the same article:
  2. ^ Examples of the use of Chief Minister in place of Menteri Besar by non-local media:

External links[edit]