Mentha citrata

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Mentha citrata
Mentha x piperita var. citrata 'Eau de Cologne Mint' (Labatae) flower.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Mentha
Species: M. citrata
Binomial name
Mentha citrata
Ehrh.

Mentha citrata (Ehrh.) (syn. Mentha × piperita L. var. citrata (Ehrh.) Briq.; syn. Mentha aquatica var. citrata (Ehrh.) Benth.;[1] syn. Mentha odorata Sole, Mentha adspersa Moench) is an herb. It is also known as Bergamot mint, Eau-de-cologne Mint, Horsemint, Lemon Mint, Lime Mint, Orange Mint, Pineapple Mint, Su Nanesi, Water Mint, Wild Water Mint, and in Central America Yerba Buena.[2] Even though it is listed here as a species it is probably better to regard it as a cultivar or cultivar group of Mentha aquatica.

Description[edit]

This herb has a characteristic lemon odor when crushed. It is sometimes used to make a tea similar to lemonade.

Medicinal uses[edit]

A tea made from the fresh or dried leaves has traditionally been used:[2][3]

  • for stomach aches, nausea, parasites and other digestive disorders,
  • for nerves and sick stomach, and
  • for fevers and headaches.

The leaves and flowering plant have analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogic, diaphoretic, and vasodilator properties.[2] Like other members of the genus Mentha, it is best not used by pregnant women because large doses can cause miscarriage.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Umberto Quattrocchi (1947–). CRC World dictionary of plant names: Common names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Sonyonyms, and Etymology. III M–Q. CRC Press. p. 1659.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d "Plants for a Future - Mentha x piperita citrata - (Ehrh.) Briq.". Retrieved March 27, 2006. 
  3. ^ Brook Caughlin. "Selected Plants of Medicinal Value in Costa Rica". University of New Hampshire, IROP Program. Archived from the original on August 2, 2008. Retrieved March 27, 2006. 

See also[edit]