Mentor, Ohio

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mentor, Ohio
City
Fairport Harbor West Breakwater Light, Mentor, Ohio viewed from the Mentor Headlands Beach State Park
Fairport Harbor West Breakwater Light, Mentor, Ohio viewed from the Mentor Headlands Beach State Park
Motto: "City of Choice, It's Better in Mentor"
Location of Mentor, Ohio
Location of Mentor, Ohio
Coordinates: 41°41′28″N 81°20′31″W / 41.69111°N 81.34194°W / 41.69111; -81.34194Coordinates: 41°41′28″N 81°20′31″W / 41.69111°N 81.34194°W / 41.69111; -81.34194
Country United States
State Ohio
County Lake
Area[1]
 • Total 28.00 sq mi (72.52 km2)
 • Land 26.65 sq mi (69.02 km2)
 • Water 1.35 sq mi (3.50 km2)
Elevation[2] 692 ft (211 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 47,159
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 47,023
 • Density 1,769.6/sq mi (683.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 44060-44061
Area code(s) 440
FIPS code 39-49056[5]
GNIS feature ID 1085475[2]
Website http://www.cityofmentor.com/

Mentor (MEN-(t)ər) is a city in Lake County, Ohio, United States. Mentor was first settled in 1797. The population was 47,159 at the 2010 census. In July 2006, CNNMoney.com ranked Mentor 68th in a list of the Top 100 Best Places to Live in America. Just four years later in July 2010, CNNMoney.com ranked Mentor 37th on the same list.

In 1876 James A. Garfield purchased a home in Mentor, from which he conducted the first successful front porch campaign for the presidency. Garfield coined the term 'Mentorite' when referring to a native of Mentor.[citation needed] That home is now maintained as the James A. Garfield National Historic Site. The city is home to Headlands Beach State Park, the longest public swimming beach in Ohio. The city is a major center of retail stores, ranking seventh-largest in Ohio as of 2010,[6] and restaurants, ranking eighth-largest in the state as of 2014.[7] US 20 (Mentor Avenue) is the major retail center, which includes the Great Lakes Mall, with additional shopping and strip malls found along most major roads. Convenient Food Mart is based in Mentor. Major products include medical related, polymers, plastics, electric boards and other peripherals that generally serve the computer and automation industries. Two major railroads pass through the city, CSX Transportation and Norfolk Southern.

Mentor's school system consists of 9 elementary schools, three middle schools, and Mentor High School. Like many school systems in Ohio, Mentor Schools suffered a financial crisis in the early 2000s, but passed a large levy and is now largely on solid footing[8] - one of the fastest Ohio school systems ever to emerge from fiscal emergency.[citation needed] The financial difficulties were due in part to years of accounting fraud.[9]

City government is based on a city manager executive appointed by city council. The city encourages development of light industry, which is reflected in its diverse economy and very low property taxes.

Many bike paths have been built in Mentor in recent years.[10]

The pronunciation of the city's name is a shibboleth, with some residents pronouncing it as "men-ner" and outsiders using the more conventional "men-tore", while in the media and among most residents, "men-ter" is prominent.[11][12] The city's slogan, "It's better in Mentor," reflects this fact.

Mentor is named after the Greek figure Mentor, in keeping with the Connecticut Western Reserve settlers' tradition, as well as that of most other Americans at the time, of celebrating aspects of Greek classicism (nearby Solon, Macedonia, Euclid, and Akron also were named using that principle).[13]

Geography[edit]

Mentor is a far eastern suburb of Cleveland and is located on the south shore of Lake Erie.

The Mentor Headlands area of Mentor, located in the northeast portion of the city,[14] was settled in 1797 by Connecticut Land Company surveyors.[15]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.00 square miles (72.52 km2), of which, 26.65 square miles (69.02 km2) is land and 1.35 square miles (3.50 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 416
1880 540 29.8%
1890 502 −7.0%
1900 624 24.3%
1910 732 17.3%
1920 851 16.3%
1930 1,589 86.7%
1940 1,827 15.0%
1950 2,383 30.4%
1960 4,354 82.7%
1970 36,912 747.8%
1980 41,903 13.5%
1990 47,358 13.0%
2000 50,278 6.2%
2010 47,159 −6.2%
Est. 2012 47,023 −0.3%
Sources:[16][17][18][19][20][5][21]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 47,159 people, 19,166 households, and 13,339 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,769.6 inhabitants per square mile (683.2 /km2). There were 20,218 housing units at an average density of 758.6 per square mile (292.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 1.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 19,166 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 44.8 years. 21.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.3% were from 25 to 44; 33.2% were from 45 to 64; and 16.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% male and 51.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 50,278 people, 18,797 households, and 14,229 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,878.2 people per square mile (725.2/km²). There were 19,301 housing units at an average density of 721.0 per square mile (278.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.30% Caucasian, 0.64% African American, 0.05% Native American, 1.19% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population. 19.8% were of German, 15.1% Italian, 13.1% Irish, 8.8% English, 6.5% Polish, 5.5% Slovene and 5.4% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 18,797 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.6% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $57,230, and the median income for a family was $65,322. Males had a median income of $44,021 versus $31,025 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,592. About 1.8% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Schools[edit]

Mentor Public Schools Elementary Schools:

  • Bellflower Elementary
  • Brentmoor Elementary
  • Fairfax Elementary
  • James A. Garfield Elementary
  • Hopkins Elementary
  • Lake Elementary
  • Sterling Morton Elementary
  • Orchard Hollow Elementary
  • Dale R. Rice Elementary

Middle Schools:

  • Memorial Middle School
  • Ridge Middle School
  • Shore Middle School

Special Needs Schools:

  • CARES

High Schools:

  • Private Schools:
Lake Catholic High School
Mentor Christian School (K-12)
St.Marys Mentor (K-8)
Mentor Heritage Christian Academy (K-12)

Churches[edit]

Assemblies of God:

  • Lakeshore Assembly of God

Episcopal:

Baptist:

  • Mentor Baptist Church
  • Trinity Baptist Church

Catholic:

Jewish:

  • Temple Am Shalom

Lutheran:

  • Advent Lutheran
  • Faith Lutheran Church
  • Good Shepherd Lutheran Church

Lutheran Brethren:

  • Pilgrim Lutheran Brethren Church

Methodist:

  • Mentor Plains United Methodist Church
  • Hope Ridge United Methodist Church
  • Mentor United Methodist Church
  • North Mentor Centenary United Methodist Church

Non-Denominational

  • Abundant Joy Church
  • Grace Church of Mentor
  • Holy Spirit of the Mighty Savior Christ Our Lord
  • Prince of Peace

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ Scott, Betsy (2010-11-24). "Mentor modifying pace of traffic lights to ease holiday shopping congestion". The News-Herald (Ohio). Retrieved 2010-11-24. 
  7. ^ Bonchak, Jean (2014-01-04). "Independents [sic] Restaurants are Important Ingredient on Mentor's Menu". The News-Herald (Ohio). Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  8. ^ Scott, Mark (2005-02-04). "Release by state bittersweet". Lake County News-Herald. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ News Herald, July 25, 2004
  10. ^ History: Mentor History Timeline. The City of Mentor website.
  11. ^ A Pronunciation Guide to places in Ohio (E.W.Scripps School of Journalism)
  12. ^ Feran, Tom (2004-02-06). "If men are on lake, they aren’t from here". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2009-08-18. 
  13. ^ History. The City of Mentor website.
  14. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Mentor Headlands
  15. ^ Podolak, Janet (2011-07-24). "Largely Impenetrable Mentor Marsh is Lake County's Own Natural Wonder". The News-Herald. Retrieved 2011-07-26. 
  16. ^ "Population of Civil Divisions Less than Counties". Statistics of the Population of the United States at the Tenth Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Habinski, Janice Anthony; Ronald L. Prosek (1988). Mentor – a retrospective. Mentor, Ohio: Old Mentor Foundation. 
  • Kapsch, Joan; Sue Muehlhauser; Kathie Pohl (1997). Mentor: The First 200 Years. Mentor, Ohio: Mentor Bicentennial Committee/Old Mentor Foundation. 

External links[edit]