Tanzhe Temple's Entrance
Location of Mentougou District in Beijing
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Township-level divisions||4 subdistricts
|• Total||1,321 km2 (510 sq mi)|
|• Density||200/km2 (520/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Mentougou District (simplified Chinese: 门头沟区; traditional Chinese: 門頭溝區; pinyin: Méntóugōu Qū) is a district in western Beijing. Spanning 1,321 square kilometres (510 sq mi), with 266,591 inhabitants (2000 Census), it is subdivided into 4 subdistricts of the city proper of Beijing and 9 towns (1 of which is a suburb of the city proper of Beijing).
It lies in the Western Hills of Beijing and is mountainous in terrain. In fact, the mountainous terrain—including a hundred or more peaks—occupy a stunning 93% of the entire area.
It is a treasure trove of natural resources, including coal, limestone, and granite.
Mentougou also supplies Beijing with agricultural produce such as roses, wild jujubes, mushrooms, and Beijing white pears.
The district was purely a rural area well into the early 1990s and was not considered as part of Beijing by the urban population, and as of today, many parts of Mentougou remain quite rural. The 6th Ring Road cuts through the eastern, more urbanised section of Mentougou Precinct.
Mining is one of the key industrial activities. Around 10 medium and large mining companies once operated in Mentougou, but some of them have ceased operations as mineral deposits have been depleted. The first known mining activity in Mentougou was documented during the Ming Dynasty.
Mentougou is gaining popularity as a tourist destination. Among its main sights are the temples of Jietaisi, Tanzhesi,, Miaofengshan, Ling Mountain, the highest mountain around Beijing, and Chuandixia Village.
- Dayu Subdistrict (大峪街道), Chengzi Subdistrict (城子街道), Dongxinfang Subdistrict (东辛房街道), Datai Subdistrict (大台街道)
- Wangping (王平地区), Tanzhesi (潭柘寺镇), Yongding (永定镇), Longquan (龙泉镇), Junzhuang (军庄镇), Yanchi (雁翅镇), Zhaitang (斋堂镇), Qingshui (清水镇), Miaofengshan (妙峰山镇)
- "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：门头沟区" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- These are officially classified as towns, but as they coincide with the area of the same name, they are commonly named "areas" (地区)