Mentuhotep IV

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Mentuhotep IV
Drawing of a scarab which Flinders Petrie assigns to Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV, now in the Petrie Museum
Drawing of a scarab which Flinders Petrie assigns to Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV, now in the Petrie Museum
Pharaoh of Egypt
Reign 1998–1991 BC, 11th dynasty
Predecessor Mentuhotep III
Successor Amenemhat I
Died 1991 BC

Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV was the last king of the 11th Dynasty. He seems to fit into a 7-year period in the Turin Canon for which there is no recorded king, and is known from a few inscriptions in Wadi Hammamat that record expeditions to the Red Sea coast and to quarry stone for the royal monuments. It seems that he was a son of his predecessor.

Despite Mentuhotep's obscurity (he is absent from the official king lists in Abydos), the inscriptions show the organization and makeup of a large expedition during his reign. The leader of an expedition to Wadi Hammamat, during the second year of Mentuhotep IV’s reign, was his vizier, Amenemhat, who is assumed to be the future king Amenemhet I, the first king of the 12th Dynasty, and Mentuhotep's immediate successor. It is assumed by some Egyptologists that Amenemhet either usurped the throne or assumed power after Mentuhotep IV died childless. There is currently no archaeological or textual evidence to prove that Mentuhotep was deposed by his Vizier or that he chose Amenemhet to be his designated successor. Neither his mummy nor his burial place have been found.

References[edit]

  1. ^ King List (chronological)
  2. ^ Clayton, Peter A. Chronicle of the Pharaohs: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. p72. 2006. ISBN 0-500-28628-0

Further reading[edit]

  • W. Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History, Archaeology and Society, Duckworth, London 2006 ISBN 0-7156-3435-6, 25-26
Preceded by
Mentuhotep III
Pharaoh of Egypt
Eleventh dynasty
1998 BC – 1991 BC
Succeeded by
Amenemhat I