|Merankhre Mentuhotep VI|
Statue of Mentuhotep VI, British Museum EA 65429.
|Pharaoh of Egypt|
|Reign||short, ca. 1585 BC, 16th dynasty|
|Predecessor||uncertain, Djedankhre Montemsaf |
|Successor||uncertain, Senusret IV |
Merankhre Mentuhotep is only attested through two statuettes, JE 37418/CG 42021 and BM EA 65429. The first, discovered in the Karnak cachette, is missing its head and feets and gives the king's nomen and prenomen as well as a dedication to the goddess Sobek, lady of smnw. The second statuette whose origin is unknown also bears the titulary of the king but with no dedication.
A fragment of wooden coffin made for the "Eldest king's son Herunefer" gives the nomen of the king in question as "Mentuhotep". The prenomen however is missing and the identification of this Mentuhotep remains problematic. Since the coffin is inscribed with passages of the Book of the Dead it may be dated to the end of the 16th dynasty, thereby giving Herunefer as the son of Merankhre Mentuhotep and Sitmut as his queen. This identification is by no means certain and Kim Ryholt proposes instead that Sewadjare Mentuhotep V be the king of the coffin.
Merankhre Mentuhotep is not attested on the surviving fragments of the Turin canon, his reign and those of 4 other kings of the end of the 16th dynasty being lost in a lacuna. For this reason, the exact chronological as well as the length of his reign cannot be ascertained. Ryholt proposes that Merankhre Mentuhotep was a king of the late 16th dynasty based on two arguments. First, his prenomen Merankhre has the form X-ankh-re, similar to that of Djedankhre Montemsaf and both kings bear the nomen Montu-X which indicates that they succeeded one another closely in time. Second, the first statuette of Merankhre Mentuhotep is dedicated to Sobek of smnw and was therefore probably set up at el-Mahamid Qibli near Gebelein where both Dedumose II and Djedankhre Montemsaf are attested before being moved to the Karnak cachette at a later point in time, perhaps at the collapse of the dynasty.
- New arrangement on Digital Egypt for Universities
- Kim Ryholt: The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C, Museum Tusculanum Press, (1997)
- Darell D. Baker: The Encyclopedia of the Pharaohs: Volume I - Predynastic to the Twentieth Dynasty 3300 - 1069 BC, Stacey International, ISBN 978-1-905299-37-9, 2008, p. 232
- IFAO, The Karnak cachette: complete list of objects
- Jürgen von Beckerath: Untersuchungen zur politischen Geschichte der zweiten Zwischenzeit in Ägypten, Glückstadt 1964, S. 63, 255–256 (XIII G.)