Mentzelia multiflora

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Mentzelia multiflora
Mentzelia multiflora.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Cornales
Family: Loasaceae
Genus: Mentzelia
Species: M. multiflora
Binomial name
Mentzelia multiflora
Nutt. & A. Gray
Mentzelia multiflora distribution.svg

Mentzelia multiflora, commonly known as Adonis blazingstar, Adonis stickleaf, desert blazingstar, Prairie stickleaf and manyflowered mentzelia is a herbaceous perennial wildflower of the family Loasaceae.

Distribution[edit]

Mentzelia multiflora is found in the western United States and northwestern Mexico: from Montana and North Dakota in the Great Plains; south to Texas and Southern California; and into Sonora and Chihuahua.[1]

This species prefers dry, sandy, well-drained soil. They require direct sunlight and are not found growing in the shade.[2]

Description[edit]

Mentzelia multiflora grows to about 2–2.5 feet (0.61–0.76 m) tall. It has shiny white stems and numerous branches. Its sticky, bright green leaves are covered with hairs containing minute barbs.

The flowers are around 5 cm (2 in) in diameter, are yellow in colour and normally have ten petals. The flowers open in late afternoon and close in the morning.[3][4] The flowers are hermaphrodite and flower from July to August.

Varieties[edit]

Varieties of Mentzelia multiflora include:

  • Mentzelia multiflora var. integra — M.E. Jones
  • Mentzelia multiflora var. longiloba — (J. Darl.) Kartesz [5][6][7]
  • Mentzelia multiflora var. multiflora [8]

Taxonomy[edit]

Mentzelia multiflora was first described by the botanists Thomas Nuttall and Asa Gray. It is a "blazingstar" and is a member of the Mentzelia genus, the "stickleafs".[3][9]

Uses[edit]

Medicinal

The plant is used by the Native Americans, particularly the Navajo people, as a medicinal plant.[10] It has been used to treat toothache and as a diuretic.[11][12] The roots and leaves have been used to treat tuberculosis.[2]

Cultivation

The plant is cultivated as an ornamental plant, used as a wildflower in specialty gardens.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ITIS Standard Report Page: Mentzelia multiflora". Itis.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  2. ^ a b ibiblio.org—pfaf: Mentzelia multiflora
  3. ^ a b "NPIN: Mentzelia multiflora (Adonis blazingstar)". Wildflower.org. 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  4. ^ "Vascular Plants of the Gila Wilderness- Mentzelia multiflora". Wnmu.edu. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  5. ^ CalFlora: Mentzelia multiflora var. longiloba' . superceeded in TJM2 by Mentzelia multiflora . accessed 10.1.2013
  6. ^ "USDA Plants Profiles". Plants.usda.gov. 2010-07-26. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  7. ^ Jepson
  8. ^ CalFlora: Mentzelia multiflora var. multiflora
  9. ^ "Centennial Museum and Gardens - Home". Museum.utep.edu. Retrieved 2010-07-30. 
  10. ^ University of Michigan at Dearborn: Native American Ethnobotany of Mentzelia multiflora . accessed 10.1.2013
  11. ^ Moerman. D.; "Native American Ethnobotany" . Timber Press. Oregon 1998 ISBN 0-88192-453-9
  12. ^ Whiting. A. F.; Ethnobotany of the Hopi" . North Arizona Society of Science and Art; 1939
  13. ^ Huxley. A.; "The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening" . 1992. MacMillan Press 1992 ISBN 0-333-47494-5

Further reading[edit]

  • Munz. A; "California Flora" . University of California Press 1959
  • Kunkel. G.; Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books 1984 ISBN 3-87429-216-9
  • F. Chittendon; "RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement" . 1956 Oxford University Press 1951

External links[edit]