This article lists cultural references to Mephistopheles, the fictional devil from Faust and Doctor Faustus. The name Mephistopheles has been used countless times in literature, film, comics and music. More often than not it does not refer to the character of Mephistopheles as presented in the original Faust tragedies, but rather any generic devil figure.
Megadeth reference Mephistopheles in the songs 'Vortex' ("Mephistophelian transaction/A virgin soul the price is paid") and 'The Conjuring' ("Come join me in my infernal depths/ Mephisto's hall of fame/I've got your soul")
The concept album Epica by progressive metal band Kamelot tells the story of Faust, which is continued by its sequel, The Black Halo. The Black Halo also features the single March of Mephisto, with Shagrath of Dimmu Borgir performing the death metal vocals of Mephisto.
Japanese metal band Moi dix Mois's album Nocturnal Opera contains a song named "Mephisto Waltz", which is referred to as a melody of sorrow.
The first stanza of Radiohead's 2007 song, "Videotape" is, "When I'm at the pearly gates / This will be on my videotape / my videotape / When Mephistopheles is just beneath / and he's reaching up to grab me."
Andrew Bird's Bowl of Fire's song "Ides of Swing" from the album Thrills contains the line "Swooning to the charms of Mephisto's waltz, that's when you know you've got some schmaltz."
From Cradle of Filth's 2004 album, Nymphetamine, a song entitled "Absinthe With Faust" uses this stanza: Let us drink on the giddying brink, Of pools of excrement, All manner of shit for the glamour and glitz, Mephistopheles lent
In Yevgeny Zamyatin's We, the resistance group rebelling against the One State is called the Mephi.
In the 1981 movie Mephisto, which won an Oscar in 1982 for Best Foreign Film, actor Klaus Maria Brandauer plays a German stage actor whose abiding ambition is to play Mephistopheles on the stage - but in order to achieve it, he "sells his soul" to the Nazi regime and in effect becomes Faust in real life.
In the 1987 film Angel Heart, Mickey Rourke figures out that the Satan character "Louis Cyphere" is actually "Lucifer," and Satan's (Robert De Niro) response is "'Mephistopheles' is such a mouthful in Manhattan, Johnny."
Film critic Roger Ebert, in his review of the 2008 film The Dark Knight, compared the film's version of The Joker (portrayed by Heath Ledger) to Mephistopheles - an evil man whose particular gift is actually bringing out the worst in other people.
In the 1991 horror film Puppet Master II, Andre Toulon's first puppet is revealed to be a stringless marionette named Mephistopheles (called Mephisto), and can be seen enacting a puppet production of Faust. It is quite appropriate as Toulon soon after learns a forbidden magic with which to create living puppets, after his famous Mephisto is destroyed.
In the 2012 film "Dark Shadows" Barnabas Collins cries aloud *Mephistopheles* while seeing a fastfood sign lighten up. Also at the beginning he reads from a book of black magic saying, "... unless he says the true name of Satan [dramatic pause and turns page] Mephistopheles".
In the manga and anime series Blue Exorcist, the character goes by the name Mephisto Pheles and is the chairman of the Japanese branch of the True Cross Order. He is also implied to be one of the sons of Satan and sometimes uses the alias Johann Faust.
In Xena: Warrior Princess, Mephastophilis is the original ruler of Hell. He is then replaced by the angel Lucifer after Xena kills him.
In the television series South Park, Dr. Mephesto is the name of a mad scientist who lives on an ominous hill outside of town.
In the second series of Sky One's Hex, Mephistopheles (played by Ronan Vibert) takes an active part in guiding the son of Azazeal towards his destiny, to bring about the end of days. In the end he turns against evil and helps the 'good side' as he believes the only thing truly worth fighting for is love.
In an episode of Family Guy, Brian reads Faust to Stewie, who complains, "You're supposed to do Mephistopheles in a scary voice!"
Mephistopheles appears in two episodes of the Adult Swim series Squidbillies. In which, he is depicted as a giant squid w/ a head of fire and talking snakes for tentacles. These snakes appears to whisper temptations in Mephistopheles' ear and are the source of his evil ways.
Mephistopheles appears briefly at the end of an episode of Metalocalypse, another Adult Swim series. A Satanic Priest summons the four demons of the Apocalypse. The four demons, Mephistopheles, Belial, Beelzebub and Lucifer, destroy the Church of Satan in which they were summoned after Dethklok leaves to go to a bar. He also appears in an episode where Dethklok wishes to gain blues fame, only to find that the last step to being a famous blues artist is to sell your soul to the devil.
In Goethe's Faust Mephisto is the personified principle of negation, betting with god that he would succeed to make Faust turn away from god.
In Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, the book's protagonist, Charlie Marlow, describes a man who claims to be a brickmaker as a "papier-mache Mephistopheles", meaning that while he seems to be solid, he is really hollow.
In Talisman (board game) 4th Edition Mephistopheles can appear and reward evil characters; if a good or neutral character encounters Mephistopheles they are converted to evil.
In Dungeons & Dragons roleplaying game, Mephistopheles is an archdevil, one of the nine rulers of the plane of Baator, also called the Nine Hells. His domain is Cania, the eighth level of Baator, a frigid wasteland. In this role, he is the primary villain in the PC game Hordes of the Underdark, an expansion pack to Neverwinter Nights.
In the Facebook game Castle Age, Mephistopheles is a major villain and currently the only story-related monster with an Alpha version.
In the video game Devil May Cry 4, there is an enemy called the Mephisto, which as the game's guide suggests, is "A floating demon wrapped in a black cape of special gas that allows it to pass through objects. Mephisto appears to its foes as a demon of death; however, its true physical form is nothing but a tiny coward."
In BloodRayne, Mephisto is said to be an angel that falls from heaven, usurping the original devil, Beliar. Mephisto is also said to have ripped Beliar into many pieces, scattering them across the Earth.Also, in the sequel, one of the characters's last names is Mephistopheles.
In Demon's Souls, Mephistopheles is an NPC character that tasks the player with killing various other innocent NPCs in the Nexus for rewards. Upon killing the final target, Mephistopheles herself attacks the player and must be killed.
In Sonic the Hedgehog, a character named Mephiles the Dark is named after Mephistopheles and is Shadow the Hedgehog's primary antagonist. He is one half of Solaris along with Iblis. He is also the only character in the video game series' history so far to kill the main character, Sonic the Hedgehog.