Mequon, Wisconsin

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Mequon, Wisconsin
City
Mequon City Hall, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Mequon City Hall, listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Official seal of Mequon, Wisconsin
Seal
Mequon, Wisconsin is located in Wisconsin
Mequon, Wisconsin
Mequon, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 43°13′27″N 87°57′36″W / 43.22417°N 87.96000°W / 43.22417; -87.96000Coordinates: 43°13′27″N 87°57′36″W / 43.22417°N 87.96000°W / 43.22417; -87.96000
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Ozaukee
Incorporation 1957
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Dan Abendroth
Area[1]
 • Total 48.77 sq mi (126.31 km2)
 • Land 46.28 sq mi (119.86 km2)
 • Water 2.49 sq mi (6.45 km2)
Elevation[2] 669 ft (204 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 23,132
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 23,225
 • Density 499.8/sq mi (193.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 53092 and 53097
Area code(s) 262
FIPS code 55-51150[5]
GNIS feature ID 1569354[2]
Website http://www.ci.mequon.wi.us/

Mequon (/ˈmɛkwɒn/ MEK-won) is a city in Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 23,132 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The area was originally inhabited by Native Americans; by the early 19th century, the Potawatomi occupied land west of the Milwaukee River, while the Menominee lived between the Milwaukee River and Lake Michigan.[6] European trappers, explorers and traders used the Milwaukee River through the middle of what is now Mequon as a means of transportation. The name "Mequon" is thought to have come from the Native-American word "Emikwaan" or "Miguan," meaning ladle, referring to the shape of the river in the area.[7] The spelling was probably influenced by the French in the area at the time.

Between 1834 and 1836, a surveyor named Brink, along with his assistant Mr. Follett, surveyed the land to create the Town of Mequon.[6] Around this time, settlers came from New York and England, soon followed by German and Irish immigrants. In 1839, a group of immigrants from Saxony settled near the Milwaukee River. In the same year, twenty families from Pomerania founded Freistadt (German: Free city) in the western part of the Town of Mequon. The first Lutheran church in Wisconsin was built by these families in 1840.

John Weston served as the first postmaster of the Town of Mequon, having settled in present-day Thiensville in 1837. He later sold his holdings to John Henry Thien. Thien, a wealthy immigrant from Saxony, had traveled north from Milwaukee and settled along the Milwaukee River, where his family built a dam and grist mill. Thien hosted the first town meeting for the Town of Mequon in 1846.[6] The area around his estate, one square mile in the middle of the Town of Mequon, was later incorporated as the village of Thiensville in 1910. The Town of Mequon was incorporated as a city in 1957.[8]

Geography[edit]

Mequon is located at 43°13′27″N 87°57′36″W / 43.22417°N 87.96000°W / 43.22417; -87.96000 (43.224243, −87.960094), about 15 miles (24 km) north of Milwaukee,[9] lying along the western shore of Lake Michigan.[10] It is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. Though much of the population lives in residential areas, approximately half of the land within the city's boundaries is undeveloped or farmed.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 48.77 square miles (126.31 km2), of which, 46.28 square miles (119.86 km2) is land and 2.49 square miles (6.45 km2) is water.[1] As of 2005, Mequon was the third-largest city in terms of land area in the state of Wisconsin.[11]

Freistadt[edit]

Freistadt is a neighborhood of the city of Mequon. The community's name means "free city" in German. Originally in the Town of Mequon, the area was added to the City of Mequon through annexation.[12]

The community was founded in October 1839 by 20 German families who immigrated to the United States to escape religious persecution. The community was home to the first Lutheran church in Wisconsin. In 1845, the synod, later known as the Lutheran Buffalo Synod, was organized here. (Through mergers the Buffalo Synod became a part of the American Lutheran Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America). The church in Freistadt became a part of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod in 1848.[13]

Climate[edit]

Mequon experiences four distinct seasons, with variation in precipitation and temperature being very wide. The overall climate of the city is moderated by nearby Lake Michigan, which causes temperatures to be cooler in summer and especially spring, and which keeps overnight temperatures warmer in winter. In March and April, the temperature in Mequon can be 10 to 15 degrees Fahrenheit (5 to 8 degrees Celsius) cooler than temperatures in towns just 15 miles (25 kilometers) further from the lake.[citation needed] In December and January, the effect is reversed, with temperatures in inland towns falling much lower.

In Mequon, the warmest month of the year is July, when the high temperature averages 81°F (27°C), with low temperatures of approximately 59°F (15°C). June and July are the wettest months of the year, with the majority of rain falling in short-lived thunderstorms. January is the coldest month in Mequon, with average high temperatures averaging only 27°F (-15°C), and lows averaging 11°F (-26°C).[14] February is the driest month, with almost all precipitation falling in the form of snow. In an average winter, 47.0 in (1.3m) of snow falls. The city's proximity to Lake Michigan often increases the snow received by the city. Most of the city's snowfall comes from systems such as Alberta clippers and Panhandle hooks.[citation needed]

The highest temperature ever recorded in Mequon was 105°F (41°C) on July 24, 1935, and again on July 17, 1995. The coldest temperature ever recorded in the city was -40°F (-40°C), on January 17, 1982, also known as Cold Sunday.[14]

Climate data for Mequon, Wisconsin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 27
(−3)
31
(−1)
42
(6)
55
(13)
66
(19)
76
(24)
81
(27)
79
(26)
72
(22)
59
(15)
45
(7)
31
(−1)
55.3
(12.8)
Average low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
14
(−10)
24
(−4)
35
(2)
44
(7)
54
(12)
59
(15)
57
(14)
49
(9)
38
(3)
28
(−2)
16
(−9)
35.8
(2.1)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.60
(40.6)
1.50
(38.1)
1.90
(48.3)
3.66
(93)
3.66
(93)
4.11
(104.4)
4.06
(103.1)
4.11
(104.4)
3.52
(89.4)
2.65
(67.3)
2.47
(62.7)
1.72
(43.7)
34.96
(888)
Source: The Weather Channel[14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 3,068
1950 4,065 32.5%
1960 8,543 110.2%
1970 15,150 77.3%
1980 16,193 6.9%
1990 18,885 16.6%
2000 21,823 15.6%
2010 23,132 6.0%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 23,132 people, 8,598 households, and 6,561 families residing in the city. The population density was 499.8 inhabitants per square mile (193.0 /km2). There were 9,145 housing units at an average density of 197.6 per square mile (76.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 2.8% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.6% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 8,598 households of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 23.7% were non-families. 20.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 45.9 years. 23.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.2% were from 25 to 44; 34.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.6% male and 51.4% female.

U.S. Census Bureau estimated the median income for a household in the city in 2009-2011 to be $106,647, and the median income for a family to be $124,422.[15] The per capita income for the city estimated at $64,530.[15] About 1.2% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.2% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.[15] During the same period, the median household value for Mequon was estimated at $357,200.[16]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 21,823 people, 7,861 households, and 6,406 families residing in the city. The population density was 472.5 people per square mile (182.5/km²). There were 8,162 housing units at an average density of 176.7 per square mile (68.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.16% White, 2.25% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

There were 7,861 households out of which 38.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.5% were non-families. 16.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 31.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $90,733, and the median income for a family was $101,793 (These figures had risen to $97,797 and $113,265, respectively, as of a 2007 estimate[17]). Males had a median income of $72,762 versus $40,280 for females. The per capita income for the city was $48,333. About 1.3% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.2% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Since its incorporation in 1957, Mequon has had a mayor-council form of government. The mayor is elected for a three-year term. Dan Abendroth has been the mayor since 2013.[18] Aldermen are elected to the Common Council from eight aldermanic districts.

From To Mayor
1957 1965 Carl F. Wilbert
1965 1971 James Egan[19]
1971 1977 Thomas P. Leisle[20][21]
1977 1980 James Hanley[22]
1980 1986 Lynn Eley[23]
1986 1992 Constance "Connie" Pukaite[24]
1992 1998 James Moriarty[25]
1998 2010 Christine Nuernberg[26]
2010 2013 Curt Gielow[27]
2013 present Dan Abendroth[27]

Education[edit]

Concordia University of Wisconsin's School of Pharmacy, in Mequon

Most of Mequon is served by the Mequon-Thiensville School District, although six square miles in the far northwest is served by the Cedarburg School District.[28] Three elementary schools, two middle schools and one high school, Homestead High School, are part of the Mequon-Thiensville School District. In 2009, Homestead was ranked by BusinessWeek magazine as the state's top high school.[29]

Mequon is also home to several higher education institutions, including Concordia University, the Wisconsin Lutheran Seminary and the northern campus of the Milwaukee Area Technical College.

Parks and recreation[edit]

Mequon is home to ten National Register-listed historic places, including the Jonathan Clark House

Mequon contains more than two dozen parks and hundreds of acres[clarification needed] of community parks and nature preserves operated by the city, and some operated by the county. The Ozaukee Interurban Trail runs for 5.85 miles (9.41 km) south to north through the city. The Mequon-Thiensville Recreation Department conducts classes and programs for children and adults.[30]

The John Reichert Farmhouse, built in 1885

City parks[edit]

  • Garrison's Glen: 22 acres (0.09 km2) Neighborhood park on Pioneer Road near the Milwaukee River. Contains walking trail and canoe launch.
  • Grasslyn Nature Preserve: 15 acres (0.06 km2) Nature preserve in the southeast of the city. Contains a walking trail and prairie area.
  • Highland Woods: 85 acres (0.34 km2) Nature preserve on Green Bay Road north of Thiensville. Contains a walking trail and forest.
  • Katherine Kearney Carpenter Park: 35 acres (0.14 km2) Dog walking park in southeastern Mequon. Contains walking trail.
  • Lemke Park: 41 acres (0.17 km2) Neighborhood park in southwestern Mequon. Contains playground, picnic tables, archery range, soccer fields, volleyball court, baseball diamond.
  • Lilly Lane Nature Preserve: 12 acres (0.05 km2) Nature preserve in southern Mequon. Contains walking trail.
  • Little Menomonee Site: 20 acres (0.08 km2) Nature preserve in western Mequon, along the Little Menomonee River
  • Mequon Community Park: 16 acres (0.06 km2) Community park just south of Thiensville. Contains swimming pool, baseball diamond, picnic area, playground, and access to the Ozaukee Interurban Trail.
The Isham Day House, built in 1839, is now a museum and city park
  • Mequon Nature Preserve: 408 acres (1.65 km2) Nature preserve in southwestern Mequon. Contains walking trails, education centers, woodland, and observation tower.
  • Prinz Site: 10 acres (0.04 km2) Nature preserve north of Thiensville.
  • River Barn Park: 37 acres (0.15 km2) Community park in southern Mequon along the Milwaukee River. Contains baseball, soccer, and football fields and a playground.
  • River Forest Nature Preserve: 62 acres (0.25 km2) Nature preserve in central Mequon along the Milwaukee River. Contains walking trail.
  • Riverview Park: 20 acres (0.08 km2) Neighborhood park in central Mequon along the Milwaukee River. Contains bridge, canoe launch, playground, walking trail, and baseball diamond.
  • Rotary Park: 75 acres (0.30 km2) Community park in northern Mequon. Contains basketball court, baseball diamonds, soccer fields, fishing ponds, and walking paths. Also contains Pukaite Woods which contains a handicapped accessible nature trail.
The O'Brien-Peuschel Farmstead, is a National Historic registered site in northwest Mequon
  • Scout Park: 12 acres (0.05 km2) Nature preserve in eastern Mequon along the Milwaukee River. Contains a walking trail and river access.
  • Settlers Park: 1.2 acres (0.00 km2) Historical park just south of Thiensville along the Milwaukee River. Contains a historic building and walking trail.
  • Shoreland Nature Preserve: 19 acres (0.08 km2) Nature preserve in northeastern Mequon along the Milwaukee River. Contains walking trials.
  • Swan Road Prairie: 20 acres (0.08 km2) Nature preserve in southwestern Mequon.
  • Trinity Creek Wetland Habitat: 35 acres (0.14 km2) Wetland park in southern Mequon. Contains walking trails and educational facility.
  • Villa Grove Park: 5 acres (0.02 km2) Community park east of Thiensville along Milwaukee River. Contains picnic tables and boat launch.
  • Willow Bay Nature Preserve: 22 acres (0.09 km2) Nature preserve in northeastern Mequon along the Milwaukee River.[31]

Ozaukee County parks[edit]

  • Mee-Kwon Park: County park in northern Mequon. Contains public golf course, sledding hill and fishing pond.[32]
  • Virmond Park: 63 acres (0.25 km2) County park in eastern Mequon on Lake Michigan. Contains volleyball and tennis courts, baseball diamond, soccer field, picnic area.[33]

Recognition[edit]

In 2005, CNN's Money magazine listed Mequon 19th among its 100 Best Small Cities in the United States, ranked jointly with Thiensville, a village surrounded by Mequon.[34]

Notable natives and residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c Walter D. Corrigan, History of the Town of Mequon, Ozaukee County, Wisconsin, Brought Down to about 1870. Mequon: Mequon Club, 1950.
  7. ^ ""Yankee Settler's Cottage." Ozaukee County, Wisconsin website
  8. ^ Wisconsin Department of State, Mequon Certificate of Incorporation, May 24, 1957.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ a b "Home - City of Mequon website". City of Mequon website. City of Mequon. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  11. ^ Estimated Population per Square Mile of Land Area, Wisconsin Municipalities. The cities of Milwaukee (96.14 sq mi) and Madison (75.40 sq mi) are larger. Green Bay (45.53 sq mi) is the next largest city. The village of Kronenwetter is also larger, as are more than 200 towns.
  12. ^ *Freistadt in Dictionary of Wisconsin History
  13. ^ Ozaukee County. Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church-Freistadt
  14. ^ a b c "Average Weather for Mequon, WI - Temperature and Precipitation". weather.com. The Weather Channel. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  15. ^ a b c "Mequon city, Wisconsin". Selected Economic Characteristics - 2009-2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  16. ^ "Mequon city, Wisconsin". Selected Housing Characteristics - 2009-2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  17. ^ American FactFinder
  18. ^ http://www.ci.mequon.wi.us/index.asp?Type=B_LIST&SEC={A3506F74-8969-4A02-A415-D23869830404}&DE=
  19. ^ Milwaukee Journal, April 12, 1965.
  20. ^ Milwaukee Journal, April 7, 1971.
  21. ^ Milwaukee Journal, December 6, 1982.
  22. ^ Milwaukee Sentinel, April 6, 1977.
  23. ^ Milwaukee Journal, December 11, 1985.
  24. ^ Milwaukee Journal, September 3, 1986.
  25. ^ The Milwaukee Sentinel, April 9, 1992.
  26. ^ The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, April 21, 2009.
  27. ^ a b 'Challenger Abendroth beats Mayor Gietlow in Mequon,' Milwaukee Sentinel Journal, Don Behm, April 2, 2013
  28. ^ http://www.mequon.govoffice.com/vertical/Sites/%7BEC6048ED-C06B-457B-A49D-CC38EE9D051C%7D/uploads/%7BF72C1B71-E18E-475C-A8D0-0DA8C92FD38F%7D.PDF
  29. ^ American's Best High Schools, Bloomberg Businesweek.
  30. ^ http://mtsd.k12.wi.us/District/rec-dept/default.html
  31. ^ http://www.ci.mequon.wi.us/index.asp?Type=B_BASIC&SEC={B2A13935-827E-4224-81C4-7E7F825166F7}
  32. ^ http://www.co.ozaukee.wi.us/Parks/MeeKwonPark.htm
  33. ^ http://www.co.ozaukee.wi.us/planningparks/Virmond_Main.htm
  34. ^ "Best Place to Live - 2005". Money Magazine. CNN. Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
  35. ^ Dudek, Duane (16 Jan 2014). "Mequon native Ridley talks Oscar nominations for '12 Years A Slave'". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  36. ^ Lee, Chris (3 March 2014). "Oscars 2014: '12 Years a Slave' wins for adapted screenplay". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 

External links[edit]