Mercaz HaRav Kook

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Mercaz haRav)
Jump to: navigation, search
One of the yeshiva buildings

Mercaz HaRav Kook (Hebrew: מרכז הרב קוק‎) (lit. Rabbi Kook Centre), is a national-religious yeshiva in Jerusalem, Israel, founded in 1924 by Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook.[1][2] It has become the most prominent religious-Zionist yeshiva in the world and synonymous with Kook's teachings.[3] Many Religious Zionist educators and leaders have studied at the Mercaz HaRav Kook. [3]

History[edit]

Rabbi Kook, founder of Mercaz HaRav

Mercaz HaRav Kook was founded in Jerusalem's Kiryat Moshe neighbourhood in 1924 by Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook, chief Ashkenazi rabbi during the British Mandate. It was established to serve as a beacon of Torah learning. Rabbi Avraham Borstein, who headed the yeshiva with him, died two years after taking up his duties. The yeshiva was renamed for Rabbi Kook after his death in 1935. His student, Rabbi Yaakov Moshe Harlap, succeeded him as Rosh Yeshiva.[4] After his death in 1951, Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook, the son of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook took up his father's position. In 1982, after Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook died, Rabbi Avraham Shapira took the position and led the institution until his death in 2007. His son, Rabbi Yaakov Shapira is his successor.

Today, the yeshiva has about 500 students, including 200 students in the yeshiva's kollel (post-graduate division). [3]

In its first decades the college had few students and at times it was not clear whether it would survive. The turning point came in the '50s, when graduates of Bnei Akiva religious schools and high-school yeshivas seeking higher religious education flocked to Mercaz Harav, the only Zionist yeshiva.

Bnei Akiva leader Rabbi Moshe Zvi Neria, a disciple of Rabbi Kook's, encouraged students to go to Mercaz Harav, which was headed from 1952 by Rabbi Abraham Kook's son, Rabbi Zvi Yehuda Kook, until his eventual death.[3]

Mercaz HaRav massacre[edit]

Main article: Mercaz HaRav massacre

On the night of March 6, 2008, Alaa Abu Dhein, an Arab from Jabel Mukaber in East Jerusalem, entered the yeshiva with a gun and began firing indiscriminately, killing eight students and wounding 15 others. Abu Dhein's bloody rampage ended with the arrival of Yitzhak Dadon, a part-time student of the yeshiva, and David Shapira, an officer in the Israel Defense Forces, who shot him to death.

Notable alumni[edit]

The list includes a number of Knesset members and community leaders.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "About Yeshivat Mercaz HaRav Kook". Friends of Mercaz Harav. 
  2. ^ "About the Yeshiva" (in Hebrew). Mercaz Harav. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Sheleg, Yair (March 7, 2008). "Mercaz Harav - the flagship of national-religious yeshivas". haaretz. 
  4. ^ Katz, Steven T. (2005). The Impact of the Holocaust on Jewish Theology. p. 118. 
  5. ^ The national-religious camp's flagship yeshiva Haaretz, 8 March 2008
  6. ^ On the Border: Memoir of a Militant Jew, 2005.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°47′16″N 35°11′48″E / 31.7879°N 35.1967°E / 31.7879; 35.1967