Mercedes-Benz 190SL

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mercedes-Benz 190SL
MB 190 SL am 2006-07-16 (ret kl).JPG
Overview
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Production 1955-1963
25,881 built[1]
Assembly Stuttgart Untertürkheim, Germany
Body and chassis
Class grand tourer
Body style roadster
Layout FR layout
Platform Mercedes-Benz W121
Related Mercedes-Benz W198 (300SL)
Mercedes-Benz W120/121
Powertrain
Engine 1,897 cc M121 SOHC I4
Transmission 4-speed manual, fully synchronized
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Length 4,290 mm (168.9 in)
Width 1,740 mm (68.5 in)
Height 1,320 mm (52.0 in)
Curb weight 2,552 lb (1,158 kg)
Chronology
Successor Mercedes-Benz W113 (230SL)
See Mercedes-Benz SL-Class for a complete overview of all SL-Class models.

The Mercedes-Benz 190SL is a two-door luxury roadster produced by Mercedes-Benz between May 1955 and February 1963. Internally referred to as W121 BII (or W121 B2), it was first shown in prototype at the 1954 New York Auto Show, and was available with an optional removable hardtop.

The 190SL presented an attractive, more affordable alternative to the exclusive Mercedes-Benz 300SL, sharing its basic styling, engineering, detailing, and fully independent suspension. While both cars had double wishbones in front and swing axles at the rear, the 190SL did not use the 300SL's purpose-built W198 tubular spaceframe. Instead, it was built on a shortened monocoque R121 platform modified from the W121 small saloon.[2]

The 190SL was powered by a new, slightly oversquare 105 PS (77 kW; 104 hp) Type M121 BII 1.9 L straight-four SOHC engine. Based on the 300 SL's straight six,[3] it had an unchanged 85 mm bore and 4.3 mm reduced 83.6 mm stroke, was fitted with twin-choke dual Solex carburetors, and produced 120 gross hp.[3] In detuned form, it was later used in the W120 180 and W121 190 models.

The car was available either as a soft-top convertible (initially priced at DM 16,500/US$ 3,998[4]) or with removable hardtop (DM 17,650/$ 4,295). A small a third-passenger transverse seat was optional. During its first years the 190SL was available as a sports-racing model with small perspex windscreen and spartan one-piece leather covered bucket seats and aluminum doors. In 1959, the hardtop's rear window was enlarged.

Both the 190SL and the 300SL were replaced by the Mercedes-Benz 230SL in 1963.

1962 Mercedes-Benz 190SL with removable hardtop

Technical data[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Oswald, Werner (2001). Deutsche Autos 1945-1990, Band 4. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 3-613-02131-5. 
  2. ^ "RitzSite Mercedes-Benz 190 SL 1955-1963; page 2". Ritzsite.net. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  3. ^ a b Smith, Maurice A., ed. (28 October 1966). "Used cars on test:1960 Mercedes-Benz 190SL Coupé". Autocar. 125 (3689): pages 944–945. 
  4. ^ US prices: Mike Covello: Standard Catalog of Imported Cars 1946-2002. Krause Publication, Iola 2002, ISBN 0-87341-605-8, p. 528.