Mercedes-Benz A-Class

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Mercedes-Benz A-Class
Mercedes-Benz A 200 AMG Line (W 176) – Frontansicht, 25. Mai 2013, Hilden.jpg
Mercedes-Benz A 200 Sport AMG Line (W176)
Overview
Manufacturer Daimler AG
Production 1997–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact car
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel drive

The Mercedes-Benz A-Class is a compact car produced by the German automobile manufacturer Mercedes-Benz. The first generation (W168) was introduced in 1997, the second generation model (W169) appeared in late 2004, and the all-new generation model W176 launched in late 2012. Originally launched only as a five-door hatchback in 1997, the second generation W169 introduced a three-door hatchback to sit six inches below the five-door. In the markets that the A-Class is or has been sold in, it has represented the entry level model of Mercedes-Benz. Having grown by 68 cm since the original model, the 2012 A-class is now longer than the first-generation B-class.

First generation (W168; 1997–2004)[edit]

W168
Silver Mercedes A140 W168 side.JPG
Mercedes-Benz A 140
Overview
Production 1997–2004
1999–2005 (Brazil)
Assembly Germany: Rastatt
Brazil: Juiz de Fora
Thailand: Thonburi (TAAP)
Designer Steve Mattin (1994)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door hatchback
Powertrain
Engine

Petrol
1.4 M166 (60 kW)
1.6 M166 (60 and 75 kW)
1.9 M166 (92 kW)
2.1 M166 (102 kW)
Diesel

1.7 OM668 (44, 55, 66 and 70 kW)
Transmission

5-speed manual
5-speed Automatic

5-speed Semi-automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,423 mm (95.4 in)
2,593 mm (102.1 in) (LWB)
Length 3,606 mm (142.0 in)
3,780 mm (148.8 in) (LWB)
Width 1,719 mm (67.7 in)
Height 1,587 mm (62.5 in)

History[edit]

Launched at the Frankfurt Motor Show in the autumn of 1997, the W168 A-Class was quite unusual for Mercedes-Benz featuring a front wheel drive layout and unusual tall yet short body. One innovation of the W168 was a frontal-impact absorption system called the "Sandwich" (see patents DE4326 9 and DE4400132 in the name of Mercedes-Benz). In the event of a violent frontal impact, the engine and transmission would slide underneath the floor below the pedals rather than entering the passenger compartment.

This was the first complete exterior designed by Steve Mattin, 1987 Coventry University Transport Design Graduate, and for which he was named Autocar magazine's 'Designer of the Year'. Earlier, Mattin had mostly worked on design for the W210 E-Class in 1991. Concurrent to the W168, he designed the exterior of the W220 S-Class. The final design freeze occurred in January 1995, at 32 months before August 1997 start of production.[1][2]

The W168 became infamous in 1997 after flipping over during the traditional "elk test"[3] performed by the Swedish automobile publication Teknikens Värld. According to the report, the W168 overturned when manoeuvring to avoid the "elk". Mercedes initially denied the problem, but then took the surprising step of recalling all units sold to date (2,600) and suspending sales for three months until the problem was solved by adding electronic stability control and modifying the suspension.[4] The company spent DM 2.5 billion in developing the car, with a further DM 300 million to fix it.[5]

Interior

Between 1997 and 2004, 1.1 million first generation A-Class models had been sold.[6]

The A-Class was facelifted in 2001, with minor alterations to the front and rear bumper design and the addition of a new 170 mm (6.7 in) longer wheelbase version. It was launched at the Geneva Motor Show.[7]

Engines[edit]

All A-Class models are powered by four-cylinder engines, with 1.4 L and 1.6 L petrol models at launch (M 166 series), followed by two versions of a 1.7 L diesel engine (OM 668 series). In 1999, a larger 1.9 L petrol model was added, with the 2.1 the last W168 version to be launched in 2002.[8]

Fuel Model Year Code Motorname Motorcode Displacement Rated Power Torque Speed
Petrol A 140 1997–2004 168.031 M 166 E 14 166.940 1397 cm³ 60 kW (82 PS) @ 5000/min 130 Nm @ 3750/min 170 km/h (106 mph)
A 140 (Automatik) 2000–2004 168.031 M 166 E 16 red. 166.960 red. 1598 cm³ 60 kW (82 PS) @ 5000/min 140 Nm @ 2500/min 166 km/h (103 mph)
A 160 1997–2004 168.033 M 166 E 16 166.960 1598 cm³ 75 kW (102 PS) @ 5250/min 150 Nm @ 4000/min 182 km/h (113 mph)
A 190 1999–2004 168.032 M 166 E 19 166.990 1898 cm³ 92 kW (125 PS) @ 5500/min 180 Nm @ 4000/min 198 km/h (123 mph)
A 210 Evolution 2002–2004 168.035 M 166 E 21 166.995 2084 cm³ 103 kW (140 PS) @ 5500/min 205 Nm @ 4000/min 203 km/h (126 mph)
Diesel A 160 CDI 1998–2001 168.007 OM 668 DE 17 A red. 668.941 1689 cm³ 44 kW (60 PS) @ 3600/min 160 Nm @ 1500–2400/min 158 km/h (98 mph)
A 160 CDI (Modellpflege) 2001–2004 168.006 OM 668 DE 17 LA red. 668.940 red. 1689 cm³ 55 kW (75 PS) @ 3600/min 160 Nm @ 1500–2800/min 163 km/h (101 mph)
A 170 CDI 1998–2001 168.008 OM 668 DE 17 LA 668.940 1689 cm³ 66 kW (90 PS) @ 4200/min 180 Nm @ 1600–3200/min 175 km/h (109 mph)
A 170 CDI (Modellpflege) 2001–2004 168.009 OM 668 DE 17 LA 668.942 1689 cm³ 70 kW (95 PS) @ 4200/min 180 Nm @ 1600–3600/min 182 km/h (113 mph)

Safety[edit]

Test Score Points
Overall: N/A N/A
Adult occupant: 4/5 stars 27

[9]

1997-2001 Pre-facelift A 140 Classic Fun 
2001-2004 Facelift A 140 Classic 
1997-2001 Pre-facelift A 140 Classic Fun 
2001-2004 Facelift A 140 Classic 

Production[edit]

DaimlerChrysler invested EUR 900 million in developing the Rastatt plant where the A-Class is produced, and created 1600 new jobs (for a total of 4700). A further 600 people work in the office building at the plant site.

Mercedes-Benz began W168 production on 17 February 1999 at its new Brazilian facility in Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais. The Brazilian plant was the company's first factory in South America dedicated to passenger cars, with an investment of USD 840 million and 10,000 employees. The factory initially produced A-Class and C-Class models, assembling them from pieces manufactured in Germany. The target for the cars was regional markets (from Argentina to Mexico) with modifications made to the cars to suit local conditions, like a protection for the motor base. On 15 August 2005 the factory stopped production of A-Class cars.

Second generation (W169; 2004–2012)[edit]

W169
Mercedes-Benz A 180 CDI Elegance (W 169) – Frontansicht (1), 30. März 2011, Wülfrath.jpg
Overview
Production 2004–2012
Assembly Germany: Rastatt
Thailand: Thonburi Automotive Assembly[10]
Body and chassis
Body style 3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Powertrain
Transmission 5-speed manual
6-speed manual
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,568 mm (101.1 in)
Length 3,838 mm (151.1 in) (2004)
3,883 mm (152.9 in) (2008)
Width 1,764 mm (69.4 in)
Height 1,593 mm (62.7 in)

Initial release[edit]

Pre-facelift A150 3-door
Pre-facelift A 180 CDI Elegance 5-door

The W169 is constructed with high-strength steel alloys with bonded joints. It has a large number of airbags including optional rear side airbags (for side-impacts in the backseats), optional side-curtain airbags, and standard head and thorax-protection side airbags. The front airbags are adaptive with two-stage gas generators operating according to the severity of accident.

The force exerted by the seat belt system during a collision adapts dynamically depending upon the collision characteristics. The 'active' head restraints (standard for driver and front passenger) give enhanced protection from neck injury, especially during rear collisions.

The angle of the A-pillar is flatter than the windshield angle. The cargo capacity of the W169 was increased by 15 percent compared with the W168.

Seven types of motors are available, and all are four-cylinders: four petrol (gasoline) (A 150, A 170, A 200, A 200 Turbo) and three diesel (A 160 CDI, A 180 CDI, A 200 CDI) partnered with either five- or six-speed manual gearbox. A continuously variable transmission system called "Autotronic Constantly Variable Transmission" (CVT) is an optional feature.

The petrol A 200 Turbo provides 193 hp (144 kW) and 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) of torque (rotational force); the diesel A200 CDI has 140 hp (104 kW) and 300 N·m (221 lb·ft).

The most powerful model can take the car from a standstill to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 8.0 seconds, and has a top speed of 218 km/h (135 mph). The newly developed direct-injection CDI diesel units use a common-rail direct injection system that improves fuel consumption and reduces exhaust emissions and noise levels.

All the engines meet the tight EU4 emissions limits. A particulate filter system is available as an option for the diesel units which reduces the particulate emissions by about 99% without the need for additives.

The A-Class is a front wheel drive car and features traction control (ASR) as standard, as well as electronic stability control and anti-lock brakes (ABS).

Handling is improved by precision tracking and anti-roll support, and by a Parabolic Rear Axle.

A "Selective Damping System", in which the shock absorber forces respond differently according to conditions, is standard. For example, under normal conditions it operates at soft absorption; while cornering at speed it changes to full damping force.

The W169 optionally comes with light-alloy wheels, with a run-flat feature, Tirefit tire sealant and a tire-pressure-loss warning device.

A four-day, seven-country tour which officially introduced the car culminated in an event in Milan, in the Castello Sforzesco, where all the touring units were received by a myriad of European personalities from music, fashion, sport and movies. Armani presented a fashion show and Christina Aguilera did a live performance of her song "Hello", composed exclusively for the occasion. The W169 advertising campaign included television spots with Christina Aguilera, Giorgio Armani and Boris Becker.

Sales of the W169 were targeted at 50,000 units in 2004. Dr. Joachim Schmidt, Executive Vice President Sales and Marketing, Mercedes Car Group, said that target had been reached even before vehicles arrived in dealer showrooms.Template:Ref required

Japan models went on sale in 2005-02-04. Early models include 5-door right drive versions of A 170, A 170 Elegance, A 200 Elegance.[11] 5-door right drive version of A 200 TURBO Elegance was added in 2005-11-10.[12] Sales in Japan were affected by the fact that it didn't comply with Japanese Government dimension regulations which meant that Japanese consumers were subjected to an annual tax for driving a larger vehicle.

Mercedes-Benz A-Class “F-Cell” (2004-)[edit]

It is a version of 5-door A-Class hydrogen fuel cell vehicle with 88 PS (65 kW; 87 hp) electric motor. It has a driving range of 160 km (99 mi).[13]

Three A-Class F-Cell cars were used in 2003 Frankfurt International Motor Show for press shuttle service. On June 18, 2004, 4 production F-Cell vehicles were delivered to Deutsche Telekom and BEWAG/Vattenfall Europe in Berlin.[14]

In 2007, the A-Class F-Cell were delivered to Landsvirkjun and Reykjavik Energy.[15]

A DHL version of F-Cell was unveiled in FC EXPO 2008.[16]

2008 update[edit]

Pre-facelift interior

The W169 Model facelift changes included redesigned front and rear bumpers and lights, and stop-start function option on A 150 and 170 models.[17] Active Park Assist enables the car to parallel park itself, with only throttle and brake inputs required from the driver.

The five-door Saloon and the three-door Coupé vehicles were unveiled in spring 2008, alongside the refreshed 2009 M-Class and B-Class.[18] Early models include A 160 CDI, A 180 CDI, A 200 CDI, A 150, A 170, A 200, A 200 TURBO.[19]

Japan models went on sale in 2008-08-20. Early models 5-door versions of A 170, A 170 Elegance.[20] Japan models of A 170 was renamed to A 180 in 2009-08-24.[21]

Facelift A 160 5-door 
Facelift A 150 3-door 
Facelift A 160 5-door 

A-Class Special Edition 2009 (2009-)[edit]

It is a limited (5500 units) version for all model variants of the A-Class vehicles. It includes BlueEfficiency package, black radiator louvres, 16-inch titanium silver light-alloy wheels in a new 9-spoke design (tyre size 195/55 R16), a "Special Edition" badge on the mirror triangle, two-tone colour scheme in black and grey, Audio 20 radio with CD player and Bluetooth hands-free system and the Light and Sight package with a rain sensor, automatically dimming rear-view mirror, an illuminated vanity mirror in the sun visor, separately adjustable reading lights in the rear, a reading light for the driver and illuminated front foot wells, Seating Comfort package (height-adjustable front passenger seat, seat cushion angle adjustment and lumbar supports for the driver and front passenger). Standard exterior features also include fog lamps and a free choice of metallic paint finish.[22]

Mercedes-Benz A-Class E-CELL (2010-)[edit]

The Mercedes-Benz A-Class E-CELL was introduced in September 2010 and debuted at the October 2010 Paris Motor Show.[23][24] The E-Cell has a range of 200 kilometres (120 mi) capable of developing a peak output of 70 kW (94 hp), a continuous power rating of 50 kW (67 hp) and a maximum torque of 290 N·m (214 lb·ft). The Mercedes A-Class E-Cell can accelerate from 0–60 km/h (37 mph) in 5.5 seconds, and its top speed is 150 km/h (93 mph).[23][25]

Tesla Motors, as part of its collaboration with Mercedes-Benz, is building electric powertrain components for the E-Cell. The 36 kWh battery contains approximately 4,000 individual lithium-ion cells.[23][26][27] Mercedes has developed a modular system for electric vehicles with battery and fuel-cell. This system allows the efficient use of shared parts in all the brand's electric vehicles. Thanks to the modular approach the electric drive of the A‑Class E‑Cell is also used in the B‑Class F‑Cell, and the energy storage units in the A‑Class EV are the same as the battery in the Smart fortwo electric drive.[23][25]

A limited production of 500 A-Class E-Cell electric cars will be built, for trial purposes, at the Mercedes Rastatt plant, near Stuttgart beginning in September 2010. As part of a demonstration program, the cars will be leased to selected customers in several European countries, including Germany, France, and the Netherlands. Daimler is not planning to sell the electric version outside Europe.[23][25][28]

A 180 Final Edition (2012-)[edit]

It is a limited (300 units) version of 5-door right drive A 180 for Japan market. It included calcite white body colour, black interior colour, sport package (chrome exhaust tip, 17-inch 7-spoke alloy wheels, chrome iridium silver front grille, stainless acceleration and brake pedals with rubber stud, leather wrapped sport steering wheel and silver shift knob, silver meter panel), bi-xenon headlight and headlight washer, cornering lights, fog lamp (front/rear), rain sensor, sun visor with illuminating mirror, anti-glare mirror, 'Final Edition' emblem, floor mat with 'Final Edition' silver logo plate.

The vehicle went on sale in 2012-05-28.[29]

Technical data[edit]

Specification A160 CDI A180 CDI A200 CDI A155 A170 A200 A200 Turbo
Length 3,838 mm (151.1 in)
Width 1,764 mm (69.4 in)
Height 1,593 mm (62.7 in)
Wheelbase 2,568 mm (101.1 in)
Luggage (l) 435-1995
(3 doors) 435-1485
Empty weight (5-doors) 1,325 kg (2,921 lb) 1,345 kg (2,965 lb) 1,365 kg (3,009 lb) 1,225 kg (2,701 lb) 1,240 kg (2,734 lb) 1,305 kg (2,877 lb)
(3 doors) 1,300 kg (2,866 lb) 1,320 kg (2,910 lb) 1,340 kg (2,954 lb) 1,195 kg (2,635 lb) 1,210 kg (2,668 lb) 1,275 kg (2,811 lb)
Tank Capacity 54 L (14.3 US gal; 11.9 imp gal)
Tank Reserve 6 L (1.6 US gal; 1.3 imp gal)
Cylinders 4/in-line 4-valv/cyl
Displacement cc 1991 1991 1991 1498 1699 2034 2034
Engine 2.0L Diesel 2.0L Diesel 2.0L Diesel 1.5L Petrol 1.7L Petrol 2.0 Petrol 2.0 Petrol
Fuel per 100 km 4.9L 5.2L 5.4L 6.2L 6.6L 7.2L
Rated Output kW/ hp/ PS (rpm) 60/82/83 (4200) 80/109/111 (4200) 103/140/142 (4200) 70/95/96 (5200) 85/116/118 (5500) 100/134/136 (5750) 142/193/196 (4850)
Rated Torque 180 N·m (133 lb·ft) (1400-2600) 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) (1600-2600) 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) (1600-2600) 140 N·m (103 lb·ft) (3500-4000) 155 N·m (114 lb·ft) (3500-4000) 185 N·m (136 lb·ft) (3500-4000) 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) (1800-4850)
Acceleration 0–100 km/h (sec) 15.0 10.8 9.5 12.6 10.9 8.0
Top Speed km/h 165 km/h (103 mph) 184 km/h (114 mph) 202 km/h (126 mph) 173 km/h (107 mph) 188 km/h (117 mph) 195 km/h (121 mph) 218 km/h (135 mph)
Transmission 5-speed manual 6-speed manual 6-speed manual 5-speed manual 5-speed manual 6-speed manual
Wheels 6j x 15 6j x 15 6j x 16 6j x 15 6j x 15 6j x 16 6j x 16
Tires 185/65R15 185/65R15 195/55R16 185/65R15 185/65R15 195/55R16 195/55R16
Specification W169 (5 door) W168 (long wheelbase) W168 (standard)
length 3,838 mm (151.1 in) 3,776 mm (148.7 in) 3,606 mm (142.0 in)
width 1,764 mm (69.4 in) 1,719 mm (67.7 in) 1,719 mm (67.7 in)
height 1,593 mm (62.7 in) 1,589 mm (62.6 in) 1,575 mm (62.0 in)
wheelbase 2,568 mm (101.1 in) 2,593 mm (102.1 in) 2,423 mm (95.4 in)
VDA boot capacity L 435-1370 470-1180 390-1040

Production[edit]

As of December 4, 2006, 371,700 second generation A-Class model had been sold since September 2004, making a total of 1,500,000 A-Class produced at DaimlerChrysler’s Rastatt plant in ten years.[6]

As of June 26, 2009, the 750,000th second generation A-Class vehicle was built at Rastatt plant.[30]

As of February 1, 2012, 1 million second generation A-Class model had been delivered since autumn 2004.[31]

Third generation (W176; 2012–present)[edit]

W176
Mercedes-Benz A 180 BlueEFFICIENCY Urban (W 176) – Frontansicht, 3. März 2013, Düsseldorf.jpg
Mercedes-Benz A 180 BlueEFFICIENCY Urban
Overview
Production 2012-
Model years 2013-present
Assembly Rastatt, Germany
Kecskemét, Hungary[32]
Uusikaupunki, Finland[33] Aguascalientes, Mexico[34]
Designer Mark Fetherston (2009)
Body and chassis
Body style 5-door hatchback
Platform Mercedes-Benz W176
Related Mercedes-Benz B-Class (W246)
Mercedes-Benz CLA-Class
Powertrain
Engine 1.6 L M270 I4 Turbocharged
2.0 L M270 I4 Turbocharged
1.5 L OM607 Diesel I4
1.8 L OM651 Diesel I4
2.2 L OM651 Diesel I4
Transmission 6-speed manual
7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,699 mm (106.3 in)
Length 4,292 mm (169.0 in)
Width 1,780 mm (70.1 in)
Height 1,433 mm (56.4 in)

The production version of the third generation of A-Class vehicles was based on the Concept A-Class, and was unveiled at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show,[35][36] and later in 2012 Paris Motor Show.[37]

The vehicles were available in dealerships beginning in 15 September 2012. Early models include A 180 BlueEFFICIENCY, A 200 BlueEFFICIENCY, A 250 BlueEFFICIENCY, A 180 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY (OM 607/OM 651), A 200 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY, A 220 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY.[38] A 160 CDI was available to order from July 2013 and arrive at dealerships in September 2013.[39] Deliveries of A 200 CDI, A 200 CDI 4MATIC, A 220 CDI, A 220 CDI 4MATIC began in March 2014.[40] A 220 4MATIC was available to order from 31 July 2014, and set to arrive in dealerships from September 2014.[41]

Japan models went on sale in 2013-01-17. Early models include A 180 BlueEFFICIENCY, A 180 BlueEFFICIENCY Sports, A 250 SPORT.[42][43] Sales in Japan were affected by the fact that it didn't comply with Japanese Government dimension regulations which meant that Japanese consumers were subjected to an annual tax for driving a larger vehicle.

It is drastically larger than previous two generations of the A-Class, with a total length of 4,292 mm (169.0 in), making it part of the superior small family car segment for the first time.

Design[edit]

Mercedes-Benz A 180 Urban

The third generation A-Class is designed to be a direct competitor to the BMW 1 Series and Audi A3. It is intended to be more dynamic than its predecessor and is focused on younger owners. The design of the new Mercedes-Benz A-Class reflects the current Mercedes-Benz design strategy. It first appeared on Concept A-Class at the 2011 Shanghai Auto Show, and has changed only in details such as lights, bumpers and mirrors.

Concept A-Class (2011)[edit]

It is a 3-door concept vehicle for the upcoming A-Class. It included M270 four-cylinder gasoline engine rated 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp), radar-based collision warning system with adaptive Brake Assist, exterior design from Mercedes-Benz F800 Style, radiator grille consists of numerous metallic silver hexagons on black stems, full-LED high-performance headlamps consist of 90 optical fibers with aluminum sleeves which are arranged in a wing-shape within the headlamp, dashboard in shape of an aircraft wing and a translucent, stretchable fabric lining, shape of the air vents in the dashboard inspired by jet aircraft, prominent dials in the instrument cluster are in red, smartphone.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2011 New York Auto Show, followed by 2011 Shanghai Auto Show.[44]

Driving school package (2012-)[edit]

Designed for the RoadSense programme, basic driving school package includes adaptation of the cockpit to accommodate the twin sets of pedals, a control switch in the centre console for driver's footwell illumination and warning signal for the twin sets of pedals, twin rearview mirrors, adaptation of the floor covering in the driver's and front passengers' footwells for the twin sets of pedals, the Light and Sight package, the Seat Comfort package.

Overall driving school package also includes the twin sets of pedals. The package is also part of the special A-Class "toBE" model.

Delivery of A-Class "toBE" model began from January 2013.[45]

A 250 Sport (2012-)[edit]

It is a version of A 250 BlueEfficiency with AMG Sport appointment line, 18-inch high-gloss black AMG light-alloy wheels in a 5-spoke design with 235/40 R 18 tyres, red-painted brake callipers, modified exhaust system.

The vehicle went on sale in fourth quarter of 2012.[46]

A 180 BlueEfficiency Edition Next, A 180 BlueEfficiency Sports Edition Next (2013-)[edit]

They are limited (100 units each) versions of A 180 BlueEfficiency for Japan market. A 180 BlueEfficiency Edition Next includes Jupiter red body colour, leather twin black interior upholstery, 17-inch 5-twin-spoke wheels, leather wrapped sports steering wheel. A 180 BlueEfficiency Sports Edition Next includes Polar silver body colour, leather Dinamica black interior upholstery, AMG design exterior, 18-inch AMG 5-twin-spoke wheels, AMG sports steering wheel, memory full power driver seat, privacy glass at rear left/right/luggage room, black door mirror.[47][48]

A 180 CDI BlueEfficiency Edition, A 180 BlueEfficiency Edition (2013-)[edit]

They are versions of A 180 vehicles with lower fuel consumptions, by lowering drag coefficient to 0.26, additional aerodynamic optimisation measures include, the partial covering of the upper section of the radiator grille, aerodynamically shaped spring link coverings that improve the flow of air along the underbody at the rear axle, lowering suspension by 15 millimetres. Other changes include revised generator management system, manual transmission with longer gear ratios in the higher gears, round LED daytime running lamps set into the bumper (excluding vehicles with bi-xenon headlamps or the Intelligent Light System).

The vehicles went on sale on 1 February 2013, while the first vehicles will reach customers in March 2013.[49][50]

A 180 BlueEfficiency Sports (2013-)[edit]

It is a version of A 180 BlueEfficiency for Japan market, which included sports-tuned suspension lowering vehicle height by 15mm, direct steering.

A 45 AMG (2013-)[edit]

It is a version of A-Class vehicle with a 2.0-litre four-cylinder turbo engine rated 360 PS (265 kW; 355 hp)@6000rpm and 450 N·m (332 lbf·ft)@2250-5000rpm, AMG Speedshift DCT 7-speed sports transmission with Momentary M mode, optional AMG sports exhaust system from SLK 55 AMG, low temperature circuit with large cooler section at the front level of the cooling module with additional air cooling module in the wheel arch and integrated transmission oil cooler, AMG 4MATIC all-wheel drive with compact power take-off unit, 3-stage ESP with ESP Curve Dynamic Assist and "ESP Sport Handling" mode, AMG sports suspension with independently developed front and rear axles, electromechanical AMG speed-sensitive sports steering, AMG high-performance braking system with 350 x 32 millimetres front brake discs and 330 x 22 millimetres rear brake discs, AMG "twin blade" radiator grille and the cross strut in the AMG front apron in matt titanium grey, AMG light-alloy wheels in twin-spoke design, side sill panels with inserts in matt titanium grey, a diffusor insert and trim in matt titanium grey, two square chrome-plated tailpipes for AMG sports exhaust system and sports seats.

A 45 AMG "Edition 1" model includes cirrus white body colour, AMG sports stripes in matt graphite grey on the bonnet, roof and sides; red highlights on the radiator grille, exterior mirrors and rear aerofoil; red painted brake callipers, 8x19-inch AMG multispoke light-alloy wheels in matt black with special AMG hub caps in central-locking look and 235/35 R 19 tyres, AMG Night and Aerodynamics packages, Black and red interior, AMG Performance seats in ARTICO man-made leather/DINAMICA microfibre with red contrasting stitching, top section of the dashboard in ARTICO man-made leather, AMG Performance steering wheel in nappa leather/DINAMICA microfibre, E-SELECT lever with embossed AMG emblem, "Edition 1" badge on the AMG DRIVE UNIT.

The vehicle was originally announced to be unveiled in first quarter of 2013,[51] and was later unveiled in Geneva Motor Show. Sales release date was set to 8 April 2013, with Germany market launch beginning in June 2013.[52][53]

Japan model of A 45 AMG 4MATIC and went on sale in 2013-07-01.[54][55]

Japan model of A 45 AMG 4MATIC Edition 1 went on sale in 2013-07-01 in limited quantities (600 units), with 400 in Calcite White body and 200 in Cosmic Black bodies, black leather interior, carbon design interior trim.[56][57]

Mercedes-Benz also announced that Japan would get a limited edition "Petronas Green Edition", of which only 30 units would be produced. The Petronas Green Edition comes with the same package as the Edition 1, but features new green exterior vinyls as well as the words ‘AMG Performance Studio’ down the sides.[58]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines[59]
Model Years Type/code Power@rpm, Torque@rpm
A 180 BlueEFFICIENCY 2012– 1,595 cc (97.3 cu in) I4 turbo (M 270 DE 16 AL red.) 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp)@5000, 200 N·m (148 lbf·ft)@1250-4000
A 180 BlueEFFICIENCY Edition 2013– 1,595 cc (97.3 cu in) I4 turbo (M 270 DE 16 AL red.) 122 PS (90 kW; 120 hp)@5000, 200 N·m (148 lbf·ft)@1250-4000
A 200 BlueEFFICIENCY 2012– 1,595 cc (97.3 cu in) I4 turbo (M 270 DE 16 AL) 156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp)@5000, 250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)@1250-4000
A 220 4MATIC 2014– 1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) I4 turbo (M 270 DE 20 AL) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@5500, 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)@1200-4000
A 250 BlueEFFICIENCY 2012– 1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) I4 turbo (M 270 DE 20 AL) 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp)@5500, 350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)@1200-4000
A 250 4MATIC BlueEFFICIENCY 2013– 1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) I4 turbo (M 270 DE 20 AL) 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp)@5500, 350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)@1200-4000
A 250 Sport 2012– 1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) I4 turbo (M 270 DE 20 AL) 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp)@5500, 350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)@1200-4000
A 45 AMG 2013– 1,991 cc (121.5 cu in) I4 twin-scroll turbo (M 133 DE 20 AL) 360 PS (265 kW; 355 hp)@6000, 450 N·m (332 lbf·ft)@2250-5000
Diesel engines[60]
Model Years Type/code Power@rpm, Torque@rpm
A 160 CDI 2013– 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 607 DE 15 LA) 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp)@4000, 220 N·m (162 lbf·ft)@1750-2750
A 180 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY (OM 607) 2012– 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 607 DE 15 LA) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp)@4000, 260 N·m (192 lbf·ft)@1750-2500
A 180 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY (OM 651) 2012– 1,796 cc (109.6 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 651 DE 18 LA red.) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp)@3200-4600, 250 N·m (184 lbf·ft)@1400-2800
A 180 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY Edition 2013– 1,461 cc (89.2 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 607 DE 15 LA) 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp)@4000, 260 N·m (192 lbf·ft)@1750-2500
A 200 CDI 2014- 2,143 cc (130.8 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)@3400-4000, 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)@1400-3000
A 200 CDI 4MATIC 2014- 2,143 cc (130.8 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)@3400-4000, 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)@1400-3000
A 200 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY 2012– 1,796 cc (109.6 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 651 DE 18 LA) 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)@3600-4400, 300 N·m (221 lbf·ft)@1600-3000
A 220 CDI 2014- 2,143 cc (130.8 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)@3400-4000, 350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)@1400-3400
A 220 CDI 4MATIC 2014- 2,143 cc (130.8 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)@3400-4000, 350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)@1400-3400
A 220 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY 2012- 2,143 cc (130.8 cu in) I4 turbo (OM 651 DE 22 LA) 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp)@3000-4200, 350 N·m (258 lbf·ft)@1600-3000

The 130 hp 1.6 dCi engine was reported to be based on Renault-Nissan Alliance's Diesel engine.[61]

Transmissions[62][edit]

Model Years Standard Optional
A 180 BlueEfficiency 2012- 6-speed manual 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 180 BlueEfficiency Edition 2013- 6-speed manual n/a
A 200 BlueEfficiency 2012- 6-speed manual 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 220 4MATIC 2014– 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT) n/a
A 250 4MATIC BlueEfficiency 2013- 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT) n/a
A 250 BlueEfficiency 2012- 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT) n/a
A 250 Sport 2012- 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT) n/a
A 45 AMG 2013- 7-speed automatic (AMG Speedshift DCT) n/a
A 160 CDI 2013– 6-speed manual 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 180 CDI BlueEfficiency (OM 607) 2012- 6-speed manual 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 180 CDI BlueEfficiency Edition 2013- 6-speed manual n/a
A 180 CDI BlueEfficiency (OM 651) 2012 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT) n/a
A 200 CDI 2014- 6-speed manual, 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 200 CDI 4MATIC 2014- 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 200 CDI BlueEfficiency 2012- 6-speed manual 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 220 CDI 2014- 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 220 CDI 4MATIC 2014- 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT)
A 220 CDI BlueEfficiency 2012- 7-speed automatic (7G-DCT) n/a

Equipment[edit]

Drive Kit Plus for iPhone, Mercedes-Benz phone module with Bluetooth, roof box 400 with Alustyle Quickfix carrier bars, Mercedes Sport product range (a spoiler lip for the front apron, a gleaming black radiator grill, gleaming black exterior mirror casing and waistline trim strip, a roof spoiler and rear apron trims with a diffuser look), light-alloy wheels were developed for the A-Class vehicles. The A-Class in Australia comes standard with 9 airbags.

The phone module went on sale on 4th quarter 2012.[63]

Mercedes-Benz Sport products were produced for the A-Class (W 176) vehicles.[64]

Marketing[edit]

As part of A-Class vehicle launch, Mercedes-Benz started the 'A Rock' concert series with British alternative rock band Placebo. The 5-concert tour took place in Paris, Rome, Zurich, Hamburg, Madrid between June and July 2012.[65]

Mercedes-Benz offered SimCity Social players a range of exclusive additional playing options until the end of September 2012. The Electronic Arts Inc. partnership covered all worldwide territories excluding North America.[66]

The launch A-class campaign, consists of print advertisements and TV spots, began on September 2012. The ads features A 250 Sport. Print advertisements featured a QR code leading directly to the central interactive online platform, where all global communications activities on the new A-Class have been pooled together since March. The online hub accessible at www.mercedes-benz.com/a-class features an innovative interactive concept, which sets the scene for the impressive world of the new A-Class by means of scrolling – from vehicle highlights and the A-Rock concert series with Placebo, through to attractive financing offers and the opportunity to arrange a test drive. Each of the 5 TV ads presents a product highlight in the form of a surprising and amusing story. The "parking" spot, for example, focuses on the Mercedes-Benz "Parking Finder" app found in the COMAND Online system. The campaign would run until the end of October, and online until the end of December 2012. The agency responsible for the campaign is Jung von Matt/Alster. Production of the TV spots was undertaken by Tempomedia, with Cyril Guyot acting as director, while the photos are the work of Uwe Düttmann. The central theme of the campaign, "The pulse of a new generation", would continue to be used in the "2013 A-Class Calendar". The campaign was supplemented by a three-month road show travelling across Europe, beginning at June 2012. Mercedes-Benz also released A-Class Guide virtual owner's manual, via the Google Play Store and the Apple App Store.[67]

As part of the A-class market launch, Mercedes-Benz Accessories GmbH has introduced a range of accessories reflecting the carefree approach to life that typifies the young and young-at-heart buyers. Early products included black wool felt trilby, black men's polo shirt, shoulder bag and smartphone case, clutch bag, wristwatch, stainless-steel A-Class key ring, three-set nail polish, spritz glasses, bracelet with charms.[68]

As part of the A-class market launch in Italy, the first 'Visionary Store' was opened on 2012-09-06 in Milan by Mercedes-Benz Head of Sales and Marketing Dr. Joachim Schmidt.[69]

As part of the A-class market launch, Norev had produced 1:18 scale zinc die-cast A 250 Sport model car (in jupiter red, designo magno mountain grey and cirrus white). Schuco produced 1:43 zinc die-cast scale model A-Class class (in cirrus white, cosmos black or south seas blue), while Herpa produced 1:87 plastic A-Class model cars in jupiter red, night black and monolith grey.[70]

As part of Japan A-Class launch, an animated short titled 'Next A-Class' was produced by Hakuhodo, Aoi Promotion and Production I.G. The Next A-Class film shows in the future city of Tokyo where it has evolved into a “Transforming Mobile City”, three characters chase "a mystery car" at full speed in a "new A-Class" dashing in and out of the transforming routes of the metropolis. As part of the campaign, the June 2012 edition of mb! by Mercedes-Benz magazine includes a booklet includes the storyline of the Next A-Class short film and gives a glimpse of production secrets and episodes of the making. The booklets were distributed at large-sized bookstores in the metropolitan area, major movie theaters and authorized Mercedes-Benz Dealers. In addition, mb! magazine also offered prizes of voice cast autograph, nico figure, t-shirt, iPhone4/4S/5 case, for My Mercedes subscribers.[71][72] The 15 and 30-second versions of Next A-class trailers were premiered on 2012-11-17 as TV broadcasts and in theaters showing Evangelion: 3.0 You Can (Not) Redo movie.[47][48] Following the NEXT A-Class premiere in 2012-12-05, the viewing count exceeds 2 million within 19 days.[73]

A-Class vehicle appeared in Night Train to Lisbon movie.[74]

Mercedes-Benz Sport Equipment sold two versions of A-Class 1:18 scale model cars produced by Norev. The polar silver variant is limited (2000 units) edition featuring extensive Sport Equipment from the Mercedes-Benz Accessories range: front apron spoiler lip, diffuser-look rear apron trim, roof spoiler, high-gloss black exterior mirrors, chromed front/rear trim, diamond radiator grille, sports brake system, rear silencer, decal kit, Sport badge and 18-inch twin-spoke two-tone wheels. "Mercedes-Benz Sport Equipment" and the start number are also printed on the decorative packaging. The mountain grey variant is fitted with Sport Equipment too, but has a black radiator grille and shoulderline trim strip. The vehicles were unveiled in 2013 Frankfurt International Motor Show.[75]

As part of A 45 AMG 4MATIC launch in Japan, a short film titled 'Mercedes-Benz A 45 AMG 4MATIC X ZAZEN' (―メルセデスと座禅) was premiered in 2013-11-07. The video was created to verify whether people can stay calm when A 45 AMG 4MATIC with the latest technology is driven close by. It delivers the characteristics of the car that it can even shake the heart of the well-trained monks by its fascination. Using metaphors as the dynamic driving with the A 45 AMG 4MATIC in a closed circuit for "Action" and the monks doing Zazen for "Silence".[76][77]

Production[edit]

Production of A-Class began at Mercedes-Benz Rastatt plant in 2012.[78]

Mercedes-Benz signed an agreement with the Finnish supplier Valmet Automotive to expand A-Class vehicle production, where Valmet will produce more than 100,000 units for Daimler from 2013 through 2016.[79][80]

Production of A-series BlueDirect 4-cylinder engines took place at Mercedes-Benz engine production plant in Kölleda.

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External links[edit]

W169[edit]

W176[edit]

Blue Efficiency[edit]