Mercedes-Benz CL-Class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mercedes-Benz CL-Class
Black MB CL 65 AMG (C216.1) fl.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Production 1992–2013
Assembly Sindelfingen, Germany
Body and chassis
Class Personal luxury car
Grand tourer
Body style 2-door Coupé
Layout FR layout
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz C126 (SEC)
Successor Mercedes-Benz C217

The Mercedes-Benz CL-Class was a line of luxury coupés produced by the German automaker Mercedes-Benz, produced from 1992 to 2013. The name CL stands for the German Coupé Leicht (English: Coupe Light).

The CL-Class was based on the S-Class full-size luxury sedan. Formerly known as the SEC (S-Klasse-Einspritzmotor-Coupé) and later S-Coupé, it was spun off into its own, current name in 1996 and in 1997 for North American markets. The CL continued to follow the same development cycle as the S, though riding on a shorter wheelbase, and sharing the same engines albeit with less choice as only the higher-output powertrains are offered. The last generation of the CL was actually heavier than the S (considering equivalent trims, due to the roof engineering required to compensate for the lack of a central B-pillar).[1]

The last generation of the CL-Class, C216, was available in four models: CL 500 (CL 550 in some markets, with standard 4MATIC in Canada and the USA), CL 600, CL 63 AMG and CL 65 AMG. The CL 65 AMG was the most powerful model of the CL and the most expensive Mercedes-branded vehicle, slightly edging out its S-Class equivalent S65 AMG and the SLS.[2] CL sales are the third-lowest of Mercedes-Benz in North America with under 1400 units sold in 2006, as only the G-Class four-wheel drive and two-seat SLS AMG sell smaller numbers; annual CL sales equalled Ford truck sales for one day. However, this degree of distinction was considered attractive to CL buyers.[1][3]

Main competitors of the CL-Class in the luxury 2+2 coupe segment included the Aston Martin DBS, Bentley Continental GT, BMW 6 Series (particularly the M6), and the Ferrari 612.[4] The CL-Class had more rear legroom than these aforementioned competitors.[1]

In 2014 it was replaced by the C217 S-Class Coupe.

C140[edit]

First generation
Mercedes-Benz CL600 C140 1991-1998 frontleft 2008-04-18 U.jpg
Overview
Production 1992–1998
Body and chassis
Platform Mercedes-Benz W140
Powertrain
Engine

4.2L V8
5.0L V8

6.0L V12
Transmission 4- or 5-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 115.9 in (2,944 mm)
Length 199.4 in (5,065 mm)
Width 75.3 in (1,913 mm)
Height 56.9 in (1,445 mm)
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz C126

The next generation was the sleek but hard-lined and redesigned W140-chassis (internally known as C140) coupe of 1992–1999. Designed by Bruno Sacco, the C140's final design was approved between late 1987 and early 1988. Though the coupe’s physical appearance changed little over these years, the class underwent a name change several times. The V8 and V12 coupes were called the 500 SEC and 600 SEC, respectively, in 1992 and 1993. The 600 SEC was the first V12 coupe ever offered by Mercedes-Benz. For 1994, the model names were changed to the S500 Coupé and the S600 Coupé. The name CL-Class was adopted in June 1996(1997 for MY1998 North American models), and the W140 coupés were called the CL500 and CL600. Production ended in August 1998. The CL500 was considered by most experts the best model in terms of power, weight distribution and equipment for the base price.[citation needed] The M119 5.0 L V8 engine was regarded as one of the best engines ever produced by the German manufacturer (according to various journalists from automobile magazines such as Car and Auto Motor Und Sport).[citation needed] Being much lighter at the front, the CL500 tended to have better handling characteristics than the heavier V12 flagship. The CL600 powered by the M120 48-valve twelve cylinder engine, developed 394 PS (290 kW; 389 hp) and 570 N·m (420 lb·ft) of torque, and as is typical of Mercedes twelves, was quiet and smooth.[citation needed] Twelve cylinder variants are easily identified by the "V12" emblems at the base of each C pillar, placed immediately behind the passenger windows. An entry level model was available with a 4.2 L V8 engine (with the same architecture as the M119 5.0 L V8 engine) and since it was not available at all markets, it had very low sales compared to its larger-engined siblings. Production ended September 1998 with 26.022 Coupés produced.

[1]

C215[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz C215
Second generation
2003-Mercedes-Benz-CL55-AMG.jpg
Overview
Production 1999–2006
Body and chassis
Platform Mercedes-Benz W215
Powertrain
Engine

5.0L V8
5.5L V8
6.2L V8
5.5L V12
5.8L V12

6.0L V12
Transmission 5-speed automatic
7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 113.6 in (2,885 mm)
Length 196.6 in (4,994 mm)
2003-06 CL500, CL55 AMG & CL600: 196.4 in (4,989 mm)
Width 73.1 in (1,857 mm)
Height 2000-02: 56.0 in (1,422 mm)
2003-06: 55.4 in (1,407 mm)
CL65 AMG: 55.0 in (1,397 mm)

The second generation of the CL is the W215-chassis coupé of 1999–2006. It is based on the Mercedes-Benz S-Class (W220) (which was launched in late 1998 in Europe), though it rides on an 8-inch (203 mm) shorter wheelbase. The CL's front fascia of four oval headlights is similar to that of the W210 and W211 E-Class. The CL is offered as four models: the V8-powered CL 500, the NA V8-Powered CL55, the supercharged V8-powered CL55 AMG, the NA V12-powered CL 600 (2000-2002), the limited production (about 200 per year world wide), 5.5 litre V12 Bi-Turbo CL600 (2003-2006), the very rare limited-edition NA CL63 AMG (26 examples only), the 2000 NA CL55 AMG F1 Edition (55 examples only), and the limited production (196 total) 6.0 litre V12 Bi-Turbo CL65 AMG (2004-2006). All models seat four. Development took place from 1993 to 1999, with final design being approved in circa 1995-1996.

The CL coupes come equipped with the very latest in Mercedes-Benz technology, and along with the S-Class sedans the CL coupes receive new technological features (it introduced the refined Active Body Control fully active suspension system and Bi-Xenon HID lights). Active Body Control uses four hydraulic suspension rams that use three pressure regulators connected to a combination power steering and suspension pump, pushing fluid at a pressure of 2,960 psi (20,400 kPa) through the system that, along with several intermediate computers and master CPU, keeps this car absolutely flat through the corners. The CL class has a lengthy list of custom available features. The following features are standard: climate control, ABC (hydraulic) suspension, all-leather interior, designer wood trim, trip computer, CD, navigation system, front heated seats, power moonroof, as well as power door and trunk closing assist. Optional features include a heated steering wheel and voice-activated telephone, as well as, front fan-cooled and heated seats.

The CL63 AMG is the rarest W215 CL of all. It was produced only in November 2001 and just 26 examples were sold. The engine produces 438 bhp and 390 lb-ft torque between 2500 - 5800 rpm, with a peak of 457 @ 4400 rpm. Some UK examples were registered in March 2002. The V12 powered CL63 AMG was only sold in Europe and Asia. Mercedes-Benz never offered the W215 CL63 for sale; all were sold exclusively through AMG.

The 2000 CL55 AMG F1 is also extremely rare with a total production of only 55 units. This was a tribute to the modified Safety Car version used in Formula One during the 1999 and 2000 seasons.[5] The engine was a naturally-aspirated 5.4-liter V8 delivering 354 bhp @ 5500 rpm, and 391 ft lbs torque @ 4100 rpm. This was the first road car to feature full Ceramic Brembo Vented and Cross Drilled Disc Brakes.

From 2000 through 2002, the V12-equipped cars featured a cylinder deactivation system called Active Cylinder Control. The feature was dropped when the 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) Bi-Turbo V12 was introduced. This deactivation feature allowed the CL 600 to get better fuel economy than the comparable CL 500, especially on the road where the six-cylinder operation could be effectively used. Basically this engine is two Mercedes six-cylinder series engines mated to a common crank with appropriate engine monitoring systems.

Exclusive “Designo” packages are also available. These packages add custom color metallic paint, custom color Nappa leather interior and exotic wood trims. They are available in three variants: Designo Cashmere, Designo Espresso and Designo Silver. Additional variants can be found on rarer models. There was even an optional granite trim that took the place of wood.

In 2003 the engine options changed. The CL 55 AMG became supercharged allowing the car to accelerate from 0-60 mph in 4.27 sec according to Motor Trend and the V12 CL 600 had 2 turbochargers added and a slight engine reduction, from 5980 cc to 5513 cc. Both cars produced 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) the distinction, again, was the ghost like quietness of the CL 600 as compared to rather noisy CL 55 AMG. The CL 600 hp was conservatively rated by Mercedes-Benz as not to take sales away from the AMG CL 55. A dyno tested stock CL 600 was closer to 540 hp. Car & Driver's acceleration test delivered a 0-60 time of 4.3 seconds. The more powerful CL 65 (2004-2006) produced 612 PS (450 kW; 604 hp). The top speed of the CL 65 was limited to 250 km/h (160 mph). These numbers are the stock performance ratings for the AMG CL 65.

2004 MY CL55 Kompressor (Photo 2011 - Wales, UK)

Engines[edit]

As with all major German manufacturers (except Porsche), Mercedes electronically limits most of its cars to 250 km/h (155 mph).

Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h (62 mph) Top speed
CL 500 5.0 L V8 225 kW (306 PS; 302 hp) 460 N·m (339 lb·ft) 6.1 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 600
(2000)
5.8 L V12 270 kW (367 PS; 362 hp) 530 N·m (391 lb·ft) 5.8 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 600
(2003)
Turbocharged
5.5 L V12
368 kW (500 PS; 493 hp) 800 N·m (590 lb·ft) 4.8 seconds 4.3 seconds C&D 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 55 AMG
(2001)
5.5 L V8 265 kW (360 PS; 355 hp) 530 N·m (391 lb·ft) 5.8 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 55 AMG
(2003)
Supercharged
5.5 L V8
368 kW (500 PS; 493 hp) 700 N·m (516 lb·ft) 4.8 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 63 AMG 6.3 L V12 327 kW (445 PS; 439 hp) 620 N·m (457 lb·ft) 5.4 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 65 AMG Turbocharged
6.0L V12
450 kW (612 PS; 603 hp) 1,000 N·m (738 lb·ft) 4.4 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)

* All are electronically limited

C216[edit]

Main article: Mercedes-Benz C216
Third generation
CL 63 AMG Paris.jpg
Overview
Production October 2006–2013
Body and chassis
Platform Mercedes-Benz W216
Powertrain
Engine 4.7 V8
5.5 V8
6.2 V8
5.5 V12
6.0 V12
Transmission 5-speed automatic
7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 116.3 in (2,955 mm)
Length 199.4 in (5,065 mm)
AMG: 200.2 in (5,085 mm)
Width 73.7 in (1,872 mm)
Height 55.8 in (1,417 mm)
Mercdedes-Benz CL65 AMG

After 6 years of development, the new model was officially unveiled at the end of June 2006 and was presented at the 2006 Paris Salon. Like its predecessors, the C216 has no B-pillar interrupting the sleek curve of the side windows. The W216 is offered in four models, each with its own engine and transmission, the 5.5L V8-powered CL 500 (available with 4MATIC all-wheel drive, which is standard in Canada and the USA), the high-performance 6.2L V8-powered CL 63 AMG (with optional performance package variant) and the ultra-luxury twin-turbo 5.5L V12-powered CL 600 and, lastly, the CL 65 AMG with a twin-turbo 6.0L V12 engine. The CL 500 is sold as the CL 550 in some markets (including the U.S.). The class is based on the chassis of the W221 S-Class, which shares the same powertrains, although there are V6 and hybrid engines for the S not available for the CL. The two-door coupe weighs 2,045 kg (4,508 lb), being heavier than the equivalent S sedan, and rides on a full-size 116.3-inch wheelbase (albeit 8.2 inches less than the long wheelbase S-Class, which is the only S-Class sold in the U.S.). Despite its large size, rear seat legroom is limited in keeping in the tradition of 2+2 luxury coupes, though CL has more rear passenger space than its rivals. The CL's trunk is as large as that of the Audi A8 flagship sedan.[1]

The C216 makes use of the Distronic Plus cruise control, which debuted on the 2007 S-Class. This system is able to bring the car to a complete stop, and accelerate again to the pre-set speed, to keep a pre-set distance away from the car ahead of it. This Mercedes-Benz CL has also debuted with the new Active NightVision program that enables drivers to view the conditions in front of the car despite the dark surroundings.

In 2007, 40 C216 CL 65 AMG units have been sold as 40th Anniversary Edition, to celebrate AMG's founding 40 years earlier. Performance wise, the '40th Anniversary Edition' was a custom CL 65 AMG. Changes to the car included a 'ONE OUT OF 40' badge near the COMAND controller, special upholstery and rooflining, and a special 'AMG Alubeam' paintfinish. Apart from the CL 65 AMG 40th Anniversary Edition, only a small selection of showcars got an Alubeam finish, a special paint designed to gleam like liquid metal.

2010 update[edit]

Facelift Mercedes-Benz CL63 AMG

The facelift version of the Mercedes CL-Class made its world debut in July 2010 at the Goodwood Festival of Speed.[6] The new CL-Class comes with an improved exterior and interior, but the biggest changes are found under the hood. The exterior gets a new grille, bi-xenon headlights with LED technology, LED fog lamps, revised fenders and hood, and new exhaust pipes. On the interior the biggest change is the addition of a new wood trim. The new CL-Class will also be offered with all the latest technologies including: Active Blind Spot Assist, Attention Assist, Active Lane Keeping Assist, Night View Assist Plus, and Active Body Control.[7]

The model line-up starts with the entry-level CL 500 powered by the new 4.7 L (4,663cc) V8 direct-injected engine that delivers 435 PS (320 kW; 429 hp) and 700 N·m (516 lb·ft) of torque, paired to a new seven speed automatic transmission, which sprints the car from 0 to 60 mph in 4.9 seconds. The CL 600 retains the same twin-turbo 5.5 L V12 engine and five-speed automatic with a total output of 517 PS (380 kW; 510 hp) and 830 N·m (612 lb·ft) of torque. It sprints from 0 to 60 mph in 4.5 seconds. Both vehicles are limited to 250 km/h. The CL 63 AMG that is powered by a new direct injection, 5.5-litre V8 engine (a larger displacement version of the CL 550's) mated to a 7-speed MCT dual-clutch transmission with a total output of 525 PS (386 kW; 518 hp) and 800 N·m (590 lb·ft) of torque. The CL 65 AMG's V12 engine has been tweaked to deliver 630 PS (463 kW; 621 hp) and 1,000 N·m (738 lb·ft) of torque, mated to a 5-speed automatic with AMG speedshift.[1]

Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h (62 mph) Top speed
CL 500 4.7 L V8 320 kW (435 PS; 429 hp) 700 N·m (516 lb·ft) 4.8 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 500 4MATIC 4.7 L V8 320 kW (435 PS; 429 hp) 700 N·m (516 lb·ft) 4.8 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 600 5.5 L V12 BiTurbo 380 kW (517 PS; 510 hp) 830 N·m (612 lb·ft) 4.4 seconds (4.0 seconds R&T) 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 63 AMG 5.5 L V8 BiTurbo 400 kW (544 PS; 536 hp) 800 N·m (590 lb·ft) 4.4 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)
CL 63 AMG Performance Package 5.5 L V8 BiTurbo 420 kW (571 PS; 563 hp) 900 N·m (664 lb·ft) 4.3 seconds 325 km/h (202 mph)
CL 65 AMG 6.0 L V12 BiTurbo 463 kW (630 PS; 621 hp) 1,000 N·m (738 lb·ft) 4.1 seconds 250 km/h (155 mph)

Sales[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "2012 Mercedes-Benz CL-Class Reviews, Expert Car Reviews on AOL Autos". Autos.aol.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  2. ^ "Mercedes-Benz CL (00-05) Car Review". Parkers. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  3. ^ Mike Hanley. "2007 Mercedes-Benz CL-Class". cars.com. 
  4. ^ "2011 Mercedes-Benz CL-Class Detailed Pricing and Specifications - MSN Autos". Autos.msn.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  5. ^ "Mercedes-AMG GT S: Bernd Mayländers neues Safety-Car". 9 March 2015. Retrieved 3 April 2015. 
  6. ^ "2011 Mercedes-Benz CL Debuts at Goodwood". Insideline.com. 2010-07-02. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  7. ^ "2011 Mercedes-Benz CL-Class First Look". Insideline.com. 2010-07-02. Retrieved 2010-07-20. 
  8. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA Records Highest Sales in Its History. - Free Online Library". Thefreelibrary.com. 2003-01-03. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  9. ^ "2004 Highest Year on Record for Mercedes-Benz USA". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  10. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Rings in the New Year with Record 2006 Sales". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  11. ^ "Mercedes-Benz USA's Sales Drop 32.1 Percent In December 2008 | eMercedesBenz - The Unofficial Mercedes-Benz Weblog". eMercedesBenz. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2010-03-21. 
  12. ^ "Highest Sales Month for the Year at 21,469 Brings Mercedes-Benz to an... - MONTVALE, N.J., Jan. 4, 2011 /PRNewswire/". New Jersey: Prnewswire.com. Retrieved 2011-10-23. 
  13. ^ Mercedes-Benz USA (3 January 2013). "Mercedes-Benz USA Hits Its Highest-Ever U.S. Volume With Sales Of 305,072". prnewswire.com. 

External links[edit]