Mercedes-Benz G-Class

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Mercedes-Benz G-Class
Mercedes-Benz W463 G 350 BlueTEC 01.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Also called Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen (1979–1994)
Puch G
Production 1979–present
Assembly Graz, Austria
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury SUV
Related Peugeot P4

The Mercedes-Benz G-Class or G-Wagen (as it is called in some areas), short for Geländewagen (or cross-country vehicle), is a four-wheel drive full-size luxury SUV produced by Steyr-Puch (now Magna Steyr) in Austria and manufacturing by Mercedes-Benz. The G-wagen is characterized by its boxy styling and body-on-frame construction. It uses three fully locking differentials, one of the few vehicles to have such a feature. Despite the introduction of an intended replacement, the unibody SUV Mercedes-Benz GL-Class in 2006, the G-Class is still in production and is one of the longest produced Mercedes-Benz in Daimler's history, with a span of 35 years. Only the Unimog beats it.[1]

The G-class was developed as a military vehicle from a suggestion by the Shah of Iran (at the time a significant Mercedes shareholder) to Mercedes[2] and offered as a civilian version in 1979. In this role it is sometimes referred to as the "Wolf" and LAPV Enok. The G-Class has been sold under the Puch name in certain markets, and the Peugeot P4 is a variant made under license, with a Peugeot engine and different parts.

History[edit]

Puch G

Development started in 1972, focusing on off road abilities and maximum safety and comfort; with a cooperative agreement between Daimler-Benz and Steyr-Daimler-Puch in Graz, Austria. Mercedes-Benz engineers in Stuttgart were in charge of design and testing, while the team in Graz developed the production plans. The first wooden model was presented to Daimler-Benz management in 1973, with the first drivable prototype beginning various testing including German coalfields, the Sahara Desert, and the Arctic Circle in 1974. Construction commenced on a new production facility in Graz, where the new cross-country vehicle would be assembled nearly entirely by hand in 1975, with production of the "G Model" beginning in Graz in 1979. In 1980, the Vatican took delivery of a specially made G-Wagen outfitted with a clear thermoplastic top which served as the Popemobile. The “Papa G” later took up permanent residence at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany.

The first major refinements were introduced in 1981, including an automatic transmission, air conditioning, an auxiliary fuel tank, protective headlamp grilles and a cable winch. Fuel injection became available in 1982, when the 230 GE was introduced in Turin,[3] along with more comfortable and supportive front seats, auxiliary heating, wider tires and fender flares. For 1985, differential locks, central door locking and a tachometer become standard and in 1986 50,000th G Models had been produced.

The G-Wagen was facelifted in 1990. In 1989, for the 10th anniversary of the G Model, a new model variant with permanent 4-wheel drive, a wood-trimmed interior and optional Anti-lock Braking System (ABS) debuted at the Frankfurt International Motor Show. Production began the following April. For 1992, a new sub-series for professional users began production. The civilian model began to offer cruise control, a stainless-steel spare-tire cover, running boards and Burl Walnut wood interior trim. The same year, the 100,000th G Model was built in Graz. In 1994, the model line was officially renamed the G-Class. Ventilated front disc brakes and a driver’s air bag became standard. In 1996 the automatic transmission became an electronically controlled 5-speed unit. Headlamp washers, cruise control and a front passenger’s air bag were added. In 1998, the range-topping G 500 with a 296 hp V 8 was introduced for series production.

For 1999 a limited run of V 8 powered "G 500 Classic" special editions marked the model's 20th anniversary. A multifunction steering wheel was added to all models. Later in the year, the new G 55 AMG debuts as the most powerful G-Class yet, with 354 hp. The U.S. market launch of the G-Class took place in 2001. New alloy wheels, a chrome grille and body-color bumpers plus a more luxurious cabin were introduced. New dynamic control systems included the Electronic Stability Program (ESP), Brake Assist and the 4 wheel Electronic Traction System (4 ETS). The G 55 AMG was upgraded in 2004 with a supercharged V 8 engine developing 476 hp. In Siberia in 2006, a documentary filmmaker was the first foreigner to reach the world’s coldest region with a passenger vehicle in winter, driving a stock G 500 nearly 19,000 km without a single breakdown, in temperatures as frigid as −63˚F/-53 °C.

A new version was expected for 2007, but the new GL-Class did not replace the G-Wagen, and it will continue to be hand-built in Graz, Austria at an annual production of 4,000 to 6,000 units. In February 2009, Magna Steyr, an operating unit of Magna International, announced that it signed an agreement with Daimler AG to extend the production of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class at Magna Steyr in Graz, Austria until 2015. Besides the production, the further development of the G-Class by Daimler's subsidiary Mercedes-Benz Consult Graz since 1992.[4]

For 2007 the output of the G 55 AMG was raised to an even 500 hp. Bi Xenon headlamps, corner-illuminating front foglamps and new scratch-resistant nano-particle paint finishes were offered for the first time. In 2008 more-refined instrumentation and controls were included in the G-Class cabin, along with the COMAND system with hard-drive-based navigation, a rear view camera, voice control, Bluetooth and a Tire Pressure Monitoring System. The Vatican receives a new white “Popemobile” based on a G 500. 2009 marked the 30th anniversary of the vehicle, with over 200,000 units having been manufactured in Graz since 1979.

G-Wagen 460 and 461[edit]

460
Mercedes g h sst.jpg
Overview
Production 1979–1991 (460)
1979–present (461)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door SWB
2-door SWB convertible
2-door SWB van
2-door LWB van
4-door LWB station wagon
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive / Four-wheel drive
Platform Mercedes-Benz 460
Powertrain
Engine 2.0L I4
2.3L I4
2.8L I6 Petrol
2.4L I4 diesel
2.5L I5 diesel
3.0L I5 diesel
Transmission 4-speed manual
5-speed manual
4-speed automatic (460)
5-speed automatic (461)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm) or 112.2 in (2,850 mm)

The original 460-series Geländewagen went on sale for civilian buyers in 1979, after having debuted in February of that year. It was offered with two wheelbases, a short wheelbase (SWB) of 2,400 mm and a long one (LWB) of 2,850 mm. One could choose between three body styles: A two-door short wheelbase convertible, a two-door SWB wagon and a long wheelbase four-door wagon. The two wagon versions were also available as windowless two-door Vans (or Kastenwagen in German). While always assembled in Graz, the car was sold as the Puch G only in the Austrian, Swiss, and Eastern European markets.[3]

During the G-wagen's life span many a different body style was made for army and public-service clients, like the Popemobile, the pickup or the chassis/cab with a wheelbase of 2,850, 3,120 or 3,400 mm, the chassis/cab being the base vehicle for army-ambulances or communication vehicles. Because of the sheer variety of military versions, this article focuses on the more standardized civilian G-Wagen.

The 460 was popular with military and off-road enthusiasts, with more than 50,000 built in the first decade. Mercedes-Benz initially did not sell the model in the United States, but by means of "casual importation" grey-market in the mid-1980s, importers sold a number of G-Wagens which had been modified to meet the specifications by the US DOT, at about $135,000.

G-Wagen 461[edit]

Mercedes G-Classe Edition Pur

The 461 is the military model, also produced since 1979. All special ordered and military models use the 461 designation, i.e. vehicles special built for firecorps, police, army, aid corps, etc. Also the later special built, but public available, Worker model got this designation. These have also been marketed as the Professional and Greenline series. Through the years the 461 models have had their engines, gearbox and driveline upgraded as with the 460 and 463 models. The 462 designation was used in models built on licence in other countries(the vehicles of Greek army made by ELBO are 462). The Peugeot P4 had its own designations.

The G280 CDI "Edition Pur" is a special version of the 461, available to civilian buyers. This version is essentially a civilian version of the professional use 461 (incorporating many of the improvements seen on the 463) and comes equipped with a 24V starter motor and a walk-on bonnet.

460 models[edit]

  • 200 GE — M102E20 2.0 L I4, 109 PS (80 kW) at 5,200 rpm, (only sold in Italy and a few other markets)[5]
  • 230 G — M115 2.3 L I4, 102 hp (75 kW), 127 lb·ft (172 N·m/3,000 rpm)
  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 PS (92 kW) at 5,000 rpm, 141 lb·ft (192 N·m/4,000 rpm)
  • 280 GE — M110E 2.8 L I6, 156 hp (115 kW), 166 lb·ft (226 N·m/4,250 rpm)
  • 240 GDOM616 2.4 L Diesel I4, 72 PS (53 kW) at 4,400 rpm, 101 lb·ft (137 N·m/2,400 rpm)
  • 250 GD — OM602 2.5 L Diesel I5, 84 hp (62 kW), 113 lb·ft (154 N·m/2,800 rpm)
  • 300 GDOM617 3.0 L Diesel I5, 88 PS (65 kW) at 4,400 rpm, 126 lb·ft (172 N·m/2,400 rpm)

461 models[edit]

  • 230 GE — M102E23 2.3 L I4, 125 hp (92 kW), 140 lb·ft (192 N·m/4000 rpm)
  • 290 GD — OM602D29 2.9 L Diesel I5, 95 hp (71 kW)
  • 290 GD TD — OM602DLA29 2.9 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 92 kW (123 hp)

461 Worker/Professional/Greenline[edit]

  • G 270 CDI — OM612 2.7 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 156 hp (115 kW), 294 lb·ft (400 Nm)
  • G 280 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 183 hp (135 kW), 294 lb·ft (400 Nm) (manufactured in both 4×4 and 6×6)
  • G 300 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 183 hp (135 kW), 294 lb·ft (400 Nm)

G-Class 463[edit]

463
Mercedes-Benz G500.jpg
Overview
Production 1990–present
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door SWB
2-door SWB convertible
4-door LWB station wagon
Layout Front engine / Four-wheel drive
Platform Mercedes-Benz W463
Related KSU Gazal-1
Powertrain
Engine 5.0L V8
5.4L supercharged V8
5.5L twin-turbo V8
6.0L twin-turbo V12
2.9L V6 Diesel
4.0L V8 Diesel
Transmission 5-speed/7-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 94.5 in (2,400 mm) or 112.2 in (2,850 mm)
Length Pre-2003: 183.5 in (4,661 mm)
2004–09: 185.6 in (4,714 mm) (LWB)
2010–: 184.5 in (4,686 mm)
Width Pre-2003: 69.3 in (1,760 mm)
2004–09: 71.3 in (1,811 mm)
2004–09 AMG: 73.4 in (1,864 mm)
2010–: 71.8 in (1,824 mm)
2010– AMG: 73.1 in (1,857 mm)
Height 2004–09: 77.8 in (1,976 mm)
Pre-2003: 72.3 in (1,836 mm)
2010–: 76.0 in (1,930 mm)
Kerb weight 2,580 kg (5,690 lb) (G55 AMG)

The chassis was significantly revised for 1990, and resulted in the new 463 G-Class. Equipped with anti-lock brakes, full-time 4WD and a trio of electric locking differentials. The interior was totally upgraded, finished with wooden accents and optional leather upholstery. The 463 features a larger choice of engines, with the V8-powered 500 GE added in 1993. The 500 GE was produced in limited numbers for just two years. Steering wheel was revised for 1993 model year. All 463 G-Wagens began using Mercedes-Benz's new letter-first naming scheme in 1994, as well as another major steering wheel revision which included driver airbags.

1997 update[edit]

The range was refreshed again in 1997, including the introduction of a power-topped convertible and two new engines, the 2.9 L Turbo Diesel and the V6-powered (M112 motor) G320 — previous years' G320s were outfitted with the M104 I6. The V8 G-wagen returned with a new engine in 1998 as the G500, with official sales beginning in the United States in 2002 at $75,000. The 349 hp (260 kW) G55 AMG cemented the vehicle in the American market, becoming a vehicle of choice for many celebrities. Since 2000 model year, steering wheel has been revised with control buttons.

2005 update[edit]

Mercedes-Benz considered that 2005 would be the last year they would export the Geländewagen to the USA market; however, with an order placed by the U.S. Marine Corps for 157 Mercedes-Benz units to replace their archaic Desert Patrol Vehicle with a more modern and militarized Interim Fast Attack Vehicle, the manufacturer continued to offer the vehicle in the US market. To celebrate the supposed end of US market Geländewagens, 500 examples of the "Grand Edition" model were made available. All "Grand Edition" are marked with external Grand Edition badging on the front fenders as well as silver plaque with specific series number "xxx of 500" on the interior of the vehicle. Also new for the 2005 model year was the first G55 AMG model, boasting a 469 hp (350 kW) V8 engine. So equipped, an original G55 AMG is able to achieve 60 mph (97 km/h) in 5.4 seconds.

The new G550 has a 32-valve 382-horsepower 5.5-liter V8 engine, while the current G55 AMG has a 500-horsepower supercharged 5.4-liter V8 engine. The G550 goes from 0 to 60 mph in 7.2 seconds, while it takes the G55 AMG 5.2 seconds.

Brabus G V12 Biturbo

Various automobile tuners such as AMG, Brabus, Lorinser, Carlsson, A.R.T., and RENNtech have all modified the engine, interior, and exterior.

It was rumored that, with military contracts for the G-Class completed, production of the old G-wagen in Graz, Austria would cease in 2006. However, reports state that production of the current G-wagen will continue for the foreseable future, alongside its once-intended replacement, the GL-Class (X164). An outcry among enthusiasts who admired the G-Class for its tremendous off-road potential showed that a market still existed for such a vehicle.

Grand Edition (2006)[edit]

It is a version of long wheelbase G 500 and G 400 CDI. It included optional allanite grey magno metallic body colour, brushed aluminium trim strips with integrated "Grand Edition" lettering, open-pored, non-embossed natural leather upholstery; matte-silk wood trim on the dashboard and centre console, as well as illuminated door sills with "Grand Edition" lettering.

The vehicle went on sale in March 2006.[6][7]

Production[edit]

On Nov 11, 2005, Dr. Dieter Zetsche, DaimlerChrysler Board of Management member and head of the Mercedes Car Group, announced Magna Steyr would continue production of G-Class vehicles in Graz.[8][9]

2006 update[edit]

G 55 AMG

Early models include G 320 CDI (replacing G 270 CDI and G 400 CDI), G 500, G 55 AMG Kompressor. G 320 CDI and G 500 are available in three body variants (Station Wagon short, Station Wagon long, Cabriolet). G 55 AMG Kompressor only available in long Station Wagon body. Delivery of G 320 CDI began in September 2006.[10]

G 55 AMG Kompressor (2006–)[edit]

In the mid-year update, the engine was updated to increase power to 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) and torque to 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)@2750–4000 rpm via enhanced and retuned engine control unit. Other features include 18-inch AMG light-alloy wheels in titanium grey with 285/55 R 18 wide-base tyres, bi-xenon headlamps, oval foglamps with a cornering light function and ISOFIX child seat attachments in the second seat row, scratch resistant body paint in calcite white, periclase green metallic and teallite blue metallic.

The vehicle went on sale in September 2006, in long Station Wagon body only.[11][12]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 500 2006– 4,966 cc (303 cu in) V8 (M 113 E 50) 292 PS (215 kW; 288 hp)@5500, 456 N·m (336 lb·ft)@2800
G 55 AMG Kompressor (476PS) 2006 5,439 cc (332 cu in) V8 supercharged (M 113 E 55 ML) 476 PS (350 kW; 469 hp)@6100, 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)@2650–4500
G 55 AMG Kompressor (500PS) 2006– 5,439 cc (332 cu in) V8 supercharged (M 113 E 55 ML) 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp)@6100, 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)@2750–4000
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 320 CDI 2006– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp)@3800, 540 N·m (398 lb·ft)@1600–2400

Transmissions[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Types
G 500 2006– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC)
G 55 AMG 2006–2012 5-speed automatic (AMG SPEEDSHIFT?)?
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
G 320 CDI 2006– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC)

2007 update[edit]

The company showed a facelifted 2007 model at the Paris Auto Show in September 2006[13] and increased the power of the G55 AMG version from 476 to 500 hp (370 kW). Mercedes-Benz at the same time also announced that it will continue to manufacture the G-Class through 2015 on the continuing demand worldwide for the model by military and civilian buyers.

New options include a reversing camera which shows drivers the scene behind the vehicle on the new COMAND unit's 6.5-inch screen, a tire pressure monitoring system whose information appears in the instrument cluster display, a sports exhaust system for the long-wheelbase G 500 Station Wagon from G 55 AMG, the "ARTICO" interior package with robust man-made leather appointments, the new "Cognac" leather upholstery which extends the previous choice of leather appointments in either black or grey by adding a third, brown tone (no-cost option for G 500 model).

The delivery of the vehicles began in mid April 2007.[14][15] The "G" is available in three body variants, two station wagon versions with a short or long wheelbase. Early engine ranges include G 320 CDI (replacing G 270 CDI and G 400 CDI), G 500, G 55 AMG.[16]

G 55 AMG is only available in long Station Wagon body.

Engines[17][edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 500 2007– 4,966 cc (303 cu in) V8 (M 113 E 50) 296 PS (218 kW; 292 hp)@5500, 456 N·m (336 lb·ft)@2800
G 55 AMG 2007– 5,439 cc (332 cu in) V8 supercharged (M 113 E 55 ML) 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp)@6100, 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)@2750
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 320 CDI 2007– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp)@3800, 540 N·m (398 lb·ft)@1600–2400

Transmissions[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Types
G 500 2007– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC)
G 55 AMG 2007– 5-speed automatic (AG 5/AMG SPEEDSHIFT?)
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
G 320 CDI 2007– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC)

2008 update[edit]

Mercedes G 55 extralong version

New features include new telematics with Bluetooth hands-free system, new media interface option, standard Audio 20 CD including a built-in six-disc CD changer for G 320 CDI, standard COMAND APS infotainment system with a built-in six-disc DVD changer for G 500. The COMAND APS also incorporates the new LINGUATRONIC system with extended functionality, with optional Harman Kardon Logic7 surround sound system with 12 high-performance speakers and an output of 450 watts, optional TV tuner and reversing camera. Other options include climatised seats for the driver and front passenger.

The vehicles went on sale in September 2008. Early models include G 320 CDI, G 500 for all body styles: Short-wheelbase Station Wagon, Long-wheelbase Station Wagon (pictured at right), Cabriolet.[18]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 500 2008– 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 (M 273 KE 55) 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp)@6000, 530 N·m (391 lb·ft)@2800–4800
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 320 CDI 2008– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp)@3800, 540 N·m (398 lb·ft)@1600–2400

2009 update[edit]

New features include ergonomically optimised front seats, modernised the rear seat bench, optional climatised multicontour seats. New standard equipment include an Aux-in socket in the glove compartment and the familiar designer ignition key, optional indirect ambient interior lighting, a leather-trimmed dashboard, an extensive Chrome package as well as a media interface to connect an iPod, USBor Aux devices add to the feel-good factor on board. New body colour choices include palladium silver metallic, designo platinum magno matt finish.

Early models include G 350 CDI (replacing G 320), G 500, G 55 AMG. G 350 CDI and G 500 are available in three body variants (short Station Wagon, long Station Wagon and Cabriolet), while G 55 AMG is only available in four-door long Station Wagon body.[19][20]

US models went on sale as 2010 vehicles, which included G55 AMG.

Taiwan models included G 350 CDI long Station Wagon, G 500 long Station Wagon, G 55 AMG in 2010, followed by G 350 CDI short Station Wagon in 2011 in limited quantities (20 units).[21] G 350 BlueTEC long Station Wagon was added in 2Q 2012.[22]

G 500 Guard (2009?-)[edit]

It is an armoured version of G 500 long Station Wagon with bullet resistance level FB6 or FB7, Touchshift 7‑speed automatic transmission.[23][24]

G-Class LIMITED.30 and G-Class EDITION.PUR (2009)[edit]

EDITION.PUR is a long-wheelbase station wagon based on the G 280 CDI from the 461 model series. It includes all-terrain tyres in size 265/75 R 16 on aluminium rims, flexible wheel arch flaring, protective grilles for the headlamps and lights, optional a walk-on bonnet, a towing lug at the front, a two-section rear door, four individual seats upholstered in hard-wearing fabric or man-made leather, rubber floor coverings in the passenger compartment, spray-protected controls and drainage apertures in the footwells. Optional features include load compartment with a wood floor, load-securing rings and rails.

LIMITED.30 model is a long-wheelbase station wagon based on G 500 from G 463 model series. It includes designo platinum black body colour, light-alloy wheels and LIMITED.30 lettering on the wings, designo leather in the colour "chablis" and designo wood trim in anthracite poplar.[25]

G 55 AMG KOMPRESSOR "Edition 79" (2009?-)[edit]

It is a version of G 55 AMG for Middle East market, inspired by the sales start of the series in 1979. It included designo magno alanite grey body colour from SLS AMG, a crash bar at the front, carbon-look side trim strips, 19-inch AMG light-alloy wheels in a titanium finish, chromed protective grilles for the front indicators, tail lights and the underguard; designo leather seats in black/sand, solid carbon-fibre trim, Edition logo "1 out of 79" positioned in front of the selector lever.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2009 Dubai International Motor Show.[26]

G 350 BlueTEC (2010–)[edit]

It is the first G-Class vehicle with BlueTEC Diesel engine. It includes electronically controlled traction system 4ETS, the Electronic Stability Program (ESP) and three differential locks selectable at the push of a button, permanent all-wheel drive with off-road ratio, 7G-TRONIC seven-speed automatic transmission. AdBlue tank has rated range of 12,000 kilometres.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2010 Geneva International Motor Show.[27]

Production model was sold in three body variants (short-wheelbase Station Wagon, long-wheelbase Station Wagon and Convertible).[28]

G-Wagon 280 CDI Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 5.4 (2010?-)[edit]

Available in five doors and fully armoured crew an cargo compartments or with four doors and an armoured crew compartment and unprotected rear body structure, it is an armoured version of G 280 CDI with engine rated 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp) and 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1600–2600, 5-speed automatic transmission.[29]

Mercedes-Benz G-Wagon Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 6.X CONCEPT (2010)[edit]

It is an armoured patrol vehicle developed with EADS, based on LAPV 5.4. It included a high torque common rail diesel engine, top speed of 150 km/h speeds, 1.3 tonnes cargo capacity, monocoque full steel body, compact 2850mm wheelbase, modular armour plate including a mine deflector plate on the vehicles floor, adjustable variable lift front and rear coil-over air shock absorbers with maximum 450mm of ground clearance, hydraulic braking system and four ventilated disc brakes, EADS vehicle data recorder system, EADS integrated communication system for UHF or VHF bands, EADS integrated mobile command, control and information system; EADS jamming system.

The vehicle was unveiled in EUROSATORY 2010.[30]

BA3 Final Edition, Edition Select (2011–)[edit]

They are versions of G 350 BlueTEC in short wheelbase Station Wagon body and long-wheelbase G 500 with long-wheelbase Station Wagon body, both with 7G-TRONIC seven-speed automatic transmission.

BA3 Final Edition includes 5-twin-spoke light-alloy wheels with 265/60 R 18 tyres, running boards and the spare wheel cover with a 3D Mercedes-Benz star in stainless steel, AMG radiator grille in a 3-louvre design with chrome highlights.

Edition Select model includes 2-tone body colours (designo mystic white, palladium silver metallic, thulite red metallic and obsidian black metallic), obsidian black metallic bumpers and AMG side flaps and exterior mirrors, running boards and the spare wheel cover with a 3D Mercedes-Benz star in stainless steel, 18-inch light-alloy wheels in a 5-twin-spoke design with 265/60 R 18 tyres, carbon-fibre look inserts in the protective strips, an underguard and an AMG sports exhaust system, two-tone upholstery in porcelain/black designo leather (optional Single-tone black designo leather), chrome luggage compartment sill protector with "Mercedes-Benz" lettering and a radiator grille with chrome inserts, black leather dashboard, armrest, door handles and parking brake lever; gathered leather inner door panels, black designo velour floor mats with porcelain edging, designo wood trim in black piano lacquer, steering wheel and selector lever are in a leather/piano lacquer combination with contrasting topstitching.[31][32]

Japan version of Edition Select includes G 500 (as G 550), and went on sale on January 2012.[33]

G-Class Professional[edit]

Available in G 280 CDI (long wheelbase station wagon) and G 300 CDI (long wheelbase station wagon, panel cab, chassis cab, pickup truck), it is a version of G-Class Military for civilian market. It included 3.0-litre Diesel engine rated 185 PS (136 kW; 182 hp), 5-speed automatic transmission, manual windows, snorkel engine intake, air conditioning, two lockable toolboxes, a flexible map-reading light, drainage plugs in the footwell area, leather-wrapped steering wheel. Long wheelbase station wagon models include 4 seats with fabric upholstery, sliding wood panels at rear cargo compartment.[34][35][36]

Hong Kong model went on sale in 2011-04-11. Early models included G 300 CDI long wheelbase station wagon.[37]

G 55 AMG long "mastermind" Limited (2012)[edit]

It is a limited (5 units) version of G 55 AMG with four-door long Station Wagon body for Japan market, designed with apparel brand mastermind JAPAN.[38]

Vehicle models[edit]

Availability varies depending on export market

  • G 300 Professional (2009–2011) — 3.0 L 2987 cc V6 diesel, (135 kW), (400 N·m)
  • G 350 Bluetec (2009–present) — 3.0 L 2987 cc V6 diesel, 211 hp (155 kW), (540 N·m)
  • G 500 or G 550 (2009–present) — M273E55 5.5 L 5461 ccV8, 382 hp (284 kW), 391 lb·ft (530 N·m)

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 500 2009– 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 (M 273 KE 55) 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp)@6000, 530 N·m (391 lb·ft)@2800–4800
G 55 AMG 2009– 5,439 cc (332 cu in) V8 supercharged (M 113 E 55 ML) 507 PS (373 kW; 500 hp)@6100, 700 N·m (516 lb·ft)@2750–4000
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 280 CDI 2010?- 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA red.) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@3800, 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1600–2600
G 300 CDI 2010?- 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA red.) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@3800, 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1600–2600
G 350 BlueTEC 2010– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp)@3400, 540 N·m (398 lb·ft)@1600–2400
G 350 CDI 2009– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 224 PS (165 kW; 221 hp)@3800, 540 N·m (398 lb·ft)@1600–2400

G 500 is sold as G 550 in Japan, United States.

Transmissions[edit]

Diesel engines
Model Years Types
G 280 CDI 2010?- 5-speed automatic
G 300 CDI 2010?- 5-speed automatic

Production[edit]

Manufacturing contracts with Daimler AG have been renewed for the continued production of Mercedes-Benz's G-Class at Magna Steyr's facilities in Graz, Austria, until 2015 now to 2019 end of production because due to legislative reasons.

4000 units of G-Class vehicle were sold in 2011.[39]

Production of G 300 CDI Professional ended in October 2011.[40]

Marketing[edit]

G-Class vehicle appeared in Sex and the City 2 movie.[41][42]

As part of Mercedes-Benz's attempt to demonstrate the off-road capability of G-Class SUV, seven G-Class vehicles took a journey from Halls Creek in Western Australia to Wiluna. However, shock absorbers on six of the vehicles (5 civilian G 350 and 1 military models) were broken during their trip in the corrugations of Canning Stock Route in day 7. Mercedes-Benz Australia later arranged for the replacement shock absorbers to land in Perth, before transferring to a light plane destined for a remote Aboriginal settlement close to Well 33, about 1000 km from Wiluna. The parts would be delivered by the sole surviving vehicle, a G-Professional.[43][44][45]

2012 update[edit]

Mercedes-Benz G 63 AMG

In June 2012, the G-Class received some minor modifications to the specification and engine range. The significant changes outside are that the updated G-Class gets LED running lights; second, there are new side mirrors with integrated turn signals (coinciding with the current design of side mirrors for Mercedes-Benz); and third, the AMG gets a new bumper and grille. The majority of the G-Class’s upgrades reside under its hood and behind its doors: a new interior, more modern amenities. Interior changes include a re-sculpted dashboard and centre console, with relocated COMAND screen, and a new colour multifunction screen to the gauge cluster. The latest mbrace2 telematics system also is on board and now comes standard with Distronic adaptive cruise control, blind-spot monitoring, and updated Parktronic backup sensors and rearview camera, together with a revised the stability control to enable trailer stabilizing functionality.

The vehicles went on sale in June 2012. Early models included G 350 BlueTEC, G 500, G 500 Cabriolet, G 63 AMG, G 65 AMG. G 350 BlueTEC was sold in long-wheelbase station wagon, G 500 was sold in long-wheelbase station wagon, short-wheelbase Cabriolet.[46][47]

Japan models went on sale in 2012-08-02. Early models included left hand drive versions of G 550, G 63 AMG, G 65 AMG.[48]

Taiwan models went on sale as 2013 model year vehicles. Early models included G 350 BlueTEC, G 500, G 63 AMG.[49]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2013 Tokyo Motor Show (G 350 BlueTEC).,[50][51] followed by 2013 Osaka Motor Show (G 350 BlueTEC).[52]

G-Class Professional (2012–)[edit]

Available in G 300 CDI (long-wheelbase station wagon, chassis cab, pickup truck), it is a stripped-out, more practically-oriented version of G-Class vehicle specifically created for extreme operations in rugged terrain. It included 3.0-litre Diesel engine rated 183 PS (135 kW; 180 hp), 5-speed automatic transmission.[53][54]

G 63 AMG, G 65 AMG (2012–)[edit]

MB W463 G 63 AMG at Legendy 2014 car show in Prague

G 63 includes AMG SPEEDSHIFT PLUS 7G-TRONIC transmission with and ECO start/stop function, AMG sports exhaust system, suspension/damper settings adjusted for the more dynamic handling characteristics via optimised bearings for the automatic gearbox, transfer case and engine cut vibration and noise levels; AMG 5x2 spoke 9.5x20-inch titanium-grey-painted light alloy wheels with high-sheen finish and 275/50 R 20 tyres, AMG high-performance brakes 375x36 millimetres front and 330x20 millimetres rear discs, six-piston fixed front brake calliper from the ML 63 AMG, single-piston floating rear calliper, red brake calliper colour, readjusted ESP with automatic control systems including the start-up assist and a HOLD function with optional trailer coupling, twin-blade radiator grille with four chrome inserts, AMG bumper with three airflow inlets and high-gloss chrome stainless steel inserts, new LED daytime running lamps below the bi-xenon headlamps, stainless-steel running boards and side protective strips with stainless-steel inserts, AMG instrument cluster with colour TFT screen, AMG main menu and separate gear display, plus white-lit AMG sills on all doors, E-SELECT shift lever from SLS AMG, designo leather upholstery with ruffled leather door panelling.

G 65 AMG is based on G 63 AMG, but includes high-gloss chrome radiator grille, 9.5x20-inch AMG five-spoke light alloy wheel in titanium grey with high-sheen finish, 275/50 R 20 tyres, designo leather upholstery and the leather instrument panel trim, V12 diamond design of the seats, including the impressed AMG medallion on the headrests, black piano lacquer designo trim features and designo foot mats with a V12 badge, AMG Performance Studio option (AMG light alloy wheels in matt black with high-sheen rim flanges).

The vehicles went on sale in June 2012, only in long station-wagon body style.[55][56]

Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 6.1, G-Class 6x6 (2012–)[edit]

Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 6.1 is based on the Mercedes-Benz G-Wagon Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle 6.X CONCEPT. It included a 3.0-litre Diesel engine from the 461 series, tire pressure monitor, 1000mm water treading depth, top speed of 140 km/h.

G-Class 6x6 is a truck with 2 rows of seats, with 3-ton payload capacity.

The vehicles were unveiled in Eurosatory 2012.[57][58]

Ener-G-Force (2012)[edit]

It is a concept vehicle based on the concept of a future police car developed for the Los Angeles Design Challenge 2012. It included 3-panel greenhouse, 20-inch rims, recycled water in tanks on the roof with hydrogen converter and hydrogen fuel cells, 4 wheel-hub motors, a "Terra-Scan" 360-degree topography scanner on the roof, side skirts illumination indicate the operating and charge status of the energy packs, a roof rack and additional lamps integrated into the roof.[59]

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 LA Auto Show.[60][61]

G 63 AMG 6x6 (2013–)[edit]

Mercedes-Benz G 63 AMG 6x6

(100 UNITS)

Brabus G 63 700 AMG 6x6

It is a version of G-Class CDI with five differential locks and six-wheel-drive, half a meter of ground clearance, twin-turbo V8 engine from G 63 AMG, AMG SPEEDSHIFT PLUS 7G-TRONIC automatic transmission, increased ground clearance to 460 millimetres with diving depth increased to 1000 millimetres, 18-inch beadlock wheels, 37 x 12.5 x 18 inch all-terrain tyres, Flared wheel arches in carbon fibre, Rear load area with stainless-steel roll-over bar, Four electrically adjustable, heated and ventilated individual seats, red or light brown exclusive designo leather interior upholstery, rear compartment with a special centre console, the roof liner and pillars in Alcantara covering, rear panel trimmed in leather. The top speed is limited to 160 km/h and it is capable of reaching 100 km/h in around 7 seconds.[62][63][64][65][66]

G 550 Night Edition (2013–)[edit]

It is a limited (100 units) version of left steering wheel G 550 for Japan market, with obsidian black body colour, porcelain (60 units) or classic red (40 units) designo leather interior, AMG over fender, exclusive titanium grey paint 18-inch 5 twin spoke aluminium wheels, designo leather seats with seat heater, designo piano lacquer wood interior trim (black), Alcantara roof liner (anthracite), leather dashboard, designo floor mat (black).[67]

The vehicle went on sale in 2013-04-16.[68][69]

The vehicle was unveiled in Mercedes Benz Connection in Roppongi.[70]

G-Class Cabriolet "Final Edition" (2013–)[edit]

It is a limited (200 units) version of G 500 Cabriolet commemorating the end of G-Class Cabriolet production, with collapsible soft top in beige with a draught-stop, beige-coloured tonneau cover, radiator grille in chrome, 5-spoke light-alloy wheels in titanium grey, “Final Edition 200” monogram on the B-pillar, sand-coloured and black designo leather seats, trim on the centre console in designo satin-finish light brown poplar wood, leather trim for the front doors, AMG performance steering wheel.[71][72][73]

Engines[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 500 2012– 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 (M 273 E55) 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp)@6000, 530 N·m (391 lb·ft)@2800–4800
G 500 Cabriolet 2012–2013 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 (M 273 E55) 388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp)@6000, 530 N·m (391 lb·ft)@2800–4800
G 63 AMG 2012– 5,461 cc (333 cu in) V8 twin turbo (M 157 DE 55 AL) 544 PS (400 kW; 537 hp)@5500, 760 N·m (561 lb·ft)@2000–5000
G 65 AMG 2012– 5,980 cc (365 cu in) V12 twin turbo (M 275 E 60 AL) 612 PS (450 kW; 604 hp)@4300–5600, 1,000 N·m (738 lb·ft)@2300–4300
Diesel engines
Model Years Type Power, torque@rpm
G 300 CDI (183PS) 2012– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA red.) 183 PS (135 kW; 180 hp)@3800, 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1600–2800
G 300 CDI (184PS) 2013?- 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA red.) 184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)@3800, 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)@1600–2800
G 350 BlueTEC 2012– 2,987 cc (182 cu in) V6 turbo (OM 642 DE 30 LA) 211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp)@3400, 540 N·m (398 lb·ft)@1600–2400

G 500 is sold as G 550 in Canada, Japan, United States.

Transmissions[edit]

Petrol engines
Model Years Types
G 500 2012– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC PLUS)
G 500 Cabriolet 2012–2013 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC PLUS)
G 63 AMG 2012– 7-speed automatic (AMG SPEEDSHIFT PLUS 7G-TRONIC)
G 65 AMG 2012– 7-speed automatic (AMG SPEEDSHIFT PLUS 7G-TRONIC)
Diesel engines
Model Years Types
G 300 CDI (183PS) 2012– 5-speed automatic
G 300 CDI (184PS) 2013?- 5-speed automatic
G 350 BlueTEC 2012– 7-speed automatic (7G-TRONIC PLUS)

Production[edit]

Production of G 63 AMG 6x6 was set to begin in third quarter of 2013 by Magna Steyr.[74]

As of Jul 19, 2013, Mercedes-Benz G-Class 300 CDI started replacing the Swiss army's PUCH 230 GE all-terrain vehicles, with 4-seater station wagon variant accounting for 75% of the planned procurement volume for Mercedes-Benz G-Models, and the chassis variant for shelter-type bodies making up the remaining 25%.[75]

Marketing[edit]

G-Class is used in the A Good Day to Die Hard movie.[76][77]

Previous models[edit]

  • 200 GE — M102E20 1,997 cc I4, 109 PS (80 kW) (only sold in Italy) – later rebadged G 200
  • 230 GE — M102E23 2,299 cc I4, 125 PS (92 kW), 140 lb·ft (192 N·m/4000 rpm)- later rebadged G 230
  • 300 GE — M103 3.0 L I6 – later rebadged G 300, 168 hp (125 kW) at 5,000 rpm, 173 lb·ft (235 N·m/4500 rpm)
  • 250 GD — OM602 2.5 L Diesel I5, 94 hp (69 kW), 116 lb·ft (158 N·m/2600 rpm) (very few were produced)
  • 300 GD — OM603 3.0 L Diesel I6 – later rebadged G 300 Diesel, 111 hp (83 kW/4600 rpm), 141 lb·ft (191 N·m/2700–2900 rpm)
  • 350 GD Turbodiesel — OM603D35A 3.5 L Diesel I6 (turbocharged), 136 hp (100 kW), 244 lb·ft (330 N·m)- later rebadged G 350 Turbodiesel
  • 500 GE — M117 5.0 L V8, 236 hp (174 kW)
  • 500 GE 6.0 AMG — M117E60 6.0 L V8, 331 hp (243 kW)
  • G 320 — M104 3.2 L I6, 217 hp (161 kW), 229 lb·ft (310 N·m)
  • G 36 AMG — M104E36 3.6 L I6, 258 hp (190 kW), 273 lb·ft (370 N·m)
  • G 300 Turbodiesel — OM606D30LA 3.0 L Diesel I6 (turbocharged), 177 hp (130 kW/4400rpm), 244 lb·ft (330 N·m/1600-3600rpm)
  • G 320 — M112 3.2 L V6, 215 hp (158 kW), 221 lb·ft (300 N·m/2800-4800rpm)
  • G 500 — M113E50 5.0 L V8, 296 hp (218 kW), 336 lb·ft (456 Nm)
  • G 55 AMG (1998–2004) — 32V 5.5 L V8, 382 hp (285 kW)
  • G 55 AMG (2005–2012) — M113E55 5.4 L 5439 cc V8 supercharged, 507 hp (373 kW), 514 lb·ft (700 N·m)
  • G 63 AMGV12 N/A, 444 hp (326 kW), (620 N·m/4400 rpm) (only 12 ever built)
  • G 270 CDI — OM612 2.7 L Diesel I5 (turbocharged), 156 hp (115 kW), 294 lb·ft (400 Nm)
  • G 400 CDI — OM628 4.0 L Diesel V8 (turbocharged), 250 hp (184 kW), 411 lb·ft (560 N·m)
  • G 320 CDI — OM642 3.0 L Diesel V6, 224 hp (165 kW), 397 lb·ft (540 Nm)

Reception[edit]

In October 2014, Top Gear magazine placed the G63 on its list of "The worst cars you can buy right now", commenting that "unlike, say, a Land Rover Defender (or even the off-road-capable big-tyred 6x6 version),it has no purpose in life other than annoying us poor people."[78]

Military operators[edit]

 Albania
Since 2010s, the Albanian Army is using G-Class vehicles.
 Argentina
Since the 1980s, the Argentine Army has used the MB-230G (short and long chassis) for different purposes. 900 remain in service.[79]
A Puch G of the Austrian Army.
Bulgarian army G-class with HELBROC insignia
Canadian Army G-Wagens
 Australia
In 2007, Mercedes-Benz won a contract to provide 1,200 G-Class vehicles to the Australian Defence Force to replace the fleet of Land Rover 110s.[80][81] By 2012, when the vehicles began entering service, this had increased to 2,146 vehicles; a mix of 4×4 cab-chassis and wagons and 6×6 two- and four-door models.[81] Australia is the first military customer to receive 6×6 vehicles and these are the first six-wheel military vehicles built by Mercedes-Benz since 1941.[81]
 Austria
The Austrian Army has been a long time user of various Puch G models.
 Bulgaria
The Bulgarian Army operates 600+ vehicles in various configurations, most of them armed.
 Canada
A total of 1,159 vehicles have been ordered by the Canadian Army beginning in late 2003.[82] An armoured kit can be fitted (or removed) in 8 hours by three soldiers. Their light armour has been criticised for leading to loss of life in Afghanistan, however it is considerably better than the Iltis predecessor.[83]
Delivery of these vehicles to Reserve units has also begun. They will be deployed in armoured reconnaissance units. It is in the final stages of fully replacing the Iltis in most units as the armoured reconnaissance vehicle in use LFCA. Other units will replace the Iltis with a militarized Chevrolet Silverado known as the MILCOTS (or colloquially as the "Milverado".) For the most exposed missions in Afghanistan 75 RG-31 Nyala built by BAE Land Systems OMC, South Africa, will be used.[84]
 Croatia
Croatia bought 300 to 320 vehicles for needs of Croatian army and for operations in Afghanistan additional 30 RG-31 vehicles were delivered. Croatia uses mix of 4×4 vehicles in peacekeepings operations and the G-Class is a very popular choice within the Croatian Army. G-Class is supplemented by Land Rover Wolf and Iveco LMV.
 Denmark
The Danish military bought the 240 GD (/24, /28 and /34 variants) to supersede the M151A1, the Volkswagen 181 ("Jagdwagen") and the Land Rover 88.[85] First deliveries of the 240 GD were in 1985 and later the 290 GD (/24 and /28 variants) where also introduced. More than 1,300 have been put in service. A few 300 GE's have also been used — mainly by the Danish army EOD-services.[86] Currently the Danes are taking delivery of over 2,000 270CDIs in several variants, starting in 2003.[87]
 Egypt
The Egyptian Army uses the G 320 (4 × 4) armoured personnel carrier has been designed as a private venture by the Kader Factory for Developed Industries and is based on the chassis of the commercial German Mercedes-Benz MB 320G (4 × 4) light vehicle. This vehicle is based on the long-wheelbase version of the German Mercedes-Benz G 320 4 × 4 with the chassis frame being modified by a heavy-duty suspension which has been designed to withstand the additional weight imposed by the armour package.[88]
 Estonia
The Estonian Defence Forces have a small number of various G-Class vehicles, which were recently purchased to replace the outdated UAZ and Volkswagen Iltis vehicles.
 Finland
The Finnish Army uses the Geländewagen mostly as armored vehicles and ambulances, but other versions are also in service.
French Army Peugeot P4's
 France
The French Army has the Peugeot P4 which is a derivative from the G-Class equipped with Peugeot engine and equipment.
A LAPV Enok, the latest armored model of the German Army
A Wolf of the German Army
 Germany
The German Armed Forces uses the G-Class under the name "Wolf". Over 12,000 vehicles have been delivered in over 50 versions, ranging from ambulance vehicles to armored vehicles used by the German special forces. In the 1970s the cheaper Volkswagen Iltis was preferred; now the Iltis is replaced by the "Wolf" and the armoured variant LAPV Enok.
A Greek Army vehicle in Military Police colours
 Greece
The Greek Army as well as Air Force, Navy and Police have several versions (462) of the Geländewagen, manufactured by ELBO the Hellenic Vehicles Industry.[89]
 Hungary
The Hungarian Ground Forces have 233 of G-270 CDI BA 10, which is mounted with UMF light-machine gun platform, and 5 of G-280 CDI BA6 C+R SSA FB6. More will be purchased between 2010 and 2013.
 India
The Force Trax produced by Force Motors has a military version called the Gurkha. The Trax family is based on 1st generation G-Wagen technology.
 Indonesia
Paspampres (Indonesian Presidential Security forces) are using G-270 CDI for their fleet with SIRINA lights, Gunner Roof Mount, Bullbar, Black Grill, Roof and Rear View Mirror Handles. New model of G300 CDI in 2010 acquired not less than 30 units for presidential and vice-presidential escort purposes. The Paspampres uses black G300 CDI with the Military Police in white and ensigns with Indonesian MP insignia.
 Iraq
The Kurdish Peshmarga has 60 "Wolf" including 20 lightly armored type to help fight off the ISIL forces. [90]
 Luxembourg
The Military of Luxembourg uses the 300D variant of the Geländewagen.
Norwegian military MB240GD
 Malaysia
Locally build by DEFTECH as G-Wagon, acquired in 2001 in the Malaysian military with an initial batch of 32 G-Wagons mounted with Browning M2 machine guns for a total of 10.8 million Malaysian ringgit with another batch of 34 G-Wagons mounted with AGL weapons for 11.5 million Malaysian ringgit and 18 G-Wagons with ATGM weapons for 6.1 million Malaysian ringgit,[91] and used along with Land Rover Defender as light transport of Malaysian Army.
 Mexico
The Mexican naval defense secretary (SEMAR) announced in 2008, a contract to purchase large numbers of Mercedes-Benz military vehicles for the Mexican Marine corps. As of May 16, 2009 The SEMAR has received 20 of the 84 G-Class vehicles in order.[92][93]
 Mongolia
The Ministry of Defense of Mongolia operates 10 G-class vehicles (Wolf) donated by the German Government in 2010.[94]
 Netherlands
The Royal Netherlands Army uses various versions of the Mercedes-Benz G-Class, mostly 461 290GD and 290GD TD models with manual gearbox. The Dutch police and Koninklijke Marechaussee also use the G-Class. Most of the police versions are armored 463 models.
 North Korea
The Korean People's Army appears to have acquired G-class vehicles, some of which were seen on the Korean Worker's Party 65th anniversary military parade.[95] At the funeral of Kim Jong-il his hearse was flanked by G-Class vehicles.[96]
 Norway
The Norwegian Army bought 240 GD to replace Volvo and Land Rover 4×4 vehicles in the mid-1980s, and 300 GD to use as ambulances. The 300GD is also used to transport the launch control station and optical sensors for the NASAMS Air-defense system. During the 90's 290 GD's where bought, and in the first half of the 00's a small number of armoured 270 CDI's were put into service. Today the Defence Forces operates a total of 3000 vehicles. Should Norway get invaded, the Norwegian army has a right to requisition all civilian G-class vehicles for use in national defense.[citation needed] The escort company of the Norwegian Royal Guard employs a black G500 AMG with police lights on the roof.
 Poland
96 GD 290 and 25 MB290GD WD in service with Polish Army. 13 GD 290 in service with the Military Police[97]
 Portugal
The Portuguese Military uses the G-class for light transport along with Toyota Landcruiser, UMM Alter and Land Rover Defender 90.[98]
 Russia
Police, state security units, military and governmental agencies are using the G-Class. Mostly civilian versions in black. Security escort vehicles for both the President and Prime Minister are black G-500 and G55 AMG.
 Serbia
The Serbian Military currently uses Puch 300GD model. They also uses the following models in 300GD33, 300GD6 and 300GD10 variants, for transport of VIP persons in 300GD3-LUX and 300GD6-LUX and Special Forces Brigade is use modified version designed for access to combat zone.
 Singapore
The Singapore Army bought the 270 and 290 versions as secondary military transport. It is used in soft-top truck configuration and is known as a 1.5-tonner or simply "MB" to its users. And also some were used also for patrolling in a "jeep" form. The Army also deploys the extremely short-wheelbase, soft-top version for its Colonels, Battalion COs, Brigade and Division Commanders as personal field transports.
 Slovenia
The Military of Slovenia uses Mercedes-Benz G-Class vehicles mainly for transport.
 Slovakia
The Armed Forces of Slovak republic uses Mercedes Benz G-280 CDI in 5th Special Forces Regiment.
 Sweden
The Swedish Army uses MB 290/T (1994)MB 290GD (2000)MB 270 CDI(2005) The GW is to be the main light terrain vehicle in the Swedish armed forces in the future. In 2011 a framework agreement was signed between FMV and Daimler AG. An initial contract for 105 300 CDI was signed. .[99][100]
  Switzerland
The Swiss Army uses the 230 with soft top as the primary general purpose carrier, and a hardtop version as mobile radio access point. It is in service since 1985 and gradually replaced Willys Jeeps, Haflinger light transports and Pinzgauer medium transports in the liaison and transport role. All versions in Swiss Army use are unarmed. From 2014, the Steyr Daimler Puch 230 GE is going to be gradually replaced by the Mercedes-Benz G 300 CDI 4x4 hardtop version, starting with a first series of 3200 vehicles.
 United Kingdom
The British Army used a number of these vehicles in Iraq during Operation Telic, particularly around the Baghdad and Rustamiyah areas. The British Commanders'-in-Chief Mission to the Soviet Forces in Germany (BRIXMIS) also used a small number.
 Ukraine
Police, state security units, military and governmental agencies are using the G-Class. Mostly civilian versions in black. Security escort vehicles for both the President and Prime Minister are black G-500 and G55 AMG.
 United States
USMC IFAV
The USMC Interim Fast Attack Vehicle (IFAV) is a modified version of the Mercedes-Benz Geländewagen 290. It replaces the modified M-151A214 ton truck (MUTT jeep) used by the Marines as an FAV in the 1990s. The U.S. Marine Corps acquired 157 of the IFAVs distributed as follows:
  • (I) Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) Camp Pendleton, CA (33);
  • (II) MEF Camp Lejeune, NC (25);
  • (III) MEF on Okinawa, Japan (27);
  • (IV) 17 Force Recon, Afghanistan (22);
  • (V) 3 Force Recon Bn, Iraq (23);
  • (VI) 1st Provisional DMZ Police Company, Korea (15); and
  • (VII) various miscellaneous (12)
  Vatican City
The government of the Vatican City owned two converted Mercedes-Benz G-Class, which are known as the "Popemobile". One is on display at the Mercedes-Benz Museum in Stuttgart, Germany.

Body Styles[edit]

Very early, carburetted 230 G Cabriolet
Code Bodywork Wheelbase Note
1 Convertible with fixed windshield 2400 Only civilian types: 460 & 463
2 Van 2400 Only 460/461 and military types
3 Station Wagon 2400 All types except Professional and Greenline military types
4 Van 2850 Only 460/461/Professional/Worker and military types
5 Pick-up 2850 Only 460/461 types
6 Station Wagon 2850 All types
7 Convertible with folding windshield 2400 Only military types
8 Code unused N/A N/A
9 Chassis Cab 3120 Only 460/461 and military types
9,1 Chassis Cab 3400 Only 460/461/Professional and military types
10 Convertible with folding windshield 2850 Only military types
11 Chassis Double Cab 3120 Only 460/461 and military types
11,1 Chassis Double Cab 3400 Only 460/461 and military types
11,2 Chassis Double Cab 6×6 3400 Only Greenline military types

Mercedes-AMG Chairman Volker Mornhinweg claims that one third of all G-Class vehicles sold to civilians are the G55 AMG model. The largest markets for G 55s are California, USA (in black and silver color mostly), and the United Arab Emirates with Dubai (in white color mostly) [101]

Motorsport[edit]

In 1983 a specially modified 280 GE won the Paris–Dakar Rally driven by Jacky Ickx and Claude Brasseur.[102]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Mercedes-Benz G-Class to be produced till 2020". MSN Arabia. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen, Austria". Retrieved 2012-01-04. 
  3. ^ a b Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (5 March 1987). Automobil Revue 1987 (in German/French) 82. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 382. ISBN 3-444-00458-3. 
  4. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Consult Graz – Services – Success story". Mercedes-benz-consult-graz.at. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  5. ^ Automobil Revue 1987, p. 384
  6. ^ While competitors change – the "G" remains
  7. ^ While competitors change – the "G" remains
  8. ^ Mercedes-Benz G-Class: Legendary Off-Roader will remain part of the Mercedes product lineup
  9. ^ Mercedes To Continue Producing G-Class
  10. ^ Mercedes-Benz prepares the G-Class for the future: Forever young
  11. ^ G 55 AMG Kompressor now with 368 kW/500 hp: Power increase for the AMG classic
  12. ^ AMG-Wagen gets a power boost
  13. ^ "Mercedes to show face-lifted G-Class ute at upcoming Paris auto show (''AutoWeek Magazine'')". Autoweek.com. Retrieved 2010-10-01. 
  14. ^ Facelift for Mercedes-Benz G-Class: Latest generation of the classic cross-country vehicle now with an even classier specification
  15. ^ Whaddup, G-Wagen? Mercedes updates iconic off-roader
  16. ^ Kitzbühel 2007: The Mercedes-Benz SUV Family – Classic formula: G-Class – an indestructible off-roader
  17. ^ [1] Kitzbühel 2007: The Mercedes-Benz SUV Family – Technical data at a glance]
  18. ^ Modern-day classic puts in a compelling performance: G-Class – the show goes on
  19. ^ News about the longest-standing Mercedes model series: Added value for the G-Class
  20. ^ 2010 Mercedes-Benz G-Class Receives New-and-Improved Equipment – The legendary G-Class benefits from new additional features that primarily enhance comfort and exclusivity in the interior
  21. ^ Mercedes-Benz G 350 CDI 短軸車型首度登台,20部限量發售
  22. ^ 鐵漢柔情─Mercedes-Benz G 350 Blue TEC L試駕-U-CAR試車報告
  23. ^ 2009 Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen EDITION30 Special Edition
  24. ^ Mercedes-Benz Guard safety philosophy: Licenced to protect
  25. ^ The magazine 4WheelFun crowns the G-Class as “2009 superstar”: Best in class: the G-Class
  26. ^ Mercedes-Benz SLS goes from zero to gold in seconds for Dubai show
  27. ^ Mercedes-Benz at the 2010 Geneva International Motor Show – New models, new technologies: Mercedes-Benz takes efficiency and driving enjoyment to a whole new level
  28. ^ G 350 BlueTEC with state-of-the-art emission-control technology: A true classic
  29. ^ Mercedes-Benz LAPV 5.4 ENOK Handed Over to the Military
  30. ^ Mercedes-Benz G-Wagon LAPV 6.X Concept ready to blitz the front
  31. ^ Special G-Class models "BA3 Final Edition" and "Edition Select": Monumental off-roader with shining stainless steel and chrome
  32. ^ Mercedes-Benz gears up for the demise of the G-Class with BA3 Final Edition and Edition Select
  33. ^ メルセデス・ベンツG クラス特別仕様車: G 550 ロング EDITION SELECTを期間限定発売
  34. ^ Off-road test: Mercedes-Benz G-Class 300 CDI Professional
  35. ^ 體驗越野真髓─Mercedes-Benz G-Class Offroad Event 2011
  36. ^ G-Klasse Professional.
  37. ^ Unbeatable Off-road Model
  38. ^ G 55 AMG long “mastermind” Limited を発売
  39. ^ It's back! Merc G-Wagen rumbles in
  40. ^ G300 CDi Professional no longer available in UK
  41. ^ "Sex and the City 2": roles for Mercedes-Benz and Maybach
  42. ^ Sex and the City 2 features supporting roles for Mercedes-Benz and Maybach
  43. ^ Australian Outback cripples fleet of Mercedes G-Wagens during PR event
  44. ^ Outback cripples Mercedes-Benz's toughest off-roaders
  45. ^ Mercedes-Benz G-Class broken by the Australian Outback
  46. ^ The new generation G-Class: Forever young
  47. ^ Mercedes introduces 2013 G-Class, including 612-HP G65 AMG
  48. ^ メルセデス・ベンツ 新型Gクラスを発売
  49. ^ 向經典致敬-Mercedes-Benz G-Class-U-CAR專題報導
  50. ^ 第43回東京モーターショー2013 メルセデス・ベンツ/AMG/スマート 出展概要について ~ワールドプレミア2モデルを含む最新モデルを出展~
  51. ^ Mercedes-Benz, AMG and smart at the 43rd Tokyo Motor Show 2013 -Two world premieres and many more from the future and newest model ranges-
  52. ^ 第8 回 大阪モーターショー メルセデス・ベンツ/AMG/スマート 出展概要について
  53. ^ The new generation Mercedes-Benz G-Class – Forever Young
  54. ^ G – Klasse Professional. Preisliste. Gültig ab 2. Juli 2012.
  55. ^ Mercedes-Benz G 63 AMG and G 65 AMG: G-Class Summit
  56. ^ Mercedes reveals G63 and G65 AMG ahead of Beijing
  57. ^ 奔驰G 6X6和LAPV 6.1 军用版G级年底来袭
  58. ^ German Technology on Eurosatory
  59. ^ Mercedes-Benz Ener-G-Force concept is a G-Class for the future
  60. ^ Mercedes-Benz Ener-G-Force Concept is mean, clean and green
  61. ^ Los Angeles Auto Show 2012: Three world premieres from Mercedes-Benz
  62. ^ Barari, Arman (ed.). "Mercedes G63 AMG 6×6 – Official Pictures and Details". Motorward. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  63. ^ Mercedes-Benz G63 AMG 6x6 drive review
  64. ^ Official: 2013 Mercedes-Benz G63 AMG 6×6
  65. ^ Mercedes releases 6x6 G63 AMG specs and pics
  66. ^ Mercedes-Benz G 63 AMG 6x6: Taking the desert by storm
  67. ^ G 550 Night Edition
  68. ^ Mercedes-Benz G550 “Night Edition” Japan Exclusive
  69. ^ G 550 Night Editionを限定発売
  70. ^ Mercedes Benz Japan – G class special edition “G 550 Night Edition” – Only 100 cars available, only in Japan
  71. ^ Mercedes-Benz G-Class Cabriolet “Final Edition”
  72. ^ Mercedes G-Class Cabriolet Final Edition
  73. ^ The G-Class Brochure (2013)
  74. ^ A Six-Wheeled Mercedes G-Class Could Be The Ultimate Road Warrior
  75. ^ Swiss army opts for Mercedes-Benz G-Class 300 CDI
  76. ^ Mercedes-Benz represented with 14 different models in the new film "A Good Day to Die Hard": G-Class, Sprinter, Unimog and Zetros save the World
  77. ^ New Die Hard movie wrecked 132 cars in $11 million chase scene
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Bibliography[edit]

General[edit]

  • Barrett, Frank (1998). Illustrated Buyer's Guide Mercedes-Benz. Motorbooks International Illustrated Buyer's Guide series (2nd ed.). Osceola, WI, USA: MBI Publishing. ISBN 0760304513. 
  • Bolsinger, Markus; Lengert, Axel; Peters, Wolfgang (2013). Legend – The G Class: from 1979 to today. Bielefeld, Germany: Delius Klasing. ISBN 9783768836241. 
  • Breuninger, Martin (1993). Das G-Buch: Alles über den Geländewagen von Mercedes-Benz [The G Book: Everything about the Geländewagen from Mercedes-Benz]. Radolfzell, Germany: Tufa. ASIN B002UNICHS.  (German)
  • Breuninger, Martin (1995). Das G-Reisebuch – mit dem Geländewagen von Mercedes-Benz unterwegs [The G Travel Book: On the move with the Geländewagen from Mercedes-Benz]. Radolfzell, Germany: Tufa. ASIN B002UNICIM.  (German)
  • Breuninger, Martin (2004). The Legend Keeps on Driving: 25 Years of Mercedes-Benz G-Class. Radolfzell, Germany: Tufa. ASIN 0962554154. ISBN 0962554154. 
  • Clarke, R.M. (1999). Mercedes G-Wagen 1981–1994. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 1855203081. 
  • Clarke, R.M. (2006). Mercedes-Benz G-Wagen Gold Portfolio 1981–2005. Road Test Portfolio Series. Cobham, Surrey, UK: Brooklands Books. ISBN 1855206994. 
  • Füngeling, Michael (2001). Das große Mercedes-G-Buch Baureihen 460, 461, 463 [The Big Mercedes G Book 460, 461, 463 series]. Ein Off-road-Sachbuch series (2nd, expanded ed.). Ottobrunn: AC Verlag. ISBN 3930193248.  (German)
  • Sand, Jörg (2011). Das Neue Große Mercedes G-Klasse-Buch [The New Big Mercedes G Class Book] (updated and revised ed.). Königswinter, Germany: Heel. ISBN 9783868524710.  (German)
  • Seper, Hans (2009). 100 Jahre Steyr 1864–1964 [100 Years of Steyr 1864–1964] (3rd (facsimile) ed.). Gnas, Austria: Weishaupt Verlag. ISBN 9783705902909.  (German)
  • Sippel, Kai (2007). Das G-Modell als Einsatzfahrzeug. Mercedes-Benz/Puch – Geländewagen im Behördendienst [The G Model as Emergency Vehicle: Mercedes-Benz/Puch Geländewagen in Public Service]. Kai Sippel. ISBN 9783000218422.  (German)
  • Skarics, Rudolf (editor-in-chief) (1999). 100 Years of Steyr-Daimler-Puch Graz 1899–1999. Graz, Austria: Steyr-Daimler-Puch. ISBN 3950110712. 
  • Stroh, Gari M. (2008). Overland: A Mercedes-Benz Journey Through the Americas. West Palm Beach, FL, USA: StarGroup International. ISBN 9781884886911. 
  • Storz, Alexander Franc (2013). Mercedes G-Modell – seit 1979. Schrader-Typen-Chronik series (revised ed.). Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 9783613035829.  (German)
  • Taylor, James (1994). Mercedes-Benz since 1945: A Collector's Guide. Volume 4: The 1980s. Croydon, UK: Motor Racing Publications. pp. 89–96. ISBN 0947981772. 

Workshop manuals[edit]

  • Russek, Peter (2006). Mercedes-Benz G-Models / Puch G / 240 GD, 300 GD, 230 G, 230 GE, 280 GE, 250 GD. Pocket Mechanic Vehicle Manual. Caversham, Reading, Berkshire, UK: Peter Russek Publications. ISBN 1898780773. 
  • Sand, Jörg (2008). Das Mercedes-Benz G-Klasse Schrauberhandbuch: reparieren und optimieren leicht gemacht [The Mercedes-Benz G Class Gearheads' Handbook: repairing and optimizing made easy]. Königswinter, Germany: Heel. ISBN 9783898807180.  (German)
  • Mercedes-Benz G / Puch G / 240 GD, 300 GD bis 1989; 300 GD ab 1990; 230 G, 230 GE bis 1984; 230 GE ab 1985; 280 GE, 250 GD ab 1988. Reparaturanleitung, Band 1201. (3rd ed.). Zug, Switzerland: Verlag Bucheli. 2011. ISBN 9783716819203.  (German)
  • Mercedes-Benz Technical Companion. Cambridge, MA, USA: Bentley Publishers. 1998. ISBN 9780837610337. 

External links[edit]

Press kit:

Some history on the GWagen: