Mercedes-Benz OM601 engine

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Mercedes-Benz OM601 engine
Overview
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Production 1983–2001
Combustion chamber
Displacement 2.0 L (1997 cc)
2.2 L (2197 cc)
2.3 L (2299 cc)
Valvetrain OHC / 2 Valves per Cylinder
Combustion
Fuel system Fuel injection
Fuel type Diesel
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz OM616
Successor Mercedes-Benz OM604 engine
A Mercedes-Benz OM601 naturally aspirated diesel engine fitted in a W201 190D Mercedes-Benz passenger car.

The Mercedes-Benz OM601 engine is a 4 cylinder diesel automobile engine that was manufactured by Mercedes-Benz.

Three variants of the engine were built, a 1,977 cc (120.6 cu in) model, a 2,197 cc (134.1 cu in) version built for the US market and a 2,299 cc (140.3 cu in) for commercial vehicles. The first two were rated by the manufacturer for 72 bhp (54 kW) at 4200 RPM and 96 ft·lbf (130 N·m) of torque at 2800 RPM; the increase in displacement reduced emissions in order to meet US automobile emissions requirements. The commercial vehicle version had 78 bhp (58 kW) in standard variants,the turbocharged version in the Vito 110D had 96 bhp (72 kW).

The OM601 was built with an aluminum head on an iron block.

The camshafts and fuel injection pump are driven by a duplex chain from the crankshaft. A separate single row chain drives the oil pump from the crankshaft.

Fuel injection is indirect via a prechamber arrangement. The OM-601's injection pump is a mechanical fuel injection unit with a 5,150 RPM (+ or - 50 RPM) mechanical governor, automatic altitude compensation, and a 'load sensing' automatic idle speed control. The pump is lubricated by a connection to the engine oil circulation.

Use of the block heater was recommended in climates where it drops below 10 °F (−12 °C) for long periods.

In the November 1984 issue of Car and Driver Magazine Brock Yates describes the OM601 powered 190D versus the Gasoline M-102 powered 190E 2.3 around a track as, “…The Diesel is a Diesel. Nothing more nothing less. It is superbly quiet and well mannered as the breed goes…”

The engine was used in the 208D 308D and 408D Mercedes-Benz T1 and later the Phase 1 308D Mercedes Sprinter

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