Mercedes-Benz Vito

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Mercedes-Benz Vito
Mercedes W639 front 20080127.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Mercedes-Benz
Production 1996–present
Assembly Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
Body and chassis
Class Light commercial vehicle
Related Mercedes-Benz Viano
Powertrain
Engine 2.1 L I4 CDI Diesel
3.0 L V6 CDI Diesel
Transmission 5-speed automatic
6-speed manual
7-speed automatic
Chronology
Predecessor Mercedes-Benz MB100

The Mercedes-Benz Vito is a light van produced by Mercedes-Benz. It is available as a standard panel van for cargo, or with passenger accommodations substituted for part or all of the load area.

First generation (W638; 1996–2003)[edit]

Mercedes-Benz V-Klasse 2009 (front)
Mercedes-Benz V-Klasse 2009 (rear)

The first generation Mercedes-Benz Vito was produced between 1996 and 2003. It is powered either by a diesel engine with up to 120 bhp (89 kW; 122 PS) or a gasoline engine with up to 140 bhp (104 kW; 142 PS) and a front-wheel drive drivetrain. The range of gasoline engines consists of two old units from Mercedes (113 and 114) and a Volkswagen 2.8 VR6 engine, designated as the M104.900. When it comes to diesel engines, old 2.3 with and without turbo and also modern CDI 2.2 engines are available.

This body design was also sold as the V-Klasse in more luxurious version (V-Klasse was replaced with the Viano-name for the second generation of Vito). It was designed by Michael Mauer from 1989 to 1991, when the final design was chosen and patented in February 1993.[1]

108D Weight Ratings (kg)
1420 - Front axle load
1330 - Rear axle load
2705 - Gross vehicle weight
1545 - Unladen weight
1160 - Payload capacity
2000 - Trailer load with brakes (could differ depending on local legislation)
750 - Trailer without brakes
100 - Roof load

Second generation (W639; 2003–present)[edit]

Initial release[edit]

Second generation Vito
The rear of the Second generation Vito

The second generation Mercedes-Benz Vito design that is more streamlined than its predecessor, powered by a new range of engines, and a rear-wheel drive(RWD) drivetrain.

The angle of the windshield and A-pillar is closer to horizontal; the dashboard is bigger and the bonnet (hood) smaller. The new Vito is available in three different lengths and four diesel engine versions: the 109 CDI, 111 CDI, 115 CDI (all powered by a 4-cylinder 2.2-litre engine) and the 120 CDI (featuring the 3.0-litre V6 unit). The model numerics relate to their engine power output: currently the 109 has 95 PS (70 kW; 94 hp), the 111 has 116 PS (85 kW; 114 hp), the 115 has 150 PS (110 kW; 148 hp), and the 120 has 204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp). Blue-efficiency technology is optional. The vehicles have a new 6-speed manual gearbox gear ratios designed for fuel economy. The second generation Vitos are Euro 3 compliant (additionally Euro 4 compliant as of November 2006) and exempt from the Low Emission Zone in London, which requires commercial vehicles (vans) to reach at least Euro 3 standard from October 2010.

London Taxi variant[edit]

In August 2008, a variant of the Vito was approved by the Public Carriage Office for use as a licensed London 'black cab'.[2] The Vito taxicab includes electric sliding doors, electric steps and seating for six people. The Vito's rear-wheel steering enables it to meet the PCO's strict Conditions of Fitness requirements including a 25 ft (7.6 m) turning circle and wheelchair accessibility.[3] The vehicle, a variation of the 'Traveliner' model, is built by Penso in Coventry. The rear wheel steer system is licensed from one80, and it is distributed through Eco City Vehicles subsidiary KPM-UK Taxis.[4]

The new Taxi does not perform the famous U-turn in the same way as the TX and Metro models, instead it incorporates an electrically operated rear wheel system, activated by a button adjacent to the steering wheel. This turns the rear wheels in the opposite direction to the front wheels, thus allowing the Taxi to perform the same tight turning circle as the TX and Metro models. This system is only possible when the vehicle is traveling at less than 5 mph (8.0 km/h), and if the vehicle goes over this speed while the LSM is active, it is deactivated, and the wheels straighten up.

It is longer and wider than the TX models, but traveling through tight spaces is aided by the electric folding wing mirrors, which as of 2009 are standard.

Production[edit]

On 16 April 2010 the assembly of the Viano W639 began at the Fujian Daimler Automotive plant in Fúzhōu, China. Forty per cent of the components and automotive parts of the Chinese model version are manufactured by local companies. The Chinese model was launched on the Chinese (Hong Kong, PRC and Republic) and the South Korean market in April 2010.[5][6]

2010 update[edit]

Post-facelift Vito

The facelifted version of the Vito began from September 2010, and features restyled front and rear lights, restyled front bumpers, and more-efficient diesel engines adapted from the Mercedes-Benz Sprinter range. The Vito's suspension, instrumentation, steering wheel, and overall quality of materials was also improved.[7]

Vito E-Cell (2010–)[edit]

Vito E-Cell at the European parliament buildings, Brussels

Mercedes-Benz expected 100 vehicles to be produced by the end of 2010 and a further 2,000 by the end of 2011.[8]

The Vito E-Cell utilizes a front-wheel drive setup to save installation space for a 36-kWh lithium-ion battery pack housed underneath the van's cargo area. The E-Cell's electric motor has 60 kW (80 horsepower) and 207 pound-feet of torque. The electric van has a range of 81 mi (130 km) and a top speed of 50 mph (80 km/h). [9] The UK market was allocated 50 vehicles for the first year. All customers are to be vetted to ensure suitability and must return the van after four years to Mercedes.[10]

Vito E-CELL crewbus (2012)[edit]

It is a version of seven-seater Vito E-CELL with electric motor (60 kW, 280 Nm), power electronics, transformer and AC/DC charger under the bonnet; lithium-ion batteries under the passenger compartment floor.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Geneva Motor Show.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://press.porsche.com/more_about/executives/pag/mauer.php. Retrieved 2014-01-17.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ PCO Notice – Mercedes-Benz Vito Taxi[dead link], Public Carriage Office notice at Transport for London, 13 August 2008
  3. ^ Hail, the new London cab[dead link], London Evening Standard, 26 June 2008
  4. ^ Mercedes-Benz to launch eco-friendly London black cab, Daily Telegraph, 17 June 2008
  5. ^ "Erstes Kundenfahrzeug bei Fujian Daimler Automotive produziert" (in German). Daimler AG. 16 April 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2010. [dead link]
  6. ^ "福建戴姆勒汽车工业有限公司" (in Chinese & English). Fujian Daimler Automotive. Retrieved 17 August 2010. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Mercedes-Benz Vito New-Generation Sets New Benchmarks in Vans Segment". MercedesBenz. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  8. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (30 July 2010). "Mercedes-Benz introduces new Vito E-Cell van – Autoblog Green". Green.autoblog.com. Retrieved 17 August 2010. 
  9. ^ Eric Loveday (4 May 2011). "Europcar to offer Mercedes-Benz Vito E-Cell electric van rentals". AutoblogGreen. Retrieved 10 June 2011. 
  10. ^ Van Locator (1 July 2011). "Mercedes-Benz Vito E-Cell Hits the UK". Focus Publishing. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  11. ^ Mercedes-Benz at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show: Two world premieres and three European premieres in Geneva - Two world premieres and three European premieres in Geneva: Dynamism and efficiency

External links[edit]