Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W212)
|Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W212)|
S212 facelift Avantgarde (Germany)
|Also called||Mercedes-Benz E-Class|
6th of October City, Egypt (EGA)
Pekan, Malaysia (DRB-HICOM)
|Designer||Thomas Stopka (2005)
Michael Frei (2011)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Mid-size luxury car / Executive car|
|Body style||4-door saloon
|Layout||Front engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive|
|Transmission||5-speed 5G-Tronic automatic
7-speed 7G-Tronic automatic
9-speed 9G-Tronic automatic
|Wheelbase||2,873 mm (113.1 in)|
|Width||1,821 mm (71.7 in) (wagon)
1,854 mm (73.0 in) (sedan)
|Predecessor||Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W211)|
|Successor||Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W213)|
The Mercedes-Benz E-Class (W212 and S212) series represent the fourth-generation of the Mercedes-Benz E-Class range of executive cars, including sedan (W212) and station wagon (S212) configurations. Sold since 2009, it is the successor to the W211/S211 E-Class models. Coupe and convertible models of the E-Class of the same vintage are W204 C-Class derived and known as the C207 and A207. A high-performance E63 AMG version of the W212 and S212 are available as well. In 2013 (for the 2014 model year), Mercedes-Benz launched a extensive mid-life facelift of W212, likely the most expensive mid-life facelift in the history of the automobile.
European sales of the W212 E-Class began in March 2009, while the vehicle went on sale in North America in July 2009. Global cumulative E-Class sales reached the milestone 550,000 vehicle mark in July 2011. Production achieved the milestone 500,000 sedan unit mark in March 2012.
- 1 Development and body types
- 2 Initial versions
- 3 W212 facelift (2013–present)
- 4 Specifications
- 5 Safety
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Development and body types
Design work began in 2004 after the development program commenced in 2003, with the design by Thomas Stopka being selected in 2005. After refinements and engineering considerations being made, the final design specifications were frozen in 2006. Certain elements of the exterior styling are taken from the preceding W204 C-Class and W221 S-Class each designed in 2002 and 2003. The bulging rear wheel arches are meant to be reminiscent of the fender flares of historic "Ponton" Mercedes models of the 1950s. The design of the W212 and C207 E-Class was previewed by the ConceptFASCINATION design study in September 2008.
W212's predecessor W211 had a rocky start marred by quality issues and was perceived by the Mercedes-Benz faithful as a poor product resulting from the controversial DaimlerChrysler merger. A few years after its breakup with Chrysler in 2007, Mercedes promised that the W212 series E-Class would showcase the automaker’s return to its roots of building solid, high-quality, German-engineered vehicles. It was welcome news among Mercedes loyalists who longed for a car reminiscent to the iconic and successful W124 series E-Class, which was thoroughly modern while maintaining the vault-like feel long associated with the brand.
The W212 E-Class saloon was unveiled at the 2009 North American International Auto Show. The saloon went on sale in Europe in March, 2009 as a 2010 model year automobile. The W212 E-Class has 4 trim levels of equipment – Classic, Elegance, Avantgarde, and AMG. The E-Class features several new safety technologies including driver drowsiness detection, lane departure warning, and traffic sign recognition. It also includes features that improve performance, efficiency, and comfort, such as "Direct Control" adaptive suspension, active seats (which change shape to support the passengers in corners), and movable radiator louvers which improve the vehicle's aerodynamics. Standard Mercedes-Benz safety and convenience features, such as the Electronic Stability Program (ESP), airbags, and automatic climate control, are included as well.
The estate version (chassis code S212) was unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt motor show and was released for sale in Europe on August 5. Early models include the four-cylinder-powered E 220 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY and E 250 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY, the V6-powered E 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY and E 350 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY, and the V8-powered E 500. US models began sales in June 2010 for the 2011 model year.
Coupe and convertible
The Mercedes-Benz E-Class (C207 and A207) are the respective coupe and convertible versions of the fourth generation Mercedes-Benz E-Class automobile. Sold since 2009, the C207 and A207 replaced the previous C209/A209 CLK-Class models. Like the CLK-Class predecessor, the C207/A207 E-Class are derived from the C-Class. The coupé and convertible share a more aggressive, swifter look than the sedan and saloon, with a more svelte front and a sleeker bonnet.
E 63 AMG (2010–)
The 2009 E63 AMG sedan was unveiled at the 2009 New York International Auto Show. The new performance version of the E-Class is fitted with the same powertrain as the SL63 AMG, including AMG's 6.2-liter V8 and the SPEEDSHIFT MCT 7-speed sports automatic transmission with four driver-selectable modes including a fully manual mode. Similar to the C63 AMG, the new E63 is more extensively modified than before, with a new, wider front axle, heavily revised suspension, and more distinct body panels.
The optional AMG Performance Package includes lightweight, forged 19-inch AMG light-alloy wheels with 255/35R19 front and 285/30R19 rear tires, stiffer suspension, a limited-slip differential, a special three-spoke sport steering wheel, and a reprogramming of the electronic top speed limiter to 300 km/h (190 mph) from 250 km/h (160 mph). The 6.2 L V8 has 525 PS (386 kW; 518 hp) 465 lb·ft (630 N·m) and will go from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 4.3 seconds.
In 2011, the 6.2 litre V8 was replaced by a twin-turbo version of the 5.5 litre V8 available in the E500/E550; power remained the same as for the earlier, naturally aspirated 6.2 litre engine. There was also a 557 PS (410 kW; 549 hp) Performance Package version. In October 2013, the AMG S-model of the E63 was introduced; this version packs no less than 585 PS (430 kW; 577 hp) and replaces the earlier Performance Package model. In the United States, the E63 station wagon is only available as an "S-model", and all E63s sold in North America now receive the 4Matic system as standard. Meanwhile, power of the "regular" E63 AMG increased to the same level as the previous Performance Package model.
With a 518 hp (386 kW) engine, the E63 can achieve a top speed of around 200 mph (320 km/h) (electronic limiter off), and can accelerate from 0 to 60 mph (97 km/h) in 4.3 seconds. Unlike its C-class cousin, the E63 doesn't have a black series, it only has an S variant.
The styling has been altered for both aesthetic and practical purposes: AMG side skirts and rear apron give the E63 more aggressive styling, and the larger air apertures on the front of the car allow for more air intake to the naturally aspirated 6.2 litre V8. Another styling change on the E63 is the wider, flared front wheel arches which accommodate the AMG front axle with a 2.2-inch-wider (56 mm) track.
For 2012, Mercedes-Benz started offering a bi-turbo V8 version. It is the M157, 5.5L twin-turbo V8, that is rated at 518 hp (386 kW), which is mated to a 7-speed AMG Speedshift MCT transmission Portland Speed Industries, a performance shop in Hillsboro, OR, have tested a 2012 E63 AMG biturbo on their Dynojet dynamometer and it produced 479 whp and 561 lb·ft (761 N·m) of torque.
In 2013, the facelifted E63 AMG was launched almost immediately after the facelifted standard E-Class. It has a more sporty, singular front air intakes, sideskirts, rear diffuser and black detailings in the side mirrors, front grille, wheels, and rear apron. Also for the first time it can also be had in 4Matic four-wheel drive system. It has the same W157 5.5L engine, with increased power of up to 550 bhp to last-generation's 525 bhp (Mercedes also offered an optional AMG "S" Performance Package for it, adding 27 bhp in power, and delimiting the car's top speed to 186 mph). The car can do 0–60 mph in 3.6 seconds and an other 0.1 decrease with the optional AMG "S" Performance Package.
The E-Guard armoured version, which features VR4 (formerly B4) level protection, went on sale in April 2009. The vehicles are equipped with steel and aramid fiber (Kevlar) armour and bullet-resistant windows, as well as run-flat tyres rated for a top speed of 240 kilometres per hour (150 mph) (50 kilometres (31 mi) at 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph) when deflated), a special Level II version of the Airmatic air suspension system, emergency alarm system, intercom system, and underbody armour. As of 2011 it has an MSRP (in the Mexican market) of $1,954,900MXN Mexican Pesos, or approximately $143,000USD US Dollars.
E 250 BlueTEC concept (2009)
The E 250 BlueTEC is a concept vehicle based on the E 250 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY sedan, but with BlueTEC selective catalytic reduction and the 7G-Tronic Plus transmission. The vehicle was unveiled at the 2009 New York Auto Show. The E 250 BlueTEC is capable of 28 MPG city/39 MPG highway.
Edition 125 (2011)
A version commemorating Karl Benz inventing the first automobile powered by an internal combustion engine 125 years prior, for Hong Kong and Mexican markets. It is available for E 250, E 300 and E 350 models.
W212 facelift (2013–present)
In December 2012, Mercedes-Benz revealed the fourth generation E-Class (W212) facelift which included modest style and equipment changes. Unveiled at the 2013 North American International Auto Show, this was made available for sale in early/mid 2013 (for the 2014 model year). Compared to typically subtle Mercedes-Benz minor model updates, the change to the W212 were relatively extensive. According to Mercedes-Benz, the E-Class facelift is the "most significant model revision" it has ever undertaken. Mercedes-Benz is reported to have pumped close to €1 billion into the development of the W212 E-Class facelift, with the amount of new features on the facelifted model is about the same that's expected from the release of an entirely new model. The W212 facelift brings significant styling changes, improved engines, more standard equipment and several extra hi-tech features.
The front was heavily restyled, giving it a more aggressive look compared to the pre-facelift model. The twin headlamp design was replaced with a singular front light (marking the end of Mercedes's dual headlamps use) with LED DRLs lights as standard, while full LED technology was available as an option. One thing new was the option of a front grille with a Mercedes-Benz star on it, an option previously unavailable on the E-Class and only used on smaller models like the C-Class (W204). The front bumper was made more sharp with bigger air intakes and the car was also given a rear LED taillights. The rear doors and rear fenders were re-shaped, eliminating the wheel arch buldge and replacing it with a more traditional character line in the sheet metal.
Inside the car's cabin had been minimally restyled, with new aircon vents and a new analogue clock in the center console between the central air vents, like the S-Class (W222). There was also a redesigned centre console without a selector lever, as well as a new multi-function steering wheel with DIRECT SELECT lever and shift paddles in conjunction with the automatic transmission. If the driver had shifted up or down manually, after a set period of time the transmission independently switches back to automatic mode which saves fuel.
Twelve new driving assistance systems were available: Traffic Sign Assist with wrong-way driving warning function, COLLISION PREVENTION ASSIST (as standard), ATTENTION ASSIST (as standard), DISTRONIC PLUS with Steering Assist, Brake Assist system BAS PLUS with Junction Assist, PRE-SAFE Brake, PRE-SAFE PLUS, PRE-SAFE Impulse, Active Lane Keeping Assist, Adaptive Highbeam Assist PLUS, Active Parking Assist, Active Blind Spot Assist and Night View Assist PLUS. A 360-degree camera gives an overview of the vehicle and its surroundings, which help with entering and exiting from parking spaces as well as maneuvering.
The W212 facelift can be ordered with three distinct design variants: the Sport Line, Luxury Line and AMG Line, which features different exterior and interior design elements for each line. Most of the engines remained unchanged from the previous model. The E200 CGI and E250 CGI gets revised engines while the previous 1.8 litre (1796 cc) CGI engine was replaced by a 2.0 litre (1991 cc) BlueDIRECT engine. A new 1.6 litre four-cylinder was added to the line.
|E 200 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2010–|
|E 250 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2010–|
|E 350 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2009–|
|E 350 4MATIC||2009–||2010–|
|E 500 4MATIC||2009–||2011–|
|E 63 AMG||2009–||2010–|
|E 200 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2010–|
|E 220 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2009–|
|E 250 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2009–|
|E 300 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2010–||2010–|
|E 350 BlueTEC||2009–||2010–|
|E 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2009–|
|E 350 CDI 4MATIC BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2009–|
|E 350 CDIBlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||-|
|Model||Years||Engine||Power||Torque||0–100 km/h||Fuel Consumption/Efficiency (EU-Norm combined)|
|E 200 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY 212.048||2010–||1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in) turbocharged I4 M 271 DE 18 AL||184 PS (135 kW; 181 hp)||270 N·m (200 lb·ft)||8 sec||4.850 L/100 km (48.50 mpg-US)|
|E 250 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY||2010–||1,796 cc (1.796 L; 109.6 cu in) turbocharged I4 M 271 DE 18 AL||204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp)||310 N·m (230 lb·ft)||7.4 sec||5.788 L/100 km (40.64 mpg-US)|
|E 300||2009–2011||2,996 cc (2.996 L; 182.8 cu in) V6 M 272 KE 30||231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp)||300 N·m (220 lb·ft)||7.4 sec||4.500 L/100 km (52.27 mpg-US)|
|E 300 BlueEFFICIENCY||2011–||2,996 cc (2.996 L; 182.8 cu in) V6 M 276 DE 35 red.||252 PS (185 kW; 249 hp)||340 N·m (250 lb·ft)||7.1 sec||4.500 L/100 km (52.27 mpg-US)|
|E 300 4MATIC||2011–||2,996 cc (2.996 L; 182.8 cu in) V6 M 276 DE 35 red.||252 PS (185 kW; 249 hp)||300 N·m (220 lb·ft)||7.4 sec||4.500 L/100 km (52.27 mpg-US)|
|E 350 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–2011||3,498 cc (3.498 L; 213.5 cu in) V6 M 272 DE 35||292 PS (215 kW; 288 hp)||365 N·m (269 lb·ft)||6.8 sec||4.780 L/100 km (49.21 mpg-US)|
|E 350 4MATIC||2009–2011||3,498 cc (3.498 L; 213.5 cu in) V6 M 272 KE 35||272 PS (200 kW; 268 hp)@6000||350 N·m (260 lb·ft)@2400–5000||6.5 sec||5.844 L/100 km (40.25 mpg-US)|
|E 350 BlueEFFICIENCY||2012–||3,498 cc (3.498 L; 213.5 cu in) V6 M 276 DE 35||306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)||370 N·m (270 lb·ft)||6.3 sec||4.780 L/100 km (49.21 mpg-US)|
|E 350 4MATIC BlueEFFICIENCY||2012–||3,498 cc (3.498 L; 213.5 cu in) V6 M 276 DE 35||306 PS (225 kW; 302 hp)@6000||370 N·m (270 lb·ft)@2400–5000||6.6 sec||5.844 L/100 km (40.25 mpg-US)|
|E 400 HYBRID||2012–||3,498 cc (3.498 L; 213.5 cu in) V6 M 276 DE 35 + el. motor||331 PS (243 kW; 326 hp)@-||620 N·m (460 lb·ft)@-||- sec||5.844 L/100 km (40.25 mpg-US)|
|E 500||2009–2011||5,461 cc (5.461 L; 333.3 cu in) V8 M 273 KE 55||388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) @6000||530 N·m (390 lb·ft)@2800–4800||5.0 sec||11.000 L/100 km (21.383 mpg-US)|
|E 500 4MATIC||2009–2011||5,461 cc (5.461 L; 333.3 cu in) V8 M 273 KE 55||388 PS (285 kW; 383 hp) @6000||530 N·m (390 lb·ft)@2800–4800||5.0 sec||11.000 L/100 km (21.383 mpg-US)|
|E 500 BlueEFFICIENCY||2011–||4,663 cc (4.663 L; 284.6 cu in) twin-turbo V8 M 278 DE 46 AL red.||408 PS (300 kW; 402 hp) @5250||600 N·m (440 lb·ft)@1600–4750||5.2 sec||19.000 L/100 km (12.380 mpg-US)|
|E 500 4MATIC BlueEFFICIENCY||2011–||4,663 cc (4.663 L; 284.6 cu in) twin-turbo V8 M 278 DE 46 AL red.||408 PS (300 kW; 402 hp) @5250||600 N·m (440 lb·ft)@1600–4750||5.2 sec||19.000 L/100 km (12.380 mpg-US)|
|E 63 AMG||2009–2011||6,208 cc (6.208 L; 378.8 cu in) M156 V8 M 156 E 63||525 PS (386 kW; 518 hp)@6800||630 N·m (460 lb·ft)@5200||4.5 sec||9.8 L/100 km (24 mpg-US)|
|E 63 AMG||2011–||5,461 cc (5.461 L; 333.3 cu in) M157 twin-turbo V8 M 157 DE 55 AL||525 PS (386 kW; 518 hp)@5250–5750||700 N·m (520 lb·ft)@1750–5000||4.3 sec||21.2 L/100 km (11.095 mpg-US)|
|E 63 AMG Performance package||2011–2013||5,461 cc (5.461 L; 333.3 cu in) M157 twin-turbo V8 M 157 DE 55 AL||557 PS (410 kW; 549 hp)@5250–5750||800 N·m (590 lb·ft)@2000–4500||4.2 sec||21.2 L/100 km (11.095 mpg-US)|
|E 63 AMG S-Model||2013–||5,461 cc (5.461 L; 333.3 cu in) M157 twin-turbo V8 M 157 DE 55 AL||585 PS (430 kW; 577 hp)@5500||800 N·m (590 lb·ft)@1750–5000||3.6 sec||10.3 L/100 km (22.836 mpg-US)|
|E 200 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2010–||2,143 cc (2.143 L; 130.8 cu in) I4 OM 651 DE 22 LA red.||136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp)||360 N·m (270 lb·ft)@1600–2600||10.2 sec||4.000 L/100 km (58.80 mpg-US)|
|E 220 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2,143 cc (2.143 L; 130.8 cu in) I4 OM 651 DE 22 LA||170 PS (130 kW; 170 hp)||400 N·m (300 lb·ft)@1400–2800||8.7 sec||4.888 L/100 km (48.12 mpg-US)|
|E 220 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY Edition||2012–||2,143 cc (2.143 L; 130.8 cu in) I4 OM 651 DE 22 LA||170 PS (130 kW; 170 hp)||400 N·m (300 lb·ft)@1400–2800||8.7 sec||4.888 L/100 km (48.12 mpg-US)|
|E 250 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||2,143 cc (2.143 L; 130.8 cu in) I4 OM 651 DE 22 LA||204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp)||500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@1600–1800||7.7 sec||5.788 L/100 km (40.64 mpg-US)|
|E 250 CDI 4MATIC BlueEFFICIENCY||2011–||2,143 cc (2.143 L; 130.8 cu in) I4 OM 651 DE 22 LA||204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp)||500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@1600–1800||7.9 sec||5.788 L/100 km (40.64 mpg-US)|
|E 300 BlueTEC HYBRID||2012–||2,143 cc (2.143 L; 130.8 cu in) I4 OM 651 DE 22 LA||231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp)||750 N·m (550 lb·ft)@-||7.5 sec||4.2 L/100 km (56 mpg-US)|
|E 300 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–2011||2,987 cc (2.987 L; 182.3 cu in) V6 OM 642 DE 30 LA||204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp)||500 N·m (370 lb·ft)@1600–2400||7.9 sec||8.000 L/100 km (29.40 mpg-US)|
|E 300 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2011–||2,987 cc (2.987 L; 182.3 cu in) V6 OM 642 LS DE 30 LA||231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp)||540 N·m (400 lb·ft)||6.8 sec||7.000 L/100 km (33.60 mpg-US)|
|E 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–2010||2,987 cc (2.987 L; 182.3 cu in) V6 OM 642 DE 30 LA||231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp)||540 N·m (400 lb·ft)||6.8 sec||7.400 L/100 km (31.79 mpg-US)|
|E 350 CDI 4MATIC BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–2010||2,987 cc (2.987 L; 182.3 cu in) V6 OM 642 DE 30 LA||231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp)||540 N·m (400 lb·ft)||7.1 sec||7.400 L/100 km (31.79 mpg-US)|
|E 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2010–||2,987 cc (2.987 L; 182.3 cu in) V6 OM 642 LS DE 30 LA||265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp)||620 N·m (460 lb·ft)||6.2 sec||7.400 L/100 km (31.79 mpg-US)|
|E 350 CDI 4MATIC BlueEFFICIENCY||2010–||2,987 cc (2.987 L; 182.3 cu in) V6 OM 642 LS DE 30 LA||265 PS (195 kW; 261 hp)||620 N·m (460 lb·ft)||6.7 sec||7.400 L/100 km (31.79 mpg-US)|
|E 350 BlueTEC||2009–||2,987 cc (2.987 L; 182.3 cu in) V6 OM 642 DE 30 LA||211 PS (155 kW; 208 hp)||540 N·m (400 lb·ft)||7.8 sec||7.800 L/100 km (30.16 mpg-US)|
E 500 is sold as the E 550 in the US and Canada.
|E 200 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||6-speed manual||5-speed automatic|
|E 250 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||5-speed automatic||-|
|E 300||2009–||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|E 350 CGI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|E 350 4MATIC||2009–||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|E 500/E 550 (US)||2009–||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|E 500 4MATIC||2009–||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|E 63 AMG||2009–||SPEEDSHIFT MCT 7-speed||-|
|E 200 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||6-speed manual||7G-Tronic Plus|
|E 220 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||6-speed manual||7G-Tronic Plus|
|E 250 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||6-speed manual||7G-Tronic Plus|
|E 300 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|E 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|E 350 BlueTEC||2009–2013||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|E 350 BlueTEC||2014–||9G-Tronic||-|
|E 350 CDI 4MATIC BlueEFFICIENCY||2009–||7G-Tronic Plus||-|
|Euro NCAP test results|
|Mercedes Benz E 220 CDI 'Avantgarde', LHD (2010)|
The 2010 E-Class earned five stars out of five for occupant protection, pedestrian protection and assistance systems in the Euro NCAP test. It comes standard with a number of safety systems like Collision Prevention Assist, Attention Assist, Adaptive braking technology, Daytime Running Lamps and Rain-sensing windshield wipers. The E-Class also received two "Euro NCAP Advanced" rewards for the optional PRE-SAFE and PRE-SAFE Brake safety system.
The 2010 E-Class was the first E-Class to earn IIHS's reputable Top Safety Pick+ award. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety score the E-Class Good overall in the moderate overlap front crash test, but did not pass the small front overlap. It also recived Good overall in side-impact collisions, the roof strength and seat/head restraint evaluations.
The redesigned 2014 E-Class received IIHS's Top Safety Pick+ award, which also passed the small front overlap crash test. Apart from the aforementioned test, the W212 facelift also scored the Good mark in the moderate overlap front, side, roof strength and seat/head restraint evaluations.
U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) crash testing of the 2014 US model year E-Class yielded a four-star driver and four-star passenger rating in the frontal-collision test (out of five stars). Side crash results were five out of five stars for both front and rear seats. The car scored five stars in rollover testing.
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