Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid
Lewis Hamilton 2014 China Race.jpg
Category Formula One
Constructor Mercedes
Designer(s) Aldo Costa (Engineering Director)[1]
Predecessor Mercedes F1 W04
Technical specifications[2]
Chassis Moulded carbon fibre and honeycomb composite structure
Suspension (front) Carbon fibre wishbone and pushrod activated torsion springs and rockers
Suspension (rear) Carbon fibre wishbone and pullrod activated torsion springs and rockers
Engine Mercedes PU106A Hybrid[3] 1.6 L (98 cu in) V6, turbo
Transmission Eight Speed Forward, one reverse unit with carbon fibre maincase
Weight 691kg
Fuel Petronas
Tyres Pirelli P Zero (dry), Cinturato (wet)
Competition history
Notable entrants Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team
Notable drivers 6. Germany Nico Rosberg[4]
44. United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton[5]
Debut 2014 Australian Grand Prix
Races Wins Poles F.Laps
19 16 18 12
Constructors' Championships 1
Drivers' Championships 1 (Lewis Hamilton)

The Mercedes F1 W05 Hybrid, originally known as the Mercedes F1 W05, was a highly successful Formula One racing car designed by Mercedes to compete in the 2014 Formula One season.[6] It was driven by 2008 and 2014 World Drivers' Champion Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg, both of whom remain with the team for a second and fifth season, respectively.[4][5] The F1 W05 has been designed to use Mercedes's new 1.6-litre V6 turbocharged engine, the PU106A Hybrid.[3] With 16 race victories in a single season, the F1 W05 is statistically the most dominant car in the history of Formula One.

Competitiveness[edit]

The car was an instant success, with Nico Rosberg winning the season-opening Australian Grand Prix by 27 seconds. Lewis Hamilton went on to win the Malaysian Grand Prix, Bahrain Grand Prix, Chinese Grand Prix and Spanish Grand Prix successively.[7][8] The car is said to be so dominant because of an innovative design feature on the PU106A, the car's engine.[3] Sky Sports F1 report that the compressor and turbo are packaged at opposite ends of the internal combustion engine, which gives them the edge in packaging, aerodynamic efficiency, and battery usage.[9] Lewis Hamilton described it as the best car he has ever driven.[10] At the half way point of the season Mercedes had secured all but 1 win (Canada) and 1 pole (Austria) after Hamilton won the British Grand Prix and Rosberg won the Monaco, Austrian and German Grands Prix. The team clinched the Constructors' Championship at the Russian Grand Prix, the 16th race of the season. The F1 W05 took 16 wins (11 for Hamilton and 5 for Rosberg), 18 poles (7 for Hamilton and 11 for Rosberg), 12 fastest laps (7 for Hamilton and 5 for Rosberg), 11 front row lockouts and 11 1-2 finishes in the 2014 season, producing statistically the most dominant car in Formula One history.

Season summary[edit]

The form the F1 W05 Hybrid has enjoyed from the start of the season to the Chinese Grand Prix, the fourth Grand Prix of the season, is the most successful and dominant set of results in the history of the sport.[citation needed] In the first four races, the car qualified on pole for each race, led every racing lap, won every race, and set every fastest lap.[11] At the Spanish Grand Prix, the car led every lap with both Hamilton (from pole) and Rosberg leading for portions of the race, but Sebastian Vettel recorded the fastest lap. The car claimed every pole, led every lap, and won every race in the season up to the Monaco Grand Prix. The F1 W05 Hybrid's streak ended at the Canadian Grand Prix where Daniel Ricciardo beat Nico Rosberg to the win, after the car's motor generator unit for kinetic energy (MGU-K) failed. Felipe Massa would end the F1 W05 Hybrid's streak of pole positions during qualifying for the Austrian Grand Prix, but Mercedes would regain their form, with a 1–2 result, despite concerns of brake issues, and threat from the Williams duo of Massa and Valtteri Bottas.

The next race of the season was the British Grand Prix where the fight between Hamilton and Rosberg got closer. Rosberg's car failed to complete the race and Hamilton would win in front of his home fans. The German Grand Prix had two different stories at Mercedes. The one saw Lewis Hamilton have a brake disc explode in qualifying and the other saw Rosberg win pole and the race. The last race before the summer break was the Hungarian Grand Prix. Hamilton entered the weekend hoping to win his third straight Hungarian Grand Prix. Again like Germany there were two extremely different stories. Hamilton again had an issue in qualifying, this time it was a fuel line that had broken causing a fire. Meanwhile Rosberg won pole again. The race was very chaotic, between the rain and safety cars, Hamilton found himself ahead of his teammate to take home third, which extended Mercedes' consecutive podium finishes to eleven straight. Rosberg and Hamilton qualified first and second for the first time since Canada at Belgian Grand Prix, but contact between the two, whilst battling for the lead, on the second lap resulted in a puncture for Hamilton and a damaged front wing for Rosberg. Rosberg recovered to finish second but Hamilton had to retire late in the race.

The two Mercedes again locked out the front row at Italian Grand Prix but Hamilton was on pole for the first time since Spain. The two controlled the race and came home first and second for the seventh time this season. At the Singapore Grand Prix Hamilton and Rosberg locked out the front row for the 7th time of the season. Rosberg's car developed an electrical fault and he therefore had to start from the pitlane. He retired after just 15 laps, when his car would not restart again at his first pit stop after a planned stall, and he was unclassified for the 2nd time this season. Hamilton however dominated the race-taking fastest lap and leading all but 2 in the process-and won his 7th race of the season. He took the lead of the championship for the first time since Spain by 3 points heading to Suzuka. Mercedes took another 1-2 with Hamilton extending his championship lead to 10 points at the Japanese Grand Prix. At Suzuka Rosberg and Hamilton locked out the front row for the 8th time in the season with Rosberg taking his 8th pole. The race was wet throughout and Mercedes again dominated but Rosberg could not hold off Hamilton and the Brit took his 8th win of the season while Rosberg took his 8th 2nd place and Mercedes' 8th 1-2 in the process. The true pace of the car was shown when in just the first 3 racing laps they opened up a 17 second lead over 3rd place. At the Russian Grand Prix Mercedes clinched their first Constructors' Championship after yet another 1-2 finish. They locked out the front row out for the 5th time in a row and Hamilton won comfortably by 13 seconds from Rosberg, who after locking up at turn one on the first lap and pitting recovered and finished second, again proving the true pace of the Mercedes. At the United States Grand Prix Mercedes locked the front row out for the 10th time this season and the 6th time in a row with Rosberg taking his 9th pole of the season. The two again dominated the race taking the team's 10th 1-2 finish of the season. Hamilton, as has been the case in recent races, stuck behind in the first half of the race, overtook Rosberg around the half way point and then controlled the race from there; he won his 5th race in a row and 10th of the season. At the Brazilian Grand Prix Mercedes secured their 11th front row lock out of the season and their 7th in a row, the two finished 41 seconds ahead of Felipe Massa in 3rd place. They finished 1-2 for a record 11th time, beating McLaren's 26-year-old record of 10. Rosberg won the race and cut the gap down to 17 points going into the season finale in Abu Dhabi. At the final race of the season at Abu Dhabi Grand Prix Mercedes locked out the front row for the 8th consecutive race and Nico Rosberg took his 11th pole. In the race Hamilton made an amazing start and overtook Rosberg at turn 1. Hamilton controlled the race throughout, but Rosberg suffered an ERS failure midway through the race; he carried it on but could only manage 14th position. Lewis Hamilton won his 11th race of the season and in that the 2014 World Championship.

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (results in bold indicate pole position; results in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Engine Tyres Drivers Grands Prix Points WCC
AUS MAL BHR CHN ESP MON CAN AUT GBR GER HUN BEL ITA SIN JPN RUS USA BRA ABU
2014 Mercedes AMG
Petronas F1 Team
Mercedes
PU106A Hybrid
P Nico Rosberg 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 Ret 1 4 2 2 Ret 2 2 2 1 14 701 1st
Lewis Hamilton Ret 1 1 1 1 2 Ret 2 1 3 3 Ret 1 1 1 1 1 2 1

‡ — Teams and drivers will score double points at the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.

References[edit]