Mercer County, Illinois

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Mercer County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Mercer County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 13, 1825
Named for Hugh Mercer
Seat Aledo
Largest city Aledo
Area
 • Total 569 sq mi (1,474 km2)
 • Land 561 sq mi (1,453 km2)
 • Water 7.5 sq mi (19 km2), 1.3%
Population
 • (2010) 16,434
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.mercercountyil.org

Mercer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 16,434.[1] Its county seat is Aledo.[2]

Mercer County is included in the Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.[3]

History[edit]

Mercer County is named for Hugh Mercer (1726–1777), a physician and general during the American Revolution who died from wounds suffered at the Battle of Princeton.

In May 1812, Congress passed an act which set aside lands in Arkansas, Michigan, and Illinois as payment to volunteer soldiers in the War of 1812. Mercer County was part of this "Military Tract."

Seven years after Illinois became a state, Mercer County was founded. It was formed from unorganized territory near Pike County on January 13, 1825. Although the county had been created, its government was not organized for several years; for administration purposes it was attached first to Schuyler County (until 1826), then to Peoria (until 1831), and finally to Warren County. The organization of the county government was finally completed in 1835, after a large influx of settlers following the Black Hawk War.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 569 square miles (1,470 km2), of which 561 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 7.5 square miles (19 km2) (1.3%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather[edit]

Aledo, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.3
 
29
11
 
 
1.3
 
35
17
 
 
2.4
 
47
26
 
 
3.7
 
61
37
 
 
3.9
 
72
48
 
 
4.4
 
81
59
 
 
4.2
 
84
62
 
 
4.3
 
82
60
 
 
3.3
 
75
51
 
 
2.7
 
64
40
 
 
2.5
 
47
28
 
 
1.9
 
34
17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Aledo have ranged from a low of 11 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.27 inches (32 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in June.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1830 26
1840 2,352 8,946.2%
1850 5,246 123.0%
1860 15,042 186.7%
1870 18,769 24.8%
1880 19,502 3.9%
1890 18,545 −4.9%
1900 20,945 12.9%
1910 19,723 −5.8%
1920 18,800 −4.7%
1930 16,641 −11.5%
1940 17,701 6.4%
1950 17,374 −1.8%
1960 17,149 −1.3%
1970 17,294 0.8%
1980 19,286 11.5%
1990 17,290 −10.3%
2000 16,957 −1.9%
2010 16,434 −3.1%
Est. 2013 16,178 −1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census of 2000,[11] there were 16,957 people, 6,624 households, and 4,915 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 7,109 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.37% White, 0.29% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. 1.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.4% were of German, 14.1% American, 13.0% Swedish, 12.3% English and 11.3% Irish ancestry.

There were 6,624 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.5% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.80% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,893, and the median income for a family was $47,192. Males had a median income of $35,138 versus $22,227 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,645. 7.8% of the population and 5.8% of families were below the poverty line. 10% of those under the age of 18 and 8.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Mercer County is divided into fifteen townships:

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original on 2006-05-14. Retrieved 2006-07-21. 
  4. ^ Mercer County Fact Sheet, Illinois State Archives. http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/irad/mercer.html
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Aledo, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°12′N 90°44′W / 41.20°N 90.74°W / 41.20; -90.74