Mercer Island, Washington
|Mercer Island, Washington|
|— City —|
|• Total||13.11 sq mi (33.95 km2)|
|• Land||6.32 sq mi (16.37 km2)|
|• Water||6.79 sq mi (17.59 km2)|
|Elevation||338 ft (103 m)|
|• Estimate (2011)||23,154|
|• Density||3,591.6/sq mi (1,386.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC-7)|
|GNIS feature ID||1512455|
Mercer Island is a city in King County, Washington, United States and the name of the island in Lake Washington on which the city sits. The population was 22,699 at the 2010 census. The population was 22,690 at 2012 Estimate from Office of Financial Management.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2012)|
Mercer Island, named for the Mercer family of Seattle, was first settled between 1870 and 1880. The Mercer brothers often rowed between the island and Seattle to pick berries, hunt, and fish. Those brothers, Thomas Mercer and Asa Shinn Mercer, are members of the Mercer family of Virginia. The first large settlement, East Seattle, was toward the northwest side of the island—near the McGilvara neighbourhood. During 1889, a C C Calkins built a large and gilded resort, the Calkins Hotel. The hotel was reached via steamboat between Madison Park, Leschi Park, and the Eastside. Burnt by a mysterious fire, the hotel was razed during 1908.
The Calkins Landing continued service and presumedly aided location of a more permanent population. A denser urban community with business district developed toward the central northern island between the McGilvara neighbourhood and Luther Burbank Park, within the latter of which a boarding school was built, and now composes the majority of the island's crest through the Middle Island neighbourhood. To connect with a similar municipality, Bellevue, the East Channel Bridge was built and opened during 1928. George W Lightfoot, during 1930, requested a bridge between Mercer Island and Seattle; the Lacey V Murrow Memorial Bridge, second longest floating bridge on Earth, was built and opened during 1940. A second bridge, named after Albert D Rosellini, was built and opened during 1963. The bridge, the Governor Albert D Rosellini Bridge—Evergreen Point, longest floating bridge on Earth, connects Seattle and Medina. A third bridge, fifth longest floating bridge on Earth, Homer M Hadley Memorial Bridge, was built parallel to the Lacey V Murrow Memorial Bridge and opened during 1989. The East Channel Bridge, Lacey V Murrow Memorial Bridge, and Homer M Hadley Memorial Bridge, carry Interstate 90.
The island was mentioned on the hit TV show Frasier, which was set in Seattle. The reference depicted it as being dinky and unimportant. Frasier, at the time, was trying to find a good agent to publicize his radio show. He discovered a good candidate who had done publicity work for the fictional Mercer Island Zoo. Character Daphne Moon implied he had done poorly at achieving notoriety for the zoo, remarking, "There's a zoo on Mercer Island now?"
The City of Mercer Island was incorporated from East Seattle on 5 July 1960 and composed of all the island less the 70 acre (280,000 m²) business district. Just over one month later, 9 August, the Town of Mercer Island was incorporated from that business district. The two aforementioned municipalities merged as the City of Mercer Island 19 May 1970.
Mercer Island is located at (47.569271, -122.232337).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.11 square miles (33.95 km2), of which, 6.32 square miles (16.37 km2) is land and 6.79 square miles (17.59 km2) is water.
The Mercer Island School District overviews six common schools on the island: three primary schools (Lakeridge Elementary, Island Park Elementary and West Mercer Elementary); one Middle school (Islander Middle School); one High school (Mercer Island High School); one alternative secondary school (Crest Learning Center).
Historical Population 1890-2000
The median income for a household in the city was $151,904, and the median income for a family was $190,830. The average household income in 2004 was $169,841. The per capita income for the city was $123,799. About 0.9% of families and 0.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2011, the 98040 ZIP code had a median house sale price of $1,001,405, placing it at #209 in a list of the most expensive ZIP codes in America, including a sale of a property for $26.9 million.
Washington State's Office of Financial Management also publishes per-county, per-city population statistics of its own. Its 2009 estimate was 22,720.
2010 census 
As of the census of 2010, there were 22,699 people, 9,109 households, and 6,532 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,591.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,386.7 /km2). There were 9,930 housing units at an average density of 1,571.2 per square mile (606.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.9% White, 1.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 15.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.
There were 9,109 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 46 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19% were from 25 to 44; 32% were from 45 to 64; and 19.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
2000 census 
As of the census of 2000, there were 22,036 people, 8,437 households, and 6,277 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,452.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,333.6/km²). There were 8,806 housing units at an average density of 1,379.5 per square mile (532.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.09% White, 1.14% African American, 0.16% Native American, 11.87% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.86% of the population.
There were 8,437 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.6% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.
Luther Burbank Park covers 77 acres (310,000 m2) of land and has 0.75 miles (1.2 km) of waterfront. The park has a public boat dock and fishing pier, a swimming beach, an amphitheater, tennis courts, barbecues and picnic facilities, and an off-leash dog area. The city assumed maintenance of the park on January 1, 2003 from King County, which had purchased the park land in 1969.
The Park on the Lid is atop the I-90 tunnel entrances. This park has softball fields, tennis courts, basketball courts, picnic shelters, and the Freeway Sculpture Park.   Pioneer Park covers 113 acres (0.46 km2) and has equestrian, bicycle, and hiking trails. Deane's Children Park, also known as "Dragon Park", is a small park with playground equipment.
Mercer Island also has many smaller parks maintained by the city, some of which have waterfront access.
Sister cities 
Annual events 
- Mercer Island is focal to annual performances by the Blue Angels during Seattle's summer Seafair celebration.However the Blue Angels will not be included in the 2013 celebration.
- Summer Celebration is a celebration once a year on the weekend after the 4th of July. The celebration ends with fireworks.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-04.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
- Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-11-20. Accessed 2008-12-10.
- "United States Postal Service "ZIP Code Lookup"".
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- U.S. Decennial Census
- Historical Decennial Population 1890-2000
- "Table 3. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Washington: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 (SUB-EST2011-03-53)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2012-09-23.
- Mercer Island Chamber of Commerce. "Community Information" url=http://www.mercerislandchamber.com/Community/Community+Info/
- "Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2011". Forbes. Retrieved 2012-08-03.
- "Office of Financial Management King County Profile". 1 April 2009. Retrieved 11 January 2011.
- "Luther Burbank Park". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- "History". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- "Park on the Lid". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
- Morris, Keiko (1998-02-23). "A Sculpture Garden Grows On Island `Lid'". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2009-03-11.
- "Pioneer Park". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
- "Deane's Children Park". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-11.
- "Sister Cities International". Retrieved 2012-08-01.
- Mercer Island Sister City Association
- "City of Mercer Island - Summer Celebration! Homepage". Retrieved 2012-08-02.
- Mercer Island Reporter Local newspaper