Mercer Island, Washington

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Mercer Island, Washington
City
Aerial view of Mercer Island surrounded by Lake Washington (upper center of image, filling the entire frame left to right).
Aerial view of Mercer Island surrounded by Lake Washington (upper center of image, filling the entire frame left to right).
Nickname(s): MI
Location of Mercer Island in King County, Washington
Location of Mercer Island in King County, Washington
Coordinates: 47°34′39″N 122°12′43.2″W / 47.57750°N 122.212000°W / 47.57750; -122.212000Coordinates: 47°34′39″N 122°12′43.2″W / 47.57750°N 122.212000°W / 47.57750; -122.212000
Country United States
State Washington
County King
Area[1]
 • Total 13.11 sq mi (33.95 km2)
 • Land 6.32 sq mi (16.37 km2)
 • Water 6.79 sq mi (17.59 km2)
Elevation 338 ft (103 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 22,699
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 24,098
 • Density 3,591.6/sq mi (1,386.7/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98040
Area code(s) 206
FIPS code 53-45005
GNIS feature ID 1512455[4]
Website www.mercergov.org
Mercer Island in relation to the Greater Seattle Area

Mercer Island is a city in King County, Washington, United States located on an island of the same name in the southern portion of Lake Washington. Mercer Island is in the Seattle Metropolitan Area[5], with Seattle located to its west and Bellevue located to its east.

Mercer Island is connected to the mainland on either side via bridges carrying Interstate 90. The Lacey V. Murrow Memorial Bridge and the parallel Homer M. Hadley Memorial Bridge are floating bridges that span Lake Washington and carry, respectively, eastbound and westbound lanes of Interstate 90 and connect Mercer Island to the northern portion of Seattle's South End (more specifically, I-90 has Leschi to the north and Mount Baker to the south). I-90 traverses the northern portion of Mercer Island and is then carried from the island to Bellevue over the East Channel of Lake Washington by the East Channel Bridge. Mercer Island is located closer to Bellevue than it is to Seattle, and is therefore often considered to be part of the King County's Eastside.

The population was 22,699 at the 2010 census.[6] The population was 22,720 at 2013 Estimate from Office of Financial Management. This makes Mercer Island the most populated island in a lake within the United States.[7][better source needed] The ZIP code 98040 is unique to Mercer Island.[8][not in citation given]

History[edit]

Mercer Island, named for the Mercer family of Seattle, was first settled between 1870 and 1880. The Mercer brothers often rowed between the island and Seattle to pick berries, hunt, and fish. Those brothers, Thomas Mercer and Asa Shinn Mercer, are members of the Mercer family of Virginia. The first large settlement, East Seattle, was toward the northwest side of the island—near the McGilvra neighborhood. During 1889, a C C Calkins built a large and gilded resort, the Calkins Hotel. The hotel was reached via steamboat between Madison Park, Leschi Park, and the Eastside. Burnt by a mysterious fire, the hotel was razed during 1908.

The Calkins Landing continued service and presumedly aided location of a more permanent population. A denser urban community with business district developed toward the central northern island between the McGilvra neighborhood and Luther Burbank Park. This community now composes the majority of the island's crest through the Middle Island neighborhood.

In 1928, the East Channel Bridge was built to connect the island with Bellevue, Washington. In 1930, George W Lightfoot requested a bridge between Mercer Island and Seattle. The Lacey V Murrow Memorial Bridge, currently the second longest floating bridge on Earth, was built and opened in 1940. In 1989, a second bridge, the Homer M Hadley Memorial Bridge, was built parallel to the Lacey V Murrow Memorial Bridge. The East Channel Bridge, Lacey V Murrow Memorial Bridge, and Homer M Hadley Memorial Bridge, carry Interstate 90 from Seattle, through Mercer Island, and into Bellevue. (Another floating bridge, the Governor Albert D. Rosellini Bridge—Evergreen Point, was built across Lake Washington in 1963, north of Mercer Island. It connects Seattle and Medina.)

The island was mentioned on the hit TV show Frasier, which was set in Seattle. The reference depicted it as being dinky and unimportant. Frasier, at the time, was trying to find a good agent to publicize his radio show. He discovered a good candidate who had done publicity work for the fictional Mercer Island Zoo. Character Daphne Moon implied he had done poorly at achieving notoriety for the zoo, remarking, "There's a zoo on Mercer Island now?"

The City of Mercer Island was incorporated from East Seattle on 5 July 1960 and composed of all the island less the 70 acre (280,000 m²) business district. Just over one month later, 9 August, the Town of Mercer Island was incorporated from that business district. The two aforementioned municipalities merged as the City of Mercer Island 19 May 1970.

Geography[edit]

Mercer Island City Hall is located at 47°34′39″N 122°12′43.2″W / 47.57750°N 122.212000°W / 47.57750; -122.212000 (47.5775, -122.212).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 13.11 square miles (33.95 km2), of which, 6.32 square miles (16.37 km2) is land and 6.79 square miles (17.59 km2) is water.[1]

Mercer Island is the largest populated island in a lake in the US. [10][unreliable source?]

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Mercer Island has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[11]

Education[edit]

The Mercer Island School District overviews six common schools on the island: three primary schools (Lakeridge Elementary, Island Park Elementary, and West Mercer Elementary); one Middle school (Islander Middle School); one High school (Mercer Island High School); one alternative secondary school (Crest Learning Center).

Mercer Island is also home to the St. Monica School(K-8), the French American School of Puget Sound (P-8), and the Northwest Yeshiva High School (9-12).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1970 19,819
1980 21,522 8.6%
1990 20,816 −3.3%
2000 22,036 5.9%
2010 22,699 3.0%
Est. 2013 24,098 6.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2013 Estimate[13]

The median income for a household in the city was $151,904, and the median income for a family was $190,830. The average household income in 2004 was $169,841.[14] The per capita income for the city was $123,799. About 0.9% of families and 0.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 2.3% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2011, the 98040 ZIP code had a median house sale price of $1,001,405, placing it at #209 in a list of the most expensive ZIP codes in America,[15] including a sale of a property for $26.9 million.[citation needed]

Washington State's Office of Financial Management also publishes per-county, per-city population statistics of its own. Its 2013 estimate was 22,720.[16]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 22,699 people, 9,109 households, and 6,532 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,591.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,386.7 /km2). There were 9,930 housing units at an average density of 1,571.2 per square mile (606.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.9% White, 1.3% African American, 0.2% Native American, 15.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.7% from other races, and 3.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population.

There were 9,109 households of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.3% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.3% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age in the city was 46 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19% were from 25 to 44; 32% were from 45 to 64; and 19.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 22,036 people, 8,437 households, and 6,277 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,452.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,333.6/km²). There were 8,806 housing units at an average density of 1,379.5 per square mile (532.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.09% White, 1.14% African American, 0.16% Native American, 11.87% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.52% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.86% of the population.

There were 8,437 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.6% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.6% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 29.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

Government[edit]

At the national level, Mercer Island is located in Washington's 9th congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Adam Smith.

Parks[edit]

Luther Burbank Park covers 77 acres (310,000 m2) of land and has 0.75 miles (1.2 km) of waterfront. The park has a public boat dock and fishing pier, a swimming beach, an amphitheater, tennis courts, barbecues and picnic facilities, and an off-leash dog area.[17] The city assumed maintenance of the park on January 1, 2003 from King County, which had purchased the park land in 1969.[18]

The Park on the Lid is atop the I-90 tunnel entrances. This park has softball fields, tennis courts, basketball courts, picnic shelters, and the Freeway Sculpture Park. [19] [20]

Pioneer Park covers 113 acres (0.46 km2) and has equestrian, bicycle, and hiking trails.[21] Deane's Children Park, also known as "Dragon Park", is a small park with playground equipment.[22]

Mercer Island also has many smaller parks maintained by the city, some of which have waterfront access.

Sister cities[edit]

Mercer Island's sister city, as designated by Sister Cities International, is Thonon-les-Bains, France.[23][24]

Annual events[edit]

  • Mercer Island is focal to annual performances by the Blue Angels during Seattle's summer Seafair celebration.
  • Summer Celebration is a celebration once a year on the weekend after the 4th of July. The celebration ends with fireworks.[25]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses, Office of Management and Budget, 2007-11-20. Accessed 2008-12-10.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 23 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "Demographics". 
  8. ^ "United States Postal Service "ZIP Code Lookup"". 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "American Island Superlatives". 
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Mercer Island, Washington
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 31, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  14. ^ Mercer Island Chamber of Commerce. "Community Information" url=http://www.mercerislandchamber.com/Community/Community+Info/
  15. ^ "Most Expensive ZIP Codes 2011". Forbes. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  16. ^ "April 1, 2013 Population of Cities, Towns and Counties Used for Allocation of Selected State Revenues State of Washington". 1 April 2013. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 
  17. ^ "Luther Burbank Park". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  18. ^ "History". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  19. ^ "Park on the Lid". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  20. ^ Morris, Keiko (1998-02-23). "A Sculpture Garden Grows On Island `Lid'". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  21. ^ "Pioneer Park". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  22. ^ "Deane's Children Park". City of Mercer Island. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  23. ^ "Sister Cities International". Retrieved 2012-08-01. 
  24. ^ Mercer Island Sister City Association
  25. ^ "City of Mercer Island - Summer Celebration! Homepage". Retrieved 2012-08-02. 

External links[edit]