Mercha

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Mercha
מֵרְכָ֥א ֥ וַיִּרְבּ֥וּ
cantillation
Sof passuk ׃   paseq ׀
etnachta ֑   segol ֒
shalshelet ֓   zaqef qatan ֔
zaqef gadol ֕   tifcha ֖
revia ֗   zarqa ֘
pashta ֙   yetiv ֚
tevir ֛   geresh ֜
geresh muqdam ֝   gershayim ֞
qarney para ֟   telisha gedola ֠
pazer ֡   atnah hafukh ֢
munach ֣   mahapakh ֤
merkha ֥   merkha kefula ֦
darga ֧   qadma ֨
telisha qetana ֩   yerah ben yomo ֪
ole ֫   iluy ֬
dehi ֭   zinor ֮

Mercha (Hebrew: מֵרְכָ֥א, also spelled Merkha and other variant English spellings) is a cantillation mark commonly found in the Torah, Haftarah, and other books that are chanted.

The mercha is found in several trope groups, though the melody varies from one use to the next. It is the beginning of the Etnachta group, can be found either once or twice preceding the Sof passuk, or can occasionally precede the Pashta in the Katon group or a Tevir.

The 9117 times Mercha is found in the Torah 9117 is the second most of any trope sounds. Only Tipcha occurs more often.[1]

The Hebrew word מֵרְכָ֥א translates into English as comma.

Total occurrences[edit]

Book Number of appearances
Torah 9117[1]
   Genesis 2415[1]
   Exodus 1879[1]
   Leviticus 1371[1]
   Numbers 1859[1]
   Deuteronomy 1595[1]
Nevi'im 7672[2]
Ketuvim 5235[2]

Melody[edit]

In Etnachta group[edit]

MerchaEtGroup.jpg

In Sof Passuk group[edit]

First appearance (before Tipcha) MerchaSof1.jpg
Second appearance (after Tipcha) MerchaSof2.jpg

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 6
  2. ^ a b Concordance of the Hebrew accents in the Hebrew Bible: Concordance ..., Volume 1 By James D. Price, page 5