|Borough of Montreal|
|farmer's market, with the statue La Fermière by Alfred Laliberté in the foreground.|
|• Borough Mayor||Réal Ménard|
|• Total||25.4 km2 (9.8 sq mi)|
|• Density||5,174.5/km2 (13,402/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
In 1860, Hochelaga developed as a village counting a little more than 1000 inhabitants. In 1874, Hudon — a cotton factory- moved in. Two years later, the North railway was extended through Hochelaga (the railway was renamed the Canadian Pacific in 1881) further catalyzing its industrial development and encouraging urbanization. In December 1883, Hochelaga was annexed to the city of Montreal against the demands of proprietors in Hochelaga. In response, they founded the village Maisonneuve and in only 15 years Maisonneuve became the 5th industrial slum of Canada. However, the area flourished. By 1918, however, the area was saddled with debt and aging factories and infrastructure. It was annexed to Montreal the same year.
Two years later, in 1920, many factories closed and moved east to Mercier. Mercier was an agglomeration of old villages: Beau-Rivage, Longue-Pointe and Tétreaultville. It was annexed to Montreal in 1910, before Maisonneuve. In 1960, the construction of the Autoroute 25 saw the demolition of many residential buildings in Mercier and divided it into two districts: Mercier-Ouest and Mercier-Est. Factories would continue to shut down well into the 1980s, leaving the borough ridden with poverty and a high concentration of welfare, especially in Hochelaga-Maisonneuve. This has led to a population exodus, high crime rates and a general negative portrait of the area. It is, still today, often seen as the French ghetto of Montreal.
Located in the east end of the Island of Montreal, it was part of the City of Montreal prior to the 2002 municipal mergers. It is composed of the Hochelaga-Maisonneuve, Mercier-Ouest and Mercier-Est areas. Each area has roughly the same population, but they differ in their commercial and social characteristics. The western region of the borough is composed of older districts while the Northern and Eastern regions have gone through a more recent urbanization. The borough is mainly composed of working class Québécois with a notable presence of Vietnamese immigrants in western regions and Italians as well as French immigrants to the North and East.
The largely oblong borough is bounded on the northwest by the borough of Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie, on the north by Saint Leonard, on the northeast by Anjou, and on the east by Montréal-Est. To the south is the Saint Lawrence River.
It has an area of 24,60 km² and the evolution of industry and transportation has profoundly transformed the borough, The presence of large industrial zones (especially in Mercier-Ouest), Montreal's port and the area's importance as a transportation axis has determined the organization of the territory's area and its urban character.
There are 128,440 inhabitants: 46 085 in Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (36%), 41 011 in Mercier-Ouest (32%) and 41 344 in Mercier-Est (32%). ranking it amongst the five most populated boroughs in Montreal. The borough represents roughly 7.1% of Montreal's population.
For the first time in several decades the population in the borough stopped decreasing. Between 1996 and 2001 it grew roughly 2.3%. However this growth was mainly concentrated in the Hochelaga-Maisonneuve district (+8.2%) while Mercier-Est (+0.6%) grew very little and Mercier-Ouest (-2.0%) actually continued decreasing. It is worth noting that the population in Hochelaga-Maisonneuve decreased 48% between 1961 and 1996, so this population growth truly represents a revitalization in the region.
The urbanization of the three sectors differ, namely because of the varying population densities. Hochelaga-Maisonneuve has a density of 8 274 inhabitants per square kilometer. Mercier-Est has a lower density at 5 734 inhabitants per square kilometer. This density drops off quickly in Mercier-Ouest with 3 476 inhabitants mainly due to space being primarily industrial as opposed to huge residential zones in Hochelaga-Maisonneuve and Mercier-Est.
92.9% of the population speaks French at home, the highest of any region in Montreal, followed by English at 2.4% and Italian at 0.8%. The immigrant population represents 12.1% of the population, significantly under the Montreal average (27.6%). Most of the immigrants are concentrated in Mercier-Ouest (17%) while there are significantly lower levels of immigrants living in Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (9%) or Mercier-Est (10%). Many Italians are concentrated in the Louis-Rield district in the north end of Mercier-Ouest which is a natural extension of St. Leonard. However, Italians have also formed communal ghettos in Mercier-Est nestled around Sherbrooke street, especially near the San Domenico Savio Church. Between 1996 and 2001 there's been an increase in immigration to the area. There are currently 15 135 landed immigrants in the borough, mainly from Italy, Vietnam, Algeria and France.
The sectors also differ when it comes to age demographics. Hochelaga-Maisonneuve has the youngest age demographics, with a higher percentages of people aged 20 – 39 years. But the age distinction between districts is really noticeable with young adults aged 20–29 years. In recent years, there has been an arrival of young adults to the district, searching for cheap rent close to downtown. This has brought up disputes over the negative and positive effects of gentrification. However, for now, there is evidence that the new population is simply in co-habitation with previous tenants of the Hochelaga-Maisonneuve district, taking up residents in renewed abandoned infrastructure. Condo projects, however, may lead to intense gentrification in the coming decade, although some claim these projects would have less impact than it did in the Plateau-Mont-Royal and Little Burgundy areas. Problems of gentrification seem to take little notice in Mercier-Ouest or Mercier-Est whose populations tend to be aging. The oldest population in the borough is located north of Sherbrooke in the Mercier-Ouest sector.
The borough is often cast in a negative light, mainly due to its economic planning and high poverty rate. However, it is often neglected to mention that the borough, despite a descriptive accent on its poverty, has large industrial zones and is commercially dynamic. It is often considered 'up and coming' with new revitalization plans for its residential zones.
According to 'Recensement des établissements et de l'emploi à Montréal (REEM 2000)' there's been an increase of 95% in professional and technical jobs in the borough. However, this can be attributed to gentrification in the area, specifically in the Hochelaga district.
The average family income in Mercier-Hochelaga-Maisonneuve is $49,804, considerably below the Montreal average ($62 409). The average individual makes $23,479. Nearly 32.9% of the borough's population is considered low-income, and there are worrying patches of poverty scattered throughout the borough and heavily concentrated in the Hochelaga-Maisonneuve district.
As of the November 3, 2013 Montreal municipal election, the current borough council consists of the following councillors:
|Réal Ménard||Coalition Montréal|
|Hochelaga||City councillor||Éric Alan Caldwell||Projet Montréal|
|Louis-Riel||City councillor||Karine Boivin Roy||Équipe Coderre|
|Maisonneuve–Longue-Pointe||City councillor||Laurence Lavigne Lalonde||Projet Montréal|
|Tétreaultville||City councillor||Richard Celzi||Équipe Coderre|
Federal and provincial
The borough is divided among the following federal ridings:
It is divided among the following provincial electoral districts:
The borough is bisected by Autoroute 25 and contains the Montreal entrance to the Louis Hippolyte Lafontaine Tunnel. It is served by the eastern end of the green line of the Montreal metro; the Honoré-Beaugrand and Radisson stations are connected to important bus termini.
Attractions in the area include the Olympic Stadium, Saputo Stadium and Montreal Biodome, the Montreal Botanical Garden, the Château Dufresne, Collège de Maisonneuve, the Marché Maisonneuve, the Théâtre Denise-Pelletier, the Hôpital Louis-H.-La Fontaine, and the Place Versailles shopping centre.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve.|
- Ministère des Affaires Municipales et Régions: Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve (Montreal)
- "Population totale en 2006 et en 2011 - Variation — Densité". Canada 2011 Census (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Portrait du Territoire, L'Arrondissement Mercier/Hochelaga-Maisonneuve. Centreaide du Grand Montréal, Service d'analyse et d'allocation sociale. Octobre 2003
- "Profil sociodéographique: Arrondissement de Mercier–Hochelaga-Maisonneuve" (in French). Ville de Montréal. 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
La ville de Montreal, Arrondissement de Mercier-Hochelaga Maisonneuve: Plan strategic de developpement economique 2005-2008 (Plan D'action local pour l'economie et l'emploi) Le Groupe DBSF, Corporation de developpement de l'Est, May 2005