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Operator Russian Federal Space Agency
Mission type Orbiter, Lander
Launch date End of 2020s
Launch vehicle Soyuz-2
Satellite of Mercury

The Mercury-P (Russian: Меркурий-П) is a proposed Russian space probe to Mercury.[1] Mercury-P, where "P" apparently stood for the Russian word "posadka" - or landing. The initial study was planned to 2019, but because of crash of the Phobos-Grunt spacecraft, the implementation period was later significantly postponed to the end of 2020s.[2]

Mercury-P should be the first lander on Mercury. A proposed flight scenario for the mission included a flyby of Venus, the insertion of the spacecraft into the orbit around Mercury and the delivery of a lander on its surface. The Institute of Space Research studied the possibility of "recycling" hardware developed for the Phobos-Grunt, Mars-NET, Mars-96 and Solar Sail spacecraft, with proposed upgrades of the hardware.