Mercury Grand Marquis

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Mercury Grand Marquis
03-05 Mercury Grand Marquis .jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Ford Motor Company
Model years 1983–2011
Body and chassis
Class Full-size sedan
Layout FR layout, Body-on-frame
Platform Ford Panther platform
Related Lincoln Town Car
Ford Crown Victoria
Chronology
Predecessor Mercury Marquis

The Mercury Grand Marquis was a full-size rear-wheel drive luxury sedan that was sold by the Lincoln-Mercury division of the Ford Motor Company; the Grand Marquis was the flagship of the Mercury lineup. The nameplate had been in use since 1975 as the premium trim level of the Mercury Marquis; the Grand Marquis became a distinct model in 1983. The car was essentially Mercury's twin of the Ford Crown Victoria with which it shared the Panther platform along with the Lincoln Town Car. After the discontinuation of the Crown Victoria at the end of the 2007 model year, the Grand Marquis had largely taken its place as the entry-level Panther-platform model.

The Grand Marquis was manufactured at the St. Thomas Assembly Plant in Southwold, Ontario, Canada though it was also produced from 1983 to 1985 at Ford's St. Louis, Missouri facility. With the discontinuation of the Mercury brand, the Grand Marquis ended retail production in October 2010 while production for fleet sales continued until January 2011.[1] The last Grand Marquis, which was also the last Mercury ever produced, rolled off the assembly line on January 4, 2011.[2]

1975–1982[edit]

75 78 Mercury Grand Marquis 2door.jpg
1975–1978 Mercury Grand Marquis 2-door
Overview
Model years 1975–1982
Body and chassis
Class Full-size car
Body style 2-door hardtop (1975-1978)
2-door sedan (1979-1982)
4-door pillared hardtop (1975-1978)
4-door sedan (1979-1982)
5-door station wagon (1979-1982)
Layout FR layout (body on frame)
Platform Full-size Ford (1975–1978)
Ford Panther platform (1979–1982)
Chronology
Predecessor Mercury Marquis
Successor Mercury Grand Marquis (1983–1991)
1975–1978 Mercury Grand Marquis 4-door pillared hardtop sedan (hidden headlights open)

In 1967, the Marquis nameplate made its first appearance as a two-door hardtop version of the Mercury Monterey; largely the Mercury equivalent of the Ford LTD, the Marquis would serve the replacement for the Park Lane and Montclair as the Monterey became the entry model of the full-size Mercury line in 1969. In 1969, the Marquis would take over the Brougham trim package from the Park Lane.

In 1975, to bridge the gap between the Marquis Brougham and the Lincoln Continental, Mercury introduced the Grand Marquis trim. In 1979, as the Marquis was redesigned and downsized, the Grand Marquis made its return as the top-trim of the full-size Mercury line, its Ford counterpart was the newly introduced Ford LTD Crown Victoria.

First generation (1983–1991)[edit]

First generation
1983 Mercury Grand Marquis LS 2-Door.jpg
1983 Mercury Grand Marquis LS coupe
1985 Grand Marquis LS.JPG
Front seats and interior, 1985, Mercury Grand Marquis LS
Overview
Also called Ford Conquistador (Venezuela, 1984–1989)
Ford Grand Marquis (Mexico)
Model years 1983–1991
987,818 produced
Assembly Canada: St. Thomas, Ontario (St. Thomas Assembly)
United States: Hazelwood, Missouri (St. Louis Assembly Plant)
Venezuela: Barcelona, Anzoátegui (División Industrial Automotriz)
Body and chassis
Body style 2-door sedan
4-door sedan
5-door station wagon
Related Mercury Colony Park
Ford LTD Crown Victoria
Ford Country Squire
Lincoln Town Car
Powertrain
Engine 4.9 L (302 cu in) 5.0 Windsor V8(1983–1991)
5.8 L (351 cu in) Windsor V8 (1986–1991)
Transmission 4-speed AOD automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 114.3 in (2,903 mm)
Length 210.3 in (5,342 mm)
Width 77.5 in (1,968 mm)

The Grand Marquis was introduced as a model in its own right in 1983, as Ford split up its full-size and mid-size model lines. For Mercury, the Marquis nameplate became its entry on the mid-size Fox platform, replacing the sedan and wagon versions of the Cougar (as that car reverted to its traditional role as personal-luxury coupe); the similar Zephyr was replaced by the all-new front-wheel drive Topaz. Remaining the flagship sedan of the Mercury lineup, the Grand Marquis now was left as the sole full-size sedan of the division (for the first time since 1951).

Based upon the Panther platform, the Grand Marquis was the counterpart of the Ford LTD Crown Victoria. As with its Ford counterpart, a padded vinyl half-roof was standard equipment. While the LTD Crown Victoria was distinguished by a "crowning" metal band surrounding the B-pillars, the Grand Marquis had opera lamps similar to the Lincoln Town Car; higher-trim versions also had the option of a "frenched" rear window. The Grand Marquis was available in two-door sedan and four-door sedan body styles in standard and LS trim (replacing Brougham, which became part of the mid-size Marquis line). As part of the model shift, the Colony Park station wagon became part of the Grand Marquis line; a non-woodgrain Grand Marquis was available as well (for 1983 only). Most versions of the Colony Park would wear Grand Marquis LS badging and trim.

Year-by-year changes[edit]

1983–1987 Mercury Grand Marquis sedan
1988-1989 Grand Marquis GS
1989 Grand Marquis GS, rear left
  • 1983: Grand Marquis becomes a stand-alone model and sole full-size Mercury sedan. 5.0L V8 gains fuel injection. Minor revisions include a new grille, taillights, steering wheel, and interior trim changes.[3]
  • 1984: Non-woodgrain Grand Marquis wagon discontinued, leaving Colony Park as only full-size Mercury wagon. Ford breaks even on its investment on the Panther redesign during the model year; each Grand Marquis is now sold at a profit.[3]
  • 1985: To make room for the Ford Aerostar, production shifted from St. Louis to St. Thomas Assembly in Canada. Gas-charged shocks become standard, with rear air suspension as a newly available option.

As part of the change in production, several revisions were made. The horn is moved to the steering wheel, the dash is refitted for a single-DIN radio (conversely, the 8-track player and CB Radio are removed from the option list), and as they were standard features, the "Electronic Fuel Injection" and "Automatic Overdrive" emblems were deleted.[3]

  • 1986: Introduced as a running change late in the 1985 model year, a CHMSL/third brake light was added to all versions of the Grand Marquis (and all American-market cars).
  • 1987: The dash received updated trim; on the instrument panel, the "Check Oil" warning light is replaced by a "Check Engine" light.[3] This is the final year for Grand Marquis two-doors, with 4,904 produced.[4]
  • 1988: Mid-cycle redesign for the Grand Marquis. All sheetmetal forward of the windshield and from the rear window to the back bumper is revised, with softer lines for (slightly) improved aerodynamics. New badging brought the Grand Marquis closer in line with the rest of the Mercury lineup. In place of serif-style script, block lettering (in the style of the Sable and Topaz) made its appearance on the trunklid. The Mercury "flying M" badge made its appearance for the first time on the Grand Marquis. The interior received enlarged head restraints with a tilt feature, and a refresh of the dash, as one wood trim piece, along with the instrument cluster itself being revised.

In line with the rest of the Mercury lineup, the base-trim model was rebadged GS alongside the top-trim LS. LS versions received options such as a JBL Audio 6-speaker AM/FM/Cassette stereo system with a power antenna. Other LS options included rear air suspension, vinyl top with a "frenched" rear window, and a heated windshield.

  • 1989: Largely carryover from 1988, with the instrument panel receiving a "Check Engine" light on all models.[3]
  • 1990: Several revisions were made to improve safety features.[5] On all models, a drivers' side airbag was added, necessitating a redesign of the dashboard (and the deletion of the dashboard-mounted stereo speakers). Now shared with the LTD Crown Victoria, the instrument panel of the Grand Marquis traded its Lincoln-style square dials for a horizontal strip-style speedometer. Redesigned front seats were given downsized head restraints, while outboard passengers on the rear seat were given three-point seatbelts.
  • 1991: Last year for the first-generation Grand Marquis; redesigned 1992 model in early 1991. Final Grand Marquis produced with the 5.0L and 5.8L engines, and the final Colony Park wagons (3,104 produced).[4]


Powertrain[edit]

1983-1987 Grand Marquis LS 4-door, rear view

The 5.0L (302 cu in) 5.0 Windsor V8 was the sole engine available from model years 1983–1985. In 1986, the engine was converted from throttle-body to sequential multi-port fuel injection. These engines are easily distinguished by their cast aluminum upper intake manifolds with horizontal throttle body (vertical throttle plate); this replaced the traditional throttle body with a carburetor-style top-mounted air cleaner previously used. Additionally in 1986, the 5.8L Windsor V8 was returned to the Grand Marquis/Colony Park engine lineup. By the end of production in 1991, versions ordered with the 5.8L would be the final carbureted vehicles ever sold in North America by Ford.

Both engines were coupled to the four-speed AOD overdrive automatic transmission.

Livery use[edit]

Limousine manufacturers used the Mercury Grand Marquis as a cheaper alternative to the mechanically similar Lincoln Town Car. These were more popular in Latin America than in the United States. In the 1989 James Bond movie, Licence to Kill, the villain Franz Sanchez drives a black 1985 Grand Marquis Limousine. This limousine was black with a red interior.

Production Figures[4]
Year 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 Total production
Units 95,718 131,396 147,139 98,929 120,503 111,611 130,248 72,945 79,329 987,818


Second generation (1992–1997)[edit]

Second generation
1994 mercury grand marquis ls.jpg
Overview
Also called Ford Grand Marquis (Mexico)
Model years 1992–1997
Assembly Canada: St. Thomas, Ontario (St. Thomas Assembly)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Related Ford Crown Victoria
Ford Police Interceptor
Lincoln Town Car
Powertrain
Engine 4.6 L Modular V8
Transmission 4-speed AOD automatic
4-speed AOD-E automatic
4-speed 4R70W automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 114.4 in (2,906 mm)
Length 212.4 in (5,395 mm) (1992–94)
211.8 in (5,380 mm) (1995–97)
Width 77.8 in (1,976 mm) (1992–94)
78.0 in (1,981 mm) (1995–97)
Height 56.8 in (1,443 mm)

For the 1992 model year, the Ford and Mercury Panther-platform cars underwent their most extensive changes since their 1979 introduction. Like its Crown Victoria counterpart, the Grand Marquis was given all-new sheet metal, much more rounded and aerodynamic than in the preceding generation. After decades of badge engineering had left the Grand Marquis and its Ford equivalent essentially as identical twins, the 1992 redesign provided much-needed differentiation between the two. The Ford Taurus heavily influenced the design of the Crown Victoria while the designers of the Grand Marquis retained a number of the features from the 1991 model. The formal roofline, full-width taillights, and chrome waterfall grille were all carried over into the 1992 model. The latter became a styling cue adopted by virtually all Mercurys produced in the late 1990s and the 2000s.

Mechanical Details

The redesigned Grand Marquis received the 4.6 L (281 cu in) SOHC Modular V8 engine as the replacement for both the 302 and 351 Windsor OHV V8s previously available. The Modular V8 was the first (and as of the 2010 model year, the only) single overhead-cam V8 used in an American-market full-size sedan. Four-wheel disc brakes (with ABS) replaced the previous rear drum brakes; traction control became an option. After 1992, dual airbags were made standard equipment (the passenger-side airbag was an option for 1992).

For 1993, the electronically-controlled AOD-E transmission was introduced.[5]

For 1992 to 1997, the 4.6 L SOHC V8 single exhaust had 190 hp with a 2.73 rear axle ratio. The 4.6 L SOHC V8 dual exhaust had 210 hp and came with a 3.27 rear axle ratio and handling suspension.

1995–1997[edit]

1995–97 Mercury Grand Marquis

For 1995, the Grand Marquis was refreshed. On the exterior, the bumpers and side cladding were painted completely in body color and the amount of chrome was reduced. The parking light/turn signal clusters on the front were reduced in size; the front turn signal (with cornering lights on LS models) clusters were also changed in their design.

Up front, the waterfall grille became more rounded in shape and fit tighter to the bumper and headlamps. In the rear, the license plate was moved from the bumper to in between the taillights. For the first time since 1988, the lettering was changed; now it was italicized block lettering.

The entire interior was facelifted in the name of ergonomics, with the most attention paid to the dashboard. On models with analog instrument gauges, round gauges replaced the horizontal speedometer. Rotary climate controls replaced sliding climate controls after switching locations with the radio (a new corporate radio/cassette head unit with large buttons). The power seat controls, if specified, were now located on the door panels along with enlarged buttons for the power windows and door locks.

Mechanically, the major change was the switch to the 4R70W transmission.[5] In 1996, the Grand Marquis dropped the first-generation airbag steering wheel for the smaller one used in many other Ford and Mercury sedans. For 1997, the Mercury logos were removed from the C-pillars.

photograph of Grand Marquis optional digital instrument cluster and trip computer
Digital instrument panel (1992–1994)
Production Figures[6]
Year 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 Total production
Units 163,262 90,367 107,894 94,202 104,433 127,949 688,107


Third generation (1998–2002)[edit]

Third generation
1998-2002 Mercury Grand Marquis -- 09-27-2010 1.jpg
Overview
Also called Ford Grand Marquis (Mexico)
Model years 1998–2002
Assembly Canada: St. Thomas, Ontario (St. Thomas Assembly)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Related Ford Crown Victoria
Ford Police Interceptor
Lincoln Town Car
Powertrain
Engine 4.6 L Modular V8
Transmission 4-speed 4R70W automatic
4-speed 4R75E automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 1998–2008: 114.7 in (2,913 mm)
2009–2011: 114.6 in (2,911 mm)
Length 211.9 in (5,382 mm) (1998–2005)
212.0 in (5,385 mm) (2006–2011)
Width 78.2 in (1,986 mm) (1998–2008)
78.3 in (1,989 mm) (2009–2011)
Height 56.8 in (1,443 mm) (1998–2008)
56.3 in (1,430 mm) (2009–2011)

The Grand Marquis was redesigned for 1998, with a new front and rear fascia, grille, hood, bumpers, wheels, lights, and mirrors.[5] Although it bore a resemblance to the 1992–1997 model, the only body panels retained were the doors and the roof. It also got some small interior changes, and more optional features. Unlike the previous generation, Ford's Panther-platform cars no longer received direct competition from General Motors (the Chevrolet Caprice and Buick Roadmaster were dropped after 1996); until 2002, Mercury brought in close to or over 100,000 Grand Marquis sales. The Crown Victoria and Grand Marquis together sold over 200,000 a year, giving Ford a profitable market niche to itself.[7]

Mechanical Details

A fail-safe cooling system with a dual speed electric fan was put in place, along with a coil-on-plug ignition system. Larger dual piston brake calipers were added to the front, requiring 16 inch wheels to be standard.[5] A Watt's linkage was added to the rear suspension. Fuel lines were moved to the passenger side frame rail. A coded ignition key (known as Passive Anti-Theft System, or "PATS") system was introduced and a 72 amp/hour battery replaced the previous 58. Other minor changes included a redesigned engine cover and the power steering fluid reservoir being moved to the front of the engine.[5]

For 1998 to 2000, the 4.6 L SOHC V8 single exhaust had 200 hp with a 2.73 rear axle ratio. The 4.6 L SOHC V8 dual exhaust had 215 hp and came with a 3.27 or 3:55 rear axle ratio and handling suspension.

For 2001 to 2002, the 4.6 L SOHC V8 single exhaust had 220 hp with a 2.73 rear axle ratio. The 4.6 L SOHC V8 dual exhaust had 235 hp and came with a 3.27 or 3:55 rear axle ratio and handling suspension.

Introduced in 2002, the Grand Marquis LSE had rear air suspension, the higher rear axle ratio and the dual exhaust 4.6 L engine.

Interior view, front seats
Production Figures[6]
Year 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Total production
Units 134,155 142,372 132,870 100,774 96,034 606,206


Fourth generation (2003–2011)[edit]

Fourth generation
2005 Mercury Grand Marquis 30th Anniversary Edition -- 06-02-2011.jpg
Overview
Also called Ford Grand Marquis (Mexico)
Model years 2003–2011
Assembly Canada: St. Thomas, Ontario (St. Thomas Assembly)
Body and chassis
Body style 4-door sedan
Related Mercury Marauder
Ford Crown Victoria
Ford Police Interceptor
Lincoln Town Car
Powertrain
Engine 4.6 L Modular V8
Transmission 4-speed 4R70W automatic(2003–2005)
4-speed 4R75E automatic (2006–2011)
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2003–2008: 114.7 in (2,913 mm)
2009–2011: 114.6 in (2,911 mm) 120.7 in (3,066 mm)(Long wheelbase)
Length 211.9 in (5,382 mm) (1998–2005)
212.0 in (5,385 mm) (2006–2011) 220.0 in (5,588 mm)(Long wheelbase)
Width 78.2 in (1,986 mm) (1998–2008)
78.3 in (1,989 mm) (2009–2011)
Height 56.8 in (1,443 mm) (1998–2008)
56.3 in (1,430 mm) (2009–2011)
Curb weight 4,118–4,137 pounds (1,868–1,877 kg)

After five years on the marketplace relatively unchanged, the Grand Marquis received new exterior sheetmetal; this consisted mostly of new headlight clusters and a larger grille (shared with the Marauder). The bumpers and trunklid fascia were also redesigned for an updated look. Inside, the interior was updated, with new door panels, door handles and switchgear and an optional overhead console (standard on the LS Series). On GS-trim models, the B-pillars were now painted body-color. Side airbags were also made available and a dual media (cassette/CD) player made standard. A shoulder belt was added for the rear middle passenger and a valet key was made standard.[5]

From 2003–05 a "Limited Edition" version of the LS model was sold. The Limited Edition included an appearance package that featured chromed mirrors, body colored door handles, and a two-tone leather interior. Limited Edition models also came with side airbags standard.

In 2005, several interior upgrades were made; theses included new wood trim, chrome interior door release handles, a redesigned steering wheel, and an Audiophile 6 disc in-dash CD changer (optional on the LS Series). The 2005 model year was the only year where the car had a whip antenna, instead of one integrated into the rear window. In mid-2005, a top-of-the-line LSE trim level was added. The steering wheel lock feature was eliminated.[5]

For the first time since the 1991 Colony Park station wagon, Mercury sold two variations of the full-size Panther platform; the high-performance Mercury Marauder muscle sedan was sold from 2003–2004.

Mechanical details

Under the skin, the differences between 2002 and 2003 models were far more extensive than the redesigns of 1995 and 1998. Ford had redesigned the frame of all the Panther-platform cars from the ground up. The frame rails were now fully boxed and hydroformed. In an effort to improve handling, the front and rear suspension were redesigned along with the brakes. The new suspension changes required changing wheel designs to those with a high positive offset. Rack and pinion steering replaced the old recirculating ball system in an effort to increase steering precision and reduce costs.

An engine knock sensor was made standard along with a six-quart (5.7 L) oil pan (20% larger than the 2002 model). A quiet EBD brake booster with a mechanical panic assist system was added. Other changes included an intake manifold with aluminum water crossover and an electronic returnless fuel system. Minor changes included a redesigned engine cover with a chrome V8 logo, the oil fill cap being moved to the passenger valve cover and the power steering fluid reservoir moved to the radiator surround (previously on the front of the engine).

A number of mechanical changes were made for the 2005 model year. The introduction of electronic throttle control moved the cruise control function to the main computer. Occupant weight sensors were added to the front seats, allowing the driver to disable the passenger airbag. Other changes included two new front crash severity sensors, a new steering column with a two-spoke steering wheel, and the addition of a mast antenna on the right quarter panel.

For 2003 to 2005, the 4.6 L SOHC V8 single exhaust had 220 hp with a 2.73 rear axle ratio. The 4.6 L SOHC V8 dual exhaust had 235 hp and came with a 3.27 rear axle ratio and handling suspension.

Also for 2003 and 2004, the 4.6 L DOHC V8 dual exhaust derived from the 2003–2004 Ford Mustang Mach 1 gave the Mercury Marauder 302 hp and 318 lbs. ft. of torque.

For 2006 to 2011, the 4.6 L SOHC V8 single exhaust had 224 hp with a 2.73 rear axle ratio. The 4.6 L SOHC V8 dual exhaust that was available from 2006 to 2007 had 239 hp and came with a 3.27 rear axle ratio and handling suspension.

2006 facelift[edit]

2006–2011 Mercury Grand Marquis
2006–2011 Mercury Grand Marquis (rear view)
Interior view, 2011 Grand Marquis LS

For 2006, Mercury gave the fourth-generation Grand Marquis a facelift. From the rear, the trunk panel between the taillights was changed from red to gray. From the front, the changes became more substantial. In an effort to look like the 1988–1991 models, the rounded grilles that had been used since 1992 were replaced with a rectangular one. Fog lights became a first-time option.

Interior changes included a new instrument cluster, which featured the addition of a tachometer and digital odometer/tripmeter. The mast antenna on the right rear fender was integrated back into the rear window and new wheel designs were made available. This was the first year for the 4R75E transmission.[5]

In 2007, the "Palm Beach" trim package became an option for LS models; it consisted primarily of special upholstery and badging. On all models, flex-fuel capability (E85) was added. Other new options included a conventional spare tire and an auto dimming rear view mirror.

For 2008, the Handling and Performance Package as well as the 5-passenger front bucket-seat option were both discontinued; both were similar to the Crown Victoria's LX Premium Sport and Handling Package. These were the only post-1992 Grand Marquis variants produced for North America to be equipped with dual exhaust.[clarification needed]

The Ford Crown Victoria moved exclusively to fleet sales beginning with the 2008 model year, leaving the Grand Marquis with no distinct competition (in terms of price). In Canada, the Grand Marquis (a Ford since 1999) was replaced in retail markets by the Fifth-generation Ford Taurus (formerly the Ford Five Hundred).

For 2009, the base GS trim level was dropped from the lineup; leaving 2 variants, LS Fleet and LS Retail. The LS Fleet was available for fleet purchase only in Canada and the United States, and the LS Retail was available on dealer special orders only in the United States. Also, Lincoln-Mercury dealers in the United States have a "No stock" rule in effect for the Grand Marquis, as incentives as high as $4000 were becoming a requirement to remove them from dealer lots, usually after several months.[citation needed] A change made to the Grand Marquis due to federal legislation was the standardization of side-impact airbags and the addition of recessed window switches. 2010 marked the 35th year of Grand Marquis production, overtaking the Cougar as the longest-produced Mercury. Due to a government mandate, the VIN designations were changed for 2010, replacing the seventh character with a letter instead of a number.[8] The Grand Marquis LS now carried an M7F designation, whilst the export-only GS carried an M7E designation. As the Mercury brand was phased out, a short run of 2011 Grand Marquis models were produced, with retail production ending in September; the last fleet model was produced in January, becoming the last new Mercury-brand vehicle made by Ford.

Production Figures[6]
Year 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total production
Units 92,140 87,583 66,133 54,688 50,664 29,766 24,783 405,757


Discontinuation[edit]

On June 2, 2010, Ford announced that it would end production of all Mercury vehicles by the end of 2010 as it discontinued the brand after 72 years. As a result of an unplanned delay in parts shipments, the final Grand Marquis was produced on January 4, 2011 at 7:46 am.[2] The St. Thomas Assembly plant in Ontario, Canada closed in September 2011, bringing an end to the production of the Ford Crown Victoria and Lincoln Town Car.

In continuous production for 36 years, the Grand Marquis was the longest-produced Mercury. In total, nearly 2.7 million were produced, making it the best-selling vehicle sold by the brand.[9] Among Ford Motor Company models in North America, only the Ford Econoline, Ford Mustang, Ford Thunderbird, Ford F-Series, and Lincoln Continental nameplates have been produced longer. The Panther platform served as the basis for Grand Marquis design for 32 years. Nearly unmatched by other automakers for longevity, the external appearance of the Grand Marquis remained largely unchanged for the last 19 years of its production life (along with its engine, the 2011 model shared a number of body panels with its 1992 counterpart).

Production Totals (1983-2009)
Year 1983-1991 1992–1997 1998–2002 2003–2009 Total production
Units 987,818 688,107 606,206 405,757 2,687,888

Export markets[edit]

During its production, the Grand Marquis was sold throughout North America, although it was not always badged as a Mercury. Outside of North America, exports were concentrated on the Middle Eastern market, where its large size and V8 power were attributes still sought by buyers towards the end of production.

Canada[edit]

In Canada, the Mercury brand was phased out in 2004. After the demise of its short-lived Mercury Marauder twin in 2004, the Grand Marquis was the last remaining Mercury vehicle sold in Canada. The Grand Marquis replaced the civilian version of the Crown Victoria, which was now sold exclusively to commercial fleets and law enforcement in Canada (as a Police Interceptor). Sales continued until the 2011 model year, when the Ford Taurus became the next full-size Ford.

Mexico[edit]

The Grand Marquis was sold in Mexico from 1982 to 1984, and from 1992 to 2004 as a Ford, it replaced the Ford LTD Crown Victoria, and became a great success in sales and prestige as the most luxorious and expensive car available for sale. It was available as a 2 and 4 door sedan, as well as the Country Squire station wagon, besides the different brands, it was unchenged from the US version. The Grand Marquis was discontinued after 1984 since the sales of vehicles with 8 cylinder engines became prohibited in Mexico, being replaced by the Ford Cougar.

From its reintroduction in 1992, the Grand Marquis kept the Mercury badge on the front grille (and in the rear, besides, until 1998 sports the Ford Blue Oval badge located upper in the right of the trunk lid, from 1998 this badge was centered replacing the rear Mercury logo). It was replaced for the 2005 model year by the Mercury Montego, due to slowing sales attributed to the sedan's size.

Although the revived Montego was intended to invigorate full-size Mercury sales, it was dropped after the 2007 model year due to lack of sales.[citation needed]

Middle East (GCC)[edit]

Middle Eastern 2003 Grand Marquis LS, equipped with the Export Handling Package featuring '03–'05 LSE wheels
GCC-spec 2003 Grand Marquis LS

The Grand Marquis and its twin, the Ford Crown Victoria, were popular sedans in the Middle East, especially in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Vehicles manufactured for this market were known as GCC Spec vehicles, available in all Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.

Due to their age, the Crown Victoria and Grand Marquis lost some market share at one point to more contemporary rivals, such as the Chevrolet Caprice (imported from Australia) and the Dodge Charger. For large car buyers, they were popular due to their simplicity, reliability and affordability.

Trim levels

Middle Eastern versions of the Grand Marquis are equipped with slightly different options and features than their North American counterparts. Prior to 2009, six different trim levels were available:

  • GS
  • GS Convenience
  • GSL
  • LS (LSE limited to mid-2001 to mid-2003 and 2005 model year)
  • LS Premium
  • LS Ultimate.

The pre-2009 LS model (previously known as LSE) featured 5-passenger seating with a floor-mounted shifter and center console. In 2009, the LS models were only available with a column shifter and 40/20/40 Lincoln Town Car seats, available in luxury cloth or leather trim. The GSL is a long-wheelbase model offering 152 millimetres (6.0 in) of extra leg room for rear passengers. It is equipped like an LS model, with standard features such as an 8-way power driver's seat (2 way manual passenger seat), side airbags, leather-wrapped steering wheel, automatically dimming rearview mirror, electronic climate control, power-adjustable pedals, premium sound system with CD and cassette, 17" wheels with 235/55WR17 Goodyear Eagle RS-A tires, heated door mirrors, fog lights and special "GSL" badging. The once-optional gauge cluster is standard, with controls located on the centre of the dashboard, between the headunit and climate controls. In North America, this model was only available to fleet customers as a commercial (taxi) version of the Ford Crown Victoria.

C-pillar badging on a 2009 Grand Marquis GSL

For 2009, the Grand Marquis was only available in two different trim levels: GSL and LS, both of which were near identical in terms of features and options. The LS was a Fleet model, which was heavily de-contented, losing once-standard features such as an overhead console with compass and a power passenger seat. The Export Handling Package was dropped, eliminating features such as the Mercury Marauder spoiler and rear air suspension. In Kuwait, the 2009 GSL retailed for KWD 6,500 (USD $22,000) and a fully equipped LS for KWD 7,500 (USD $25,425).

For 2010, the GS model reappeared in the line up, and several features (such as the Mercury Marauder spoiler) became available as standalone options. The Export Handling Package was made standard along with a power passenger seat. In Kuwait, the LS model (M7F) was not available to the general public in 2010, as they are heavily sold to fleet buyers, such as the Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Health and state-owned Kuwait Oil Company, where they are given to employees as fringe benefits.

For 2011, the long wheelbase GSL was replaced by the GS, and the LS model was made available again to the general public in Kuwait. The LS Ultimate Edition remains a Fleet model and differs only slightly from the GS, equipped with features such as leather seats, Electronic Automatic Temperature Control (EATC) and an automatically dimming rear-view mirror. Lumbar support was no longer available.

Mechanical details

All vehicles destined for the Middle East feature the High Ambient Temperature and Speed Package, true dual exhaust (except GSL), a heavy-duty battery, an auxiliary transmission fluid cooler and Arabic language labels. Lincoln Town Car seats have also been standard equipment on vehicles manufactured after 1998. Vehicles manufactured prior to 2002 also featured a catalytic converter delete option.

The American Handling and Performance Package (HPP) has been changed to "Export Handling Package" (EHP) for the Middle East. The package consists of rear air suspension, unique springs, an upsized front stabilizer bar, and a heavy-duty rear stabilizer bar. The rear axle ratio remains unchanged (2.73:1 for 2003 and newer models or 3.08:1 for vehicles manufactured up to 2002 as opposed to 3.27:1); as a true dual exhaust system is standard equipment, it is not included as part of the package. Vehicles equipped with this package also feature a rear trunk lid spoiler from the Mercury Marauder (not available on GS-L models).

EHP was a standard feature on the LS. The LS Premium and LS Ultimate models equipped with this option share the same 16" 9-spoke wheels as their LS counterparts. The 9-spoke Crown Victoria LX wheel (with a Mercury center cap) replaced the 2003–2005 LSE wheels with darker inserts for 2006 and 2007.

Middle East export version

Factory 40/20/40 luxury cloth Town Car seats
Cloth front seats (shared with Lincoln Town Car)
Versions of the Grand Marquis sold in the Middle East are known as "GCC-Spec" (Gulf Cooperation Council)


Engine specifications[edit]

Engine Name Years Available Displacement Horsepower Torque
First-generation
Ford 5.0 Windsor V8 1983–1991 4.9 L (302 cu in)
  • 145 hp (108 kW; 147 PS) (1983)[10]
  • 140 hp (104 kW; 142 PS) (1984-1985, US)[11]
  • 155 hp (116 kW; 157 PS) (1984-1985, Canada)[12]
  • 239 hp (178 kW; 242 PS) (1986-1991)[13]
  • 245 lb·ft (332 N·m) (1983)[10]
  • 250 lb·ft (340 N·m) (1984-1985, US)[11]
  • 265 lb·ft (359 N·m) (1984-1985, Canada)[12]
  • 270 lb·ft (370 N·m) (1986-1991)[13]
Ford Windsor V8[14] 1986–1991 5.8 L (351 cu in) 180 hp (134 kW; 182 PS) 285 lb·ft (386 N·m)
Second-Fourth generation
Ford Modular V8 1992–2011 4.6 L (281 cu in)
  • 210 hp (157 kW; 213 PS) (1992–1997; dual exhaust)
  • 215 hp (160 kW; 218 PS) (1998–2000; dual exhaust)
  • 235 hp (175 kW; 238 PS) (2001–2002; dual exhaust)
  • 239 hp (178 kW; 242 PS) (2003–2011; dual exhaust)
  • 270 lb·ft (370 N·m) (1992–1997; dual exhaust)
  • 285 lb·ft (386 N·m) (1998–2000; dual exhaust)
  • 275 lb·ft (373 N·m) (2001–2002; dual exhaust)
  • 282 lb·ft (382 N·m) (2003–2011; dual exhaust)

References[edit]

External links[edit]