Mercury Montclair

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Mercury Montclair
Mercury Montclair 1955.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Mercury
Production 1955–1960, 1964–1968
Assembly Lorain, Ohio
Long Beach, California
Body and chassis
Class Full-size
Body style 2-door coupe
4-door sedan
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Related 1955 Ford
Dimensions
Length 211 in (5,359 mm) (1957)[1]

The Mercury Montclair was a full-size automobile produced by the Mercury Division of the Ford Motor Company from 1955 to 1957, the M-E-L Division of Ford Motor Company 1958 to 1959 and by the Lincoln Mercury Division of the Ford Motor Company from 1964 to 1968. Its appearance followed the concept show car in 1954 called the Mercury XM-800.

The vehicle name was introduced in 1955 and applied to Mercury's premium automobile line. Ford historians are at a loss as to where the name originated; the consensus is that it's taken from the upper class community of Montclair, New Jersey. For 1955 and 1956, Montclairs featured Mercury's best appointments, extra chrome trim, and different two-tone paint combinations to set them apart from other Mercury products. 1956 was the year that Ford introduced its Lifeguard safety program, and the Mercury Montclair came standard with a deep-dish steering wheel to help protect the driver from the steering column, safety door locks, a breakaway rear view mirror, and optional seat belts and padded dashboards.[2] The dash was redesigned with a new three-tier instrument panel.

1956 Mercury 3-tier dash

The Montclair model line also included the Sun Valley, which featured a Plexiglas "bubble" over the front half of the roof section. While futuristic cars were often featured with clear glass tops in the 1950s, consumers rejected the tinted glass roof Sun Valleys (only 1,500 were produced in 1955) because of the heat buildup in the interior of the vehicles. Following lower sales of the Sun Valley for 1956, the version was discontinued for 1957.

In 1957 the Montclair name was pushed down market by the introduction of the Turnpike Cruiser. A new frame was used.[3] Nevertheless it could now be ordered with the same 368 cu in (6.0 L) Lincoln Y-Block V8 that came standard on the Turnpike Cruiser. Fuel economy was 16.2MPG at 50 mph.[4] In 1958 the Turnpike Cruiser became a Montclair trim level, and Mercury assigned its premium model the name Park Lane.


1964–1969[edit]

In 1961 Mercury dropped the Montclair and Park Lane in favor of Meteor and Monterey; in 1962 these were replaced by the Monterey and Monterey Custom, and the Meteor name transferred to Mercury's new intermediate line based on the Ford Fairlane.

The Montclair and Park Lane models were resurrected for 1964 as trim levels on full-sized Mercurys. Intermediate windshield wipes were standard.[5] They remained in place until replaced by the Monterey Custom in 1969.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory Index: Mercury/1957 Mercury/1957_Mercury_Foldout". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  2. ^ "Directory Index: Mercury/1956 Mercury/album_002". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  3. ^ "Directory Index: Mercury/1957 Mercury/1957_Mercury_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  4. ^ Popular Mechanics - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  5. ^ "Directory Index: Mercury/1965 Mercury/1965_Mercury_Full_Size_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20. 
  • Gunnell, John, ed. (1987). The Standard Catalog of American Cars 1946-1975. Krause Publications. ISBN 978-0-87341-096-0. 
  • Howley, Tim (June 1990). "1955-56 Mercury: Mink Coat at a Muskrat Price". Collectible Automobile: 32–46.