Meredosia, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Coordinates: 39°49′48″N 90°33′30″W / 39.83000°N 90.55833°W / 39.83000; -90.55833
Meredosia
Village
Country United States
State Illinois
County Morgan
Elevation 443 ft (135 m)
Coordinates 39°49′48″N 90°33′30″W / 39.83000°N 90.55833°W / 39.83000; -90.55833
Area 0.87 sq mi (2 km2)
 - land 0.83 sq mi (2 km2)
 - water 0.04 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 1,041 (2000)
Density 1,130.3 / sq mi (436 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62665
Area code 217
Location of Meredosia within Illinois
Location of Meredosia within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons: Meredosia, Illinois

Meredosia is a village in Morgan County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,041 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Jacksonville Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Meredosia is located at 39°49′48″N 90°33′30″W / 39.83000°N 90.55833°W / 39.83000; -90.55833 (39.829947, -90.558426).[1]

According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 0.87 square miles (2.3 km2), of which 0.83 square miles (2.1 km2) (or 95.40%) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (or 4.60%) is water.[2]

Meredosia is the home of the Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge.

Marais d'Osier, meaning willow swamp, was the original French name given to the area in the early 1800s.

Meredosia is known as the catfishing capital of Illinois. and is also home to the Asian carp. There have also been reports that these same fish are kept as pets in many pools throughout the Meredosia area.

Meredosia is also the site of the most northerly verified catch of the Alligator gar; the most recent specimen verified by the Illinois Academy of Sciences was caught there in 1922.[3]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,041 people, 450 households, and 301 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,130.3 people per square mile (436.9/km²). There were 486 housing units at an average density of 527.7 per square mile (204.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.90% White, and 0.10% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.10% of the population.

There were 450 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.1% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the village the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 25.2% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $32,961, and the median income for a family was $40,917. Males had a median income of $31,979 versus $16,842 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,391. About 5.8% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

Agriculture[edit]

Meredosia is located in the Illinois River valley, with much of the surrounding topography composed of sand outwash hills formed when the last glaciers melted. At one time there were many farmers raising watermelons, cantaloupe, and fresh vegetables, with much of this produce sold in roadside market stands. This has declined in recent years as farming has become less labor-intensive and many small farmers have sold off their land to larger concerns for irrigated row crop farming. Some have theorized that the decline also coincided with changing demographics as more of the young potential farmers turned to factory work or moved from the area.

Much of the alluvial soils in the valley are used for row cropping of corn and soybeans by private farmers. A large area of farm ground east of town is leased for production of seed corn by Burrus Seed (and other seed companies).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-13. 
  3. ^ http://www.il-acad-sci.org/transactions_pdf_files/9420.pdf
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.