Merguez // is a red, spicy mutton- or beef-based fresh sausage in North African cuisine. It is also popular in the Middle East, and Europe, having become particularly popular in France by the closing decades of the twentieth century.
Merguez is a fresh sausage made with lamb, beef, or a mixture stuffed into a lamb-intestine casing. It is heavily spiced with cumin and chili pepper or Harissa, which gives it its characteristic piquancy and red color, as well as other spices such as sumac, fennel, and garlic.
It can also be made wholly or partly out of donkey, and donkey merguez is available in France. Likewise, the North African original often used donkey  and it is still available there. In 2014, TripAdvisor reported: "There was a scandal in Rabat a few years ago when a few butchers were discovered to be selling merguez containing donkey meat."
The word was borrowed by French in the 19th century from the Maghrebi Arabic مرقاز mirqāz or مركاز mirkāz 'sausage'; the hesitation between k and q probably reflecting the pronunciation /ɡ/, for which there is no standard Arabic spelling; further confusing matters is that in some Moroccan dialects, Arabic qāf is pronounced as /ɡ/, either exclusively or as an allophone of /q/. It is first attested in Andalusian Arabic in the 12th century, as mirkās or merkās. One author connects the word to the Spanish morcilla or morcon.
- Pellat, Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edition
- Oxford English Dictionary, Third Edition, 2001, s.v. merguez
- Trésor de la langue française, s.v. merguez no direct link
- Davidson, Alan, "Merguez", Oxford Companion to Food (1999), p. 497. ISBN 0-19-211579-0
- Ch. Pellat, "Mirkās", Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edition.