Merian map of Paris

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Merian plan of Paris)
Jump to: navigation, search
The plan of Merian as originally published
The plan of Merian in a colorized version

The Merian map of Paris (French: plan de Merian) was created in 1615 and presents a "bird's eye view" looking east with a scale of about 1 to 7,000. It originally consisted of two engraved plates (50 x 37 cm each) with the left and right halves of the map and was printed with 2 columns of portraits (each 50 x 13 cm) on the left and right sides of the respective map halves. The entire assembly was 50 x 101.5 cm.[1]

At the top, a banner with the title: "LE PLAN DE LA VILLE, CITE, VNIVERSITE ET FAVX-BOVRGS DE PARIS AVEC LA DESCRIPTION DE SON ANTIQVITE ET SINGVLIARITES" ("Map of the town, city, university and suburbs with the description of its antiquity and particularities").

In the upper left corner of the map, between the Château de Vincennes and the Marets du Temple, are the coat of arms of France and Navarre, encircled by the necklace of the order of the Holy Spirit, and to just its right, the coat of arms of Paris (a ship on a river) surrounded by a crown of laurel leaves.

The portraits on the left, top to bottom are: the king, courtiers, nobles and merchants, peasants and commoners; on the right: the queen, ladies of the court, noble and bourgeois women, common women.[1]

In the lower left of the map, beneath the farm of the Grange Batellière, one can read these four lines of verse:

   

Cette ville est un autre monde
Dedans, un monde florissant,
En peuples et en biens puissants
Qui de toutes choses abonde.

     

This city is another world
Therein a flowerful world,
Of people very powerful
To whom all things abound.

On the right of the poem is inscribed the name of the author of the map: Matheus Merian Basiliensis fecit ("fecit" = "did" in Latin).

At the bottom of the map, there is an ornament with a large compass rose placed in the middle of the River Seine.

The Merian map was frequently used as the basis of subsequent maps, including those of Visscher (1618), Melchior Tavernier (ca. 1625–1635), Jacob van der Heyden (1630), Christophe Tassin (1634), Dubarle (ca. 1641), Giacomo Lauro (ca. 1642), and Martin Zeiler (1655). In turn, the map of Tassin served as the source of numerous later maps.[1]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Boutier 2007, pp. 120–122.
Sources
  • Boutier, Jean (2007). Les Plans de Paris, second edition, pp. 120–122. Paris: Bibliothèque nationale de France. ISBN 978-2-7177-2389-2.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Merian plan of Paris at Wikimedia Commons