Merindad (Spanish pronunciation: [meɾinˈdað]) is a Mediaeval Spanish administrative term that refers to a country subdivision smaller than a province but larger than a municipality. It was roughly approximate to the English count or bailiff. The officer in charge was called Merino, a term which may be related to the sheep race of the same name.
It was used in the kingdoms of Castile and Navarre. Connected to the birth of Castile the Merindades of the province of Burgos were part of the creation of the administrative division by King Pedro I and still use this term. Currently, the Foral Community of Navarre keeps the merindad as a historical division, and the northernmost comarca of Burgos province is called Merindades.