First Merkel cabinet

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Merkel’s first cabinet was the government of Germany between 22 November 2005 and 27 October 2009, during the 16th Bundestag. Led by the Christian Democrat Angela Merkel (the first female chancellor in German history), it was supported by a grand coalition of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU), and the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD). It followed Schröder's second cabinet. It laid down its function after the formation of Merkel’s second cabinet, which was formed following the 2009 elections.

Composition[edit]

The federal cabinet consisted of the following ministers:


Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Chancellor   Angela Merkel 22 November 2005 Merkel II CDU
Vice-Chancellor   Franz Müntefering 22 November 2005 21 November 2007 SPD
  Frank-Walter Steinmeier 21 November 2007 27 October 2009 SPD
Minister of Foreign Affairs   Frank-Walter Steinmeier 22 November 2005 27 October 2009 SPD
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs   Franz Müntefering 22 November 2005 21 November 2007 SPD
  Olaf Scholz 21 November 2007 27 October 2009 SPD
Minister for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety   Sigmar Gabriel 22 November 2005 27 October 2009 SPD
Minister of Economics and Technology   Michael Glos 22 November 2005 10 February 2009 CSU
  Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg 10 February 2009 27 October 2009 CSU
Minister of Defence   Franz Josef Jung 22 November 2005 27 October 2009 CDU
Minister for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth   Ursula von der Leyen 22 November 2005 Merkel II CDU
Minister for Special Tasks and Head of the Chancellery   Thomas de Maizière 22 November 2005 27 October 2009 CDU
Minister of the Interior   Wolfgang Schäuble 22 November 2005 27 October 2009 CDU
Minister of Education and Research   Annette Schavan 22 November 2005 Merkel II CDU
Minister of Health   Ulla Schmidt 12 January 2001 27 October 2009 SPD
Minister of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection   Horst Seehofer 22 November 2005 31 October 2008 CSU
  Ilse Aigner 31 October 2008 Merkel II CSU
Minister of Finance   Peer Steinbrück 22 November 2005 27 October 2009 SPD
Minister of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs   Wolfgang Tiefensee 22 November 2005 27 October 2009 SPD
Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development   Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul 27 October 1998 28 October 2009 SPD
Minister of Justice   Brigitte Zypries 22 October 2002 27 October 2009 SPD

Formation of the grand coalition[edit]

Neither the coalitions of the CDU/CSU and the Free Democratic Party (FDP) nor the ruling SPD and Alliance '90/The Greens had the vote of a majority of members of the Bundestag following the 2005 federal election, so the CDU/CSU and SPD decided to form the second grand coalition in the history of the federal republic.

Both CDU/CSU and SPD achieved a similar percentage of votes at the election (35.2% and 34.2%, respectively), so they decided that each would receive eight cabinet seats (with six for the CDU and two for the CSU). On October 13 the SPD announced their future ministers and on October 17 the CDU/CSU announced theirs.

Edmund Stoiber (CSU) was to become the Federal Minister of Economics and Technology, but refused the post on November 1, followed by a conflict with Angela Merkel over the abilities of the minister to succeed him.

The coalition agreement (Koalitionsvertrag), titled Together for Germany. With courage and humanity, was signed and accepted by the congress of the CDU, CSU, and SPD on November 12, 13, and 14. Angela Merkel was elected Chancellor of Germany on November 22 by 397 votes to 217. From that date the cabinet was officially in power.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]