|Birth name||Merle Lindsay Salathiel|
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S.
|Died||October 12, 1965 (aged 49)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, U.S.
|Occupation(s)||musician, songwriter, bandleader|
|Labels||4 Star, Bullett, MGM, Mercury|
|Associated acts||Oklahoma Night Riders
Ozark Jubilee Band
Merle Lindsay Salathiel (1916 – October 12, 1965), better known as Merl Lindsay, was one of the premier American Western swing musicians from the 1930s to the mid-1960s and founder of Merl Lindsay and His Oklahoma Night Riders.
Life and career
Merle Lindsay Salathiel was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. He began his music career in 1936 playing fiddle in his father (C.E. Salathiel)'s ballroom, Salathiel's Barn. In 1937 he formed his first band, the Barnyard Boys. In 1947, he created a larger band and added a female singer, calling the group Merl Lindsay and His Oklahoma Night Riders. During the 1940s, he owned a ballroom in Compton, California, and broadcast over a four-station radio hookup in Hollywood and Long Beach. He also performed with Jimmy Wakely in Western B-movies.
In 1957, Lindsay joined ABC-TV's Ozark Jubilee, taking over the ten-piece Ozark Jubilee Band. His group adopted the name when the TV program's title was changed to Country Music Jubilee the next year. During later years he toured the US and performed at his ballroom, Lindsayland, in Oklahoma City.
Many famous Western swing musicians performed with Lindsay's bands over the years. Two of his female singers were Wanda Jackson and Norma Jean. His brother, Doyle Salathiel (1920–1976), played with Lindsay's bands as well as others, and was a composer who wrote the words for the band's signature song, "Water Baby Blues". Lindsay's nephew, Max Salathiel (1935–2006), an accomplished Oklahoma City guitar player, also worked with his band in the 1950s.
Other band members included Robert "Buddy" Ray, Rudy Martin, Frederick "Freddie" Loveland, Louvenie Loveland, Ted Haff, Mike Hugo, Clarence Bailey, Homer Bean, Gerald "Buster" Magness, Gene Jones (steel guitar) and Sonny Rogers.
Lindsay died in Oklahoma City from cancer on October 12, 1965. He is buried in Sunnylane Cemetery in Del City, Oklahoma.
Lindsay wrote many songs that became hits for himself and other Western swing artists. Among them:
- "Lonesome Okie Goin' Home"
- "Shimmy Shakin' Daddy"
- "Slidin' Steel" (with Gene Crownover)
- "Water Baby Blues/Water Baby Boogie"
- Boyd, The Jazz of the Southwest, p. 177: "... the famed Merle Lindsey [sic], whose big western swing band out of Oklahoma City was one of the best in the Southwest. ..."
- Wolfe, Country Music Annual 2002p. 193: "Jackson first performed on KLPR radio in Oklahoma City at the age of fifteen. She also joined the Merle Lindsey [sic] and Hank Thompson bands while in high school in Oklahoma City."
- Tribe, Country: A Regional Exploration, p. 102: "... Merle Lindsey [sic] and the Oklahoma Night Riders, which did well in the early and mid-50s, furnishing a place of apprenticeship for country girl Norma Jean Beasler, who as 'Pretty Miss Norma Jean' became one of the new breed of female country stars in the 1960s."
- Boyd, Jean Ann. The Jazz of the Southwest: An Oral History of Western Swing. University of Texas Press, 1998. ISBN 0-292-70860-2
- Coffey, Kevin. Merl Lindsay and his Oklahoma Nite Riders (Krazy Kat KKCD 33, 2005) insert.
- Tribe, Ivan. Country: A Regional Exploration. Greenwood Press, 2006. ISBN 0-313-33026-3
- Wolfe, Charles K.; James E. Akenson. Country Music Annual 2002, University Press of Kentucky, 2002. ISBN 0-8131-0991-4