January 5, 1950 |
Audubon, New Jersey
|Parents||Sam and Evelyn Reagle|
Merl Reagle (born January 5, 1950, Audubon, New Jersey) is an American crossword constructor. He is known for his creative and humorous themes. Since 1985, he has constructed a puzzle every Sunday for the San Francisco Chronicle (originally the San Francisco Examiner), which he syndicates to over 50 Sunday newspapers, including the Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, the Philadelphia Inquirer, the Seattle Times, The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, Ohio), the Hartford Courant, the New York Observer, and the Arizona Daily Star. Reagle also produces a bimonthly crossword puzzle for the AARP magazine and puzzles for the American Crossword Puzzle Tournament.
Reagle made his first crossword when he was six years old and sold a puzzle to The New York Times at age 16, a feat that made him the youngest published Times puzzle constructor at the time.
Reagle first competed in the American Crossword Puzzle Tournament in 1979, its second year, and placed third. He has submitted a puzzle to the contest since 1980 and now serves as a tournament judge and a commentator for the tournament's finals.
In the early 1980s Reagle began submitting crossword puzzles to Dell crossword magazine, Games magazine, and Margaret Farrar's Simon & Schuster books. He regarded crossword-making as more of a hobby, working as a television scriptwriter by day and a film scriptwriter by night. In 1985 he was contracted to produce a regular Sunday crossword for the San Fracisco Examiner's new Sunday magazine. Three years later, he went into syndication.
In the 1990s Reagle was regarded as one of the top producers of a new type of crossword puzzle: "less stodgy and more hip". This trend was encouraged by The New York Times crossword puzzle editor Will Shortz, who sought to appeal to a wider and younger readership with "pop culture references ... humorous word play, and ... unique and clever themes".
In 2011 Reagle donated his expertise to produce an awareness-building campaign for the Alzheimer's Foundation of America. Reagle created the National Brain Game Challenge, an online contest featuring a Sunday crossword that contains clue to solve a secret message. Cash prizes, including a first prize of $25,000, are awarded in two categories, "casual solver" and "puzzle professional".
Reagle is one of the few crossword constructors who makes a living solely through puzzlemaking, as he retains all rights to his puzzles and reprints them in booklets that he sells under his own imprint, PuzzleWorks. With the assistance of his wife, Marie Haley, he has published 16 volumes of his Sunday crosswords, which he sells from his website. Merl and Marie make their home in the Tampa Bay, Florida area.
Representative puzzles: humor and wide-open grids
The New York Times crossword puzzle editor Will Shortz has said that "his [Reagle's] themes are consistently fresher and funnier than anyone else's. And he's one of the greatest puzzlemakers at interlocking words in intricate, wide-open patterns". Games magazine has called Reagle "the best Sunday crossword creator in America". A poll of puzzlemakers at cruciverb.com, a popular website for crossword constructors, ranked Reagle the most admired by his peers. His 2004 puzzle, "Wide Open Spaces", holds the record for the lowest word count (i.e., number of answers) in a Sunday puzzle. The 21 x 21 grid has only 112 words (with 51 black squares). The prolific crossword editor Stanley Newman called Reagle's puzzle "Gridlock" "the best single crossword of the last 25 years." "Gridlock" featured a "thick traffic jam of car names crossing in the center".
His fellow constructors routinely credit Reagle for creating some of the funniest themes for his puzzles. One, called "Hit Song", was what he called "Sean Penn's version of "My Way". It included the theme entries I'M IN A / RUSH, NO PICTURES, PLEASE, OR / ELSE YOU'LL LEARN THE / BLACKENED EYE WAY / THE RECORD SHOWS / I'LL BUST YOUR / NOSE IF YOU GET IN... / MY WAY. Other much-discussed puzzles carried titles like "Inappropriate Muzak for a Doctor's Office" and "Least Popular Beanie Babies".
He is noted for making puzzles with pencil and paper, without the aid of a computer. The 2006 documentary Wordplay depicted Reagle's on-camera construction of a crossword that subsequently was published in The New York Times. The film then showed various famous crossword enthusiasts, including Bill Clinton, Jon Stewart, the Indigo Girls, and Mike Mussina, attempting to solve the puzzle.
On November 16, 2008, Reagle was a "special guest voice" on an episode of The Simpsons called "Homer and Lisa Exchange Cross Words." In the episode, which featured a New York Times crossword, a cartoon version of Reagle appeared together with Shortz, and Lisa Simpson discovered secret messages embedded in both the clues and the puzzle, which Reagle constructed and Shortz edited. The actual crossword appearing that same day in the Times had the embedded messages.
- Reagle, Merl (February 1997). "How I Drive You Crazy: Confessions of a Crossword Constructor". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Amende, Coral (2001). The Crossword Obsession: The History and Lore of the World's Most Popular Pastime. New York: Berkley Books. p. 365. ISBN 042518157X.
- "Interview with Merl Reagle". L.A. Times Crossword Corner. 4 August 2009. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "Merl Reagle: Twisted but fair". word-buff.com. 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Castillo, Piper (1 January 2012). "What's Merl Reagle reading?". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Grossman, John (October 2003). "Puzzling: Merl Reagle Lives to Tease Your Brain". Delta Sky Magazine. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
- McCann, Kevin; Diehl, Mark (2009). The 21st Century Crossword Puzzle Dictionary. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. p. 7. ISBN 140272134X.
- Reagle, Merl (19 September 2012). "Crossword Contest: My Solution to Raising Awareness of Alzheimer's Disease". Huffington Post. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "National Brain Game Challenge". Alzheimer's Foundation of America. 2012. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "11 Burning Questions with a crossword puzzle maker". 2013. Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- Grossman, John (2012). "A Peek Inside a Beautiful Mind". Delta Sky magazine. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Games Magazine World of Puzzles, March 1995.
- Gaffney, Matt (2006). Gridlock: Crossword Puzzles and the Mad Geniuses Who Create Them. New York: Perseus Books Group. p. 210. ISBN 156025890X.
- Newman, Stanley, ed. Crossworder's OWN Newsletter, June, 1990.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Merl Reagle.|
- Official site for Wordplay The Movie
- Wordplay The Movie at the Internet Movie Database
- Reagle's Sunday Crosswords website