The European hake (Merluccius merluccius) is a merluccid hake of the genus Merluccius. It sometimes was called the "herring hake", perhaps because it often feeds on herring and therefore is likely to be netted along with herring. This is consistent with a 19th-century account:
European hake is found in the Mediterranean Sea, the North Sea and the eastern Atlantic Ocean between Iceland and Mauritania. It is a night predator which during the day stays on sandy or muddy abyssal plains, at depths usually between 30 and 400 m, although it has been found at depths up to 1,000 metres. It can reach a length of about 140 cm, with a weight up to 15 kg.
The young feed on crustaceans, but as they grow they start to feed on small and medium-sized fish and cephalopods. The adults show cannibalistic behaviour, eating smaller members of their own species.
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- van Wely, F. P. H. Prick (1951). Cassell's English-Dutch, Dutch-English dictionary. London: Cassell.
- Chambers, W. & R. (1872). Chambers's encyclopedia. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2009). "Merluccius merluccius" in FishBase. January 2009 version.
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