Merriman Colbert Harris
July 9, 1846|
Beallsville, Ohio, USA
|Died||May 8, 1921
Aoyama, Tokyo, Japan
Birth and family
Merriman was born July 9, 1846 in Beallsville, Ohio, the son of Colbert and Catherine Elizabeth (Crupper) Harris. Merriman married Flora L. Best October 23, 1873, in Meadville, Pennsylvania. They had two daughters, Florence and Elizabeth.
Military service and education
Merriman served for three years as a soldier in the 12th Ohio Cavalry in the American Civil War (1863–65), attaining the rank of corporal. Following the end of the war, he attended the Washington Academy in Ohio, and the Harlem Springs Seminary. He then attended Scio College, earning the B.A. degree (1873) and the M.A. degree (1877) from Allegheny College.
Ordained ministry and missionary service
Merriman entered the ministry of the Pittsburgh Annual Conference of the M.E. Church in 1869, serving as a pastor and a missionary. He was sent to Japan in 1873 and was stationed at Hakodate on the northern island of Hokkaido. During his first stay in Japan, his converts included Kanzo Uchimura, Inazo Nitobe, and Akira Sato.
He left Japan in 1892, and established Japanese missions on the Pacific Coast of the United States and in Hawaii in areas with large numbers of Japanese emigrants. He became the Superintendent of Japanese missions in San Francisco, California in 1886. He also served as Superintendent of all Pacific Coast Methodist Japanese missions, including the Hawaiian Islands, in 1890. During this period, Yosuke Matsuoka was one of his converts.
Merriman Colbert Harris was elected a Missionary Bishop by the 1904 General Conference of the M.E. Church. He was assigned Korea and Japan, where he remained until his death. As a Missionary Bishop he served with distinction. He was twice decorated with the Order of the Sacred Treasure by the Emperor of Japan.
In 1919, ten years after the death of his first wife, Flora, he remarried and lived within the grounds of Aoyama Gakuin, in a home given to him by his Japanese converts. He died May 8, 1921 in Aoyama, Tokyo and his grave is at the Aoyama Cemetery.
- Address: Japanese Buddhism, San Francisco, 1887. Typed, in Methodist Bishops' Collection.
- Christianity in Japan, 1907.
- Save Korea, Quarterly-Centennial Documents, 1910.
- Contributor, Japan Proverbs.
- Statement in Competent Witnesses on Korea as a Mission Field, Korea Documents, with others.
- Leete, Frederick DeLand, Methodist Bishops. Nashville, The Methodist Publishing House, 1948.
- Methodism: Ohio Area (1812–1962), edited by John M. Versteeg, Litt.D., D.D. (Ohio Area Sesquicentennial Committee, 1962).
- Price, Carl F., Compiler and Editor: Who's Who in American Methodism, New York: E.B. Treat & Co., 1916.
- The National Cyclopædia of American Biography, Volume XIV. New York, James T. White & Company, 1910.