Merton, Devon

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Merton Cottage, one of the thatched buildings in the parish

Merton is a village and civil parish in the local government district of Torridge, Devon, England. The parish, which lies about five miles south east of the town of Great Torrington, is surrounded clockwise from the north by the parishes of Little Torrington, Beaford, Dolton, Huish, Petrockstowe and Peters Marland.[1] In 2001 its population was 331, down from the 507 residents it had in 1901. The eastern and northern boundaries of the parish follow the loops of the River Torridge and the other sides are defined by the River Mere.[2]

The village is on the A386 road between Meeth and Great Torrington. The parish church, on the west side of the village, is dedicated to All Saints and dates from around 1400.[2] It was heavily restored between 1872 and 1875 by R. M. Fulford, but the east window of the north chapel retains many fragments of late medieval stained glass.[3] Speccot, Dunsbear and Potheridge were estates mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086.[2][4]

Great Potheridge, now a farmhouse, was the ancestral home and the birthplace in 1608 of General George Monck, created 1st Duke of Albemarle in 1660 for his services in the Restoration of Charles II.[2] Monck reconstructed the house, presumably after 1660, but much of it was demolished some time after 1734. Surviving features include a late-17th-century grand staircase and part of the great hall with its ornate overmantel.[3]

Merton Moor, on the border between the parishes of Merton and Petrockstowe, has been the site of ball clay extraction for a number of years, and the North Devon and Cornwall Junction Light Railway ran through the west of the parish between 1925 and 1982 to serve the ball clay industry.[2] Today the former railway line forms part of the Tarka Trail series of footpaths and cycle tracks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map of Devon Parishes". Devon County Council. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Harris, Helen (2004). A Handbook of Devon Parishes. Tiverton: Halsgrove. p. 112. ISBN 1-84114-314-6. 
  3. ^ a b Cherry, Bridget & Pevsner, Nikolaus (1989). The Buildings of England – Devon. Harmondsworth: Penguin. pp. 459–60 (Great Potheridge), 568 (the church). ISBN 0-14-071050-7. 
  4. ^ Hoskins, W. G. (1972). A New Survey of England: Devon (New ed.). London: Collins. p. 434–5. ISBN 0-7153-5577-5. 


Coordinates: 50°53′28″N 4°05′38″W / 50.891°N 4.094°W / 50.891; -4.094