Meryl Streep on screen and stage

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A headshot of Meryl Streep in the 1970s with her facing the camera with her right arm propping her head up
Meryl Streep in the late 1970s

Meryl Streep is an American actress who has had an extensive career in film, television, and stage.[1][2] She made her stage debut in 1975 with The Public Theater production of Trelawny of the Wells.[3] She went on to perform several roles on stage in the 1970s, garnering a Tony Award nomination for her role in 27 Wagons Full of Cotton (1976).[4] In 1977, Streep starred in the television movie The Deadliest Season, and made her film debut with a brief role alongside Jane Fonda in Julia.[5] A supporting role in the war drama The Deer Hunter (1978) proved to be a breakthrough for Streep and she received her first Academy Award nomination for it.[6] She won the award the following year for playing a troubled wife in the top-grossing drama Kramer vs. Kramer (1979).[7] Also in 1978, Streep played a German married to a Jew in Nazi Germany in the television miniseries Holocaust, which earned her the Emmy Award for Best Actress.[8]

Streep established herself as a leading Hollywood actress in the 1980s.[9][10] She played dual roles in the period drama The French Lieutenant's Woman (1981),[10] and starred as a Polish holocaust survivor in Sophie's Choice (1982).[11] She was awarded the Best Actress Oscar for the latter.[8] Streep portrayed the real-life character of Karen Silkwood in Mike Nichols' drama Silkwood (1983),[12] before starring in her most financially successful release of the decade, the romantic drama Out of Africa (1985), in which she played the Danish writer Karen Blixen.[13][14] Despite intermittent successes, Streep's career went through a period of decline post-1985, with several commentators criticizing her for her inclination towards melodramatic roles.[15] The criticism continued despite her attempts to actively star in commercial comedies; her roles that parodied women's beauty and aging in the films She-Devil (1989) and Death Becomes Her (1992) were panned.[16]

In 1995, Streep starred opposite Clint Eastwood as an unhappily married woman in The Bridges of Madison County, her biggest critical and commercial success of the decade.[14][17] Although her dramas of the late 1990s received a mixed reception overall,[18][19] she was praised for her role as a cancer patient in One True Thing (1998).[20] She had acclaimed roles in the 2002 films Adaptation and The Hours, and won a second Emmy Award for the television miniseries Angels in America a year later, though she failed to replicate her earlier success.[21][22] This changed in 2006, with an Academy Award-nominated role as a ruthless fashion magazine editor in the comedy-drama The Devil Wears Prada.[23] This late-period success led to starring roles in several high-profile films, including the US$609 million-grossing romantic comedy Mamma Mia! (2008), her highest-grossing release, and the comedy-drama Julie & Julia (2009), in which she played Julia Child.[24][25] These roles re-established Streep's stardom in Hollywood.[26] Her portrayal of Margaret Thatcher in the biopic The Iron Lady (2011) earned her another Academy Award for Best Actress.[27] The starring role of a witch in the 2014 fantasy musical Into the Woods garnered Streep her 19th Oscar nomination, more than any actor or actress in history.[28][29]

Film[edit]

A full body shot of Meryl Streep as she looks away from the camera
Streep at the 85th Academy Awards
Key
Films that have not yet been released Denotes films that have not yet been released
Title Year Role Director(s) Notes Ref.
Julia 1977 Marie, AnneAnne Marie Zinnemann, FredFred Zinnemann [30]
The Deer Hunter 1978 Linda Cimino, MichaelMichael Cimino [31]
Manhattan 1979 Jill Allen, WoodyWoody Allen [32]
The Seduction of Joe Tynan 1979 Traynor, KarenKaren Traynor Schatzberg, JerryJerry Schatzberg [33]
Kramer vs. Kramer 1979 Kramer, JoannaJoanna Kramer Benton, RobertRobert Benton [34]
The French Lieutenant's Woman 1981 Sarah / Anna[a] Reisz, KarelKarel Reisz [35]
Still of the Night 1982 Reynolds, BrookeBrooke Reynolds Benton, RobertRobert Benton [36]
Sophie's Choice 1982 Zawistowski, SophieSophie Zawistowski Pakula, Alan J.Alan J. Pakula [37]
Silkwood 1983 Silkwood, KarenKaren Silkwood Nichols, MikeMike Nichols [38]
Falling in Love 1984 Gilmore, MollyMolly Gilmore Grosbard, UluUlu Grosbard [39]
Plenty 1985 Traherne, SusanSusan Traherne Schepisi, FredFred Schepisi [40]
Out of Africa 1985 Blixen, KarenKaren Blixen Pollack, SydneySydney Pollack [41]
Heartburn 1986 Samstat, RachelRachel Samstat Nichols, MikeMike Nichols [42]
Ironweed 1987 Archer, HelenHelen Archer Babenco, HectorHector Babenco [43]
A Cry in the Dark 1988 Chamberlain, LindyLindy Chamberlain Schepisi, FredFred Schepisi [44]
She-Devil 1989 Fisher, MaryMary Fisher Seidelman, SusanSusan Seidelman [45]
Postcards from the Edge 1990 Vale, SuzanneSuzanne Vale Nichols, MikeMike Nichols [46]
Defending Your Life 1991 Julia Brooks, AlbertAlbert Brooks [47]
Age 7 in America 1991 Narrator Joanou, PhilPhil Joanou Documentary [48]
Death Becomes Her 1992 Ashton, MadelineMadeline Ashton Zemeckis, RobertRobert Zemeckis [49]
The House of the Spirits 1993 Clara del Valle Trueba August, BilleBille August [50]
The River Wild 1994 Hartman, GailGail Hartman Hanson, CurtisCurtis Hanson [51]
The Living Sea 1995 Narrator MacGillivray, GregGreg MacGillivray Documentary [52]
The Bridges of Madison County 1995 Johnson, FrancescaFrancesca Johnson Eastwood, ClintClint Eastwood [17]
Before and After 1996 Ryan, Dr. CarolynDr. Carolyn Ryan Schroeder, BarbetBarbet Schroeder [50]
Marvin's Room 1996 Lee Zaks, JerryJerry Zaks [53]
Dancing at Lughnasa 1998 Mundy, KateKate Mundy O'Connor, PatPat O'Connor [54]
One True Thing 1998 Gulden, KateKate Gulden Franklin, CarlCarl Franklin [55]
Music of the Heart 1999 Guaspari, RobertaRoberta Guaspari Craven, WesWes Craven [56]
Ginevra's Story 1999 Narrator Swann, ChristopherChristopher Swann Documentary [57]
A.I. Artificial Intelligence 2001 Blue Mecha Spielberg, StevenSteven Spielberg Voice [58]
Adaptation. 2002 Orlean, SusanSusan Orlean Jonze, SpikeSpike Jonze [59]
The Hours 2002 Vaughan, ClarissaClarissa Vaughan Daldry, StephenStephen Daldry [60]
Stuck on You 2003 Herself Farrelly brothers Uncredited cameo [61]
The Manchurian Candidate 2004 Senator Eleanor Prentiss Shaw Demme, JonathanJonathan Demme [62]
Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events 2004 Aunt Josephine Silberling, BradBrad Silberling [63]
Prime 2005 Metzger, LisaLisa Metzger Younger, BenBen Younger [64]
Stolen Childhoods 2005 Narrator Morris, LenLen Morris Documentary [65]
A Prairie Home Companion 2006 Johnson, YolandaYolanda Johnson Altman, RobertRobert Altman [66]
The Music of Regret 2006 The Woman Simmons, LaurieLaurie Simmons Short film [67]
The Devil Wears Prada 2006 Priestly, MirandaMiranda Priestly Frankel, DavidDavid Frankel [68]
The Ant Bully 2006 Queen Ant Davis, John A.John A. Davis Voice [69]
Dark Matter 2007 Silver, JoannaJoanna Silver Shi-Zheng, ChenChen Shi-Zheng [70]
Evening 2007 Ross, LilaLila Ross Koltai, LajosLajos Koltai [71]
Rendition 2007 Whitman, CorrineCorrine Whitman Hood, GavinGavin Hood [72]
Lions for Lambs 2007 Roth, JanineJanine Roth Redford, RobertRobert Redford [73]
Mamma Mia! 2008 Sheridan, DonnaDonna Sheridan Lloyd, PhyllidaPhyllida Lloyd [74]
Doubt 2008 Beauvier, Sister AloysiusSister Aloysius Beauvier Shanley, John PatrickJohn Patrick Shanley [75]
Julie & Julia 2009 Child, JuliaJulia Child Ephron, NoraNora Ephron [76]
Fantastic Mr. Fox 2009 Mrs. Fox Anderson, WesWes Anderson Voice [77]
It's Complicated 2009 Adler, JaneJane Adler Meyers, NancyNancy Meyers [78]
Higglety Pigglety Pop! or There Must Be More to Life 2010 Jennie Lavis, ChrisChris Lavis/
Maciek Szczerbowski
Voice; short film [79]
The Iron Lady 2011 Thatcher, MargaretMargaret Thatcher Lloyd, PhyllidaPhyllida Lloyd [80]
To the Arctic 3D 2012 Narrator MacGillivray, GregGreg MacGillivray Documentary [81]
Hope Springs 2012 Soames, KayKay Soames Frankel, DavidDavid Frankel [82]
Wings of Life 2013 Narrator Schwartzberg, LouieLouie Schwartzberg Documentary [83]
Girl Rising 2013 Narrator Robbins, Richard E.Richard E. Robbins Documentary [84]
A Fierce Green Fire 2013 Narrator Kitchell, MarkMark Kitchell Documentary [85]
Out of Print 2013 Narrator Roumani, VivienneVivienne Roumani Documentary [86]
August: Osage County 2013 Weston, VioletViolet Weston Wells, JohnJohn Wells [87]
The Giver 2014 Chief Elder Noyce, PhillipPhillip Noyce [88]
The Homesman 2014 Carter, AlthaAltha Carter Jones, Tommy LeeTommy Lee Jones [89]
Into the Woods 2014 The Witch Marshall, RobRob Marshall [90]
Ricki and the Flash Films that have not yet been released 2015 Ricki Demme, JonathanJonathan Demme Post-production [91]
Suffragette Films that have not yet been released 2015 Pankhurst, EmmelineEmmeline Pankhurst Gavron, SarahSarah Gavron Post-production [92]
Shout Gladi Gladi Films that have not yet been released TBA Narrator Adam Friedman /
Iain Kennedy
Documentary [93]
Florence Foster Jenkins Films that have not yet been released TBA Jenkins, Florence FosterFlorence Foster Jenkins Frears, StephenStephen Frears Filming [94]

Television[edit]

Title Year Role Notes Ref(s)
Everybody Rides the Carousel 1976 Lover Voice; television film [95]
The Deadliest Season 1977 Miller, SharonSharon Miller Television film [96]
Secret Service 1977 Varney, EdithEdith Varney One episode [96]
Holocaust 1978 Weiss, Inga HelmsInga Helms Weiss Television miniseries [96]
Uncommon Women... and Others 1979 Leilah One episode [96]
Kiss Me, Petruchio 1981 Katherine Television documentary [96]
Alice at the Palace 1982 Alice Television film [97]
The Earth Day Special 1990 Concerned Citizen Television special [98]
The Simpsons 1994 Lovejoy, JessicaJessica Lovejoy Episode: "Bart's Girlfriend" [99]
...First Do No Harm 1997 Reimuller, LoriLori Reimuller Television film [50]
King of the Hill 1999 Aunt Esme Dauterive Voice;
episode: "A Beer Can Named Desire"
[100]
Angels in America 2003 Hannah Pitt / Ethel Rosenberg /
The Rabbi[b]
Television miniseries [101]
Freedom: A History of US 2003 Abigail Adams / Mary Eastey /
Mother Jones / Margaret Chase Smith[c]
Television miniseries (four episodes) [101][102]
Ocean Voyagers 2007 Narrator Documentary [103]
Web Therapy 2010–12 Bowner, CamillaCamilla Bowner Five episodes [78]
Makers: Women Who Make America 2013 Narrator Documentary [104]
The Roosevelts 2014 Roosevelt, EleanorEleanor Roosevelt Voice; documentary [105]

Stage[edit]

Production Year Theater Role Ref(s)
Trelawny of the Wells 1975 Vivian Beaumont Theater Miss Imogen Parrott [106]
A Memory of Two Mondays / 27 Wagons Full of Cotton[d] 1976 Playhouse Theatre Patricia / Flora Meighan [107]
Secret Service 1976 Playhouse Theatre Edith Varney [108]
Henry V 1976 Delacorte Theater Katherine [109][110]
Measure for Measure 1976 Delacorte Theater Isabella [109][111][112]
The Cherry Orchard 1977 Vivian Beaumont Theater Dunyasha [113][114]
Happy End 1977 Martin Beck Theatre Lieutenant Lillian Holiday
("Hallelujah Lil")
[115]
The Taming of the Shrew 1978 Delacorte Theater Katharina [109][116]
Taken in Marriage 1979 Joseph Papp Public Theater & Newman Theater Andrea [109][117]
Alice in Concert 1980–81 Joseph Papp Public Theater & Anspacher Theater Alice [109][118]
The Seagull 2001 Delacorte Theater Arkadina [119]
Bridge and Tunnel 2004 Theatres at 45 Bleecker & Bleecker Steet Theatre Producer [109][120]
Mother Courage and Her Children 2006 Delacorte Theater Mother Courage [121]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Streep played dual roles in the film.[10]
  2. ^ Streep played triple roles in the film.[22]
  3. ^ Streep played separate characters in each episode.[102]
  4. ^ The two plays were part of a double-bill production.[122]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Santas 2002, pp. 187.
  2. ^ Hollinger 2006, pp. 94–95.
  3. ^ Fung, Lisa (October 4, 2012). "Meryl Streep Donates $1M to New York’s Public Theater". TheWrap. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  4. ^ Levy, Rochelle L. "2004 Meryl Streep Tribute". American Film Institute. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  5. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 10.
  6. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 32.
  7. ^ Sternbergh, Adam (October 3, 2014). "Why Was Kramer vs. Kramer the Top-Grossing Movie of 1979?". Vulture. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Müller 2002, pp. 131.
  9. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 49.
  10. ^ a b c Siskel, Gene (October 10, 1981). "Streep likes fame, avoids stardom". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  11. ^ Insdorf 2003, pp. 35–36.
  12. ^ Rice 1999, pp. 66.
  13. ^ Hollinger 2006, pp. 388.
  14. ^ a b "Meryl Streep Movie Box Office Results". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  15. ^ Hollinger 2006, pp. 78–79.
  16. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 97.
  17. ^ a b Longworth 2013, pp. 110–125.
  18. ^ Ebert, Roger (February 23, 1996). "Before and After (1996)". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  19. ^ Maslin, Janet (November 13, 1998). "Movie Review of Dancing at Lughnasa". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  20. ^ LaSalle, Mick (September 18, 1998). "Home Is a Beautiful `Thing' / Streep shines in drama about ailing mother". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  21. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 127.
  22. ^ a b Weinraub, Bernard (September 20, 2004). "HBO Is Big Winner at Emmy Awards". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  23. ^ Wloszczyna, Susan (January 21, 2015). "The 3 Acts of Meryl Streep's Long and Glorious Career". Indiewire. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  24. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 141–142.
  25. ^ "Mamma Mia! (2008)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  26. ^ Scott, A.O. (February 18, 2010). "That Unmistakable Streepness". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  27. ^ Perlman, Jake (February 26, 2012). "Oscars winners list: 'The Artist,' Jean Dujardin, and Meryl Streep take home top awards". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 20, 2014. 
  28. ^ Buchanan, Kyle; Cruz, Gilbert (January 15, 2015). "Which Oscar Nominations Did Meryl Streep Actually Deserve?". Vulture. Retrieved May 12, 2015. 
  29. ^ Garcia, Patricia (February 19, 2015). "Streepscape: All 19 of Meryl Streep’s Oscar-Nominated Performances in One Grid". Vogue. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  30. ^ Dick 1982, pp. 178.
  31. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 18–33.
  32. ^ Darren 2000, pp. 141.
  33. ^ "The Seduction of Joe Tynan (1979)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  34. ^ Ebert 2009, pp. 393.
  35. ^ Wolcott 1981, pp. 173.
  36. ^ Kachmar 2009, pp. 95.
  37. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 48–63.
  38. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 14, 1983). "Silkwood Movie Review & Film Summary (1983)". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  39. ^ "Falling in Love (1984)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  40. ^ "Plenty (1985)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  41. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 80–95.
  42. ^ Denby 1986, pp. 62.
  43. ^ Hischak 2013, pp. 104.
  44. ^ Bergman & Asimow 2013, pp. 71.
  45. ^ Easton, Nina J. (December 10, 1989). "Meryl Streep's Latest Accent Is a Laugh : In 'She-Devil,' America's most serious actress gets serious about comedy". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  46. ^ Corliss 2014, pp. 205.
  47. ^ "Defending Your Life (1991)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  48. ^ Goodman, Walter (September 4, 1992). "TV Weekend; America's Pint-Size Philosophers". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
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  50. ^ a b c Longworth 2013, pp. 181.
  51. ^ Travers, Peter (September 20, 1994). "The River Wild". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  52. ^ "The Living Sea (1995) Cast, Credits & Awards". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  53. ^ Levy, Emanuel (December 14, 1996). "Review: 'Marvin's Room'". Variety. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  54. ^ "Dancing at Lughnasa (1998)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  55. ^ Waxman, Sharon (September 19, 2008). "Streep Finds Her Place Both at Home and at Work on 'True Thing'". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  56. ^ Ebert, Roger (October 29, 1999). "Music Of The Heart Movie Review (1999)". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  57. ^ Grossman, & Minow 2001, pp. 276.
  58. ^ "A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001): Cast, Credits & Awards". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  59. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 20, 2002). "Adaptation Movie Review & Film Summary (2002)". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  60. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 27, 2002). "The Hours Movie Review & Film Summary (2002)". RogerEbert.com. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  61. ^ Caro, Mark (December 12, 2003). "Farrelly brothers' comedy chops come unglued in 'Stuck on You'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  62. ^ Dalton, Stephen. "The Manchurian Candidate". British Film Institute. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  63. ^ "Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events (2004): Cast, Credits & Awards". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  64. ^ "Prime (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  65. ^ Scheib, Ronnie (May 23, 2005). "Review: ‘Stolen Childhoods’". Variety. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  66. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (June 7, 2006). "A Prairie Home Companion". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  67. ^ Tomkins, Calvin (December 10, 2012). "A Doll's House". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
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  69. ^ Montalbano 2010, pp. 181–182.
  70. ^ Funnell & Yip 2014, pp. 280–285.
  71. ^ "Evening (2007): Cast, Credits & Awards". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  72. ^ Scott, A.O. (October 19, 2007). "When a Single Story Has a Thousand Sides". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  73. ^ Elley, Derek (October 22, 2007). "Review: 'Lions for Lambs'". Variety. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  74. ^ Hornaday, Ann (July 18, 2008). "'Mamma Mia!': Gotta Love It, Like It or Not". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  75. ^ McCarthy, Todd (November 6, 2008). "Review: 'Doubt'". Variety. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  76. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 140–153.
  77. ^ "Fantastic Mr. Fox (2009)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  78. ^ a b Longworth 2013, pp. 183.
  79. ^ "Higglety Pigglety Pop! or There Must Be More to Life". MSN. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  80. ^ Morgenstern, Joe (December 30, 2011). "'A Separation' Comes Together Exceptionally". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  81. ^ "To the Arctic (2012)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  82. ^ Travers, Peter (August 9, 2012). "Hope Springs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  83. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (March 21, 2013). "Meryl Streep wants you to stop and smell the roses with mesmerizing 'Wings of Life' doc". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  84. ^ "Girl Rising (2013)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  85. ^ Genzlinger, Neil (February 28, 2013). "To the Ramparts for Mother Earth". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  86. ^ Stone, Brad (May 10, 2013). "Documentary Film Investigates the (Alleged) Death of Books". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  87. ^ Robey, Tim (January 23, 2014). "August: Osage County, review". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  88. ^ DeFore, John (August 11, 2014). "'The Giver': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  89. ^ Macnab, Geoffrey (November 20, 2014). "The Homesman, film review: Jones finds new frontiers in the Old West". The Independent. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  90. ^ Lawson, Richard (December 17, 2014). "Into the Woods Is a Fairy-Tale Musical Without Much Magic". Vanity Fair. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  91. ^ Tapley, Kristopher (February 4, 2015). "First image of Meryl Streep rocking out in Ricki and the Flash arrives". HitFix. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  92. ^ McNary, Dave (March 27, 2015). "Meryl Streep’s ‘Suffragette’ Set for Awards Season Release on Oct. 23". Variety. Retrieved April 3, 2015. 
  93. ^ Kilday, Gregg (February 26, 2015). "Meryl Streep to Narrate Documentary 'Shout Gladi Gladi'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 6, 2015. 
  94. ^ Kang, Inkoo (May 12, 2015). "Meryl Streep's Eccentric Socialite Comedy 'Florence Foster Jenkins' Begins Filming". Indiewire. Retrieved May 20, 2015. 
  95. ^ Beck 2005, pp. 329.
  96. ^ a b c d e Longworth 2013, pp. 179.
  97. ^ Longworth 2013, pp. 180.
  98. ^ Dunaway 2015, pp. 240.
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  100. ^ TV guide. Triangle Publications. 2004. p. 124. 
  101. ^ a b Longworth 2013, pp. 182.
  102. ^ a b "Freedom: A History of Us Credits". PBS. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  103. ^ "Animal Planet International Launches Slate". Discovery Communications. October 8, 2007. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
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  107. ^ Kerr, Walter (February 8, 1976). "Stage View; Melodrama Isn't Always A Dirty Word". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
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  110. ^ "Henry V". Lortel. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  111. ^ "Measure for Measure". Lortel Archives. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  112. ^ Kerr, Walter (August 22, 1976). "This 'Measure' Falls Short". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  113. ^ Allen 2002, pp. 131–132.
  114. ^ Barnes, Clive (February 18, 1977). "The Cherry Orchard Review". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  115. ^ Klein, Alvin (April 27, 1997). "Tackling Brecht Tackling Society". The New York Times. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  116. ^ "The Taming of the Shrew". Lortel Archives. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  117. ^ "Taken in Marriage". Lortel Archives. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  118. ^ "Alice in Concert". Lortel Archives. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
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  120. ^ "Sarah Jones: bridge and tunnel". Lortel Archives. Retrieved April 4, 2015. 
  121. ^ Rooney, David (August 21, 2006). "Review: ‘Mother Courage and Her Children’". Variety. Retrieved May 5, 2015. 
  122. ^ Bigsby 2014, pp. 29–30.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]