Mesocyclops

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Mesocyclops
Mesocyclops ogunnus.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Maxillopoda
Subclass: Copepoda
Order: Cyclopoida
Family: Cyclopidae
Genus: Mesocyclops
G. O. Sars, 1914
Type species
Mesocyclops leuckarti
(Claus, 1857) [1]

Mesocyclops is a genus of copepod crustaceans in the family Cyclopidae. Mesocyclops is used as a nontoxic and inexpensive form of biological mosquito control.

Biological control[edit]

Mesocyclops can be easily harvested, bred and released into freshwater containers where the Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae (the vector of Dengue fever) live.[2] A big advantage of the Mesocyclops is that it is possible to teach schoolchildren how to recognize and collect them so that communities are able to perform sustainable mosquito control without much professional or governmental assistance.

A field trial in Vietnam has shown that large-scale elimination of Aedes aegypti larvae is possible. Because Mesocyclops is a host for the pathogen causing parasite round worm Guinea worm (dracunculiasis), this method would be dangerous in the small number of countries where the Guinea worm still occurs. Also, cultural traditions fear and resist the introduction of animals into freshwater storage vessels.[3][4][5]

Species[edit]

The genus Mesocyclops contains 129 species:[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mária Holynski & Frank Fiers (1994). Mesocyclops thermocyclopoides species-group: redefinition and content. In F. D. Ferrari & B. P. Bradley. "Ecology and Morphology of Copepods". Hydrobiologia. 292–293 (1): 41–51. doi:10.1007/BF00229921. 
  2. ^ "Water bug aids dengue fever fight". BBC News. February 11, 2005. Retrieved November 20, 2007. 
  3. ^ B. Kay & S. N. Vu (2005). "New strategy against Aedes aegypti in Vietnam". The Lancet 365 (9459): 613–7. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(05)17913-6. PMID 15708107. 
  4. ^ S. N. Vu, T. Y. Nguyen, V. P. Tran, et al (January 2005). "Elimination of dengue by community programs using Mesocyclops (Copepoda) against Aedes aegypti in central Vietnam". American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 72 (1): 67–73. PMID 15728869. 
  5. ^ G. G. Marten & J. W. Reid (2007). "Cyclopoid copepods". Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 23 (2 Suppl): 65–92. doi:10.2987/8756-971X(2007)23[65:CC]2.0.CO;2. PMID 17853599. 
  6. ^ T. Chad Walter (2010). "Mesocyclops Sars G.O., 1914". In T. Chad Walter & Geoff Boxshall. World Copepoda database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved March 8, 2010.