Messidor

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For other uses, see Messidor (disambiguation).

Messidor (French pronunciation: ​[mesidɔʁ]) was the tenth month in the French Republican Calendar. The month was named after the Latin word messis, which means harvest.

Messidor was the first month of the summer quarter (mois d'été). It started June 19 or June 20. It ended July 18 or July 19. It follows the Prairial and precedes the Thermidor.


3 Messidor III
 
Primidi
Duodi
Tridi
Quartidi
Quintidi
Sextidi
Septidi
Octidi
Nonidi
Décadi
décade 28
1 Friday
19 June 1795
2 Saturday
20 June 1795
3 Sunday
21 June 1795
4 Monday
22 June 1795
5 Tuesday
23 June 1795
6 Wednesday
24 June 1795
7 Thursday
25 June 1795
8 Friday
26 June 1795
9 Saturday
27 June 1795
10 Sunday
28 June 1795
décade 29
11 Monday
29 June 1795
12 Tuesday
30 June 1795
13 Wednesday
1 July 1795
14 Thursday
2 July 1795
15 Friday
3 July 1795
16 Saturday
4 July 1795
17 Sunday
5 July 1795
18 Monday
6 July 1795
19 Tuesday
7 July 1795
20 Wednesday
8 July 1795
décade 30
21 Thursday
9 July 1795
22 Friday
10 July 1795
23 Saturday
11 July 1795
24 Sunday
12 July 1795
25 Monday
13 July 1795
26 Tuesday
14 July 1795
27 Wednesday
15 July 1795
28 Thursday
16 July 1795
29 Friday
17 July 1795
30 Saturday
18 July 1795
10 h
6:83:54
Messidor
16:24:18
24 h


Day name table[edit]

Like all FRC months Messidor lasted 30 days and was divided into three 10-day weeks called décades (decades). Every day had the name of an agricultural plant, except the 5th (Quintidi) and 10th day (Decadi) of every decade, which had the name of a domestic animal (Quintidi) or an agricultural tool (Decadi).

  1re Décade 2e Décade 3e Décade
Primidi 1. Seigle (Rye) 11. Coriandre (Coriander) 21. Menthe (Mint)
Duodi 2. Avoine (Oats) 12. Artichaut (Artichoke) 22. Cumin (Caraway)
Tridi 3. Oignon (Onion) 13. Giroflée (Clove) 23. Haricot (Bean)
Quartidi 4. Véronique (Speedwell) 14. Lavande (Lavender) 24. Orcanète (Alkanet)
Quintidi 5. Mulet (Mule) 15. Chamois (Chamois) 25. Pintade (Guinea fowl)
Sextidi 6. Romarin (Rosemary) 16. Tabac (Tobacco) 26. Sauge (Sage)
Septidi 7. Concombre (Cucumber) 17. Groseille (Currant) 27. Aïl (Garlic)
Octidi 8. Échalotte (Shallot) 18. Cesse (Vetchling) 28. Vesce (Vetch)
Nonidi 9. Absynthe (Wormwood) 19. Cerise (Cherry) 29. Blé (Wheat)
Decadi 10. Faucille (Sickle) 20. Parc (Fold) 30. Chalémie (Shawm)

Conversion table[edit]

Table for conversion between Republican and Gregorian Calendar
for the month "Messidor"
I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
June 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 July
VIII. IX. X. XI. XII. XIII.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
June 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 July

External links[edit]