|Founding location||La Valletta, Malta|
|Territory||London in England, Malta, Alexandria in Egypt and Sanremo in Italy|
The Messina Brothers were a Maltese-based criminal organization which dominated London's underworld during the inter-war and post-WWII years.
Born to a Sicilian father and Maltese mother in Valletta, Malta, the Messinas were involved with their father in white slavery during the early 1900s.Their father Giuseppe was born in Sicily before moving to Malta to set up a brothel. He married a Maltese woman and gained Maltese citizenship. He had four sons, one was born in Valletta, while the other three were born in Alexandria, Egypt. As far back as 1908, Egyptian authorities reported the Messinas as known traffickers of women who, convincing local women with promises of marriage, eventually forced them into prostitution upon arriving in London's West End.
The Messina Clan & London's Underworld
Eventually relocating to London in 1930s (taking the name of the Sicilian province of Messina in preference to their surname Debono prior to their arrival), the Messina brothers Salvatore, Carmelo, Alfredo, Attilio and Eugene Messina quickly became involved in their father’s former trade and, during the years following the Second World War, the Messinas were importing women from Belgium, France and Spain. With a steady and highly profitable prostitution operation and adequate protection from the Metropolitan Police officials, the Messinas ran unchecked in the city and, by the late 1940s, were operating thirty houses of prostitution along Queen, Bond and Stafford Streets. Prosecution of the Messinas proved difficult as many of the girls working for them had legitimate passports and this made deportation difficult. Attilio Messina reportedly stated to the press "We Messinas are more powerful than the British Government. We do as we like in England."
During the time, crime journalist Duncan Webb of The People newspaper began accusations regarding information from Scotland Yard being leaked to Alfred Messina. In 1950, Webb wrote a front page expose appearing in the September 3rd issue of People on prostitution in the West End and compiled a large list including interviews with over 100 prostitutes which revealed names, dates, photographs and other information crucial for a police investigation.
However, their activities soon gained the attention of Scotland Yard who formed a special investigative task force under Superintendent Guy Mahon to engage in an aggressive campaign against them and, by the end of the 1950s, the Messina clan had been forced to flee the country (with Alfredo Messina being imprisoned on bribery and prostitution charges, as well as Attilio Messina who was sentenced to four years imprisonment after being caught attempting to illegally reenter the country in April 1959).
Eugene and Carmelo Messina eventually resurfaced in Belgium, where the two were imprisoned after their conviction on prostitution and pimping charges (including testimony from Scotland Yard detectives). Eugene would be sentenced to six years imprisonment while Carmelo would be banned by the Belgian government from entering the country and deported to Italy where he died in 1959. The remaining brother, Salvatore Messina, who went into hiding, was the sole brother never to be apprehended by authorities. Attilo returned to England under the name Mr Maynard, and fathered a son named Raymond. BBC's Heir Hunters covered this case a few years ago. A semi-famous psychic medium in the midlands is also known to be descended from the Messina brothers, so perhaps more than just Attilo returned.
- Charles Sabini (leader of the Sabini gang once operating in London's district of Clerkenwell, that was once known as London's Little Italy.)
- Devito, Carlo (2005) Encyclopedia of International Organized Crime. New York: Facts On File, Inc. ISBN 0-8160-4848-7
- Briggs, John, Angus McInnes and Christopher Harrison. Crime and Punishment in England: An Introductory History. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996. ISBN 0-312-16331-2
- Humphreys, Rob and Judith Bamber. The Rough Guide to London. London: Rough Guides Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84353-093-7
- Wilson, Colin. The World's Greatest True Crime. Barnes & Noble Publishing, 2004. ISBN 0-7607-5467-5