Metastrongylus

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Metastrongylus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Nematoda
Class: Chromadorea
Order: Rhabditidae
Suborder: Strongylida
Superfamily: Metastrongyloidea
Family: Metastrongylidae
Genus: Metastrongylus
Species

M. elongatus (Dujardin, 1845) syn. M. apri
M. pudentodectus (Wostokow, 1905)
M. salmi (Gedoelst, 1823)
M. confusus (Jansen, 1964)
M. asymmetricus (Noda, 1973)

Metastrongylus is a genus of nematodes of the family Metastrongylidae, usually found as lungworms in pigs and sometimes causing verminous bronchitis. It causes a disease called metastrongylosis.

Species[edit]

Life cycle[edit]

The life cycle is indirect. The eggs are laid by the adult worm in the bronchi. They are coughed up, swallowed and passed out via the feces. The eggs are then eaten by earthworms in which they develop through three larval stages over 10 days to become infective. The cycle is completed by the pig eating the earthworm. Infection therefore only occurs where pigs have access to earthworms, for example, in outdoor production.[1] The larvae from the earthworm penetrate the intestine and migrate via the lymph nodes and blood vessels to the lungs, undergoing two more larval stages in the process. The prepatent period is three to four weeks.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lungworm Infection: Introduction". The Merck Veterinary Manual. 2006. Retrieved 2007-07-01.