Methylmalonyl-CoA

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Methylmalonyl-CoA
Methylmalonyl-CoA.PNG
Identifiers
CAS number 1264-45-5 YesY
PubChem 123909
ChemSpider 110440 N
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C25H40N7O19P3S
Molar mass 867.608 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Methylmalonyl-CoA is the thioester consisting of coenzyme A linked to methylmalonic acid. It is an important intermediate in the biosynthesis of many organic compounds as well as in the process of carbon assimilation.[1]

Biosynthesis and conversions[edit]

Methylmalonyl-CoA is formed from propionyl-CoA by propionyl-CoA carboxylase by help of biotin (vitamin B7). It is converted into succinyl-CoA by methylmalonyl-CoA mutase, in a reaction that requires vitamin B12 as a cofactor. In this way, it enters the Krebs cycle. The following diagram demonstrates the aforementioned reactions:[2]

Propionyl CoA → Methylmalonyl CoA → Succinyl CoA

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tabita, F. R., "The hydroxypropionate pathway of CO2 fixation: Fait accompli", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2009, vol. 106, 21015-21016. doi:10.1073/pnas.0912486107
  2. ^ Nelson, David L.; Cox, Michael M. (2005), Principles of Biochemistry (4th ed.), New York: W. H. Freeman, ISBN 0-7167-4339-6