Methylphosphonic acid dichloride
Methanephosphonic dichloride, Methanephosphonic acid dichloride, methylphosphonyl dichloride
|Molar mass||132.91 g·mol−1|
|Appearance||White crystalline solid|
|Density||1.468 g/mL at 20 °C|
|Melting point||28 to 34 °C (82 to 93 °F; 301 to 307 K)|
|Boiling point||163 °C (325 °F; 436 K)|
|Main hazards||Very Toxic|
|R-phrases||R14, R23/24/25, R26, R34|
|Flash point||>110 °C|
LD50 (Median lethal dose)
|26 ppm/4h by inhalation (rat)|
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Methyl phosphonic dichloride is an organophosphorus compound. It has a number of potential uses but is most notable as being a precursor to several chemical weapons agents. It is a white crystalline solid, with a low melting point. It hydrolyzes readily and must be handled with care as it is exceedingly toxic.
Synthesis and reactions
- MePCl2 + SO2Cl2 → MeP(O)Cl2 + SOCl2
It can also be produced from a range of methyl-phosphonates (e.g. dimethyl methylphosphonate) via chlorination with thionyl chloride. Various amines can be used to catalyse this process. It reacts with hydrogen fluoride or sodium fluoride to produce methylphosphonyl difluoride, which is used in the production of sarin and soman nerve agents.
- Svara, J.; Weferling, N.; Hofmann, T. "Phosphorus Compounds, Organic," In 'Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2008. doi:10.1002/14356007.a19_545.pub2.
- Maier, Ludwig (1990). "ORGANIC PHOSPHORUS COMPOUNDS 90.l A CONVENIENT, ONE-STEP SYNTHESIS OF ALKYL- AND ARYLPHOSPHONYL DICHLORIDES". Phosphorus, Sulfur, and Silicon and the Related Elements 47 (3-4): 465–470. doi:10.1080/10426509008038002.