Metin Oktay

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Metin Oktay
Personal information
Date of birth (1936-02-02)2 February 1936
Place of birth İzmir, Turkey
Date of death 13 September 1991(1991-09-13) (aged 55)
Place of death Istanbul, Turkey
Height 1.77 m (5 ft 9 12 in)
Playing position Striker
Number 10
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1954–1955 İzmirspor 18 (17)
1955–1961 Galatasaray 161 (174)
1961–1962 Palermo 12 (3)
1962–1969 Galatasaray 178 (137)
Total 369 (331)
National team
1955–1968 Turkey 36 (19)
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 01:09, 23 October 2008 (UTC).

† Appearances (Goals).

‡ National team caps and goals correct as of 01:09, 23 October 2008 (UTC)
Front view of the Metin Oktay wax sculpture at the Galatasaray Museum.
Side view of the Metin Oktay wax sculpture at the Galatasaray Museum.

Metin Oktay (2 February 1936 -13 September 1991) nicknamed the Uncrowned King by Galatasaray SK fans, was a Turkish footballer and one of the most successful goal scorers in Turkey.

Early life[edit]

Metin Oktay was born in Karşıyaka, Izmir, on 2 February 1936.[1] His father was a factory worker and his mother a homemaker.[1]

Career[edit]

Oktay started his career at his local amateur club, Damlacık, in 1952 and moved to another amateur side, Yün Mensucat, in the following season during which he made his first appearance for the junior national team in 1954. He was quickly transferred to İzmirspor at the end of the season and became the top scorer with 17 goals in the İzmir League the following season, the first of many times that he would lead the top scorers in the league. In 1955, Gündüz Kılıç, trainer and former footballer of Galatasaray transferred him. Oktay, then only 19 years old, signed a five-year contract with Galatasaray in exchange for a Chevrolet car. Despite his young age, he was the top scorer in his first season in the Istanbul League, with 19 goals, and his team Galatasaray won the championship. Oktay was top scorer for four seasons in the İstanbul League and then three more in the Turkish League, thus making it seven consecutive years in the competitions he played in.

Oktay made a record-breaking contract with Galatasaray in 1960 and because of this deal he had to divorce his wife Oya Sarı who wanted him to play for his old club İzmirspor. In December that year, he scored four goals (after 1, 9, 61 and 71 minutes) in a 5–0 victory against arch rivals Fenerbahçe which fixed his hero status among Galatasaray supporters. Songs were created for him and he became the first-ever Turkish footballer to play himself in a movie based on his life while actively pursuing his career.

Metin Oktay stayed with Galatasaray until 1969, with the exception of a short period in 1961–1962, when he played for Palermo in Italy. He was the most crowned (six times) top goalscorer in the Turkish League and set a record with 217 goals in total. Tanju Çolak broke his record of most goals in a season in 1988 by a margin of one goal. Nicknamed the Taçsız Kral or "King without a crown", he was a particularly strong goal scorer in Derby matches. During a Derby match against Galatasaray's archrivals Fenerbahçe in 1959, he hit the ball hard enough to open a hole in the opponents' goal net. This unforgettable shot was one of the 18 goals that Oktay scored against Fenerbahçe in his career. The other major Istanbul rivals, Beşiktaş let in 13 of his goals.

Oktay was also assistant coach and head coach of Galatasaray football team in the 1969–70 season[2] and he later coached Bursaspor for a couple of years. Oktay was a board member of the club in 1984 for two years.[3]

He played 36 times for the Turkish national team and scored 19 goals. Breaking almost every record in the history of Turkish football that stood at the time, the "King" retired in 1969. Oktay died on 13 September 1991 in Istanbul in a car accident.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Every year on 13 September, Galatasaray players and supporters pay homage to the "Uncrowned King" at his grave in Kozlu cemetery near Topkapı in Istanbul.

Galatasaray's sports complex and training facility, the Metin Oktay Sports Complex and Training Center, located in Florya, Istanbul, is named after him.

Career statistics[edit]

International goals[edit]

# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. 18 December 1955 Istanbul, Turkey  Portugal 2–1 3–1 Friendly
2. 25 December 1955 Paris, France  France 1–1 1–3 Mediterranean Cup
3. 19 February 1956 Istanbul, Turkey  Hungary 3–0 3–1 Friendly
4. 16 November 1956 Istanbul, Turkey  Poland 1–1 1–1 Friendly
5. 4 May 1958 Amsterdam, Netherlands  Netherlands 1–1 1–2 Friendly
6. 4 May 1958 Amsterdam, Netherlands  Netherlands 1–2 1–2 Friendly
7. 26 October 1958 Bruxelles, Belgium  Belgium 1–1 1–1 Friendly
8. 8 June 1960 Ankara, Turkey  Scotland 1–0 4–2 Friendly
9. 27 November 1960 Sofia, Bulgaria  Bulgaria 1–0 1–2 Friendly
10. 1 June 1961 Oslo, Norway  Norway 1–0 1–0 1962 FIFA World Cup qualification
11. 29 October 1961 Istanbul, Turkey  Norway 2–1 2–1 1962 FIFA World Cup qualification
12. 12 November 1961 Istanbul, Turkey  Soviet Union 1–2 1–2 1962 FIFA World Cup qualification
13. 10 October 1962 Ankara, Turkey  Ethiopia 3–0 1–0 Friendly
14. 10 October 1962 Ankara, Turkey  Ethiopia 3–0 2–0 Friendly
15. 10 October 1962 Ankara, Turkey  Ethiopia 3–0 3–0 Friendly
16. 27 September 1964 Istanbul, Turkey  Ethiopia 3–0 3–0 Friendly
17. 1 November 1964 Ankara, Turkey  Poland 2–3 2–3 Friendly
18. 1 November 1964 Ankara, Turkey  Tunisia 4–1 4–2 Friendly
19. 9 May 1965 Sofia, Bulgaria  Bulgaria 1–2 1–4 Friendly
Correct as of 10 February 2010[4]

Club level[edit]

A goals tally in bold indicates that Oktay was the competition's top scorer for that season.

Club Season League[5] Cup[6] Minor Cup[7] Europe[8] Total
Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Izmirspor 1954–1955 18 17 - - - - - - 18 17
Total 18 17 0 0 0 0 0 0 18 17
Galatasaray 1955–56 17 19 - - - - - - 17 19
1956–57 27 24 - - - - 2 2 29 26
1957–58 26 29 - - - - - - 26 29
1958–59 16 22 - - - - - - 16 22
1959 15 11 - - - - - - 15 11
1959–60 32 33 - - - - - - 32 33
1960–61 28 36 - - - - - - 28 36
Total 161 174 0 0 0 0 2 2 163 176
US Palermo 1961–62 12 3 - - - - - - 12 3
Total 12 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 3
Galatasaray 1962–63 26 38 7 4 0 0 6 5 39 47
1963–64 32 18 5 7 2 3 5 5 44 33
1964–65 22 17 6 3 0 0 6 3 34 23
1965–66 24 19 5 1 1 0 1 0 31 20
1966–67 17 10 1 0 0 0 - - 18 10
1967–68 27 18 6 3 2 0 - - 35 21
1968–69 30 17 8 4 1 0 - - 39 21
Total 178 137 38 22 6 3 18 13 240 175
Career total 369 331 38 22 6 3 20 15 433 371

Career achievements[edit]

  • Most goals by a player (642)[9]
  • Most goals in consecutive seasons by a player (11)
  • Most goals by a player in one season (38)
  • Most seasons as top scorer (6 times in 1959, 1959–1960, 1960–1961, 1962–1963, 1964–1965 and 1968–1969)
    :(In 1968–69, both Metin Oktay and Fevzi Zemzem had 19 goals each. Zemzem asked for Oktay to have the trophy)[10]
  • Best average of goals per match (1.46)
  • Most goals at international level by a Turkish player (19)
  • Three championships and four Turkish cups
  • Izmir Football League top scorer: 1954–1955
  • Istanbul Football League top scorer: 1955–1956, 1956–1957, 1957–1958, 1958–1959
  • Gol Kralı: 1959, 1959–1960, 1960–1961, 1962–1963, 1964–1965, 1968–1969
  • Goals for Galatasaray: 586[11]
  • Goals for Izmirspor: 22
  • Goals for Yün Mensucat: 14
  • Goals for Damlacık: 12
  • Goals for US Palermo: 8

Honours[edit]

As player[edit]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Metin Oktay - Taçsız Kral (The Uncrowned King)". Turkish Football. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  2. ^ Galatasaray: Futbolda Dünya Markası, Oygur Yamak, Sinerji Yayınları (2001)
  3. ^ Galatasaray Spor Kulübü Tarihi, Ahmet Çakır, Demir Ajans (2001)
  4. ^ Profile at TFF.org
  5. ^ Includes Süper Lig, Istanbul Football League and Federasyon Kupası
  6. ^ Includes Türkiye Kupası
  7. ^ TFF Süper Kupa and TSYD Cup
  8. ^ Includes UEFA Champions League, UEFA Cup and UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
  9. ^ "Metin’e Requem". Ymemleketfutbolu.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  10. ^ "İz Bırakanlar". Yeni Asir (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 20 October 2000. Retrieved 28 August 2013. 
  11. ^ "Metin’e Requem". Ymemleketfutbolu.com (in Turkish). Retrieved 28 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Turgay Şeren
Galatasaray S.K. Captain
1967–1969
Succeeded by
Talat Özkarslı