Metre gauge railway

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Track gauges
By transport mode
Tram · Rapid transit
Miniature · Scale model
By size (list)
Graphic list of track gauges

Minimum
  Fifteen inch 381 mm (15 in)

Narrow
  Two foot and
600 mm
597 mm
600 mm
603 mm
610 mm
(1 ft 11 12 in)
(1 ft 11 58 in)
(1 ft 11 34 in)
(2 ft)
  750 mm,
Bosnian,
Two foot six inch,
800 mm
750 mm
760 mm
762 mm
800 mm
(2 ft 5 12 in)
(2 ft 5 1516 in)
(2 ft 6 in)
(2 ft 7 12 in)
  Swedish three foot,
900 mm,
Three foot
891 mm
900 mm
914 mm
(2 ft11 332 in)
(2 ft 11 716)
(3 ft)
  Metre 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
  Three foot six inch,
Cape, CAP, Kyōki
1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  Four foot six inch 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)

  Standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)

Broad
  Russian,
Five foot
1,520 mm
1,524 mm
(4 ft 11 2732 in)
(5 ft)
  Irish 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in)
  Iberian 1,668 mm (5 ft 5 2132 in)
  Indian 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
  Brunel 2,140 mm (7 ft 14 in)
Change of gauge
Break-of-gauge · Dual gauge ·
Conversion (list) · Bogie exchange · Variable gauge
By location
North America · South America · Europe
World map, rail gauge by region

Metre gauge is the system of narrow gauge railways and tramways with a track gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in). It has installations of around 95,000 kilometres (59,000 mi) in the world. It is the main gauge in some countries. In Europe large metre gauge networks remain in continuous use in Switzerland, northern Spain and for many European urban trams, although most metre gauge local railways in France, Germany, and Belgium closed down in the mid 20th century. With the revival of urban rail transport, in some cities metre gauge light metros were established, while in other cities metre gauge was replaced by standard gauge.

Installations[edit]

Country/territory Railway
Argentina 11,080 km (6,880 mi). Ferrocarril General Manuel Belgrano, now Belgrano Cargas including the Tren de las Nubes
Austria Trams of Innsbruck and Gmunden and few of the local railways, such as Stubaitalbahn and Achenseebahn.
Bangladesh 1,830 km (1,140 mi). Mostly in the central and eastern regions and 365 km (227 mi) are dual gauge with 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Indian gauge.
Belgium Trams of Charleroi, Antwerp, Ghent, De Lijn and the Belgian Coast Tram.
Benin National rail network, 578 km (359 mi).
Bolivia National rail network, 3,600 km (2,200 mi).
Brazil 23,489 km (14,595 mi). Used in mostly cargo railways in landwide; Used in E.F Vitoria-Minas Passenger/Cargo Line and E.F. In use in Metro and urban train systems of Fortaleza and Teresina cities.
Bulgaria Most of the Sofia Tramway system, except for three lines with standard gauge. When the condition of tracks vastly deteriorated in 1927, it was formally widened to 1,009 mm (3 ft 3 2332 in)[citation needed] in order to avoid loss of the licence.[citation needed]
Burkina Faso Abidjan – Burkina Faso railway
Burma Except for about 100 miles (160 km) of hill railway, the 2,000 miles (3,200 km) of Burmese railways is metre gauge.
Cambodia Cambodia has 612 km (380 mi) of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge railways
Cameroon 1,104 km
Chile 2,923 km (1,816 mi). Empresa de los Ferrocarriles del Estado, Ferrocarril de Antofagasta a Bolivia, Arica–La Paz railway.
China Kunhe Railway (formerly the Yunnan–Vietnam Railway) only.
Croatia Tramways in Zagreb and Osijek
Czech Republic Like other Sudeten cities, the tram of Liberec used metre gauge in the past. The inner city lines however, have been rebuilt to standard gauge and the only line that still uses the metre gauge is the 13 km (8.1 mi) long Jablonec nad Nisou line connecting the city with Jablonec nad Nisou.
Democratic Republic of the Congo Several metre gauge railways
Denmark A few local railways. Only one remains, but regauged to standard gauge. Århus tramway (closed), Danish Tramway Museum.
Djibouti Ethio-Djibouti Railways - 780 km (480 mi)
Egypt Cairo
Ethiopia Ethio-Djibouti Railways - 780 km (480 mi)
Finland Helsinki tram
France Historically used in many local and regional railways, only a few of which remain today. Includes Saint-Gervais-Vallorcine Line and Villefranche-Vernet-les-Bains - La Tour-de-Carol and Salbris - Luçay-le-Mâle operated by SNCF. Chemins de fer de la Provence (Train des pignes); Chemins de Fer de la Corse; Chemin de Fer de La Mure; Panoramique des Domes; Tramway de Lille; Chemin de Fer du Finistère
Germany Harzer Schmalspurbahnen, Bavarian Zugspitzbahn and many tram networks
Greece mainly in the Peloponnese, (formerly SPAP) network
India 4,000 km (2,500 mi) in 2014. The length was 24,158 km (15,011 mi) in 1951 rising to about 30,000 km (19,000 mi) in 1991 and has decreased considerably since then as metre gauge is being converted to Indian gauge of 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) under Project Unigauge that began in 1991. Indian Railways is converting all metre gauge tracks to 1676mm gauge except heritage railways like Nilgiri Mountain Railway.
Iraq Mesopotamian Railways
Israel Sections of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) railways, later converted to 1,050 mm (3 ft 5 1132 in) or 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) gauge
Italy Trento-Malè-Marilleva railway, owned by Trentino Trasporti, Ferrovia Genova-Casella, Domodossola-Locarno international railway, Trieste-Opicina tramway, Rittnerbahn-ferrovia del Renon tramway, Laas-Lasa marble quarry railway, Bernina railway (crosses into Switzerland) (UNESCO World Heritage Site status shared with Albula Railway in Switzerland).
Ivory Coast Abidjan – Burkina Faso railway
Kenya Uganda Railway run by Kenya Railways Corporation.
Laos A 3.5 km extension of the metre-gauge State Railway of Thailand network across the border into Laos
Latvia Liepāja tramway
Madagascar 875 km (2006). There are two unconnected systems operated by Madarail
Malaysia KTM
Mali Dakar–Niger Railway - 1,287 km (800 mi)
Malta Malta Railway
Morocco Several industrial railways in former Spanish Morocco
New Zealand Wellington Cable Car
Norway Thamshavn Line and Trondheim Tramway
Pakistan Pakistan inherited 506 km (314 mi) of metre gauge (1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)) railway lines at the time of Independence in 1947. Of this, Hyderabad-Mirpur Khas 67 km (42 mi) and Mirpur Khas-Khokhrapar 126 km (78 mi) track have been converted into Broad gauge. Remaining 313 km (194 mi) including Jamrao-Pithoro 184 km (114 mi) (loop line) and Mirpur Khas-Nawabshah 129 km (80 mi) metre gauge railway lines have been closed in 2005.[1]
Poland City trams of: Łódź (including suburban lines), Bydgoszcz and Toruń (planned to be interconnected), Grudziądz, and Elbląg
Portugal Several mainly mountainous branch lines, mostly abandoned in the 1990s, never fully interconnected — connected to the REFER network by means of shared stations and some dual gauge stretches; remain in use: Metro de Mirandela and Vouga line. Also metric: Funchal rack railway (defunct in 1943), Coimbra trams (defunct in 1980), and Sintra trams.
Romania Tram systems in Arad, Iaşi and Sibiu, also in Galaţi until fully replaced by standard gauge in 1975.
Russia Kaliningrad and Pyatigorsk tramways
Senegal Dakar–Niger Railway - 1,287 km (800 mi)
Serbia Belgrade Tram
Singapore KTM line to Malaysia
Slovakia Bratislava trams/streetcars, the Tatra Electric Railway (Tatranské elektrické železnice), a mountain railroad and a rack railway in the area of the High Tatras. Children's railway (Detská železnica) in Košice.
Spain Renfe and EuskoTren lines in north-west Spain, including the Transcantábrico. Barcelona Metro line 8; Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya suburban lines S4, S8, R5 and R6; Cercanías Madrid line C-9 (Cercedilla–Cotos); Palma de Mallorca Metro; Valencia Metro; Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana.
Sweden Skansens bergbana
Switzerland Many narrow-gauge railways: suburban railways, mountain railways, rack railways, some long-distance railways and trams, Albula Railway, Bernina railway (crosses into Italy) (latter two railways share UNESCO World Heritage Site status).
Tanzania Tanzania Railways Corporation - about 2,600 km (1,600 mi) (break of gauge with 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) TAZARA Railway)
Thailand State Railway of Thailand, 4,346 km (2,700 mi).
Togo 568 km of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) gauge
Tunisia 1,674 km (1,040 mi) (besides standard gauge 471 km (293 mi))
Turkey Istanbul nostalgic trams
Uganda Uganda Railway run by Uganda Railways Corporation
Ukraine Lviv, Vinnytsia, Zhytomyr and Eupatoria tramways
United Kingdom Davington Light Railway
United States Orient Express (located in Six Flags Magic Mountain) (operating); Red Car Trolley (located in Disney California Adventure) (operating)
Vietnam Vietnam Railways and Yunnan–Vietnam Railway

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]