Metro Cagayan de Oro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about a metropolitan area of the Philippines. For a city in the Philippines, see Cagayan de Oro. For other uses, see Cagayan (disambiguation).
Metro Cagayan de Oro
Kadakhang Cagayan de Oro
Kalakhang Cagayan de Oro
Metropolitan Area
Aerial view of Metro Cagayan de Oro
Aerial view of Metro Cagayan de Oro
Nickname(s): Metro CDO
Map of Metro Cagayan de Oro and Northern Mindanao
Map of Metro Cagayan de Oro and Northern Mindanao
Coordinates: 8°29′N 124°39′E / 8.483°N 124.650°E / 8.483; 124.650Coordinates: 8°29′N 124°39′E / 8.483°N 124.650°E / 8.483; 124.650
Country Philippines Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Misamis Oriental (Capital)
Population (2010)
 • Total 602,088
 • Languages Cebuano, Filipino (Tagalog), English
Time zone PST (UTC+8)

Metropolitan Cagayan de Oro (Filipino: Kalakhang Cagayan de Oro), also known as Metro Cagayan de Oro, is the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Philippines.[1][2] It is located on the northern coast of Mindanao, and comprises the two chartered cities of Cagayan de Oro and El Salvador City and the 13 municipalities of Alubijid, Baungon, Claveria, Gitagum, Jasaan, Laguindingan, Libona, Malitbog, Manolo Fortich, Opol, Sumilao, Tagoloan, and Talakag. According to the 2007 Philippine census, Metro Cagayan de Oro has a population of 1,121,561 people.

Geography[edit]

Metro Cagayan de Oro is bounded by Macajalar Bay, which curves north. Forty percent of its area is elevated plains, located partially in Bukidnon. In the western portion the Cagayan de Oro River[3] outlines the area, which is divided by the river's tributaries from district 2 of Cagayan de Oro City to Gitagum (including Laguindingan, Alubijid, El Salvador City and Opol). The eastern and southern regions run from district one of Cagayan de Oro City to Tagoloan to Claveria and Malitbog to Talakag, which is bordered by Bukidnon-Central Mindanao and Lanao del Norte.[4]

Metro Cagayan comprises hills, mountains and rain forests. Its biodiversity and greenery helps keep the area's temperature cool. The southern portion has semi-active volcanoes in the Kalatungan Mountain Range, although the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PhilVolcs) maintains that there is little risk of eruption or earthquakes.[5][6]

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification system Cagayan De Oro has a tropical climate, with an annual average temperature of 28 °C (82 °F). In June 1998, the city recorded its highest temperature to date, 39 °C (102 °F). The city receives a varying amount of rainfall throughout the year; March and April are the driest months, and August and September the wettest. The rainy season lasts from June to November, and the drier season from December to May. The city lies outside the typhoon belt, but is affected by the Intertropical Convergence Zone.


Climate data for Cagayan de Oro, Philippines
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37
(99)
38
(100)
38
(100)
38
(100)
38
(100)
39
(102)
37
(99)
37
(99)
36
(97)
37
(99)
38
(100)
37
(99)
39
(102)
Average high °C (°F) 30
(86)
30
(86)
31
(88)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
29
(84)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
28
(82)
27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Record low °C (°F) 17
(63)
17
(63)
18
(64)
20
(68)
22
(72)
18
(64)
17
(63)
21
(70)
22
(72)
18
(64)
20
(68)
18
(64)
17
(63)
Avg. rainy days 10 7 6 6 8 13 14 14 15 15 11 11 130
Source: Weatherbase[7]

Government[edit]

Large, light-colored building
Misamis Oriental provincial capitol building
Red-and-brown statue of people on a yellow base
Progress of Misamis Oriental statue in Vicente de Lara Park

Cagayan de Oro City is the provincial capital of Misamis Oriental. The executive and judicial branches of government are based in the Misamis Oriental Provincial Capitol Building.

Metro Cagayan de Oro has the fourth-largest population in the Philippines, and is the third-largest metropolitan area geographically. Most of its cities and municipalities are located in the provinces of Misamis Oriental and Bukidnon.[8]

Cities or municipalities Population (2012) Class
CDO seal.png Cagayan de Oro City 602,088 1st Class; Highly urbanized
MIS OR SEAL.png El Salvador City 67,423 4th Class
Manolo Fortich 23,566 1st Class
Talakag 48,326 2nd Class
CLAVERIA SEAL.jpg Claveria 78,152 2nd Class
MIS OR SEAL.png Tagoloan 89,608 3rd Class
Laguindingan 20,337 4th Class
Malitbog 22,512 4th Class
MIS OR SEAL.png Opol 55,909 4th Class
Baungon 26,695 3rd Class
MIS OR SEAL.png Jasaan 66,351 3rd Class
Libona 33,273 3rd Class
MIS OR SEAL.png Alubijid 33,107 4th Class
Sumilao 18,875 4th Class
MIS OR SEAL.png Gitagum 22,094 4th Class
MIS OR SEAL.png Villanueva 44,180 4th Class

Since the 1986 People Power Revolution, political power has returned to Misamis Oriental. Each city and municipality is self-governing, divided into barangays led by mayors.

Demographics[edit]

Metro Cagayan de Oro is inhabited by distinct Visayan cultural communities. Christianity (particularly Roman Catholicism) is the predominant religion. Several cultural minorities exist in central Mindanao (Talakag, Sumilao and Baungon), including the Bagobos, Subanons and Badjaos.[9] The city of Cagayan de Oro has a population of 602,088 people, making it the most-populous city in northern Mindanao.

Religion[edit]

Religion in Metro Cagayan de Oro[10]
religion percentage
Roman Catholic
  
33%
Islam
  
27%
Protestant
  
22%
None
  
8%
Buddhist
  
4%
Others
  
3%

Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion,[11][10] although Protestant denominations (including Pentecostalism and the Seventh-day Adventist Church [12] are increasing in numbers. Followers of Islam were mainly Maranao traders and immigrants.

Population[edit]

About 44 percent of households in Metro Cagayan de Oro classify themselves as Visayan (Binisaya or Bisaya), 22.15 percent as Cebuano and 4.38 percent as Boholano; 28.07 percent are from other ethnic groups, including Maranao and Bukidnon.[13] In addition to the city of Cagayan de Oro, there is rapid growth in nearby cities and municipalities (including Tagoloan and El Salvador). According to the Statistical Yearbook of the Philippines, this urban growth is a result of migration from neighboring provinces.

Cultural communities and ethnic groups living primarily in remote areas of Talakag, Baungon and Bukidnon include the Maranaws, T’boli and Bagobo. These groups have declined in population by about 12 percent since 2000 and, despite comprising 20.4 percent of the population of Mindanao, they experience discrimination in Filipino society.

Economy[edit]

Cagayan de Oro is the "melting pot of Mindanao" because of its accessibility, business growth and attractions. It is a business hub of the northern Mindanao region, with a reported income of 1.8 billion pesos in fiscal year 2010. The city's economy is based on industry, commerce, trade, services and tourism. The city of Cagayan de Oro reported seven billion pesos in investment during the first six months of 2012, primarily in the service and industrial sectors. Investment in Metro Cagayan de Oro focuses on tourism, agriculture and the hospitality industry.

Healthcare[edit]

Metro Cagayan de Oro has a number of hospitals:[14]

Public[edit]

  • Cagayan de Oro Medical Central
  • J.R. Borja Memorial Hospital City Hospital
  • German Doctors Hospital
  • Northern Mindanao Medical Center

Private[edit]

  • Cagayan De Oro Medical Center
  • Capitol University Medical Center
  • Sabal General Hospital
  • Madonna and Child Hospital
  • Maria Reyna - Xavier University Hospital
  • Orthopedic Rehab Institute
  • Polymedic Medical Group
    • Cagayan Polymedic General Hospital
    • Cagayan Polymedic General Plaza
    • Tagoloan Polymedic General Hospital
  • Puerto General Hospital

Education[edit]

Education, which has the largest share (about 40 percent) of the Metro Cagayan de Oro budget, is supervised by the Northern Mindanao Region X Department of Education.[15] The 2010 census counted 203 schools in the metropolis, including six universities, 12 colleges, 52 high schools and 64 elementary and primary schools (primarily in urban areas). The student population of Metro Cagayan de Oro is estimated at 380,580.[16]

Colleges and universities in Metro Cagayan de Oro are:

Colleges[edit]

Universities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Land[edit]

Metro Cagayan de Oro is accessible by land. There are three bus and jeepney terminals with regular service: Agora Integrated Bus Terminal, Eastbound-Gusa Jeepney Terminal and Westbound-Bulua Integrated Bus and Jeepney Terminal.

Air[edit]

Boeing 737-300 at Lumbia Airport

Lumbia Airport, also known as Cagayan de Oro Airport, hosted domestic service to Manila, Cebu, Davao and Iloilo. Manila is 75 minutes away by air, Iloilo one hour and Cebu and Davao 45 minutes. It was the second-busiest airport in Mindanao, after Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao City.

Laguindingan International Airport (which opened June 15, 2013, replacing Lumbia) is in the municipality of Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental. It serves northern Mindanao (including Iligan and Cagayan de Oro), offering domestic service throughout the Philippines.

Sea[edit]

Seaport at night, with lights reflecting on the water
Cagayan de Oro Port, a modern international seaport in the Philippines[17]

Cagayan de Oro Port is an international seaport situated near the estuary of the Cagayan de Oro River. It has an anchorage depth of 18 metres (59 ft), with two cargo-handling operators. With the recent completion of the 250 million peso rehabilitation project, it is the largest seaport in Mindanao.[18] The port has regular service to Manila, Cebu, Tagbilaran, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Iloilo and Jagna.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Cagayan de Oro List of Hotels