Metro systems by annual passenger rides

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Cities with metro systems
The Guangzhou Metro
Singapore Mass Rapid Transit
Santiago Metro

This list ranks metro systems in passenger rides per year.

Note that the definition of system or metro system may differ and thus produce different results. This list is using definitions (and systems) from the list of metro systems. Also note that a system listed might not be the only metro system in that specific city, which means that the statistics shown per entry do not necessarily show the combined total number of people who use metro systems in that entire metropolitan area.

Ridership figures based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.) are not preferred, but for some systems those are only available. Thus figures from those systems are not directly comparable with the others.

System Ridership Year Notes
China Beijing Subway 3209 million 2013 [1]
South Korea Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9) 2560 million 2012 [2][Note 1][Note 2]
China Shanghai Metro 2500 million 2013 [3]
Russia Moscow Metro 2491 million 2013 [4]
Japan Tokyo Metro 2270 million FY2011 [5][Note 3]
China Guangzhou Metro (including FMetro) 1990 million 2013 [6]
United States New York City Subway 1708 million 2013 [7]
Mexico Mexico City Metro 1609 million 2012 [8]
Hong Kong Mass Transit Railway, Hong Kong 1600 million 2013 [9][Note 4]
France Paris Métro 1541 million 2012 [10][Note 5]
Japan Yamanote Line, Tokyo 1345 million 2011 [11]
United Kingdom London Underground 1229 million FY2013 [12][13][Note 6]
China Shenzhen Metro 914 million 2013 [14]
Brazil São Paulo Metro 888.6 million 2013 [15]
Singapore Singapore Mass Rapid Transit 853.5 million 2012 [16]
Japan Osaka Municipal Subway 842 million FY2013 [17][Note 3]
Egypt Cairo Metro 837 million 2010/2011 [18]
Japan Toei Subway, Tokyo 832 million FY2011 [19][Note 3]
Russia Saint Petersburg Metro 771.9 million 2013 [20]
Chile Santiago Metro 648.7 million 2012 [21]
Taiwan Taipei Metro 635 million 2013 [22]
India Delhi Metro 605.9 million 2011/2012 [23][Note 2]
Czech Republic Prague Metro 589.2 million 2012 [24]
Iran Tehran Metro 568 million 2011/2012 [25]
Austria Vienna U-Bahn 567.6 million 2011 [26]
Spain Madrid Metro 557.9 million 2013 [27]
Ukraine Kiev Metro 536.2 million 2013 [28]
Germany Berlin U-Bahn 507.3 million 2012 [29]
Greece Athens Metro 493.8 million 2013 [30]
Venezuela Caracas Metro 484.6 million 2009 [Note 2][31]
China Nanjing Metro 452 million 2013 [32]
Spain Barcelona Metro 448.5 million 2012 [33]
Japan Nagoya Municipal Subway 443.4 million FY2012 [34][Note 3]
Italy Milan Metro 425.8 million 2011 [35]
Philippines LRT and MRT, Manila 405.3 million 2012 [36][37][38][Note 2]
Brazil Rio de Janeiro Metro 401.5 million 2012 [39]
Germany Berlin S-Bahn 395 million 2012 [40]
Germany Munich U-Bahn 378 million 2012 [41]
Canada Montreal Metro 356.1 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
Belarus Minsk Metro 328.3 million 2013 [43]
South Korea Busan Subway 320.4 million 2012 [44][45]
Sweden Stockholm Metro 320 million 2012 [46]
China Chongqing Rail Transit (CRT) 310 million 2012 [47]
Argentina Buenos Aires Underground 310 million 2011 [48][Note 8]
Italy Rome Metro 309.8 million 2011 [49]
Canada Toronto subway and RT 309.5 million 2013 [42][Note 9][Note 7]
Hungary Budapest Metro 302.4 million 2011 [50]
China Wuhan Metro 277.4 million 2013 [51]
Germany Hamburg S-Bahn 259 million 2012 [52]
Turkey Istanbul Metro 232.2 million 2013 [53]
Ukraine Kharkiv Metro 231.1 million 2013 [54]
United States Chicago 'L' 231.1 million 2012 [55]
United States Washington Metro 212.2 million 2012 [56]
Japan Sapporo Municipal Subway 210 million 2008 [57][Note 3]
Germany Hamburg U-Bahn 209 million 2012 [58]
Thailand Bangkok Skytrain 208.8 million 2013 [59]
Japan Yokohama Municipal Subway 198 million 2008 [60][Note 3]
Azerbaijan Baku Metro 195.6 million 2012 [61]
France Lyon Metro 190.3 million 2011 [62]
India Kolkata Metro 173 million 2009 [63]
Romania Bucharest Metro 172.6 million 2012 [64]
Colombia Medellín Metro (including Metrocable) 165.4 million 2012 [65][66][67][68][Note 2]
United States MBTA, Boston 166.7 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
Portugal Lisbon Metro 154 million 2012 [69]
Malaysia RapidKL LRT, Kuala Lumpur 146.4 million 2011 [70][Note 10]
Poland Warsaw Metro 139.2 million 2012 [71][72]
Italy Naples Metro 139 million 2011 [73][74][75][76][77][Note 2]
Japan Fukuoka City Subway 137.2 million FY2012 [78][Note 3]
Belgium Brussels Metro 132.4 million 2012 [79]
Bulgaria Sofia Metro 132 million 2012 [80]
South Korea Daegu Metro 126.5 million 2012 [81]
Japan Kyoto Municipal Subway 125.5 million 2008 [82][Note 3]
Japan Kobe Municipal Subway 121 million 2008 [83][Note 3]
Canada SkyTrain, Vancouver 120.4 million 2012 [84][Note 7]
United States BART, San Francisco 117.8 million FY2013 [85]
Germany Frankfurt U-Bahn 117.3 million 2012 [86]
China Hangzhou Metro 116.8 million 2013 [87]
China Tianjin Metro 111 million 2012 [88]
United Arab Emirates Dubai Metro 109.5 million 2012 [89]
Netherlands Amsterdam Metro 107.7 million 2009 [90]
China Chengdu Metro 103 million 2012 [91]
France Toulouse Metro 102.6 million 2011 [92]
United Kingdom Docklands Light Railway, London 100 million FY2012 [13][93]
France Lille Metro 99 million 2011 [94]
South Korea Incheon Subway 99 million 2013 [95]
Germany Nuremberg U-Bahn 98.7 million 2012 [96]
United States SEPTA, Philadelphia 98.2 million FY2013 [97][Note 11]
Turkey Ankara Metro 94.4 million 2012 [98]
Georgia (country) Tbilisi Metro 93.9 million 2012 [99]
Denmark S-train, Copenhagen 92.14 million 2009 [100]
Turkey Izmir Metro 91.25 million 2013 [101]
Turkey Bursaray, Bursa 91.25 million 2010 [102]
Russia Novosibirsk Metro 88.8 million 2013 [103]
Spain Bilbao Metro 87.1 million 2013 [27]
Norway Oslo Metro 83 million 2012 [104]
Netherlands Rotterdam Metro 82 million 2012 [105]
Thailand Bangkok Metro 80.6 million 2012 [106]
Brazil Recife Metro 79.6 million 2012 [107]
France Marseille Metro 76.7 million 2012 [108]
United States PATH, Newark-New York City 72.8 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
Japan Rinkai Line, Tokyo 72 million FY2011 [109][Note 3]
United States MARTA, Atlanta 69.9 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro 65.2 million 2010 [110]
Spain Valencia Metro 59.9 million 2013 [27]
Brazil Porto Alegre Metro 62 million 2011 [111]
Finland Helsinki Metro 62 million 2012 [112]
Taiwan Kaohsiung MRT 60.7 million 2013 [113]
China Xi'an Metro 59 million 2012 [114]
Japan Sendai Subway 58.7 million FY2012 [115][Note 3]
Brazil Belo Horizonte Metro 57.4 million 2012 [116]
Brazil Brasília Metro 54.75 million 2009 [117]
Denmark Copenhagen Metro 54.3 million 2011 [118][119]
Russia Yekaterinburg Metro 51.8 million 2013 [120]
United States Los Angeles County Metro Rail 51 million 2013 [42][Note 12][Note 7]
Peru Lima Metro 48 million 2013 [121]
France Rennes Metro 47.45 million 2011 [122]
China Dalian Metro 43.8 million 2011 [123]
Russia Nizhny Novgorod Metro 39.9 million 2013 [124]
Switzerland Lausanne Metro 39.4 million 2012 [125]
Italy Turin Metro 38.6 million 2012 [126]
South Korea Daejeon Metropolitan Subway 38 million 2012 [127]
United Kingdom Tyne and Wear Metro, Newcastle 37 million FY2012 [93]
Iran Mashhad Urban Railway 36.5 million 2012 [citation needed]
North Korea Pyongyang Metro 36 million 2009 [128]
Russia Kazan Metro 31.3 million 2013 [129]
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Metro 30.9 million 2012 [130]
India Chennai MRTS 29.2 million 2011 [131]
China Suzhou Metro 25.4 million 2012 [132]
United States Metrorail, Miami 21.3 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
Japan Astram Line, Hiroshima 18.5 million 2010 [133]
South Korea Gwangju Subway 18 million 2012 [127]
Chile Valparaíso Metro 17.2 million 2011 [134]
Russia Samara Metro 16.2 million 2012 [135]
Thailand Airport Rail Link, Bangkok 15.6 million 2013 [136]
Armenia Yerevan Metro 15.6 million 2013 [137]
United States Baltimore Metro Subway 15.4 million FY2012 [138]
Spain Seville Metro 14 million 2012 [139]
Turkey Adana Metro 14 million 2011 [140]
Venezuela Los Teques Metro 13 million 2012 [141]
Algeria Algiers Metro 13 million 2011/2012 [142]
United Kingdom Glasgow Subway 12.6 million FY2012 [143]
Italy Brescia Metro 12 million 2013 [144]
Italy Genoa Metro 11 million 2012 [145]
Puerto Rico Tren Urbano, San Juan, Puerto Rico 11 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
United States PATCO, Philadelphia-Camden County 10.5 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
India Bangalore Metro 9 million 2011/2012 [146]
Venezuela Maracaibo Metro 9 million 2011 [147]
Ukraine Dnipropetrovsk Metro 7.5 million 2013 [148]
Kazakhstan Almaty Metro 6.5 million 2013 [149]
United States RTA Rapid Transit, Cleveland 6.4 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
Brazil Teresina Metro 4.3 million 2009 [150]
United States Staten Island Railway, New York City 4.2 million 2013 [42][Note 7]
Italy Catania Metro 4.1 million 2012 [citation needed]
Saudi Arabia Mecca Metro 4 million 2011[151] [152]
Spain Palma de Mallorca Metro 1.17 million 2013 [27]
Brazil Fortaleza Metro 0.6 million 2012 [153]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Seoul Subway Lines 1 to 9: 2,560 million (2012) (Seoul Metropolitan Government Statistics) This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes SMRT, Seoul Metro, and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Many other lines such as those operated by Korail (1,027 million (2012) (Korail Metropolitan Subway)), AREX, as well as the Shinbundang Line function as separate metro systems within the greater Seoul rapid transit network and are excluded (often due to unavailable data).
  2. ^ a b c d e f Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  4. ^ Intercity train, light rail & feeder bus ridership excluded.
  5. ^ The figure for Paris only includes the "métro". Traffic including the RER lines operated by the RATP reaches 2 billion passengers yearly.
  6. ^ Does not include ridership on the separate Docklands Light Railway (100 million), London Overground (124.6 million), London Tramlink (30.1 million), or National Rail systems within Greater London.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  8. ^ This ridership figure includes the Premetro (Line E2) ridership in the total.
  9. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA Ridership report – in other words, this figure includes ridership on the Scarborough RT line which APTA considers to be "Intermediate Rail (IR)".
  10. ^ Including KL Monorail.
  11. ^ Market–Frankford Line, Broad Street Line and Norristown High Speed Line (the heavy rail lines) only.
  12. ^ L.A. Metro's heavy rail lines, the Red and Purple Lines, only.

References[edit]

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  124. ^ http://nizhstat.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/ros...D0%B4%D0%B0.zip
  125. ^ http://www.t-l.ch/decouvrez/chiffres-de-reference.html
  126. ^ http://torino.repubblica.it/cronaca/2011/03/02/news/da_domenica_la_metropolitana_arriva_fino_al_lingotto-13094466/index.html?ref=search
  127. ^ a b http://www.index.go.kr/egams/stts/jsp/potal/stts/PO_STTS_IdxMain.jsp?idx_cd=1259&bbs=INDX_001
  128. ^ Michael Rohde. "Pyongyang - metrobits.org". Mic-ro.com. Retrieved 2010-10-14. 
  129. ^ http://www.business-gazeta.ru/article/96293/
  130. ^ "Estadísticas de peaje y tiempo de recorrido al 2013" [Statistics of tolls and times of route 2013] (pdf). opret.gob.do (via: http://opret.gob.do/Estadisticas.aspx) (in Spanish). Oficina para el Reordenamiento de Transporte (OPRET). p. 2. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  131. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/mrts-upto-st-thomas-mount-back-on-track/article4000113.ece
  132. ^ http://www.jsdpc.gov.cn/pub/jsdpc/ghjg/jjyxfx/201301/t20130130_295942.htm
  133. ^ ja:広島高速交通広島新交通1号線#利用状況
  134. ^ "Viajes en tren crecen a cifra récord y EFE afina inversiones para duplicar pasajeros a 2016". Retrieved 2012-02-29. 
  135. ^ http://www.asmetro.ru/upload/docs/15.pdf
  136. ^ [10]
  137. ^ [11] p.7
  138. ^ "ar12 Annual Report Transit Matters" (pdf). Maryland Transit Administration. p. 30. Retrieved 2014-03-18. 
  139. ^ Balance Anual 2012 Definitivo p.5
  140. ^ http://www.rayturk.net/adana-metrosu-gunde-40-bin-yolcu-tasiyor
  141. ^ http://www.metrolosteques.gob.ve/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1604:metro-los-teques-continua-movilizando-a-los-tequenses&catid=37:metro-los-teques&Itemid=104
  142. ^ Métro d’Alger : 13 millions de voyageurs en un an
  143. ^ "Scottish Transport Statistics No 31: 2013 Edition - Table 7.17 Strathclyde Partnership for Transport - Glasgow Subway". Transport Scotland. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 2013-10-26. 
  144. ^ http://www.bresciaoggi.it/stories/dalla_home/660191_metr_un_anno_lungo_un_milione_di_chilometri/?refresh_ce&scroll=818
  145. ^ http://www.amt.genova.it/orari/metropolitana.asp
  146. ^ http://www.dnaindia.com/bangalore/report_joyrides-in-bangalore-metro-are-over_1678319
  147. ^ http://www.metrodemaracaibo.gob.ve/index.php/noticias/103-metro-de-maracaibo-estima-movilizar-42-mil-usuarios-diarios-estas-navidades
  148. ^ http://www.dneprstat.gov.ua/statinfo/tz/tz8.htm
  149. ^ http://www.metroalmaty.kz/?q=node/430
  150. ^ http://www.clicapiaui.com/geral/10586/metro-de-teresina-e-o-que-transporta-menos-usuarios.html
  151. ^ operated during Hajj only
  152. ^ Makkah Metro Train operation Hajj season 1432H (2011 G)
  153. ^ http://www.metrofor.ce.gov.br/index.php/noticias/43913-inauguracao-da-linha-sul-do-metro-de-fortaleza-completa-oito-meses

See also[edit]