Metrobus (Washington, D.C.)

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For the bus service in St. Louis, with the same name, see MetroBus (St. Louis).
WMATA Metrobus
WMATA New Metro Bus Logo.png
Wmata new metrobuses.png
The Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority recently purchased BRT buses that are painted in the new Local and Express paint schemes.
Parent WMATA
Founded 1967
Headquarters Washington, D.C.
Locale Washington Metropolitan Area
Service area Washington Metropolitan Area
Service type Local and express bus service
Routes 320[1]
Fleet 1,505[2]
Daily ridership 440,900 (Weekday average)[3]
Fuel type Diesel, Diesel-electric Hybrid, CNG
Operator WMATA
Chief executive Richard Sarles
Website www.wmata.com

Metrobus is a bus service operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). Its fleet consists of 1,480 buses covering an area of 1,500 square miles (3,900 km2) in Washington, D.C., Maryland, and Virginia. There are over 300 bus routes serving 12,216 stops, including 2,398 bus shelters. In fiscal year 2009, Metrobus provided more than 133 million trips.[4] On a typical weekday, it provides more than 400,000 trips.[3]

Metro stopped issuing and accepting paper bus transfers as of January 4, 2009; bus and rail riders must use a SmarTrip card to receive the transfer discount.[5]

Fares[edit]

As of June 29, 2014, the Metrobus fare structure is as follows:[6]

  • Local bus within the District of Columbia, Central Maryland, and Northern Virginia, (except as noted below): $1.75 (using cash & SmarTrip)
  • Express bus: $4.00 (using cash & SmarTrip)
  • Express Airport buses 5A and B30: $7.00

Discounts may be available for senior citizens, people with disabilities, and DC students.(*must have valid ID)

Up to two children, per paying adult, 4 years of age or under ride for free. Children 5 years of age or older pay adult fare.

Express routes: J7, J9, P17, P19, W13, W19, 11Y, 17A, 17B, 17G, 17H, 17K, 17L, 17M, 18E, 18G, 18H, 18P, 29E, 29G, 29H, and 29X.

Transfers and passes[edit]

A Metrobus operating the 23A northbound route is seen driving on North Glebe Road in Arlington County, Virginia.

All Metrobuses have SmarTrip card readers which automatically deduct the correct fare from a rider's SmarTrip card (including transfer credit). Formerly, Metrobus issued paper transfers which gave the rider free transfers to any regular bus for two hours. Effective January 4, 2009, when a rider uses a SmarTrip card, they will automatically receive rail-to-bus transfer credit, and bus-to-bus free transfer time for regular buses is increased to three hours. Express routes have different requirements. This section discusses the transfer policy to and from Metrobus and other regional bus operators. The routes can be Metrobus routes or routes of other regional operators. Note that as of January 4, 2009, transfer credit is issued on a SmarTrip card, riders using cash payment cannot obtain a paper transfer, and thus must pay full fare upon boarding the bus. On June 27, 2010, the transfer window was reduced from 3 hours to 2 hours.

Cost of bus fare using SmarTrip
From to Local Buses¹ to Express Buses²
(Metrobus, Fairfax Connector, or Ride-On)
to PRTC routes
Washington Metro $1.00 $2.50 $4.75 to PRTC OmniRide (full SmarTrip fare)
$2.40 to PRTC MetroDirect (full SmarTrip fare)
Metrobus:
All other local routes
Free $1.75 $3.50 to PRTC OmniRide
$1.15 to PRTC MetroDirect
Arlington Transit (ART)
Connect-A-Ride
DASH
Fairfax Connector
(except routes 380, 595, and 597)
Ride-On (except route 70)
Free $1.75 N/A
Fairfax Connector routes 380, 595, 597
Ride-On route 70
Metrobus express routes
PRTC OmniRide
Free Free N/A
The Bus
CUE
Free $1.75 N/A

NOTES:

  1. Local Buses: Metrobus local routes, Ride-On (except route 70), The Bus (Prince George's County), DC Circulator, Fairfax Connector (except Routes 380, 595, and 597), Connect-A-Ride, Fairfax CUE, DASH, and Arlington Transit.
  2. Express Buses: Metrobus express routes, PRTC OmniRide, PRTC MetroDirect, Ride-On route 70, Fairfax Connector routes 380, 595, and 597.

Current fleet[edit]

The interior of a WMATA (Metrobus) New Flyer D40LFR Suburban

Metro has currently awarded a five-year contract with NABI (now New Flyer) for the procurement of up to 654 new buses. The first batch of 85 NABI diesel-electric hybrid 42-foot buses is already on order, with delivery expected within a year. The new buses will replace some of Metro’s older Orion V buses, which were delivered in 1997 and 2000. Going forward, the contract gives Metro the option to order up to 498 additional 42-foot buses and up to 71 60-foot buses over the five-year period. Metro has the option to choose diesel-electric or compressed natural gas (CNG) buses for the 42-foot models. Metro is currently in the process of having 52 new Orion Bus Industries VII 3G, Bus rapid transit style Hybrid and Diesel buses delivered. These new buses will be painted in a Red/Silver (Local) paint scheme. In addition, WMATA is also purchasing 95-100 additional New Flyer XDE40 buses to replace the 2000 Orion VIs and most of the 1997 Orion Vs. Red/Silver painted buses will be used on local routes and Blue/Silver buses will be used on Express routes. These buses will have either "Local" or "MetroExtra" on the top of each side of the bus for easy identification.[7] The numbering represents its region of operation. To differ the regions numbering system, most Maryland letters is "prefix" to the route number and Virginia letters is "suffix" to the "number" of the route. For example: C22 (Maryland) and 15L (Virginia). WMATA is adding a total of 533 hybrid buses to replace its diesel bus fleet. Each new "New Flyer Xcelsior XDE40" bus costs $571,737 and is expected to break down less frequently as well as offer greater fuel economy. With the latest purchase of 152 hybrid buses for $89.3 million from New Flyer of America, WMATA's Metrobus fleet will consist of 600 diesel buses, 553 hybrid buses and 339 natural gas fueled buses.[8]

Current Active Fleet[edit]

Image Builder Model Length Order Year Fleet Number Fuel Propulsion Powertrain (Engine/Transmission) Notes Division

WMATA Metrobus 4359.jpg

Orion Bus Industries
(5.501)
40 ft (12.19 m) 1997-
1998
4200-4412
(213 buses)
Diesel
  • First buses to be originally painted in WMATA's third generation scheme.
  • Many Retired.
  • To be retired in 2014.
  • To be Replaced by the NABI 42 BRT Hybrid.
  • Landover
  • Montgomery

WMATA 2165.jpg

2000 2100-2231
(132 buses)
  • Last 40-ft high-floor order for WMATA.
  • Replaced the 1979 GMC RTS
  • To be Replaced by the NABI 42 BRT Hybrid.
  • Landover
  • Montgomery
  • Western
  • Northern
  • Bladensburg

WMATA New Flyer C40LF 2393.jpg

New Flyer Industries C40LF 40ft 2001-
2002
2300-2399, 2401-2464
(164 buses)
CNG
  • Cummins C Gas Plus
  • Allison B400R
  • WMATA's first CNG buses.
  • WMATA's first New Flyer's in the system.
  • 2460-2464 were originally equipped with John Deere 6081H engines. Upon rehab, 2460-2462 were repowered with the Cummins C-Gas Plus, 2463 was repowered with a Doosan GL11K engine, and 2464 remains with the John Deere 6081H engine.
  • 2336, 2406, and 2463 are retired.
  • 161 units remain in service.
  • To be replaced by NABI 42 BRT CNG.
  • Bladensburg

Neoplan artic.jpg

WMATA Neoplan.jpg

Neoplan USA AN460A 60 ft (18.29 m) 2002 5301-5321
(21 buses)
Diesel
  • Detroit Diesel S60
  • Allison B500R
  • Last high-floor buses ordered by WMATA
  • Only units rehabbed were 5301, 5306, 5309, 5320, and 5321.
  • Replaced the 1983 MAN SG-310's
  • To be replaced by NABI 60 BRT Hybrid.
  • Northern

WMATA Orion VII CNG (40 ft).jpeg

WMATA 2684.jpg

Orion Bus Industries
7.501
40ft (12.459m) 2005-
2006
2501-2685, 2701-2730
(215 buses)
CNG
  • Cummins C Gas Plus
  • Voith D864.3
  • The 2006 batch originally had John Deere 6081H engines, but were repowered with Cummins C-Gas Plus engines upon rehab.
  • 2701-2730 feature high-back suburban seating and overhead luggage racks, mainly for use on route 5A.
  • 2674-2685 are painted in the REX scheme replacing the Orion VI's numbered 2073-2084 that were also in this painting scheme.
  • Rest of the units replaced many pre-1990 40-ft buses
  • 2674-2685 that are in REX Scheme are currently getting repainted in the Local or Metro Extra Scheme and the New Flyer DE42LFA 6550-6561 will be painted in the REX Scheme.
  • Bladensburg
  • Four Mile Run

WMATA Orion VII CNG.jpg

WMATA Orion VII CNG Loacl scheme.jpeg


7.503
30 ft (9.144 m) 2006 3001-3035
(35 buses)
  • Cummins C Gas Plus
  • Voith D864.3
  • First 30-ft CNG order for WMATA
  • Replaced the 1989 Flxible Metro "B"'s (30096-6T's)
  • Bladensburg
  • Shepherd Parkway
  • Four Mile Run

WMATA New Flyer DE40LF.jpeg

New Flyer Industries
DE40LF
40 ft (12.19 m) 2005 6001-6039
(39 buses)
Diesel-electric Hybrid
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP40 hybrid system
  • First hybrids for WMATA
  • Replaced some pre-1993 40-ft buses
  • Currently getting rehabbed.
  • Landover
  • Montgomery

WMATA New Flyer hybrid, gray paint scheme.jpg


DE40LFR
40 ft (12.19 m) 2006 6040-6050
(11 buses)
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP40 hybrid system
  • They are painted silver instead of white.
  • Replaced some pre-1993 40-ft buses
  • Bus 6040 is painted in the "MetroExtra" Sceme after an accident it had in 2009 when it got hit by a Marc Train
  • Montgomery
  • Landover

WMATA New Flyer D40LFR Rehab.JPG

WMATA 6214 B30.jpg


D40LFR
40 ft (12.19 m) 2006 6101-6217
(117 buses)
Diesel
  • Cummins ISM
  • Voith D864.3
  • These buses are equipped with rear windows.
  • WMATA's first clean diesel buses.
  • 6206-6217 have high-back suburban seating with overhead luggage racks. In 2010, 6212-6217 moved to Landover Division, got repainted in the new express scheme, had extra luggage racks installed and replaced buses 4390-4395 that formerly served route B30.
  • Replaced all remaining pre-1990 40-ft buses and several 1990 40-ft buses including all Flxible 40096-6C's that don't have wheelchair lifts and some Flxible 40102-6C's.
  • Replaced all non-accessible 40-ft buses resulting in an all accessible fleet.
  • Bus 6206 is retired after an accident in 2011
  • Currently getting rehabbed.
  • Landover
  • Southern Ave
  • Montgomery

WMATA MetroExtra 2809.jpg

WMATA New Flyer 2817 Express Scheme.jpg


C40LFR
40 ft (12.19 m) 2007 2801-2825
(25 buses)
CNG
  • Cummins C Gas Plus
  • Voith D864.3
  • 2801-2825 are branded with the Metro Extra scheme.
  • In mid-2012 the "express" branding has reverted to Metro Extra.
  • 2816-2825 will be repainted into the local scheme when rehabbed.
  • 2808 is now rehabbed in the new Metro Extra Scheme.
  • Currently getting rehabbed.
  • Bladensburg

Articulated Metrobus DC 2010 10 546.jpg

NABI
60-BRT
60 ft 2008 5401-5422
(22 buses)
  • Cummins Westport ISL G
  • Allison B500R
  • First NABI BRT's to be in the WMATA fleet
  • First CNG articulated (60 foot) buses for WMATA.
  • First Low floor articulated (60 foot) buses for WMATA.
  • WMATA's first buses to originally come in the 4th generation scheme.
  • Replaced the older articulated buses on the X2 line.
  • Currently getting rehabilitation
  • Bladensburg

WMATA New Flyer 6411 B30.jpg

WMATA Metro Extra scheme.JPG

New Flyer Industries
DE42LFA
42 ft 2008-2009 6301-6461
(161 buses)
Diesel-electric Hybrid
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP 40 Hybrid System.
  • First New Flyer DE42LFA's to be in the WMATA fleet.
  • Replaced several pre-1997 40-ft buses.
  • 6413-6422 & 6424-6461 are in the Metro Extra Scheme.
  • Some buses were operated from the Landover Division until 2012
  • On September 3 2014 bus #6367 was being towed on I-95 when it caught fire and exploded, the fate is still unknown
  • Montgomery
  • Western
  • Shepherd Parkway
  • Northern

WMATA DE62LFA.jpg


DE62LFA
62 ft 2009 5431-5452
(22 buses)
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP 50 Hybrid System.
  • First New Flyer DE62LFA's to be in the WMATA fleet.
  • First Hybrid articulated (62 foot) buses for WMATA.
  • Replaced the remaining 1995 Ikarus 436 articulators.
  • Montgomery
  • Bladensburg

WMATA New Flyer DE37LFA 3769.JPG


DE37LFA
37 ft 3751-3770
(20 buses)
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP 40 Hybrid System.
  • First New Flyer DE37LFA's to be in the WMATA fleet.
  • First Hybrid low floor 37 ft buses for WMATA.
  • Replaced the 1990 35-ft Flxible Metro-B's (35102-6C's)
  • Shepherd Parkway
  • West Ox

WMATA Metrobus Loacl Scheme.jpeg


DE42LFA
42 ft 2010 6462-6509
(48 buses)
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP 40 Hybrid System.
  • Replaced many remaining pre-1997 40-ft buses.
  • Bus 6487 is out of service
  • Some buses operated from Landover Division until 2012
  • Northern
  • Western
  • Montgomery

WMATA Metrobus 6567.jpg


42 ft 2010-2011 6510-6609
(100 buses)
  • Cummins ISL
  • Allison EP 40 Hybrid System.
  • Replaced most remaining pre-1997 40-ft buses.
  • 6550-6561 is currently getting painted in the REX scheme to replaced the Orion VII CNG 2674-2685 that are in the REX Scheme
  • Shepherd Parkway
  • West Ox

WMATA Xcelsior.JPG


XDE40
40 ft 2011 7001-7100
(100 buses)
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison H 40 EP Hybrid System
  • First New Flyer XDE40's to be in the WMATA fleet.
  • Some Flxible Metro-B's were still on reserve when the very first units arrived.
  • 7091-7100 are in Metro Extra paint Scheme.
  • Landover
  • Montgomery
  • West Ox

WMATA New Flyer Xcelsior.jpeg


7101-7152
(52 buses)
  • Cummins ISB6.7
  • BAE System HybriDrive Hybrid System
  • First New Flyer XDE40's with the Cummins ISB6.7 engine & BAE System HybriDrive Hybrid System transmission.
  • Bus 7138 is retired. The fate is unknown
  • Western
2012 7153-7167
(15 buses)
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison H 40 EP Hybrid System
  • First to Features KIEL Centra Seats.
  • Bus 7166 is out of service as of right now
  • Formally served Landover Division
  • Western

WMATA New Flyer XDE40.jpg

2012-2013 7168-7272
(105 buses)
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison H 40 EP Hybrid System
  • Order replaced the Orion VI and nearly the rest of the XDE40's replaced most (not all) of the 1997 Orion V's.
  • Some Formally Served Landover Division
  • Northern
  • West Ox
  • Bladensburg
  • Montgomery

WMATA Orion VII 3G HEV.jpeg

Orion Bus Industries
7.503 HEV
30 ft 2012 3063-3087
(25 buses)
  • Cummins ISB6.7
  • BAE System HybriDrive Hybrid System
  • First Orion 7.503 HEV to be in the WMATA fleet.
  • Replaced the Orion V's (30 foot).
  • Western
  • Shepherd Parkway

WMATA Orion VII 3G.png


7.503 BRT
30 ft 3036-3062
(27 buses)
Diesel
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison B400R
  • First Orion 7.503 BRT to be in the WMATA fleet.
  • To replace the Orion V's (30 foot).
  • Landover
  • Shepherd Parkway
  • Southern Ave

On Order[edit]

Builder Model Length Order Year Fleet Number Fuel Propulsion Powertrain (Engine/Transmission Notes
NABI
42-BRT Hybrid
42 ft 2014 8001-8105
(105 buses)
Diesel-electric Hybrid
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison H 40 EP Hybrid System
  • To replace Orion V.
  • 8002-8011 will be in Metroway livery.
  • Will operate out of Shepherd Parkway Division
  • Currently being delivered.
2015 TBA
(80 buses)
  • To replace Orion V.

60-BRT Hybrid
60 ft TBA
(21 buses)
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison EP 50 Hybrid System
  • To replace Neoplan AN460.

42-BRT CNG
42 ft 2016 TBA
(100 buses)
CNG
  • Cummins Westport ISL G
  • Allison B400R
  • To replace New Flyer C40LF.
2017 TBA
(64 buses)

42-BRT Hybrid


TBA
(29 buses)
Diesel-electric Hybrid
  • Cummins ISL9
  • Allison H 40 EP Hybrid System
  • To replace Orion V.

42-BRT CNG
2018 TBA
(100 buses)
CNG
  • Cummins Westport ISL G
  • Allison B400R
  • To replace New Flyer C40LF.
  • Note: TBA = To Be Announced

Divisions[edit]

Metrobus's old stop marker design, seen here at Glenmont station.
Metrobus's new stop marker design, seen here at the BWI Business District Light Rail Station.

There are 9 divisions (a.k.a. Depots, garages, yards or lots) in the Metrobus system. Three of them are open on weekdays only and three are being planned to open soon.

Division Location Capacity Notes
Bladensburg (B) 2251 26th St. NE, Washington, DC 20018-1405 257
  • Largest lot in the system.
  • This garage handles some Southern Avenue Annex routes on the weekends.
  • CNG Division.
Four Mile Run (F) 3501 S. Glebe Rd., Arlington, VA 22202 218
  • This garage handles West Ox division routes on the weekends.
  • CNG Division.
Landover (L) 3503 Pennsy Drive in Landover 210
  • Assign with Diesel & Hybrids Buses.
Montgomery (M) 5400 Marinelli Road, just east of Rockville Pike in Rockville 240
  • Assign with Diesel, Clean Diesel & Hybrid Buses.
Northern (N) 4615 14th Street, NW in the northwestern portion of the District. 175
Shepherd Parkway (S) 2 DC Village Lane SW. 250
  • This garage, which replaced the Southeastern division, handles some Southern Avenue Annex routes on the weekends.
  • Will handle CNG Buses in the Future.
Western (W) 5230 Wisconsin Avenue, NW in the Friendship Heights neighborhood of the District. 138
  • Assign with Diesel & Hybrid Buses.
West Ox (A) Alliance Drive and West Ox Road in Fairfax, VA, right next to Lee Hwy (US 29). 100
  • This division replaced the Arlington division.
  • Operates on weekdays only, Four Mile Run operates their routes on weekends.
Southern Avenue Annex (P) Southern Ave & Marlboro Pike, Capitol Heights, MD 103
  • Reverted to weekdays only, after Shepherd Parkway opened at the end of September 2012.
  • Planned to be replaced by Andrews Federal Campus Division.
Royal Street (R) 600 North Royal Street in Alexandria. 83
  • Planned to be replaced by Cinder Bed Road Division.
  • Permanently closed as of August 22, 2014.
<<< Future Bus Divisions >>>
Cinder Bed Road Cinder Bed Road & Hill Park Dr, VA 160
  • Planned open in mid-2015 or 2016 to replace Royal Street Division.
  • CNG Division.
Andrews Federal Campus Forestville Rd & Rena Rd in Forestvile, MD 250
  • Planned to replace Southern Avenue Annex Division.
Walter Reed Walter Reed Army Medical Center, DC 150 - 200
  • Planned to replace Northern Division.

Richmond Highway Express[edit]

A Metrobus Orion VII #2684 in REX colors. That bus has since been repainted in the silver/blue MetroExtra scheme.

Richmond Highway Express a.k.a. "REX", is a Limited-Stop bus line that operates between King Street – Old Town station and Fort Belvoir along the Richmond Highway corridor in Fairfax County, Virginia. The current "REX" fleet consists of twelve 2010 New Flyer DE42LFA diesel-electric hybrid buses (6550-6561) painted in a blue-and-gold paint scheme, all of which operate out of the Shepherd Parkway division. REX began service on September 26, 2004, replacing parts of Route 9A (which now operates between Huntington station and The Pentagon). The original REX bus fleet consisted of twelve now-retired 2000 Orion 06.501 (VI) buses wrapped (but not painted) in blue-and-gold paint scheme before the aforementioned Orion 07.501 CNG buses arrived in 2006. The previous "REX" fleet consisted of 12 2006 Orion 07.501 (VII) CNG buses (2674-2685) painted in the blue-and-gold paint scheme, until they were all repainted between June and August of 2014.

MetroExtra[edit]

A 2007 New Flyer C40LFR bus, painted in WMATA's MetroExtra color scheme.

MetroExtra is a Limited-Stop Metrobus service, which operates on Metrobus lines that need extra service and faster service. MetroExtra started service on March 19, 2007 with the 79 that operates from Silver Spring station to Archives station, operating on the 7th Street/Georgia Avenue (DC) corridor. The MetroExtra fleet consists of 25 2007 New Flyer C40LFR CNG buses (2801-2825), 10 2011 New Flyer Xcelsior XDE40 diesel-electric hybrid buses (7091-7100), 1 2002 New Flyer C40LF CNG bus (2464), 48 2009 New Flyer DE42LFA diesel-electric hybrid buses (6413-6422 & 6424-6461), 32 2005-2006 Orion VII CNG buses (2528, 2563, 2603, 2616, 2626-2629, 2636, 2640, 2641, 2643, 2644, 2646, 2647, 2650, 2651, 2655, 2663, 2665, 2668, 2670, 2671 & 2677-2685) and 1 2006 New Flyer DE40LFR diesel-electric hybrid bus (6040). MetroExtra buses are painted in the silver and blue scheme. MetroExtra operates 12 bus routes: 16X, 16Y, 79, 37, 39, S9, J4, 28X, X9, A9, K9 and W9. MetroExtra costs the same fare as Metrobus $1.75 (using cash & SmarTrip). MetroExtra operates from Bladensburg, Montgomery, Northern, Four Mile Run, and Shepherd Parkway Divisions.

Metroway[edit]

One of the 10 New NABI 42 BRT HEV in the metroway scheme.

Metroway is a premium transit service that began on August 24, 2014. The first phase is the Crystal City/Potomac Yard Transitway, which operates on Route 1 in Arlington and Alexandria, Virginia. It is a 5-mile corridor with 33 platforms and 20 station located between Pentagon City and Braddock Road. The first 0.8 mile segment in Alexandria runs on a transit lane only. The Arlington County segment began construction in the summer of 2014 and will begin service in spring of 2015. Route 9X will operate from Braddock Road Station to Pentagon City Station and Route 9S will travel from Crystal City to Potomac Yard Shopping Center. 10 new buses (8002-8011) operate with the new blue-and-white Metroway paint scheme. The Metroway service, which is operated by Metrobus' Shepherd Parkway bus division, features dedicated bus lanes, transit signal priority, off-board fare collection, real-time information, boarding at all doors, custom designed shelters and stations, as well as near-level boarding at station platforms. A Metroway fare costs the same as Metrobus, which is $1.75 (using cash & SmarTrip).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ WMATA Facts (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-22.
  2. ^ [1](WMATA Bus Fleet Expansion 2013)
  3. ^ a b List of United States local bus agencies by ridership
  4. ^ Approved Fiscal 2010 Annual Budget (PDF), p. 5-7, WMATA (2009)
  5. ^ Metro eliminates paper transfers on Sunday WMATA press release: 2009-1-2
  6. ^ "Information about fare changes effective June 29, 2014". Washington Metro Area Transit Authority. WMATA. June 26, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  7. ^ Metro begins express bus service and other improvements to 16th Street Line WMATA press release: 2009-3-30
  8. ^ Hedgpeth, Dana (May 11, 2011). "Metro is putting its mind to saving energy.". Washington Post. p. B1.