Metromover

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Metromover
Metromover on Biscayne Boulevard
Outer Loop Metromover train departing Bayfront Park in Downtown on Biscayne Boulevard
Overview
Transit type Urban people mover
Number of lines      Downtown/Inner Loop
     Omni Loop
     Brickell Loop
Number of stations 21
Daily ridership 35,300 passengers
(March 2014)[1]
Website Metromover
Operation
Began operation

April 17, 1986 (Inner Loop)

May 26, 1994 (Outer Loops)
Operator(s) Miami-Dade Transit (MDT)
Technical
System length 4.4 miles (7.1 km)
Track gauge Monorail
Average speed 9 mph (14 km/h)
Top speed 31 mph (50 km/h)
System map
Metromover
     School Board
     Adrienne Arsht Center
I-395.svg I-395
     Museum Park
     Eleventh Street
     Park West
     Freedom Tower
             College North
             College/Bayside
            
Wilkie D. Ferguson, Jr.
formerly Arena/State Plaza
             First Street
Metrorail to Airport or Palmetto
             Government Center
             Bayfront Park
     Miami Avenue
         Third Street
             Knight Center
     Riverwalk
Miami River
     Fifth Street
     Eighth Street
     Tenth Street/Promenade
     Brickell
Metrorail to Dadeland South
     Financial District
One of the newest Metromover cars heading towards First Street station

Metromover is a free mass transit automated people mover train system operated by Miami-Dade Transit in Miami, Florida, United States. Metromover serves the Downtown Miami, Brickell, Park West and Omni neighborhoods. Metromover connects directly with Metrorail at Government Center and Brickell stations. It originally began service to the Downtown/Inner Loop on April 17, 1986, and was later expanded with the Omni and Brickell Loop extensions on May 26, 1994.

The Metromover serves primarily as an alternative way to travel within the greater Downtown Miami neighborhoods. The system is composed of three loops and 21 stations. The stations are located approximately two blocks away from each other, and connect near all major buildings and places in the Downtown area. Today, the Metromover serves as a vital part of Downtown life, and with the rapid population growth in Downtown, has grown quickly in usage and popularity. Together with Metrorail, the system has seen steady ridership growth per annum, with an average of 105,500 daily passengers in 2013.

Out of only three downtown people movers in the United States, the other two being the Jacksonville Skyway and the Detroit People Mover, the Metromover is by far the most successful, the only completed system of the three,[2] and considered to be a catalyst for downtown development.[3]

History[edit]

In 1987, the then just one year old people mover system set a record in daily ridership of 33,053 on a Saturday attributed to the new Bayside Marketplace.[4] That same year was when the planning began to extend the system to Brickell and Omni,[5] which would not be completed until 1994. Until November 2002 when the half-penny transit tax was approved, the Metromover had a fare of 25 cents. The fare was lifted because it was realized that the cost of collecting the fare nearly exceeded the revenue generated from the fare, as well as the fact that more Metromover ridership would likely lead to more Metrorail ridership.[6] After becoming free, from 2002 to 2005, along with a large increase in population, rising gas prices and booming downtown development, Metromover ridership nearly doubled from 4.7 million in 2002 to about 9 million in 2005.[7] However, ridership fell with the subsequent economic downturn and high unemployment in the latter half of the decade. By 2012, ridership had once again increased with downtown population, high gas prices and a recovering economy. In early 2011, Metromover saw an increase in ridership during a sharp peak in gas prices, at the same time as there was a decrease in Metrorail and Metrobus ridership as well as a decrease in employment.[8] However, from January 2010 to January 2011, Metrorail saw a 7% increase in ridership, and both Metrorail and Metromover were expected to see additional ridership increases throughout 2011 due to rising fuel prices.[9] When the Omni and Brickell extensions were first planned, it was estimated that ridership on the fared system would reach 43,000 daily by 2000,[3] a number the now free system has yet to reach.

Operations[edit]

There are 21 accessible Metromover stations located throughout Downtown Miami and Brickell roughly every two blocks. The Metromover links all of Downtown and Brickell's major office buildings, residential buildings, hotels, and retail centers. Major attractions such as the Stephen P. Clark Government Center, American Airlines Arena, Arsht Performing Arts Center, the Cultural Plaza (Miami Art Museum, Historical Museum of Southern Florida, Miami Main Library), Bayside Marketplace, Mary Brickell Village, Miami-Dade College and the Brickell Financial District can all be reached by the Metromover.

Running clockwise, the Downtown (Inner) Loop serves all Downtown stations except Third Street station. The Outer Loop (Brickell and Omni Loops) runs counterclockwise and share tracks around the downtown area, serving all stations except for Miami Avenue Station. The Brickell loop runs a line into the Brickell area to the south of downtown, while the Omni Loop contains a line with stations in the Omni neighborhood north of Downtown. This unusual pattern, a circular central loop where the trains running counterclockwise are those running from and back to destinations outside the loop, whereas trains in the opposite clockwise direction are only running a tight inner circular route, is also followed by the New York JFK Airport AirTrain system. The inner loop generally runs tandem two car trains while the outer loops only run with single cars. With the often crowded Brickell loop, this may be due to the fact that it has significant grades where it approaches Riverwalk station and crosses the Miami River.[citation needed] Each car can carry over 90 passengers.

The Metromover car maintenance base, unusual for a maintenance yard, is a building located downtown, at SW 1st Ave and SW 1st St, which lies between Government Center and 3rd St stations on the outer counterclockwise loop, at the point where the two loops split to run in adjacent parallel streets.

All loops run from 5 am to just after midnight, seven days a week. This schedule is adjusted during events. Trains on the Inner Loop run in tandem and arrive every 90 seconds during rush hours and every three minutes otherwise. Outer Loop trains arrive every 5 to 6 minutes; every 2.5 to 3 minutes where the track is shared.[6]

Expansions[edit]

Port of Miami: In May 2011, it was announced that a possible study was proposed to analyze the idea of extending the Metromover to the PortMiami. This, with Metrorail and the new MIA Mover would create a direct rail transit link from the airport to the seaport. However, the study, which would take at least a year and cost about $120,000, was only a proposal to be voted on and the idea hasn't been reported on since[10] as of 2014.

South Beach: There have been multiple proposals for a Metromover service to southern Miami Beach. One was as part of the proposed Resorts World Miami megaproject in Miami's Omni neighborhood, announced in mid-2011, a Metromover expansion from Downtown Miami to South Beach was being pushed as recompense for building a casino. The line could potentially run from the Omni across the Venetian Causeway to 17th Street in South Beach ending at the Miami Beach Convention Center. The line could have three stations in South Beach along 17th Street- Alton Road, Meridian Avenue and Washington Avenue. This would connect Miami Beach to rail mass transit for the first time, and provide a direct rail connection into one of the Miami area's most visited neighborhoods. The line would also allow for future expansions later across South Beach.[11] More recently, proposals for a separate, most likely at-grade, light-rail system known as BayLink have been revived.[12][13]

Ridership[edit]

Average Weekday Passengers
(Metromover loops only)
Year Ridership
1995 12,700
1996 12,000 -0.6%
1997 13,500 +12.5%
1998 13,269 -1.7%
1999 13,880 +4.6%
2000 14,383 +3.6%
2001 16,849 +17.1%
2002 16,444 0.0%
2003 25,521 +55.2%
2004 28,192 +10.5%
2005 28,473 +1.0%
2006 27,042 -5.0%
2007 28,058 +3.8%
2008 26,682 -4.9%
2009 25,883 -3.0%
2010 27,175 +5.0%
2011 29,775 +9.6%
2012 31,000 +4.1%
2013 32,800 +5.8%

Average weekday passengers[edit]

Year Annual passengers
(with Green & Orange lines)[14]
Average weekday passengers
(with Green & Orange lines)[15]
1995 18,614,000 63,100
1996 18,092,400 60,100
1997 18,098,900 60,800
1998 17,363,800 58,140
1999 17,839,100 60,654
2000 18,280,100 61,639
2001 18,629,800 63,514
2002 19,103,800 63,508
2003 21,297,400 76,769
2004 24,673,900 83,486
2005 25,538,500 88,173
2006 25,777,600 85,400
2007 26,510,800 87,767
2008 27,799,600 90,392
2009 25,778,200 85,875
2010 25,559,400 87,075
2011 27,515,100 92,334
2012 28,498,500 104,000
2013 30,531,100* 105,500*

*Record highs

Fleet[edit]

Metromover mainly uses 29[16] Bombardier Innovia APM 100 vehicles, the first 12 of which were delivered during the summer and fall of 2008. These newer vehicles replaced the first 12 Adtranz C-100 cars which were built by Westinghouse Electric in 1984, and include a more aerodynamic design, as well as an onboard CCTV system.[17] Deliveries of an additional 17 cars from Bombardier Transportation began in July 2010, and as of early 2014 have largely replaced the second order of 17 Adtranz C-100 vehicles, built by Adtranz predecessor AEG-Westinghouse in 1992.

Operating cost[edit]

Cost of building the system was about $153.3 million. The operating budget for Inner and Outer (Brickell and Omni) loops, in FY 2007 was $8,888,794. Ridership total for FY 2007 was 8.7 million.[18] This gives approx. cost of 1.02 dollar per ride, but as the system is free, the passenger ride numbers may increase maximally to bigger numbers (approximately full cars multiplied by days of operating), and doesn't include potential Miami income from people not spending money on private transportation.

Stations and Map[edit]

Metromover Miami network(interactive map)

The Metromover currently operates 21 stations, and combined with the Metrorail, the entire Metro system operates 44 stations. Metrorail stations are located at about a mile apart along the line, approximately every two blocks in the greater Downtown Miami area.

A Metromover train in the Downtown Loop at Wilkie D. Ferguson, Jr.

Downtown (Inner) Loop[edit]

Omni Loop[edit]

Brickell Loop[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

  1. ^ "Ridership Technical Report". Miami-Dade County. April 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  2. ^ Jaffe, Eric (December 8, 2011). "Whatever Happened to the Downtown People Mover?". The Atlantic Media Company. Retrieved 2012-01-11. 
  3. ^ a b "Miami Metromover – The First Automated Downtown Peoplemover in the U.S.". University of Washington. June 29, 2008. Retrieved 2012-01-14. 
  4. ^ Jean Thompson (April 15, 1987). "Bayside Boosts Metromover Ridership". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved 2011-04-02. 
  5. ^ Tom Lassiter (November 4, 1987). "Metromover Extension Ok'd". Sun Sentinel. Retrieved September 18, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b Gena Holle. "Two of a Kind: Miami's Metrorail & Metromover". Retrieved August 27, 2011. 
  7. ^ Claudio Mendonça (December 22, 2005). "Metromover ridership doubles in three years". Miami Today. Retrieved 2011-04-02. 
  8. ^ Ashley D. Torres (February 10, 2011). "Bus and rail use dropped in Miami-Dade County as jobs fell off". Miami Today. Retrieved 2011-04-02. 
  9. ^ Fabiola Santiago (April 18, 2011). "As gas costs climb, ridership on Metrorail is rising". Miami Herald. Retrieved 2011-04-19. 
  10. ^ Alfonso Chardy (May 15, 2011). "Metromover extension to Port of Miami proposed". Miami Herald. Retrieved September 17, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Beach Taxpayer’s Association features forum on casino plan | Belle Isle Blog". Belleisleblog.wordpress.com. 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  12. ^ Garvin, Glenn (July 8, 2014). "Rail link between Miami, Miami Beach likely to be private-public affair". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  13. ^ Blake, Scott (June 4, 2014). "Public-private transit projects planned". Miami Today. Retrieved August 29, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Ridership Report Archives". Apta.com. Retrieved 2013-07-26. 
  15. ^ "Ridership Technical Reports Archive". Miami-Dade County. Retrieved 2012-01-05. 
  16. ^ Blake, Scott (19 March 2014). "Transit tax path still debated". Miami Today News. Retrieved 2014-03-22. 
  17. ^ Miami Metromover (Bombardier Transportation)[dead link]
  18. ^ http://www.miamidade.gov/transit/about_metromover.asp[dead link]

External links[edit]