A metroplex is a contiguous metropolitan area that has more than one principal anchor city of near equal importance.
It is this "near equal" importance that makes cities such as Tokyo, Mexico City, New York City, Los Angeles, Houston, Chicago, and Phoenix not metroplexes, though they do have secondary anchor cities in their metropolitan areas.
Origin of the Term
The term was coined to specifically describe the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. According to the North Texas Commission (NTC), the term originated from an ad agency's combination of the terms "metropolitan" and "complex". The NTC copyrighted the term "Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex" in 1972 as a replacement for the previously-ubiquitous "North Texas", which studies had shown lacked identifiability outside the state. Since then the term has come to be more general in its description, and not only refer to the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex.
▪Gold Coast ▪NSW Hunter Region
- Shanghai-Hangzhou-Nanjing, i.e., "Hu-Ning-Hang" which is usually used in Chinese news.
- Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong-Macau, major cities of the Pearl River Delta region
- The Ruhr area, consisting of Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, Bochum, Gelsenkirchen, Oberhausen and other cities
- The Silesian Metropolis (in fact a metroplex despite being erroneously translated from Polish as a metropolis) and Bydgoszcz-Torun Duopolis.
United Arab Emirates
- Leeds-Bradford, also known as the West Yorkshire Urban Area
- Southampton-Portsmouth, also known as the South Hampshire metropolitan area
- Bournemouth-Poole, also known as the South East Dorset Conurbation
In the United States, the term "Metroplex" most often refers to the Dallas–Fort Worth area. Other metropolitan areas in the U.S. that may locally be called a "metroplex" are:
- Baltimore-Washington, Maryland/District of Columbia
- Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, North Carolina, more often called "The Triangle"
- Gulfport-Biloxi, Mississippi
- Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota, more often called the "Twin Cities"
- San Bernardino-Riverside, California, more often called the Inland Empire or the Twin Cities of the West
- San Jose-Oakland-San Francisco, California, more often called the "Bay Area"
- Tampa-St. Petersburg, Florida, referred to together as Tampa Bay
- Winston-Salem–Greensboro–High Point, North Carolina, more often called the "Piedmont Triad"
- Huntsville–Athens–Decatur–Florence, Alabama, more often called the "Tennessee Valley" area or "The Shoals", referring to nearby Muscle Shoals, Alabama
- Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC more often called "Hampton Roads" and also known as the Tidewater Region
- Daytonnati, a convergence of the urban areas of both Dayton and greater Cincinnati
- Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas, a metroplex that was established in 1972, The estimated 2011 U.S Census population is 6,526,548, A conventional hub usually called as "North Texas"
- El Paso–Juárez
- San Diego-Tijuana
- North Texas Commission. "History". Retrieved 1 October 2013.