Metropolitan cities of Italy
The città metropolitana (Italian for "metropolitan cities") is an Italian administrative institution created by the reform of local authorities (Law 142/1990), later amended by 1993, 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2009 provisions, but not yet operative. The città metropolitana, as defined by law, includes a large core city and the smaller surrounding towns that are closely related to it with regard to economic activities and essential public services, as well as to cultural relations and to territorial features, that form its metropolitan area. A città metropolitana (legal name) is therefore, by all means, a metropolitan area. The main aim of the reform was to give metropolitan areas the administrative powers of a province.
The original 1990 law individuated as metropolitan areas the communes of: Turin, Milan, Venice, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Rome, Bari, Naples and their respective hinterlands, reserving the autonomous regions the right to individuate metropolitan areas in their territory. The metropolitan areas individuated by the autonomous regions were: Cagliari, Catania, Messina, Palermo and Trieste. A 2009 amendment eventually added Reggio Calabria to the list. As of 2011, none of these administrative authorities has been activated, as many of the core administrations even failed to define the legal extent of their metropolitan areas. In 2005, the Italian Ministry of the Environment has produced a study on the state of metropolitan areas regulation in Italy, that contains an analysis of the local authorities already defined and suggestions on the delimitation of the remaining.
Administrative divisions and Demography
|Emilia Romagna||Virginio Merola|
|Campania||Luigi de Magistris|
|Regium of Calabria
Reggio di Calabria
|Friuli Venezia Giulia||Roberto Cosolini|
Former municipalities amalgamated to metropolitan cities:
Catania: Aci Bonaccorsi, Aci Castello, Acireale, Aci Sant'Antonio, Camporotondo Etneo, Gravina di Catania, Mascalucia, Misterbianco, Motta Sant'Anastasia, Nicolosi, Pedara, San Giovanni La Punta, San Gregorio di Catania, San Pietro Clarenza, Sant'Agata Li Battiati, Trecastagni, Tremestieri Etneo.
Messina: Alì, Alì Terme, Fiumedinisi, Furci Siculo, Itala, Mandanici, Nizza di Sicilia, Pagliara, Roccalumera, Rometta, Saponara, Scaletta Zanclea, Villafranca Tirrena.
Palermo: Altavilla Milicia, Altofonte, Bagheria, Belmonte Mezzagno, Bolognetta, Capaci, Carini, Casteldaccia, Cinisi, Ficarazzi, Isola delle Femmine, Misilmeri, Monreale, Santa Cristina Gela, Santa Flavia, Terrasini, Torretta, Trabia, Ustica, Villabate.
Sizing Economic Perfomance
Data by Global MetroMonitor 2012
|Metropolitan city||GDP ($ billion)||Population||GDP per capita ($)||Employment|
Given the situation of persisting administrative and statistical uncertainty, during the last decades a few authoritative alternative studies has been produced regarding Italian metropolitan areas. According to OECD, the largest conurbations are:
- Vittorio Ferri (2009). Metropolitan cities in Italy. An institution of federalism. University of Milan-Bicocca. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
- http://www.edscuola.it/archivio/norme/leggi/l142_90.html Law 8 June 1990 n. 142
- Law 5 May 2009 n. 42
- "Environmental issues in the administration of metropolitan areas". Italian Ministry of the Environment. 2005. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "DemoISTAT January 2013".
- "Former municipalities amalgamated to metropolitan city of Catania".
- "Former municipalities amalgamated to metropolitan city of Messina".
- "Former municipalities amalgamated to metropolitan city of Palermo".
- "Data Global MetroMonitor 2012".
- OECD. "Competitive Cities in the Global Economy" (PDF). Retrieved 30 April 2009.[dead link]